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# BDA 40303

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## LABORATORY SESSIONS By Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

INTRODUCTION
BDA 40303

There is a common mistake for users who do not have sufficient knowledge in vibrations. Users will think the displacement results and other results generated in every mode shape are absolute values. They will interpret and read the result as seen in the contour.

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

The displacements, stresses, strains calculations of every mode are based on relative or normalized values. The mode shapes represent relative amplitudes of vibration rather than absolute displacements. Since there are no uniquely defined forces in eigen value analysis, the displacements are arbitrary but proportional to each other to properly define the mode shape.
Solid elements should replace the shell elements. The unit natural frequency in LISA is rad/s if you want to use Hz then you should divide it by 2.
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EXERCISE 1:

TWO-DIMENSIONAL
BDA 40303

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

A cantilever beam as illustrated in Figure. The length of the beam is 1.2m and cross-section 0.2m x 0.05m. The material properties of the beam are Youngs modulus E = 200GPa, Poisson ratio = 0.3, density = 7860 kg/m3. Determine natural frequencies of the cantilever beam.

EXERCISE 1:
TIPS FOR SOLUTION
BDA 40303

## Analysis Type >2D >Modal Vibration > Plain and Truss

Model > Global Properties To decide how many natural frequencies of interest.

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

Define the material properties use plate membrane element with thickness 0.05m. Create the basic geometrical model 1.2m x 0.2m and do the meshing 404 of Quad4 elements Define constraints
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EXERCISE 1:
TIPS FOR SOLUTION
BDA 40303

Mode 1:The first natural frequency is 190.1792 rad/s or 30.628 Hz (the calculation prediction is 28.34 Hz). Mode 2: The second mode is at frequency of 1183.943 rad/s or 188.43 Hz. Mode 3: The third mode is at frequency of 3282.549 rad/s or 522.434 Hz.

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

EXERCISE 2:

THREE-DIMENSIONAL
BDA 40303

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

A cantilever beam as illustrated in Figure. The length of the beam is 1.2m and cross-section 0.2m x 0.05m. The material properties of the beam are Youngs modulus E = 200GPa, Poisson ratio = 0.3, density = 7860 kg/m3. Determine natural frequencies of the cantilever beam.

EXERCISE 2:
TIPS FOR SOLUTION
BDA 40303

## Materials>Geometry- choose None

Materials> Mechanical tab - Choose Isotropic Create nodes from defined geometry Chose Hex8 Elements > Refine Customs; 40, 4, 5 Constraint

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

EXERCISE 2:
TIPS FOR SOLUTION
BDA 40303

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

EXERCISE 3:
BDA 40303

A building structure as seen in module 3 exercise 4 will be analyzed its natural frequencies. In this exercise every member is divided into two elements.

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

The roof is represented by several concentrated mass as illustrated below. The concentrated mass is 100 kg each. Find the first four natural frequencies. All supported foundations are rigidly fixed (all translations and rotations are fixed).
The mass density of the materials are all 8000 kg/m3.

EXERCISE 3:

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BDA 40303

EXERCISE 3:

Create Nodes

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BDA 40303

EXERCISE 3:
BDA 40303

Create Elements

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## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

EXERCISE 3:
BDA 40303

Material Properties

## Dr. Izzuddin Zaman

Boundary Conditions