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HIREN

INSERT TRANSFOREMR DATA RATING PRI. VOLTAGE SEC. VOLTAGE % IMPEDANCE PRI. CURRENT SEC. CURRENT FAULT CURRENT 35 33 11 10 ( MVA ) ( KV ) ( KV ) (%)

612.34119 ( AMP ) 1837.0236 ( AMP ) 18.370236 ( KA )

INSERT REQUIRED CT DETAILS CT1 PRI CT1 SEC. i1 CT2 PRI CT2 SEC. i2 650 1 0.9420634 2000 1 0.9185118 ( AMP ) ( AMP ) ( AMP ) ( AMP ) ( AMP ) ( AMP )

ICT REQUIRED FOR THE SCHEME ICT(D-Y) ICT(D-D) ICT(Y-D) ICT(Y-Y) 1/ 0.5921541 ( AMP ) 1/ 1.025641 ( AMP )

1/ 0.5629165 ( AMP ) 1/ 0.5921541 ( AMP )

NOTE : 1 - For the connection D-D at primary side ICT=1/1 assumed. 2- For the connection Y-Y at primary side ICT=1/ 0.577 assumed. 3 - Star side CT is DELTA connected and delta side CT is STAR connected. 4 - For differential shemes testing you have to short all three phase for INZONE & OUT ZONE ( THROUGHFAULT

DIFFERENTIAL SCHEME TESTING APPLIED VOLTAGE 500 (VOLT)

(D-Y) i1 i2

(Y-D)

(Y-Y)

(D-D)

0.142737 0.139168 0.142737 0.142737 (AMP) 0.142737 0.139168 0.142737 0.142737 (AMP) PRI 92.77897 0 SEC 0 278.3369 (AMP) 0 (AMP)

IN OUT

0.142737 0.139168 0.142737 0.142737 (AMP)

& OUT ZONE ( THROUGHFAULT ) condition.

HIREN

Calculation of VK & R-Stab Reqd for Generator Differential ( High Inpidance ) prote
IF ONLY KVA DETAILS IS GIVEN ENTER DETAILS OF CT

ENTER THE GENERATOR DETAILS

VK GENERAT

KW Voltage P.F xd" KVA Full Load Current 20% OL for CT Fault Current Fault Current Given CT O/P 10% Error VK Required Reqd PS of Relay VA at Reqd PS Relay Resistance R-Stab Reqd. Reqd Watts V Peak

12000 11000 0.8 0.18 15000 787.2958 Amp 944.755 Amp 4373.866 Amp 5000 5 5.5 77 0.1 1 100 250 23.716 Amp Amp Amp Volts Amp VA Ohm Ohm Watts

KVA Volts xd" KW

15000 11000 0.18 12000

CT Pri. CT Sec. CT resi. 2RL

1000 1 6 1

787.2958 Amp 944.755 Amp 4373.866 Amp 9270 9.27 10.197 Amp Amp Amp

142.758 Volts 0.1 1 100 548.9 Amp VA Ohm Ohm

37.12852 Watts 20586.75 Volts

59.89194 Volts

Differential ( High Inpidance ) protection.


VK GENERATED BY 5P CT

DETAILS OF CT

Amp Amp Amp Ohm

CT sec. CT resi. VA Given ALF Given VK

1 6 20 20 520

Amp Ohm VA

Volts

HIREN

TMS Settings as per required tripping time. Required Tripping time Expected Fault current at Sec. Set Current at Relay For NINV curve, 3 Sec 19 1.2 1 Sec Amp PS

Calculate Required TRIPPING TIME Set Current at Relay Multiflying factor for current Current at relay Terminal TMS setting For NINV curve, 3 Sec

Set TMS tI> : For VINV curve,

0.495776

0.5 Trip Time For VINV curve,

Set TMS tI> : For EINV curve,

0.281481

0.28 Trip Time For EINV curve,

Set TMS tI> : For LINV curve,

0.1045

0.1 Trip Time For LINV curve,

Set TMS tI> :

0.031667

0.03 Trip Time

According to the standard BS 142: 1966 the effective current range is defined as 2...20 times the set start current. If the time/current characteristic is normal inverse, very inverse or extremely inverse, the function has to start at the latest when the current exceeds the set start current by 1.3 times. For the long-time inverse characteristic, the effective current range is specified to be 2...7 times the set start current and the relay is to start at the latest when the current exceeds the setting value by 1.1 times.

For RI Curve-O/C-ABB Trip Time For RD Curve-E/F-ABB Trip Time

TRIPPING TIME 1 1.2 1.2 0.5 Amp Amp

19.16187 Sec

33.75

Sec

90.90909 Sec

300

Sec

4.045307 Sec

3.895836 Sec

IEEE 80

The Cross Section area required for Thermal Withstand capability is given by the form Equivalent Short Circuit Current Short Circuit Duration Max. Permissible Temp. During short circuit Area of Cross Section required
ISC T 40 3 215
0.622960258 148175.8926

kA Second 0 C Sq. mm

384.9362

apability is given by the formula

SET CURRENT AT RELAY MEANS STARTING CURRENT EXPECTED FAULT CURRENT IS IN TIMES OF SET CURRENT MULTIPLYING FACTOR MEANS IN TIMES OF SET CURRENT