Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

Sustainability in Telecom industry

A project Report

Submitted by

Abu Asif Hasan


MP13001
1

Table of content 1. Introduction -------------------------------------3 2. Brief history of BSNL Jamshedpur----------4-5 3. Sustainabi ity Initiati!e-------------------------" 4. Site #conomics ---------------------------------$ 5. %onc usion ----------------------------------------1&

Introduction
Energy saving is a key sustainability focus for the Indian telecom industry today. This is especially true in rural areas where energy consumption contributes to 70% of the total network operating cost. In urban areas, the energy cost for network operation ranges between !"#0%.This e$penditure on energy as a result of the lack of grid availability highlights a potential barrier to telecom industry growth, especially regarding the e$pansion of rural teledensity which sits at %0.& % compared to teledensity in urban areas of %'. !%#. It is estimated that in India almost 70% of telecom towers are located in areas with more than eight hours of grid outage and almost (0% are located in off"grid areas. This uncertainty in power availability has compelled infrastructure providers to use diesel generators to ensure a continuous supply of power. )nnually more than (.' billion litres of diesel are consumed to operate telecom towers, resulting in the emission of 7 million metric tonnes o *+(. ,iven the deregulation of diesel prices and the need to reduce
4

carbon emissions, it has become imperative for the industry to evaluate all alternative options in order to improve network operation and to reduce energy costs.

-rief history of -./0 1amshedpur -harat .anchar /igam limited was incorporated on !th .ept2(000. It took over the business of providing of Telecom services and network management from the erstwhile central government 3epartment of Telecom operation , with effect from st oct2(000 on going concern basis. -./0 1amshedpur have 7( nos of Telephone E$changes and 4# nos of -ase Transceiver .tations5-T.6. -/.0 1amshedpur have ('! 7oint of presence57+76 and every 7+7 infrastructure include -attery -ank, Telecom E8uipment, 7owerplant , 3iesel ,enerator .ets53,6 etc. +ut of ('! 7+7 ,
5

&' e$changes and -T. are installed at 9ural area of East and :est .inghbhum.Electricity availability is acute problem in rural area of .inghbhum. )verage Electricity availability is &" 0n hrs in a day.)vearge running time of 3, set for functioning of Telecom e8uipment is &hrs.3iesel consumed by !;<) 3, for & hrs=&>(.!=(0 litres in a day at one site. Total 3iesel consumed at &' site for a month =(0>#0> &'= '00 0itres per ?onth. Total cost of 3iesel consumed in a month at &' .ite=9s !'> '00=9s '(.! lac per month.53ata *ollected from )ccount +ffice -./0, 1amshedpur6.

.ustainability initiative
"

The sustainability initiative which I have taken to introduce .olar 7hotovoltic Technology5.7<6 and replace all 3, set with .7<. .olar photovoltaic technology uses the light 5photons6 from the sun to produce 3* and )* electricity. )s shown in figure , a photovoltaic cell is a light"sensitive semiconductor device which, when e$posed to sunlight, releases electrons to produce 3* and )* current.

Figure 1 One BSNL BTS site has been taken for green initiative(put for approval)
'

Site Location: Baharagora. istance fro! "a!she#pur$%&'( )verage #ail* Te!perture$+, #egree -elsius Site iscription: .nit 0 0 0 k1 k/) hrs4#a* )6()!p.6our) k/) /alue Out#oor Out#oor 1 1 1, 5 7&& 1,

Site t*pe Base transceiver station (BTS) Nu!ber of BTS BTS loa# 2ri# electricit* panel 2ri# po3er availabilit* Batter* bank iesel generator

8nerg* !anage!ent before the solar photovoltaic installation


(

Before the installation of the solar photovoltaic solution9 the 1, hours of gri# #eficit 3as backe# up b* running a 1,k/) #iesel generator for 5 hours an# the re!aining : hours using a 7&&)6 batter*. ;o3er suppl* sche!atic of backup po3er 3ith #iesel generator prior to solar installation

;<.: ;o3er <nterface .nit.

S(;S: S3itch (o#e ;o3er Suppl*. 8nerg* !anage!ent after the solar photovoltaic installation.
$

) solar photovoltaic solution to be installe# at the BSNL Baharagora Site . The solution inclu#es +k1 solar panels9 a central controlling unit (--.) an# a 7&&)h /=L) batter*(alrea#* present) bank that supports the (on average) 1: hours of gri# po3er outage per #a*. The static po3er con#itioning unit (;-.) 3hich replaces the earlier po3er interface unit (;<.) provi#es the a##itional hour of gri# utilisation b* !anaging gri# voltage fluctuation. Site 8cono!ics O;8> co!parison of the ?before an# after@ solar photovoltaic installation. -o!ponents -ost of gri# consu!ption iesel cost .nits <N=4#a* <N=4#a* Before solar %% ::5 )fter solar 7% &

(aintenance cost Total O;8>

<N=4#a* <N=4#a*
1&

1&& 7:A

5& 1:%

Total 8Bp4!onth $7:A>+&$=s1%:1& O;8> cost =s C&71&

$1:%B+&$=s ::A& =s +:C&

Savings in <N= is calculate# =s 1:%:& per site. -onclusion.

This is a very small step which I have taken towards sustainability. I tried to attract our senior management , approach of sustainability is not only cost saving but also stop non renewal resources and pave the way for the use of renewal energy. The confirmation is awaited.

11

12