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Sustainability in Telecom industry

A project Report

Submitted by

Abu Asif Hasan


Table of content 1. Introduction -------------------------------------3 2. Brief history of BSNL Jamshedpur----------4-5 3. Sustainabi ity Initiati!e-------------------------" 4. Site #conomics ---------------------------------$ 5. %onc usion ----------------------------------------1&

Energy saving is a key sustainability focus for the Indian telecom industry today. This is especially true in rural areas where energy consumption contributes to 70% of the total network operating cost. In urban areas, the energy cost for network operation ranges between !"#0%.This e$penditure on energy as a result of the lack of grid availability highlights a potential barrier to telecom industry growth, especially regarding the e$pansion of rural teledensity which sits at %0.& % compared to teledensity in urban areas of %'. !%#. It is estimated that in India almost 70% of telecom towers are located in areas with more than eight hours of grid outage and almost (0% are located in off"grid areas. This uncertainty in power availability has compelled infrastructure providers to use diesel generators to ensure a continuous supply of power. )nnually more than (.' billion litres of diesel are consumed to operate telecom towers, resulting in the emission of 7 million metric tonnes o *+(. ,iven the deregulation of diesel prices and the need to reduce

carbon emissions, it has become imperative for the industry to evaluate all alternative options in order to improve network operation and to reduce energy costs.

-rief history of -./0 1amshedpur -harat .anchar /igam limited was incorporated on !th .ept2(000. It took over the business of providing of Telecom services and network management from the erstwhile central government 3epartment of Telecom operation , with effect from st oct2(000 on going concern basis. -./0 1amshedpur have 7( nos of Telephone E$changes and 4# nos of -ase Transceiver .tations5-T.6. -/.0 1amshedpur have ('! 7oint of presence57+76 and every 7+7 infrastructure include -attery -ank, Telecom E8uipment, 7owerplant , 3iesel ,enerator .ets53,6 etc. +ut of ('! 7+7 ,

&' e$changes and -T. are installed at 9ural area of East and :est .inghbhum.Electricity availability is acute problem in rural area of .inghbhum. )verage Electricity availability is &" 0n hrs in a day.)vearge running time of 3, set for functioning of Telecom e8uipment is &hrs.3iesel consumed by !;<) 3, for & hrs=&>(.!=(0 litres in a day at one site. Total 3iesel consumed at &' site for a month =(0>#0> &'= '00 0itres per ?onth. Total cost of 3iesel consumed in a month at &' .ite=9s !'> '00=9s '(.! lac per month.53ata *ollected from )ccount +ffice -./0, 1amshedpur6.

.ustainability initiative

The sustainability initiative which I have taken to introduce .olar 7hotovoltic Technology5.7<6 and replace all 3, set with .7<. .olar photovoltaic technology uses the light 5photons6 from the sun to produce 3* and )* electricity. )s shown in figure , a photovoltaic cell is a light"sensitive semiconductor device which, when e$posed to sunlight, releases electrons to produce 3* and )* current.

Figure 1 One BSNL BTS site has been taken for green initiative(put for approval)

Site Location: Baharagora. istance fro! "a!she#pur$%&'( )verage #ail* Te!perture$+, #egree -elsius Site iscription: .nit 0 0 0 k1 k/) hrs4#a* )6()!p.6our) k/) /alue Out#oor Out#oor 1 1 1, 5 7&& 1,

Site t*pe Base transceiver station (BTS) Nu!ber of BTS BTS loa# 2ri# electricit* panel 2ri# po3er availabilit* Batter* bank iesel generator

8nerg* !anage!ent before the solar photovoltaic installation


Before the installation of the solar photovoltaic solution9 the 1, hours of gri# #eficit 3as backe# up b* running a 1,k/) #iesel generator for 5 hours an# the re!aining : hours using a 7&&)6 batter*. ;o3er suppl* sche!atic of backup po3er 3ith #iesel generator prior to solar installation

;<.: ;o3er <nterface .nit.

S(;S: S3itch (o#e ;o3er Suppl*. 8nerg* !anage!ent after the solar photovoltaic installation.

) solar photovoltaic solution to be installe# at the BSNL Baharagora Site . The solution inclu#es +k1 solar panels9 a central controlling unit (--.) an# a 7&&)h /=L) batter*(alrea#* present) bank that supports the (on average) 1: hours of gri# po3er outage per #a*. The static po3er con#itioning unit (;-.) 3hich replaces the earlier po3er interface unit (;<.) provi#es the a##itional hour of gri# utilisation b* !anaging gri# voltage fluctuation. Site 8cono!ics O;8> co!parison of the ?before an# after@ solar photovoltaic installation. -o!ponents -ost of gri# consu!ption iesel cost .nits <N=4#a* <N=4#a* Before solar %% ::5 )fter solar 7% &

(aintenance cost Total O;8>

<N=4#a* <N=4#a*

1&& 7:A

5& 1:%

Total 8Bp4!onth $7:A>+&$=s1%:1& O;8> cost =s C&71&

$1:%B+&$=s ::A& =s +:C&

Savings in <N= is calculate# =s 1:%:& per site. -onclusion.

This is a very small step which I have taken towards sustainability. I tried to attract our senior management , approach of sustainability is not only cost saving but also stop non renewal resources and pave the way for the use of renewal energy. The confirmation is awaited.