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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

April 2010

MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device


Features
Direct operation from any line voltage with the use of

Description
The MID400 is an optically isolated AC line-to-logic interface device. It is packaged in an 8-lead plastic DIP. The AC line voltage is monitored by two back-to-back GaAs LED diodes in series with an external resistor. A high gain detector circuit senses the LED current and drives the output gate to a logic low condition. The MID400 has been designed solely for the use as an AC line monitor. It is recommended for use in any AC-to-DC control application where excellent optical isolation, solid state reliability, TTL compatibility, small size, low power, and low frequency operations are required.

an external resistor. Externally adjustable time delay Externally adjustable AC voltage sensing level High voltage isolation between input and output Compact plastic DIP package Logic level compatibility UL recognized (File #E90700) VDE recognized (le #102915), add option V (e.g., MID400V)

Applications
Monitoring of the AC/DC line-down condition Closed-loop interface between electromechanical

elements such as solenoids, relay contacts, small motors, and microprocessors Time delay isolation switch

Schematic

Package Outlines

8 VCC

8 1

N/C 2

AUX

V0

8 1

8 1

N/C 4

5 GND

Equivalent Circuit

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Stresses exceeding the absolute maximum ratings may damage the device. The device may not function or be operable above the recommended operating conditions and stressing the parts to these levels is not recommended. In addition, extended exposure to stresses above the recommended operating conditions may affect device reliability. The absolute maximum ratings are stress ratings only.

Symbol
TOTAL DEVICE TSTG TOPR TSOL PD Storage Temperature Operating Temperature

Parameter

Value
-55 to +125 -40 to +85 260 for 10 sec 115 4.0 2500 25 30 45 2.0 20 7.0 7.0 70 2.0

Unit
C C C mW mW/C VRMS mA mA mW mW/C mA V V mW mW/C

Lead Solder Temperature Total Device Power Dissipation @ TA = 25C Derate above 70C Steady State Isolation

EMITTER RMS Current DC Current PD DETECTOR IOL VOH VCC PD Low Level Output Current High Level Output Voltage Supply Voltage Detector Power Dissipation @ TA = 25C Derate above 70C LED Power Dissipation @ TA = 25C Derate above 70C

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Electrical Characteristics
(0C to 70C Free Air Temperature unless otherwise specied-All typical values are at 25C)

Individual Component Characteristics Symbol


EMITTER VF ICCL Input Forward Voltage Logic Low Output Supply Current Logic High Output Supply Current IF = 30 mA, DC IIN = 4.0 mA RMS, VO = Open, VCC = 5.5V, 24V VI (ON), RMS 240V IIN = 0.15mA RMS, VCC = 5.5V, VI (OFF), RMS 5.5V 1.5 3.0 V mA DETECTOR

Parameter

Test Conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

ICCH

0.80

mA

Transfer Characteristics Symbol


VOL IOH

DC Characteristics
Logic Low Output Current Logic High Output Current

Test Conditions
IIN = II (ON) RMS, IO = 16mA, VCC = 4.5V, 24V VI (ON), RMS 240V IIN = 0.15mA RMS, VO = VCC = 5.5V, VI (OFF), RMS 5.5V VO = 0.4V, IO = 16mA, VCC = 4.5V, RIN = 22k VO = VCC = 5.5 V, IO 100A, RIN = 22k VO = 0.4V, IO = 16mA, VCC = 4.5V, 24V VI (ON), RMS 240V VO = VCC = 5.5V, IO 100A, VI (OFF), RMS 5.5V

Min.

Typ.
0.18 0.02

Max.
0.40 100

Units
V A V

VI (ON) RMS On-state RMS Input Voltage VI (OFF) RMS Off-state RMS Input Voltage II (ON) RMS On-state RMS Input Current

90 5.5 4.0 0.15

V mA mA

II (OFF) RMS Off-state RMS Input Current

Transfer Characteristics Symbol


tON

Characteristics
Turn-On Time

Test Conditions
IIN = 4.0mA RMS, IO = 16mA, VCC = 4.5V, RIN = 22k (See Test Circuit 2) IIN = 4.0mA RMS, IO = 16mA, VCC = 4.5V, RIN = 22k (See Test Circuit 2)

Min.

Typ.
1.0

Max.

Units
ms

SWITCHING TIME (TA = 25C)

tOFF

Turn-Off Time

1.0

ms

(RMS = True RMS Voltage at 60 Hz, THD 1%)

Isolation Characteristics (TA = 25C) Symbol


VISO RISO CISO

Characteristics
Steady State Isolation Voltage Isolation Resistance Isolation Capacitance

Test Conditions
Relative Humidity 50%, II-O 10A, 1 Minute, 60Hz VI-O = 500VDC f = 1MHz

Min.
2500 1011

Typ.

Max.

Units
VRMS

pF

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Description/Applications
The input of the MID400 consists of two back-to-back LED diodes which will accept and convert alternating currents into light energy. An integrated photo diodedetector amplier forms the output network. Optical coupling between input and output provides 2500 VRMS voltage isolation. A very high current transfer ratio (dened as the ratio of the DC output current and the DC input current) is achieved through the use of high gain amplier. The detector amplier circuitry operates from a 5V DC supply and drives an open collector transistor output. The switching times are intentionally designed to be slow in order to enable the MID400, when used as an AC line monitor, to respond only to changes in input voltage exceeding many milliseconds. The short period of time during zero-crossing which occurs once every half cycle of the power line is completely ignored. To operate the MID400, always add a resistor, RIN, in series with the input (as shown in test circuit 1) to limit the current to the required value. The value of the resistor can be determined by the following equation: V IN V F R IN = ---------------------I IN
Where, VIN (RMS) is the input voltage. VF is the forward voltage drop across the LED. IIN (RMS) is the desired input current required to sustain a logic O on the output.

Glossary
VOLTAGES
VI (ON) RMS On-State RMS Input Voltage The RMS voltage at an input terminal for a specied input current with output conditions applied that according to the product specication will cause the output switching element to be sustained in the on-state within one full cycle. VI (OFF) RMS Off-State RMS Input Voltage The RMS voltage at an input terminal for a specied input current with output conditions applied that according to the product specication will cause the output switching element to be sustained in the off-state within one full cycle. VOL Low-Level Output Voltage The voltage at an output terminal for a specic output current IOL, with input conditions applied that according to the product specication will establish a low-level at the output. VOH High-Level Output Voltage The voltage at an output terminal for a specic output current IOH, with input conditions applied that according to the product specication will establish a high-level at the output. VF LED Forward Voltage The voltage developed across the LED when input current IF is applied to the anode of the LED.

Pin Description
Pin Number
1, 3 2, 4 8 7

Pin Name
N/C VCC AUX

Function
No Connect Supply voltage, output circuit. Auxiliary terminal. Programmable capacitor input to adjust AC voltage sensing level and time delay. Output terminal; open collector. Circuit ground potential.

VIN1, VIN2 Input terminals II (ON) RMS

CURRENTS
On-State RMS Input Current The RMS current owing into an input with output conditions applied that according to the product specication will cause the output switching element to be sustained in the on-state within one full cycle. II (OFF) RMS Off-state RMS Input Current The RMS current owing into an input with output conditions applied that according to the product specication will cause the output switching element to be sustained in the off-state within one full cycle. IOH High-Level Output Current The current owing into * an output with input conditions applied that according to the product specication will establish a high-level at the output. *Current owing out of a terminal is a negative value.

6 5

VO GND

Schematic Diagram
VIN1 1 N/C 2 8 VCC 7 AUX. 6 VO 5 GND

VIN2 3 N/C 4

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

IOL

Low-Level Output Current The current owing into * an output with input conditions applied that according to the product specication will establish a low-level at the output.

DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
tON Turn-On Time The time between the specied reference points on the input and the output voltage waveforms with the output changing from the dened high-level to the dened lowlevel. tOFF Turn-Off time The time between the specied reference points on the input and the output voltage waveforms with the output changing from the dened low-level to the dened highlevel.

ICCL

Supply Current, Output LOW The current owing into * the VCC supply terminal of a circuit when the output is at a low-level voltage.

ICCH

Supply Current, Output HIGH The current owing into * the VCC supply terminal of a circuit when the output is at a high-level voltage.

* Current owing out of a terminal is a negative value.

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Operating Schematics
VCC RIN = 22k 1 VIN AC INPUT 8 RL = 300 CAUX 3 6 VO

INPUT CURRENT VS. CAPACITANCE, CAUX CIRCUIT

TEST CIRCUIT 1

A-C INPUT OV

VOH

tON OUTPUT 50%

tOFF 50%

VOL * INPUT TURNS ON AND OFF AT ZERO CROSSING

+4.5V VCC

1 INPUT

VCC

A-C INPUT RIN 22k

N/C

AUX.

RL

300

2 INPUT

VOUT

6 OUTPUT

N/C

GND

TEST CIRCUIT

TEST CIRCUIT 2 MID400 Switching Time

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Typical Performance Curves


Fig. 1 Input Voltage vs. Input Resistance
250 TA = 25C VCC = 5.0V 30 TA = 25C VCC = 5.0V

Fig. 2 Input Voltage vs. Input Resistance

AC INPUT VOLTAGE (RMS)

AC INPUT VOLTAGE (RMS)

200

25

20 TURN OFF 15

150

100 TURN ON

10 IOH A

50 IOL = 16mA 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

INPUT RESITANCE, RIN (kV)

INPUT RESITANCE, RIN (k)

Fig. 3 Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage


120 2.8 2.4

Fig. 4 Input Current vs. Capacitance

INPUT CURRENT (mA) RMS

ICC NORMALIZED (%)

110

2.0 1.6 II (ON) 1.2 0.8 II (OFF) 0.4 0

VCC = 5.0V IOL = 16mA IOH A RIN = 22k TA = 25C

100 ICCL 90 ICCH 80 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5

10

20

50

100

200

500

1000

VCC SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

CAPACITANCE (pF) (AUX. TO GND)

Fig. 5 Output Voltage vs. Output Current


0.30 4.5 V

VOL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

5.0 V 0.20 II (ON) = 4.0 mA, (RMS) 0.15

0.10

0.05

0 0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0

IOL OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Package Dimensions
Through Hole
PIN 1 ID.
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1

0.4" Lead Spacing


PIN 1 ID.

0.270 (6.86) 0.250 (6.35)


5 6 7 8

0.270 (6.86) 0.250 (6.35)

0.390 (9.91) 0.370 (9.40)

SEATING PLANE

0.070 (1.78) 0.045 (1.14) 0.200 (5.08) 0.140 (3.55) 0.020 (0.51) MIN
SEATING PLANE

0.390 (9.91) 0.370 (9.40) 0.070 (1.78) 0.045 (1.14) 0.200 (5.08) 0.140 (3.55) 0.004 (0.10) MIN

0.154 (3.90) 0.120 (3.05) 0.022 (0.56) 0.016 (0.41) 0.100 (2.54) TYP 0.016 (0.40) 0.008 (0.20) 15 MAX 0.300 (7.62) TYP

0.154 (3.90) 0.120 (3.05) 0.022 (0.56) 0.016 (0.41) 0.100 (2.54) TYP 0.016 (0.40) 0.008 (0.20) 0 to 15 0.400 (10.16) TYP

Surface Mount
0.390 (9.91) 0.370 (9.40)
4 3 2 1

8-Pin DIP Land Pattern


0.070 (1.78)

PIN 1 ID.

0.270 (6.86) 0.250 (6.35)

0.060 (1.52)

0.100 (2.54) 0.295 (7.49) 0.415 (10.54) 0.030 (0.76)

0.070 (1.78) 0.045 (1.14) 0.020 (0.51) MIN

0.300 (7.62) TYP 0.016 (0.41) 0.008 (0.20)

0.022 (0.56) 0.016 (0.41) 0.100 (2.54) TYP Lead Coplanarity : 0.004 (0.10) MAX

0.045 (1.14) 0.315 (8.00) MIN 0.405 (10.30) MAX.

Note: All dimensions are in inches (millimeters)

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Ordering Information
Option
No Option S SD V WV SV SDV

Example Part Number


MID400 MID400S MID400SD MID400V MID400WV MID400SV MID400SDV

Description
Standard Through Hole Surface Mount Lead Bend Surface Mount; Tape and reel VDE0884 VDE0884; 0.4 Lead Spacing VDE0884; Surface Mount VDE0884; Surface Mount; Tape and Reel

Marking Information

MID400 V
3

2 6

XX
4

YY
5

T1

Denitions
1 2 3 4 5 6 Fairchild logo Device number VDE mark (Note: Only appears on parts ordered with VDE option See order entry table) Two digit year code, e.g., 03 Two digit work week ranging from 01 to 53 Assembly package code

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

Carrier Tape Specications (D Taping Orientation) Carrie


12.0 0.1 4.90 0.20 0.30 0.05 4.0 0.1 4.0 0.1 1.55 0.05 1.75 0.10

7.5 0.1 13.2 0.2 10.30 0.20 16.0 0.3

0.1 MAX

10.30 0.20

1.6 0.1

User Direction of Feed

Note: All dimensions are in inches (millimeters)

Reow Prole
300 Temperature (C) 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Time (Minute)
Time above 183C, 60150 sec 215C, 1030 s

225 C peak

Ramp up = 3C/sec

Peak reflow temperature: 225C (package surface temperature) Time of temperature higher than 183C for 60150 seconds One time soldering reflow is recommended

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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MID400 AC Line Monitor Logic-Out Device

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Rev. I47

2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation MID400 Rev. 1.0.4

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