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There are numerous species of chameleons that have some of the most unique and intriguing characteristics. These prismatic lizards spend their life in trees and have the most amazing adaptations. People like to . Their ability to change color is the most intriguing feature of this lizard species. Each toe has sharp claws that enable them to have a firm grip while climbing trees. They have an ability to move their eyes, each at the same time in different directions. This enables them to have a complete 360 view of their environment. Though the myth stands that they change color to camouflage, the truth is that they change color as per their mood. Such characteristics make them one of the strongest predators, amongst their reptilian family species. It is very interesting and amazing to know how chameleons change their color. Many of us know that these reptiles change color to adapt to their surroundings, but the real reason behind this change of color depends on their emotional state. Chameleons have colored pigments, that are present in layers in a chameleon's outer skin. These cells are known as chromatophores which have different colored pigments in different layers. The top layer of the skin has yellow colored pigments while the lower layers have blue or white pigments. Changes in these cells bring a change in the color of the chameleon. In case of a change in the mood of these chameleons, the lime green skin color usually changes into a red olive color. The environment in which these chameleons dwell contributes to the change in their color. The brain transmits signals, which allows the cells to expand or contract and mix which ultimately results in rapid color change. Some Fun Facts Though each chameleon has its own favorites, its diet mainly consists of crickets, cockroaches, silkworms, and meal worms. These chameleons come with a crest also termed as a veil, from which they derive their name. The males are larger than the females and are more attractive. They have brighter colors on their body to attract the attention of females and to compete with other male competitors. Chameleons can move each eye separately and can thoroughly scan their surroundings. These arboreal reptiles originate from Yemen, Saudi Arabia and are built to live in the rough desert and mountain climate. These chameleons can live in water as well as on land and can adapt to different temperatures. They mainly live on trees and bushes. They have a flat body that resembles a leaf and have feet that give them good grip to hang on to tree branches. They have a long sticky tongue that can instantly catch and kill their prey. Their ability to wait for long hours and change colors, make them great and smart predators. These lizards are termed as omnivores as they can also consume fruits and leaves during the time of drought. Lack of water can cause dehydration in them.

The female chameleon reaches sexual maturity by 3-4 months. It lays 2-3 clutches of eggs that contain at least 20-70 eggs. These chameleons have excellent color changing tendencies that can prevent them from becoming visible and trick their predator. Rather than blending into the environment, chameleons change color to feel more comfortable. If they feel cold, they might change into a darker color as it will absorb heat and keep them warm. Even their mood stimulates their mind to change the color. If the chameleon is angry, it changes the color to red. These charismatic lizards do attract a lot of animals lovers towards them and so have become popular pets around the house. These animals are born wild and can survive well in their natural habitat. Keeping such stunning lizards as pets is not easy and requires a great amount of dedication and care. Other features that make chameleons unique include their tongue, which is used
to catch prey. The tongue can be up to 1.5 times the length of the body, allowing chameleons to effectively catch insects from a distance. They live in trees, and their feet have three toes pointing one way and two the other, giving them a good grip. Many species also have a prehensile tail, meaning it is also used to grip branches. They have globular eyes which rotate like turrets and move independently, allowing a chameleon to scan a wide radius around them for both hunting and protection. They are largely insectivorous, although some species eat some vegetation and some small invertebrates such as slugs. When selecting a chameleon, it is without question best to find a captive bred one. Wild caught specimens are usually extremely stressed, carry a heavy parasite load, and difficult to acclimate to captive conditions. Chameleons are not the hardiest nor easiest reptile to keep and starting with a stressed pet will only make matters worse. In addition, the capture and shipping of chameleons (which fortunately is being more tightly regulated) results in the death of many animals due to stress, dehydration or starvation - many more die in transit than make it to the pet store. (The same can be said for many exotic pet species.) Observe the chameleon - it should be bright and active, able to change colors, and have a well fleshed body. Some experienced chameleon keepers recommend a male, especially for the beginner, as their nutritional needs are somewhat simpler and they seem a little more hardy. Being territorial and solitary animals, chameleons should be kept singly. In any case, two males should never be kept together as they will be very aggressive with each other.