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# Vortex Flow Meter

## Installation and operating instructions

VFM 7700

CONTENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Vortex Flowmeter Measuring Principle System Installation & Startup Vortex Flowmeter Operation of Signel Converter Description of keys Program Function for various versions Description of Program Menu Functions Technical Data Dimension & Weight Vortex Flowmeter Field version interconnection details Functional Checks Trouble Shooting Addendum Do & Donts 1/1 2/1-2/7 3/1-3/2 4/1-4/3 5/1-5/2 6/1-6/24 7/1-7/5 8/1-8/10 9/1-9/5 10/1-10/5 11/1-11/3 12/1-12/2 13/1-13/9

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1. Measuring Principle
The Vortex flowmeter is used for measuring the flow velocity of fluids in pipelines. The measuring principle is based on the development of a Karman Vortex shedding street in the wake of a body built into the pipeline. In theory, this process enables measurements to be carried out in turbulent flows with a Reynolds number Re>3000, but linear measurements are only possible where Re>20,000. The periodic shedding of eddies occurs first from one side and then from the other side of a bluff body (Vortex-shedding body) installed perpendicular to the pipe axis. Vortex shedding generates a so-called Karman Vortex Street with alternating pressure conditions whose frequency f is proportional to the flow velocity v. The non-dimentional Strouhal number S (primary head constant) describes the relationship between Vortex shedding frequency F (in Hz) width b of the body, and mean flow velocity v (in m/s)

F = S *v

b
The flexural vibration of the Vortex-shedding body is picked up in the primary head via sensors and analysed in the signal converter. In the case of the gaseous, flowing media, the vibration frequency ranges between 10 and 7000 Hz. To permit the mass rate of flow to be calculated from the volume rate of flow, either the medium pressure and the temperature or the medium density at the installation location of the flowmeter must be known factors. Karman Vortex Street

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## 2. System installation and Start-up

2.1 Description The Forbes Marshall Vortex flowmeter operates on the Karman Vortex street principle to measure the volumetric flow rate of gases/steam and liquids. VORTEX FLOW METER computes the normalized volumetric and mass flow rates from the operating pressure and temperature values, or from the density values. The temperature sensor is standard to provide an online T. Items included with the shipment Compact Vortex flowmeter. Installation and operating instructions. Mounting bolts, washers and nuts. Optional upstream and downstream pipes. Programming chart indicating the factory configuration settings. Gaskets between the primary head and the pipeline Bar Magnet Provided by the customer All cables for the electrical connections. 2. 2 Installation in the pipeline 2.2.1 General 1. Flow direction and meter position The flow must always be in the direction of the arrow, bluff side of the Vortex-shedding body facing the incoming flow i.e. the upstream side. Vertical pipe run: upward flow direction. Horizontal pipe run: see below

2. Difference between inside diameter of primary head and pipeline DN Meter size of the primary head in mm or inches Inside diameter of primary head in mm or inches 2/1

Max. allowable difference between the inside diameters of the primary head and the pipeline Size DN (mm) 10 15 20 25 40 50 80 100 150 200 mm (inch) 12.6 (0.50) 14.9 (0.59) 20.9 (0.82) 28.5 (1.12) 43.1 (1.70) 54.5 (2.15) 82.5 (3.25) 107.1 (4.22) 159.3 (6.27) 206.5 (8.13) mm (inch) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.6 (0.024) 0.6 (0.024) 0.6 (0.024) 0.8 (0.031) 1 (0.039) Size DN (inch) 3/8" 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1/5" 2" 3" 4" 6" 8" mm (inch) 12.6 (0.50) 14.9 (0.59) 20.9 (0.82) 26.7 (1.05) 40.9 (1.61) 52.6 (2.07) 78 (3.07) 102.4 (4.03) 154.2 (6.07) 202.7 (7.98) mm (inch) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.4 (0.016) 0.6 (0.024) 0.6 (0.024) 0.6 (0.024) 0.8 (0.031) 1 (0.039)

Ensure that the bore of the locating pipes are smooth and without deposits or scaling of the welding beads. 3. Straight, unimpeded inlet and outlet runs D=Meter size (Nominal Dia. DN) INLET OUTLET

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INLET

OUTLET

With a flow straightener, the inlet pipe length may be halved. For e.g. for a control valve, the inlet length is 25D instead of 50D. The minimum inlet pipe length including the flow straightner must always be 12D. 4. Pipe vibration Pipe vibration caused, for example, by the action of pumps, valves, etc. will falsify measurements particularly at low flow velocities. Support the pipeline on both sides of the flowmeter in the direction perpendicular to both the pipeline and the bluff body axis. The pipe vibration limit is 0.2g_peak-to-peak up to 8-500 Hz crossover frequency (which equals 0.75 mm) 5. Pipeline along a wall Wherever possible, the distance between the pipe centerline and the wall should be greater than 0.5 m (20). If it is less then first connect all the cables to the terminals in the connection compartment (power supply and outputs) and run them via an intermediate connection box (also see Section 3) before installing the flowmeter. 6. Orientation

Turn the display board through 90 or 180 to obtain a horizontal positioning of the display. Turn the signal converter housing through 90 should that be more suitable for the location of the installation. Ensure a single-phase flow. Liquid droplets in the gas/vapour, solid particles in the gas/liquid, and gas bubbles in the liquid are not permitted. In liquid applications, for e.g. water, to prevent cavitation, the minimum D/S pressure is given by the relation: Pds(bar_g) > =(2.9*DP) + (1.3*Ps)-1.013 where DP= pr. drop of VORTEX FLOW METER in Bar from the sizing program Ps=Sat.pr. in Bar at the operating temperature

7. State of medium

In case of steam or compressed gas, a moisture separator may be used 50D upstream of the meter if the dryness fraction is less than 95%. For any fluid, a filter or strainer may be used to remove the solid particles. This is especially important for meter sizes below 1 where a filter or a strainer is a must.

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## 2.2.2 Sandwich type to DIN19205/ANSI

Meter sizes DN 25, 40, 50, 80, 100 and 150 (1 to 6) Pipe flanges (Pressure ratings to EN 1092-1: DN 25/PN 40, 100; DN 40/PN 40, 100; DN 50/PN 40, 63, 100; DN 80/PN 40, 63, 100; DN 100/PN 16, 40, 63 and DN 150/PN 16, 40 to ANSI: 1 to 6/ # 150, 300 SORF)

The gaskets inside diameter must be greater than the inside diameter of the primary head. For e.g. use flat gaskets to DIN 2690. The gaskets must not project into the effective pipe crosssectional area. Bolts, nuts and washers are supplied. Check the flange connections for leak-tightness after the flowmeter installation.

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## 2.2.3 Flanged type to EN 1092-1/ANSI B 16.5(SCH40)

Meter sizes DN 10, 15, 20, 25, 40, 50, 80 100, 150 and 200 (3/8 to 8) Pipe flanges to EN 1092-1: DN 25/PN 40, 100; DN 40/PN 40, 100; DN 50/PN 40, 63, 100; DN 80/PN 40, 63, 100; DN 100/PN 16, 40, 63; DN 150/PN 16, 40; DN 200/PN 10, 16 and to ANSI: 1/2 to 8/ # 150, 300 SORF)

## Gaskets are supplied by us with flanged units.

Centre the flowmeter by sight. Check the flange connections for leak-tightness after the flowmeter installation. 2.2.4 Temperature measurements

The VORTEX FLOW METER is always supplied with a temperature sensor. This sensor is RTD (PT1000 type) and is located within the Vortex bluff body. See the figure given for location of the temperature sensor. This sensor provides an accurate measurement of the temperature of the medium at the Vortex sensor. The flowmeter will continuously measure the medium temperature:

To display the medium temperature To provide an online T compensation for the mass and the normalized flow computations To monitor whether the medium temperature remains within the user specified operating temperature limits 2.2.5 Pressure measurement with built-in sensor

VORTEX FLOW SENSOR may be supplied with an optional pressure sensor. This sensor is typically a strain gauge type and located in the primary assembly as shown in the figure below. Thus, the sensor also provides an accurate measurement of the pressure of the process fluid. The flowmeter will continuously measure the medium pressure:

To display the medium pressure value. To provide an online P&T compensation along with T sensor for mass and normalized volumetric flow computation. To monitor whether the medium pressure is within the user-specified operating pressure limits.

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To determine the pressure of the medium (e.g. to feed the pressure value in VORTEX FLOW METER for an off-line P&T compensation for mass or normalized flow computations), a suitable measuring point must be provided near the flowmeter. Location upstream of flowmeter: Min. distance: 20*DN (DN = meter size) Location downstream of flowmeter: Min. distance: 5*DN (DN = meter size) An allowance must be made for the pressure drop in the flowmeter as a correction value for operating conditions prevailing upstream of the flowmeter.

2.3 Electrical connection 2.3.1 Installation location and Cable diameter Location

Do not expose the compact flowmeter to direct sunlight. Install a sunshade if necessary. Do not expose to intense vibration. If necessary support the pipeline to the left and the right of the flowmeter. The rotating design of the housing makes it easier to connect the two cables for power and the outputs to the terminals in the rear terminal box.

Cable diameter To conform to protection category requirements, observe the following recommendations: Cable diameter: 8 mm to 13 mm (0.31 to 0.51)

Enlarge the inside diameter of the screwed conduit entry by removing the appropriate onion ring(s) from the seal, only if the cables have an extremely tight fit. Fit blanking plug, M 20, and apply the sealant to the unused cable entries. Do not kink the cables at the conduit entries. Provide a water drip point (U-bend in the cable).

Conduit Installation, General Wiring considerations When electrical codes require conduit, it must be installed in such a manner that the meter connection compartment remains dry at all times.

For the terminal connections refer convertor instruction & operating manual

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2.4 Start-up

Check that the system has been correctly installed as described in Sections 2. Before the initial start-up check that the following details on the name plate agree with the data specified in the report of settings for the signal converter. If not, reprogramming will be necessary. Refer to Convertor manual. Meter size K-Factor

## Fct. 3.1.1 Fct. 3.1.2

The flowmeter is ready for service 15 minutes (waiting time) after switching on the power source. Increase the flow velocity slowly and steadily. Avoid abrupt changes in pressure in the pipeline. If the process product is steam, condensate may form initially and cause faulty measurements when the system is started up for the first time. When powered, the signal converter normally operates in the measurement mode. The poweron sequence to the measurement mode is as follows:

TEST is displayed for approx. 3 seconds followed by VORTEX FLOW CONVERTER the instrument type followed by Ver X.Y.Z the software version of the instrument.
Then the instrument operates in the measurement mode where it displays the parameter being measured.

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## 3. VORTEX FLOW METER

The VORTEX FLOW METER is a new generation state-of-the-art signal convertor that is modular in design and enables users to economically upgrade on site from the minimum basic version to a high end version with advanced features. The signal convertor uses a Multiprocessor design with I2 C bus technology for a modular design and easy upgrade ability. 3.1 Basic Features Modular design 2-wire loop powered convertor 24 V DC supply (4-20 mA) Temperature measurement as standard Online density compensation and mass flow calculations for saturated steam or water 4-20 mA programmable current output Optional pulse output programmable and scalable by user Optional 16x64 dot matrix LCD display with 3 button keypad and magnetic pin programming All measured and calculated parameters such as flow, temperature, mass flow, etc. are fully programmable. Notch Filter Algorithm for predicting correct Vortex frequency for improved vibration and noise immunity Power-on preamplifier diagnostics User-friendly integer totalizer Simple single level user-friendly menu Compatible with all existing flow heads Optional separated version available HART COMPATIBLE. 3.2 Connection Diagram Connection to loop power supply In case of functional extra low voltages (24 V DC), protective separation in conformity with VDE 400 Part 410, or an equivalent national standard, must be ensured. Ensure that the screw thread of the round cover on the terminal box is well greased at all times. Connection to power - VORTEX FLOW METER

## Pout + +24v I Loop + + 24v

4 3 2 1

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Current and pulse outputs are galvanically isolated and can, therefore, be simultaneously connected to a receiver instrument which is grounded or separately connected to two receiver instruments. Ensure that the 24 V, 4-20 mA loop is grounded at one point only (i.e. either at the input of the signal convertor or at the input of the indicator, or at the output of the power supply). Do not ground the loop at more than one point. 3.2.1 Current Output The current output is galvanically isolated from the pulse output and sensors. The maximum load at terms. Max. load in R =
B

UB -- 12 V

20 mA

< 1200

3.2.2 Pulse Output The pulse output is galvanically isolated Pulse output is passive. The maximum frequency is 0.5 Hz only. The conversion factor can be set in Fct. 1.4.1 Function P. This is an open collector connection for active electronic counters EC or EMC, input voltage is 5-36V, max. load current is 100 mA, and the max. collector power is 250 mW.

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## 4. Operation of the signal convertor

4.1 General 4.1.1 Starting up signal convertor When the power is switched ON to the signal convertor, it displays TEST, VFC 097 and Ver X.Y.Z and then goes to the measurement mode. In this initial sequence, carries out self diagnostics to check the preamplifier section, sensor integrity and then loads the configuration data from the non-voIatile memory.The first measured parameter displayed is the one being displayed when the power supply was switched off the last time. It is possible to enter the programming mode by pressing the key. 4.1.2 Measurement Mode In the measurement mode, the parameters that the convertor measures/computes are shown on the display in the appropriate units. As per the configuration, the display can be either in the noncyclic/cyclic mode. In the non-cyclic mode of display, use key to see the next parameter or error message on the display. In the cyclic mode, the display shows all the parameters one after another, wherein each parameter/ error message is displayed for about 6 seconds. 4.1.3 Error Handling The convertor can detect errors during the power-on diagnostics as well as when in the normal measurement mode. If one or more errors are present, the vertical bar in the top left corner of the display (in the measurement mode) starts blinking. If enabled, the error information is shown on the display interleaved between the display of two parameters. The first line displays the total number of errors and the second line displays the error message. Refer to the list of Error Messages. 4.1.4 Programming or menu mode All the configuration/settings/test functions in the form of a menu function x.x.x are accessible in the programming mode. The operator can view or alter the present settings, data values by the use of functions available in this mode. All changes made in the programming mode are stored in the non-volatile memory after exiting the menu and have appropriate effect on the operation of the signal convertor. While being programmed (i.e. while in the menu), the instrument will stop making further measurements and the current output will be frozen to the last value, the pulse output will also stop.

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## 4.1.5 Error messages

Error m essages in the m easurem ent m ode Error m essage (display second line)
NO S IG NAL

Ty p e Description
N o sig na l from th e vo rte x se nso r

## Corrective action required

N o flow thro ug h the prim a ry or che ck for a n y o th er errors during . p ow er-on dia gn ostics. If senso r prob le m , con tact Forbes M arsh all S ervice . C h eck flo w ra te > q m in else call K roh ne M a rsh all Service .

LO W FR EQ HIG H FREQ

LO W FL O W

## Flow rate low e r th an m in im u m flo w ra te q m in.

C o nverter w ill co ntinu e to disp la y actu al flow rate. H ow e ver, a ccuracy of m ea su re m e nt m ay suffe r. C o rrective actio n de pe n ds o n a pp lication p ro ce ss. If the flow ra te excee ds th e m ax. va lu e it m a y da m a g e the sen so r p hysically .

HlG H FLO W

INV. CO NF IG

## C o nfigu ra tio n da ta in n on -volatile m em o ry is n ot valid .

C h eck en tire co nfigu ra tio n ag ain. If erro r p ersists ca ll Forbes M arsh all S ervice .

## Pre-amplifier section has failed Flow signal quality is bad

Contact rohne Marshall Service. Check that 1) Flow rate>q min if OK. 2) Check for excessive pipe vibration and upstream flow disturbances.

LOW SIGNAL

## Vortex signal amplitude too low

Check that 1) Flow rate>q min if OK contact Forbes Marshall Service. This occurs in cases of high density medium.

HIGH SIGNAL

## Vortex sensor signal amplitude too high

Check 1) Flow rate < qmax, if OK contact Forbes Marshall Service. Take corrective action depending on the process.

LOW.TEMP.PHY.

HIGH.TEMP.PHY

## Operating temp. higher than physical limit

Take corrective action immediately. Will cause damage to the primary as well as to signal convertor! Indicates a fault in the temperature sensor. Contact Forbes Marshall Service.

T.SENS.SHORT

T.SENS.OPEN

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## 4.1.6 Operating elements

Q S R

Caution: To avoid damage to the electronics, be certain that the area around the meter is dry before removing the electronics compartment cover. The operating elements are accessible after removing the cover of the electronics section using the special wrench. Caution: Do not damage the screw thread, never allow dirt to accumulate, and make sure it is well greased at all times.

Q Display, first line R Keys for programming the signal convertor, refer to section 5.1 for the functions of the keys. S Magnetic Hall Effect switches

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5/1
2

## 5. 3.2 Description of Keys of Keys Description

5.1

Measuring m ode level Data level O p tio ns S croll th ro ugh option N um e rical/ a lpha-n um e rical va lues

## D isplaying m easured param eters/e rror m essages E nte r prog ra m m in g m ode

S ele ct scroll p osition S ele ct function S ele ct function disp layed E nter the fu nctio n. T hen continue as under da ta le ve l R eturn to sub-m enu le ve l o r m ain m enu level after choosing YE S /N O key w ith C on firm fun ction sele cted
2

C han ge the flashing dig it/character C han ge fla sh ing (cursor) positio n S tore s edited valu e /string tem p orarily. C ontinu e w ith furthe r data entry, if any,o r re turn to 2 fun ction level.

Im portant

l. A ll cha nges m a de in prog ra m ing m o de are store d in no n volatile m e m o ry upon qu itting m enu. 2. Vortex Flow Converter stops measurement when in m ingoutput m ode. ent w h V FC 09 5 stops en last in program 2. programming m e asurem mode, but holds the measured but holds the last measured output current. current.

5.2 Functionality of keys The cursor position is indicated by an inverse video character. To start operator control Measuring mode 70.00 m3/hr Operator control mode

1.1.1
MEAS_INST.

Please note when Yes is set under the entry code of Fct.3.2.2 then on pressing the key will prompt you to enter the Entry Code 1 which is fixed. Here, the software is modified in such a way that the key is taken as the first key out of the nine and you have to enter the remaining eight keys in the sequence This will take you to the function level.

## To go to the next function

1. 1.1.

1.1.2
MAX_FLOW

MEAS_INST.

Pressing the key will result in scrolling through all the functions sequentially as given in the menu level chart. Here the right most digit of the function goes on incrementing. 2.

1.1. 1
MEAS_INST.

1.2. 6
ERROR_MSG.

Pressing the key when the middle digit is selected will result in an increment of that second LSB. Logically, the function should go to Fct.1.2.1. However, Functions 1.2.1 up to 1.2.5 do no exist on the menu level chart. Hence, on pressing the key, the function will go directly to Fct.1.2.6 3.

1.1.1
MEAS_INST.

2.1.2
I_TEST

Here pressing the key results in incrementing the left most digit. Logically, the function should go to Fct.2.1.1. However, since Fct.2.1.1 does not exist on the menu level chart, the function will go to the next function which is Fct.2.1.2 To select the function To modify any menu, first make that function available on the display. Then press the key to confirm the function selected. Next, press the key to enter that function. To scroll through the different options available, use the key. To select the option chosen, press the key. You are then prompted with the CONT YES/NO. On selecting YES, you will proceed to the next menu level. If you select NO, it will update the data you entered and will go to the measuring mode.

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6. Program functions for various versions 6.1 Program Organization and Programming Chart for GAS Ver 7.X.Y.
Fct. 1.1.1 Fct. 1.1.2 Fct. 1.1.3 Fct. 1.1.4 Fct. 1.2.6 Fct. 1.2.7 Fct. 1.3.2 Fct. 1.4.1 Fct. 2.1.2 Fct. 2.1.3 Fct. 3.1.1 Fct. 3.1.2 Fct. 3.2.2 Fct. 3.2.4 Fct. 3.2.5 Fct. 3.2.6 Fct. 3.27 Fct. 3.3.4 Fct. 3.5.1 Fct. 3.5.2 Fct. 3.5.4 Fct. 3.5.5 Fct. 3.5.6 Fct. 3.5.7 Fct. 3.5.8 Fct. 3.5.9 Fct. 3.5.10 Fct. 3.5.11 Fct. 3.6.1 Fct. 3.6.2 Fct. 3.7.1 Fct. 3.7.2 Fct. 3.7.3 Fct 3.7.4 Fct. 3.9.1 Fct. 3.9.2 Fct. 3.9.3 Fct. 3.9.4 Fct. 3.9.5 Fct. 3.9.6 Fct. 3.9.7 Fct. 3.9.8 MEAS_INST MAX_FLOW MIN_FLOW TIMECONST ERROR_MSG CYCLE_DISP RANGE-I FUNCTION_P TEST_I TEST_P NOM_DIA K_FACTOR CODE 1 L O C AT I O N TOT. VALUE TOT. ON/OFF POLL ADDRESS SET GAIN FLUID MEDIUM TEMP. OP. PRES. OP. DENS. OP. TEMP. NORM. PRES. NORM. DENS. NORM. % GAS. MIX % REL. HUM. T_SENSOR P_SENSOR P_EXCIT. V P_SEN. P1V1 P_SEN. P2V2 EX.P. RANGE FAD UNIT SUCT. TEMP. ATM. PRESS . FIL. P. DROP INLET RH ACTUAL RPM RATED RPM OUTLET RH

A C C E S S T O S E T T I N G S O R D A T A P O S S I B L E A T T H I S L E V E L O N L Y

## MEASURING MODE LEVEL

FUNCTION LEVEL

DATA LEVEL

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6.1.1 Program function description The program functions are given in a numeric order as follows:

## Function number and title Description of the function

When you enter any numeric value in the floating point format, the accuracy of viewing any floating point value entered is + 0.003% . The precision of the measured variable depends on the choice of precision (position of decimal point) while entering the operating value of that parameter.

## Fct. 1.1.1 MEAS. INST. measuring instrument type

Set the instrument to measure the volumetric or the normalized volumetric or the mass flow rate as per the options:

NORM.VOLUME

## MASS FLOW UNITS 20 mA FLOW

Usually, this function is used once initially. If you need to change the basic measurement type later on, you should check/reprogram all the flow rate and the totalizer related functions such as -

## Fct. 1.1.2 MAX.FLOW maximum flow rate

Enter the maximum flow rate desired. The max. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.x functions) and the application data (3.5.x functions). The current output range (4-20 mA) corresponds to the 0% flow (Q0%) and the 100% flow (Q100%) respectively. If the flow rate exceeds the MAX FLOW, an error HIGH FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. The base units are m3/hr, nm3/hr and kg/hr respectively for Volume, Norm. Volume and Mass. For units other than the specified units, replace the base unit with the user unit by changing the literal text. Also, enter the coefficient of that particular unit with respect to the basic unit depending on the measuring instrument type that you have selected. Refer to the formula given: User Unit *A1 coeff.+A0 offset = Base unit Example: If the user unit is litre/hr A1 coeff. = Base unit/ user unit = 1/1000 = 0.001 A0 offset = 0

## Fct. 1.1.3 MIN. FLOW minimum flow rate

Enter the minimum flow rate in the same units as for the max.flow above. The min. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.X functions) and the application data (3.5.X functions). If the flow is below the min. flow then an error LOW FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. Note: This value cannot be zero for Vortex flowmeters. This value is normally set to the minimum flow rate (determined from the sizing) for the size of the primary used.

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## Fct. 1.1.4 TIMECONST. time constant for flow rate

Enter a low-pass filter time constant in seconds to be applied to the flow rate. A value of zero indicates that the low-pass filter is not to be applied. With this function, it is possible to compromise between a steady indication (on the display/current output) and the response time (to flow changes). It should normally be within 0-20 sec. The factory set value is 2 sec. You may increase it if you observe abnormal fluctuations on display.

## Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. display of error messages

Choose YES so that the error messages appear between the display of parameters in the normal measuring mode, otherwise select NO.

Fct. 1.2.7 CYCLE DISP. cyclic/non-cyclic display YES means the display will cycle automatically. This means a measured parameter is shown in the selected units for about 6 seconds and then the next parameter in the display cycle is shown for 6 seconds and so on. NO (non-cyclic display) means the parameter is continuously shown on the display (to see other parameters or to change setting use the key). You may see error messages in between the changeover from one parameter to next if error(s) are present and Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. is YES. Fct. 1.3.2 RANGE I current output range selection
Here one selects one of the three possible range options. To set the current output as 4-20 mA with/without an error indication on the current output. When a range with a suffix of 22E or 3.55E is selected then it means that the current output will give 22 mA or 3.55 mA error output if any error(s) are present in the instrument. The range options are listed below: 4-20 4-20/22E 4-20/3.55E

## Fct. 1.4.1 FUNCTION P Pulse output

Choose YES to make the pulse output active. NO makes the pulse output inactive (0 Hz). Limits: The max. frequency of the pulse output is 0.5 Hz. To ensure that the pulse output does not exceed 0.5 Hz at max. flow, the coefficient in totalizer units can be adjusted. The pulse output will be an exact replica of the integer value of the internal totalizer. If the flow rate exceeds in such a way that the pulse rate exceeds 0.5 Hz then the pulse output will be erratic. For Example: For a flow rate of 360 kg/hr, pulses will be 360 pulses/hr. as the pulse output is exact replica of integer totalizer. So the freq. of the pulses will be 0.1 Hz. This is within given limits. But for flowrate of 3600 kg/hr., pulses will be 3600 pulses/hr. The freq. becomes 1 Hz. This is not within the specified limits. In this case, A1 coeffecient should be adjusted in func. 3.2.5 Tot. value. This should be selected such that the freq. of the pulse o/p lies below .5 Hz. If this factor is selected as 0.1 then the frequency of the pulse output will become 10 times less. i.e. 0.1 Hz. which lies in given limits. Please note that the same factor will get applied to Integer totalizer also.

## Fct. 2.1.2 TEST I current output test

Caution: During this test, the current output will change to the test values so appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the current output is used. 4 mA 8 mA 12 mA

16 mA

20 mA

Place the current meter in series with the current loop. Selecting any value given above will cause that current to flow so that you can check it on the meter. Select CONT. YES to test other current values or CONT.NO to end. When the menu function finishes, the normal current value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the current output function will be restored. 6/3

## Fct. 2.1.3 TEST P pulse output test

Caution: When this test is initiated, the pulse output will run at the repetitive rate of 0.5003 Hz. So, appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the pulse output is used. When the menu function finishes, the normal frequency value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the frequency output functions will be restored. Connect the electromechanical counter to the pulse output. (Refer to the connection diagram.) Select CONT.YES to test the frequency value or CONT.NO to end. Selecting CONT.YES, will cause the pulse output to run at 0.5003 Hz.

## Fct. 3.1.1 NOMINAL.DIA nominal diameter

Select which DIN/ANSI size primary is used with the instrument from the options listed below. The options available are:

10-20 25
10-20

40-50

 80-200

The sizes under the group are as follows: : DN10, ANSI 3/8 DN15, ANSI 1/2 DN20, ANSI 3/4 : DN25, ANSI 1 : DN40, ANSI 1.5 DN50, ANSI 2 : DN80, ANSI 3 DN100, ANSI 4 DN150, ANSI 6 DN200, ANSI 8

25 40-50 80-200

## Fct. 3.1.2 K-FACTOR k-factor of the primary

Enter the primary constant k-factor value. This value is stamped on the instrument label in units of pulses/m 3. NOM. DIA. DN 10/ANSI 3/8 DN 15/ANSI 1/2 DN 20/ANSI 3/4 DN 25 DN 40 DN 50 DN 80 DN 100 DN 150 DN 200 ANSI 1 ANSI 1.5 ANSI 2 ANSI 3 ANSI 4 ANSI 6 ANSI 8 LOW LIM. 490000 290000 107000 42000 12300 6065 1740 775 240 104 59565 16877 7942 2464 1083 316 147 HIGH LIM. 543000 330000 120000 46305 13560 6687 1918 854 265 115 66000 18700 8800 2730 1200 350 163

## Fct. 3.2.2 ENTRY.CODE.1 entry code 1 password

Select YES if the password should be checked to access the menu. Use the 9-digit password to prevent configuration changes by an unauthorized person. Answering NO means the password is not required to enter the menu. Refer to Section 5.2 6/4

## Fct. 3.2.4 LOCATION installation location

Enter an alphanumeric string up to 10 characters to describe the location of the installation. This input has no bearing on the performance of the instrument in any way and it merely serves as a means of identification.

Fct. 3.2.5 TOT.VALUE totalizer value Here the unit and coefficient of the totalizer can be set. This coeff can also be a scaling factor for the pulse output and the totalizer value. The totalizer value can be preset using this function. The internal totalizer is an integer totalizer and has a fixed roll-over value 4294967295.
This function can also be used to reset the totalizer (to zero). The options available are:

YES

NO

To reset totalizer: Select RESET YES as a double confirmation. To keep the totalizer unchanged select RESET NO.

Fct. 3.2.6 TOT. ON/OFF totalizer on/off Select the option TOT. ON to start/restart the totalizer and select the option TOT. OFF to stop the totalizer. Stopping the totalizer means the flow will not be accumulated till the time the totalizer is turned on again and the previous value will remain unchanged. Fct. 3.2.7 POLL ADDRESS Enter Polling Address for HART Communications. Fct. 3.3.4 SET GAIN Gain setting
The gain of the signal preamplifier can be changed to alter the sensitivity of the Vortex amplifier. The values available are:

1 3 16

1.5 6

2 11

## Fct. 3.5.1 FLUID fluid type

Select whether the process medium is gas (including air), mixture of gases, wet gas

GAS

GAS MIX

WET GAS

The operating density should be entered for GAS and Wet Gas, where the medium selected is none.

## Fct. 3.5.2 MEDIUM process medium

Select the medium from the options given below. If the medium used is not included in the option list, select -NONE-.For all the mediums except -NONE-, the instrument software calculates the density of the medium from P&T conditions that is required for meter sizing, mass flow and normalized flow computations. However, for unsupported medium, the user has to supply the density at the operating P&T and the density at the normal P&T (latter for the normalized flow only). Options for fluid GAS:

## ARGON CO ETHYLENE H2S NITROGEN N-PENTANE -NONE-

(CO is carbon monoxide, CO2 is carbon dioxide, -NONE- is none of the above) 6/5

Options for fluid WET GAS: AIR AMMONIA I-BUTANE N-BUTANE CO2 ETHANE HEXANE HYDROGEN METHANE NEON OXYGEN I-PENTANE PROPANE XENON

## Fct. 3.5.4 TEMP. OPR operating temperature

Enter the mean (average) operating temperature of the medium. This parameter is very important since it is involved in the density calculation. When the temperature sensor is not present, the value given here is used in flow computations for all mediums except NONE. The internal set unit for the temperature is DEG. C. To have some other unit, all the literal characters, coefficient and offset must be entered. Example: User unit is Deg.F and base unit is Deg.C. Referring to the formula given in Function 1.1.2, Deg.C =0.55 Deg.F 17.77 Therefore, A1 coeff. = 0.55 A0 offset = -17.77

## Fct. 3.5.5 PRES. OPR operating pressure

Enter the mean (average) operating pressure of the medium. This parameter is very important since it is involved in the density calculation. The internal set unit for pressure is Pascal. Enter all the characters, coefficients, and offset to obtain other units desired. Refer to the example given in Fct.3.5.4.

## Fct. 3.5.6 DENS. OPR. density at operating P&T

Enter the density of the medium at the operating pressure and temperature conditions. The basic unit is Kg/m3. Other units can be programmed using the coefficient in the conversion table.

## Fct. 3.5.7 TEMP. NORM normal temperature

Enter the value for the normal/base/reference temperature. This value is usually 00C or 200C. The unit options for this value are the same as in FCT. 3.5.4

## Fct. 3.5.8 PRES. NORM normal pressure

Enter the value for the normal/base/reference pressure. This value is usually 1 atm. The unit options for this value are the same as in Fct. 3.5.5

## Fct. 3.5.9 DENS.NORM. density at normal P&T

Enter the density of the medium at normal pressure and temperature conditions. The basic unit is Kg/m3. Other units can be programmed using the coefficient in the conversion table.

## Fct. 3.5.10 %GAS MIX %of gases

Select the components of the gas mixture. Enter the mole fraction percentage of gases present in the mixture of gases. The list of gases available is given below. For the components not present in the mixture, keep the percentages as zero. The sum of the percentages of the gas components should be equal to 100 0.1 List of gases for fluid GAS MIX:

AMMONIA

ARGON

I-BUTANE
6/6

## Fct. 3.5.11 % REL HUM Relative humidity

Enter the relative humidity of the moist gas in the range of zero to hundred.

## Fct. 3.6.1 T-SENSOR temperature sensor

Select YES if the temperature sensor is present else select NO.

## Fct. 3.6.2 P-SENSOR pressure sensor

Here the selection of the internal, or external pressure sensor can be done. The options available are :

## EXTERNAL P NONE INTERNAL P

Fct. 3.7.1 P_EXCIT.V
Enter the excitation voltage given to the pressure sensor bridge. This is to make calibration data independent of electronics.

## Fct. 3.7.2 P_SEN P1V1 calibration point 1

Enter the pressure value (in one of the units same as in Fct. 3.5.5) and the corresponding millivolt value.

## Fct. 3.7.3 P_SEN P2V2 calibration point 2

Enter the pressure value (the same unit assumed as in Fct. 3.7.2 ) and the corresponding millivolt value.

## Fct. 3.7.4 EX. P. RANGE external pressure sensor range.

Enter the external pressure sensor range for 4 mA & 20 mA. The default values are

0 AT 4 mA 6 AT 20 mA
Select the unit for the display of the parameter FAD Volume flow. (FAD flow is vol. flow as calculated by meter at the suction side of compressor).

Here the selection of the FAD Flow disply can be done Display ON displays whichever unit is selected. OFF No FAD FLOW display

## Fct. 3.9.2 SUCT. TEMP. Temp at suction side.

Enter the temperature at suction side. 6/7

## Fct. 3.9.3 ATM PRESS. atmospheric pressure.

Enter the atmospheric pressure.

## Fct. 3.9.4 FIL. P. DROP Filter Pressure drop

Enter the value of the pressure drop across the filter at the inlet of the compressor. (If there is no such filter installed then keep this value as zero).

## Fct. 3.9.5 INLET RH Relative humidity at suction

Enter the relative humidity at the suction side (i.e. ambient air). The units are %RH

## Fct. 3.9.6 ACTUAL RPM actual rpm

Enter the measured speed of the compressor motor in RPM.

## Fct. 3.9.7 RATED RPM rated rpm

Enter the rated speed of the compressor motor in RPM.

## Fct. 3.9.8 OUTLET RH relative humidity operating

Enter the relative humidity at the meter side (i.e. compressor outlet side). Typically this value is 100%. The units are % RH 6.1.2 VFC with FAD meter An air compressor sucks in air from the atmosphere and delivers it compressed to the required pressure. Since the atmospheric air contains water vapor, what the compressor actually sucks in is a mixture of air and water vapour. Under thse conditions the Free Air Delivery specification of the compressor is not directly and easily known. Almost all manufacturers specify FAD at standard suction conditions only. What the user gets to use as eventual plant air or process air needs to be found out and, hence, metered with ease and a reasonable accuracy of at least +1%. VFM FAD-METER can measure FAD online, compensated for humidity and RPM apart from its use as STD FLOWMETER. The software built into the meter evaluates the FAD automatically online. The menu-driven user-friendly software prompts the user for information like the pressure and relative humidity, design and actual RPM, and the discharge pressure. The steam tables and the compressibility data are programmed into the memory as a standard feature. The meter is also available with an optional pressure sensor which measures the discharge pressure online eliminating the need to feed in the value manually.

6/8

6.2 Program Organization and Programming Chart for SAT/SUP STEAM Ver. 6.x.y

ACTUAL DISPLAY

Fct. 1.1.1 Fct. 1.1.1 Fct. 1.1.2 Fct. 1.1.3 Fct. 1.1.4 Fct. 1.2.6 Fct. 1.2.7 Fct. 1.3.2 Fct. 1.3.5 Fct. 1.3.7 Fct. 1.4.1 Fct. 1.4.4 Fct. 2.1.2 Fct. 2.1.3 Fct. 3.1.1 Fct. 3.1.2 Fct. 3.2.2 Fct. 3.2.4 Fct. 3.2.5 Fct. 3.2.6 Fct. 3.2.7 Fct. 3.3.4 Fct. 3.5.1 Fct. 3.5.2 Fct. 3.5.3 Fct. 3.5.4 Fct. 3.5.5 Fct. 3.5.7 Fct. 3.5.8 Fct. 3.6.1 Fct. 3.6.2 Fct. 3.7.1 Fct. 3.7.2 Fct. 3.7.3 Fct. 3.7.4 Fct. 3.8.5 Fct. 3.8.6 Fct. 3.8.8 Fct. 3.8.9

MEAS_INST MEAS_INST MAX_FLOW MIN_FLOW TIMECONST ERROR_MSG CYCLE_DISP RANGE-I VARIABLE I FS. POWER FUNCTION_P VARIABLE P TEST_I TEST_P NOM_DIA K_FACTOR CODE 1 LOCATION TOT. VALUE TOT. ON/OFF POLL ADDR SET GAIN FLUID MEDIUM SAT. P/T TEMP. OP. PRES. OP. TEMP. NORM. PRES. NORM. T_SENSOR P_SENSOR P_EXCIT. V P_SEN. P1V1 P_SEN. P2V2 EXT.P. RNG DRY. FACT. POWER UNIT ENERGY. UNIT E. TOT. ON

A C C E S S T O S E T T I N G S O R D A T A P O S S I B L E A T T H I S L E V E L O N L Y

## MEASURING MODE LEVEL

FUNCTION LEVEL

DATA LEVEL

6/9

6.2.1 Program function description The program functions are given in a numeric order as follows: Function number and title Description of the function When you enter any numeric value in the floating point format, the accuracy of viewing any floating point value entered is + 0.003% . The precision of the measured variable depends on the choice of precision (position of decimal point) while entering the operating value of that parameter.

Fct. 1.1.1 MEAS. INST. measuring instrument type Set the instrument to measure the volumetric or the normalized volumetric or the mass flow rate as per the options:

VOLUME MAX.FLOW

NORM.VOLUME

## MASS TOTAL.UNITS RANGE P TOT. VALUE

Usually, this function is used once initially. If you need to change the basic measurement type later on, you should check/reprogram all the flow rate and the totalizer related functions such as -

MIN.FLOW

## Fct. 1.1.2 MAX.FLOW maximum flow rate

Enter the maximum flow rate desired. The max. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.x functions) and the application data (3.5.x functions). The current output range (4-20 mA) corresponds to the 0% flow (Q0%) and the 100% flow (Q100%) respectively. If the flow rate exceeds the MAX FLOW, an error HIGH FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. The following units are available to choose from depending on the programming of Fct.1.1.1 MEAS. INST. for volumetric flow: M3/HR LITRE/HR CUFT/HR FT3/HR CFT/HR US GAL/HR UK GAL/HR SPECIAL

## M3/MIN LITRE/MIN CUFT/MIN FT3/MIN CFT/MIN US GAL/MIN UK GAL/MIN

M3/SEC LITRE/SEC CUFT/SEC FT3/SEC CFT/SEC US GAL/SEC UK GAL/SEC NM3/SEC NORM.L/SEC SFT3/SEC SCFT/SEC

for normalized volumetric flow: NM3/HR NM3/MIN NORM.L/HR NORM.L/MIN SFT3/HR SFT3/MIN SCFT/HR SCFT/MIN SPECIAL

for mass flow: KG/HR KG/MIN KG/SEC T/HR T/MIN T/SEC LB/HR LB/MIN LB/SEC SPECIAL The base units are m3/hr, nm3/hr and kg/hr respectively for Volume, Norm. Volume and Mass. For units other than the specified units, replace the base unit with the user unit by changing the literal text. Also, enter the coefficient of that particular unit with respect to the basic unit depending on the measuring instrument type that you have selected.

6/10

Refer to the formula given: User Unit *A1 coeff.+A0 offset = Base unit Example: If the user unit is litre/hr A1 coeff. = Base unit/ user unit = 1/1000 = 0.001 A0 offset = 0

## Fct. 1.1.3 MIN. FLOW minimum flow rate

Enter the minimum flow rate in the same units as for the max.flow above. The min. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.X functions) and the application data (3.5.X functions). If the flow is below the min. flow then an error LOW FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. Note: This value cannot be zero for Vortex flowmeters. This value is normally set to the minimum flow rate (determined from the sizing) for the size of the primary used.

## Fct. 1.1.4 TIMECONST. time constant for flow rate

Enter a low-pass filter time constant in seconds to be applied to the flow rate. A value of zero indicates that the low-pass filter is not to be applied. With this function, it is possible to compromise between a steady indication (on the display/current output) and the response time (to flow changes). It should normally be within 0-20 sec. The factory set value is 2 sec. You may increase it if you observe abnormal fluctuations on display.

## Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. display of error messages

Choose YES so that the error messages appear between the display of parameters in the normal measuring mode, otherwise select NO.

Fct. 1.2.7 CYCLE DISP. cyclic/non-cyclic display YES means the display will cycle automatically. This means a measured parameter is shown in the selected units for about 6 seconds and then the next parameter in the display cycle is shown for 6 seconds and so on. NO (non-cyclic display) means the parameter is continuously shown on the display (to see other parameters or to change setting use the key). You may see error messages in between the changeover from one parameter to next if error(s) are present and Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. is YES. Fct. 1.3.2 RANGE I current output range selection
Here one selects one of the three possible range options. To set the current output as 4-20 mA with/without an error indication on the current output. When a range with a suffix of 22E or 3.55E is selected then it means that the current output will give 22 mA or 3.55 mA error output if any error(s) are present in the instrument. The range options are listed below: 4-20 4-20/22E 4-20/3.55E

## Fct. 1.3.5 VARIABLE I Current Output selection function

Selects any one of the two options available for the current output. Options are listed below:

FLOW POWER
APPEARS: If the meter type is GROSS HEAT METER

## Fct. 1.3.7 FS POWER

Enter the power value at which you want the current output at its maximum 20 mA APPEARS: If the meter type is GROSS HEAT METER 6/11

## Fct. 1.4.1 FUNCTION P Pulse output

Choose YES to make the pulse output active. NO makes the pulse output inactive (0 Hz). Limits: The max. frequency of the pulse output is 0.5 Hz. To ensure that the pulse output does not exceed 0.5 Hz at max. flow, the coefficient in totalizer units can be adjusted. The pulse output will be an exact replica of the integer value of the internal totalizer. If the flow rate exceeds in such a way that the pulse rate exceeds 0.5 Hz then the pulse output will be erratic. For Example: For a flow rate of 360 kg/hr, pulses will be 360 pulses/hr. as the pulse output is exact replica of integer totalizer. So the freq. of the pulses will be 0.1 Hz. This is within given limits. But for flowrate of 3600 kg/hr., pulses will be 3600 pulses/hr. The freq. becomes 1 Hz. This is not within the specified limits. In this case, A1 coeffecient should be adjusted in func. 3.2.5 Tot. value. This should be selected such that the freq. of the pulse o/p lies below .5 Hz. If this factor is selected as 0.1 then the frequency of the pulse output will become 10 times less. i.e. 0.1 Hz. which lies in given limits. Please note that the same factor will get applied to Integer totalizer also.

## Fct. 1.4.4 VARIABLE P pulse output selection function.

Selects any one of the two options available for the pulse output The options are listed below:

FLOW POWER
APPEARS: If the meter type is GROSS HEAT METER

## Fct. 2.1.2 TEST I current output test

Caution: During this test, the current output will change to the test values so appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the current output is used.

4 mA 16 mA

8 mA 20 mA

12 mA

Place the current meter in series with the current loop. Selecting any value given above will cause that current to flow so that you can check it on the meter. Select CONT. YES to test other current values or CONT.NO to end. When the menu function finishes, the normal current value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the current output function will be restored.

## Fct. 2.1.3 TEST P pulse output test

Caution: When this test is initiated, the pulse output will run at the repetitive rate of 0.5003 Hz. So, appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the pulse output is used. When the menu function finishes, the normal frequency value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the frequency output functions will be restored. Connect the electromechanical counter to the pulse output. (Refer to the connection diagram.) Select CONT.YES to test the frequency value or CONT.NO to end. Selecting CONT.YES, will cause the pulse output to run at 0.5003 Hz.

## Fct. 3.1.1 NOMINAL.DIA nominal diameter

Select which DIN/ANSI size primary is used with the instrument from the options listed below. The options available are:

10-20 25
10-20

40-50

 80-200

The sizes under the group are as follows: : DN10, ANSI 3/8 DN15, ANSI 1/2 DN20, ANSI 3/4 6/12

25 40-50 80-200

: DN25, ANSI 1 : DN40, ANSI 1.5 DN50, ANSI 2 : DN80, ANSI 3 DN100, ANSI 4 DN150, ANSI 6 DN200, ANSI 8

## Fct. 3.1.2 K-FACTOR k-factor of the primary

Enter the primary constant k-factor value. This value is stamped on the instrument label in units of pulses/m 3. NOM. DIA. DN 10/ANSI 3/8 DN 15/ANSI 1/2 DN 20/ANSI 3/4 DN 25 DN 40 DN 50 DN 80 DN 100 DN 150 DN 200 ANSI 1 ANSI 1.5 ANSI 2 ANSI 3 ANSI 4 ANSI 6 ANSI 8 LOW LIM. 490000 290000 107000 42000 12300 6065 1740 775 240 104 59565 16877 7942 2464 1083 316 147 HIGH LIM. 543000 330000 120000 46305 13560 6687 1918 854 265 115 66000 18700 8800 2730 1200 350 163

## Fct. 3.2.2 ENTRY.CODE.1 entry code 1 password

Select YES if the password should be checked to access the menu. Use the 9-digit password to prevent configuration changes by an unauthorized person. Answering NO means the password is not required to enter the menu. Refer to Section 5.2

## Fct. 3.2.4 LOCATION installation location

Enter an alphanumeric string up to 10 characters to describe the location of the installation. This input has no bearing on the performance of the instrument in any way and it merely serves as a means of identification.

## Fct. 3.2.5 TOT.VALUE totalizer value

Here the unit and coefficient of the totalizer can be set. This coeff can also be a scaling factor for the pulse output and the totalizer value. The totalizer value can be preset using this function. The internal totalizer is an integer totalizer and has a fixed roll-over value 4294967295. This function can also be used to reset the totalizer (to zero). The options available are:

YES

NO

To reset totalizer: Select RESET YES as a double confirmation. To keep the totalizer unchanged select RESET NO.

## Fct. 3.2.6 TOT. ON/OFF totalizer on/off

Select the option TOT. ON to start/restart the totalizer and select the option TOT. OFF to stop the totalizer. Stopping the totalizer means the flow will not be accumulated till the time the totalizer is turned on again and the previous value will remain unchanged. 6/13

Enter the polling address from 0 to 15. This is basically required for HART communication is multidropping mode.

## Fct. 3.3.4 SET GAIN Gain setting

The gain of the signal preamplifier can be changed to alter the sensitivity of the Vortex amplifier. The values available are:

1 3 16

1.5 6

2 11

## Fct. 3.5.1 FLUID fluid type

The only option available is STEAM.

STEAM
Fct. 3.5.2 MEDIUM process medium
Select the medium from the options given below. For all the mediums, the instrument software calculates the density of the medium from P&T conditions that is required for meter sizing, mass flow and normalized flow computations. Options available are

SAT STEAM

SUP STEAM

## Fct. 3.5.3 SAT. P/T, use saturation P or T

For saturated steam, only one of the operating temperature or pressure is needed for density calculation. Select whether you are going to specify the saturation temperature or the pressure from the following options:

SAT. TEMP

SAT.PRES

The actual value of the temperature or the pressure is to be entered under Fct. 3.5.4 TEMP. OPR or Fct. 3.5.5 PRES. OPR.

## Fct. 3.5.4 TEMP. OPR operating temperature

Enter the mean (average) operating temperature of the medium. This parameter is very important since it is involved in the density calculation. The option available for units are.

TMEP UNITS

DEG C SPECIAL

DEG F

KELVIN

When the temperature sensor is not present, the value given here is used in flow computations for all mediums except NONE. The internal set unit for the temperature is DEG. C. To have some other unit, all the literal characters, coefficient and offset must be entered. Example: User unit is Deg.F and base unit is Deg.C. Referring to the formula given in Function 1.1.2,

6/14

Deg.C =0.55 Deg.F 17.77 Therefore, A1 coeff. = 0.55 A0 offset = -17.77 Here the selection of the Temperature Display can be done. The options are:

DISP

## Fct. 3.5.5 PRES. OPR operating pressure

Enter the mean (average) operating pressure of the medium. This parameter is very important since it is involved in the density calculation. The units available are :

KG/CM2 G IN HG G MM HG G MM WATER G PA G KPA G ATM G BAR G MILLI BARG PSI G LBF/FT2 G SPECIAL

KG/CM2 ABS IN HG ABS MM HG ABS MM WAT. ABS PA ABS KPA ABS ATM ABS BAR ABS MILLI BARA PSI ABS LBF/FT2 A

The internal set unit for pressure is Pascal. Enter all the characters, coefficients, and offset to obtain other units desired. Refer to the example given in Fct.3.5.4. Here the selection of the Pressure Display can be done. The options are:

DISP

## Fct. 3.5.7 TEMP. NORM normal temperature

Enter the value for the normal/base/reference temperature. This value is usually 00C or 200C. The unit options for this value are the same as in FCT. 3.5.4

## Fct. 3.5.8 PRES. NORM normal pressure

Enter the value for the normal/base/reference pressure. This value is usually 1 atm. The unit options for this value are the same as in Fct. 3.5.5

## Fct. 3.6.1 T-SENSOR temperature sensor

Select YES if the temperature sensor is present else select NO.

## Fct. 3.6.2 P-SENSOR pressure sensor

Select any of the the three option.

INTERNAL
Fct. 3.7.1 P_EXCIT.V
6/15

EXTERNAL

NONE

Enter the excitation voltage given to the pressure sensor bridge. This is to make calibration data independent of electronics.

## Fct. 3.7.2 P_SEN P1V1 calibration point 1

Enter the pressure value (in one of the units same as in Fct. 3.5.5) and the corresponding millivolt value.

## Fct. 3.7.3 P_SEN P2V2 calibration point 2

Enter the pressure value (the same unit assumed as in Fct. 3.7.2 ) and the corresponding millivolt value. Fct. 3.7.4 EXT. P. RNG external pressure sensor range Enter the external pressure range for 4 mA & 20 mA

## Fct. 3.8.5 DRY. FACT dryness factor

Enter the dryness factors for saturated steam. It is in the limits 0.85 to 1.0

## Fct. 3.8.6 PWR UNITS thermal power units.

Thermal power can be displayed in any one of the following units:

KJ/hr MW KW SPECIAL

MJ/hr BTU/hr

GJ/hr kCal/hr

APPEARS: If the meter is GROSS HEAT METER Here the selection of the Thermal Power Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## ON displays whichever unit is selected OFF No Thermal Power Display

Fct. 3.8.8 ENERGY UNITS thermal energy units. Thermal energy can be displayed in any one of the following units:

KJ BTU MWH

MJ kCal SPECIAL

GJ KWH

APPEARS: If the meter type is GROSS HEAT METER Here the selection of the Thermal Energy Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## ON displays whichever unit is selected OFF No Thermal Energy Display

Fct. 3.8.9 E.TOT.ON energy totalizer on/off Select the option TOT.ON/OFF to start/restart the totalizer and select TOT.OFF to stop the totalizer, This means the power will not be accumulated till the time the totalizer is turned on again. APPEARS: If the meter is GROSS HEAT METER

6/16

6.2.2 Heat Meter The VFM , supports thermal power and energy calculations for steam and water. Thermal power is calculated online from the mass flow and the specific enthalpy at the operating P&T and the thermal energy is calculated by time integrating (totalizing) thermal power. As energy totalizer is provided to accumulate the thermal energy. The thermal power can be displayed in one of the following units. KJ/hr, MJ/hr, GJ/hr, BTU/hr, kCal/hr, KW and MW The corresponding units for the energy display are : KJ, MJ, GJ, BTU, kCal, KWh and MWh

6/17

6.3 Program Organization and Programming Chart for COMPENSATED LIQUID ver 4.x.y.

ACTUAL DISPLAY

Fct. 1.1.1 Fct. 1.1.2 Fct. 1.1.3 Fct. 1.1.4 Fct. 1.2.6 Fct. 1.2.7 Fct. 1.3.2 Fct. 1.3.5. Fct. 1.3.7 Fct. 1.4.1 Fct. 1.4.4 Fct. 2.1.2 Fct. 2.1.3 Fct. 3.1.1 Fct. 3.1.2 Fct. 3.2.2 Fct. 3.2.4 Fct. 3.2.5 Fct. 3.2.6 Fct. 3.2.7 Fct. 3.3.4 Fct. 3.5.1 Fct. 3.5.2 Fct. 3.5.4 Fct. 3.5.6 Fct. 3.6.1 Fct. 3.8.6 Fct. 3.8.8. Fct. 3.8.9 Fct. 3.8.11 Fct. 3.8.14 Fct. 3.8.15

MEAS_INST MAX_FLOW MIN_FLOW TIMECONST ERROR_MSG CYCLE_DISP RANxGE-I VARIABLE I FS.N. POWER FUNCTION_P VARIABLE P TEST_I TEST_P NOM_DIA K_FACTOR CODE 1 LOCATION TOT. VALUE TOT. ON/OFF POLL ADDR SET GAIN FLUID MEDIUM TEMP. OP. DENS. OP. T_SENSOR N.PWR. UNIT N. EN. UNIT NE. TOT. ON EXT. T. RANGE HIGHER T NULL TEMP

A C C E S S T O S E T T I N G S O R D A T A P O S S I B L E A T T H I S L E V E L O N L Y

## MEASURING MODE LEVEL

FUNCTION LEVEL

DATA LEVEL

6/18

6.3.1 Program function description The program functions are given in a numeric order as follows:

## Function number and title Description of the function

When you enter any numeric value in the floating point format, the accuracy of viewing any floating point value entered is + 0.003% . The precision of the measured variable depends on the choice of precision (position of decimal point) while entering the operating value of that parameter.

Fct. 1.1.1 MEAS. INST. measuring instrument type Set the instrument to measure the volumetric or the mass flow rate as per the options:

## MASS MIN.FLOW TOT. VALUE FLOW UNITS

Usually, this function is used once initially. If you need to change the basic measurement type later on, you should check/reprogram all the flow rate and the totalizer related functions such as -

## Fct. 1.1.2 MAX.FLOW maximum flow rate

Enter the maximum flow rate desired. The max. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.x functions) and the application data (3.5.x functions). The current output range (4-20 mA) corresponds to the 0% flow (Q0%) and the 100% flow (Q100%) respectively. If the flow rate exceeds the MAX FLOW, an error HIGH FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. The following units are available to choose from depend on the programming in fun 1.1.1

FOR MASS FLOW

## KG/SEC T/SEC LB/SEC

For units other than the specified units, select unit SPECIAL, replace the base unit with the user unit by changing the literal text. Also, enter the coefficient of that particular unit with respect to the basic unit depending on the measuring instrument type that you have selected. Refer to the formula given: User Unit *A1 coeff.+A0 offset = Base unit Example: If the user unit is litre/hr A1 coeff. = Base unit/ user unit = 1/1000 = 0.001 A0 offset = 0 6/19

In this function only the flow display unit can be selected. The options available are.

Unit displays the unit selected % Max Flow displays the % flow.
Fct. 1.1.3 MIN. FLOW minimum flow rate
Enter the minimum flow rate in the same units as for the max.flow above. The min. flow should be within the measuring range for the given primary data (3.1.X functions) and the application data (3.5.X functions). If the flow is below the min. flow then an error LOW FLOW is annunciated on the display with an error symbol flashing at the top left corner. Note: This value cannot be zero for Vortex flowmeters. This value is normally set to the minimum flow rate (determined from the sizing) for the size of the primary used.

## Fct. 1.1.4 TIMECONST. time constant for flow rate

Enter a low-pass filter time constant in seconds to be applied to the flow rate. A value of zero indicates that the low-pass filter is not to be applied. With this function, it is possible to compromise between a steady indication (on the display/current output) and the response time (to flow changes). It should normally be within 0-20 sec. The factory set value is 2 sec. You may increase it if you observe abnormal fluctuations on display.

## Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. display of error messages

Choose YES so that the error messages appear between the display of parameters in the normal measuring mode, otherwise select NO.

Fct. 1.2.7 CYCLE DISP. cyclic/non-cyclic display YES means the display will cycle automatically. This means a measured parameter is shown in the selected units for about 6 seconds and then the next parameter in the display cycle is shown for 6 seconds and so on. NO (non-cyclic display) means the parameter is continuously shown on the display (to see other parameters or to change setting use the key). You may see error messages in between the changeover from one parameter to next if error(s) are present and Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR MSG. is YES. Fct. 1.3.2 RANGE I current output range selection
Here one selects one of the three possible range options. To set the current output as 0-20 mA or 4-20 mA with/without an error indication on the current output. When a range with a suffix of 22E or 3.55E is selected then it means that the current output will give 22 mA or 3.55 mA error

4-20

output if any error(s) are present in the instrument. The range options are listed below: 4-20/22E 4-20/3.55E Fct. 1.3.5 VARIABLE I Current Output selection function

Selects any one of the two options available for the current output. Options are listed below:

## FLOW NET POWER

APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER. Fct. 1.3.7 FS.N.PWR Enter the power value at which you want the current output at its maximum 20 mA. APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER &

6/20

## fct 1.3.5. VARIABLE I is NET POWER.

Fct. 1.4.1 FUNCTION P Pulse output Choose YES to make the pulse output active. NO makes the pulse output inactive (0 Hz).
Limits: The max. frequency of the pulse output is 0.5 Hz. To ensure that the pulse output does not exceed 0.5 Hz at max. flow, the coefficient in totalizer units can be adjusted. The pulse output will be an exact replica of the integer value of the internal totalizer. If the flow rate exceeds in such a way that the pulse rate exceeds 0.5 Hz then the pulse output will be erratic. For Example: For a flow rate of 360 kg/hr, pulses will be 360 pulses/hr. as the pulse output is exact replica of integer totalizer. So the freq. of the pulses will be 0.1 Hz. This is within given limits. But for flowrate of 3600 kg/hr., pulses will be 3600 pulses/hr. The freq. becomes 1 Hz. This is not within the specified limits. In this case, A1 coeffecient should be adjusted in func. 3.2.5 Tot. value. This should be selected such that the freq. of the pulse o/p lies below .5 Hz. If this factor is selected as 0.1 then the frequency of the pulse output will become 10 times less. i.e. 0.1 Hz. which lies in given limits. Please note that the same factor will get applied to Integer totalizer also. Fct. 1.4.4 VARIABLE P Assign pulse output to either of following options

FLOW

NET ENERGY

## Fct. 2.1.2 TEST I current output test

Caution: During this test, the current output will change to the test values so appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the current output is used.

4 mA 16 mA

8 mA 20 mA

12 mA

Place the current meter in series with the current loop. Selecting any value given above will cause that current to flow so that you can check it on the meter. Select CONT. YES to test other current values or CONT.NO to end. When the menu function finishes, the normal current value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the current output function will be restored.

## Fct. 2.1.3 TEST P pulse output test

Caution: When this test is initiated, the pulse output will run at the repetitive rate of 0.5003 Hz. So, appropriate actions should be taken depending on how the pulse output is used. When the menu function finishes, the normal frequency value depending on the flow rate and the programming of the frequency output functions will be restored. Connect the electromechanical counter to the pulse output. (Refer to the connection diagram.) Select CONT.YES to test the frequency value or CONT.NO to end. Selecting CONT.YES, will cause the pulse output to run at 0.5003 Hz.

## Fct. 3.1.1 NOMINAL.DIA nominal diameter

Select which DIN/ANSI size primary is used with the instrument from the options listed below. The options available are:

10-20 25
10-20

## 40-50  80-200 The sizes under the group are as follows:

: DN10, ANSI 3/8 DN15, ANSI 1/2

6/21

DN20, ANSI 3/4 25 40-50 80-200 : DN25, ANSI 1 : DN40, ANSI 1.5 DN50, ANSI 2 : DN80, ANSI 3 DN100, ANSI 4 DN150, ANSI 6 DN200, ANSI 8

## Fct. 3.1.2 K-FACTOR k-factor of the primary

Enter the primary constant k-factor value. This value is stamped on the instrument label in units of pulses/m 3. NOM. DIA. DN 10/ANSI 3/8 DN 15/ANSI 1/2 DN 20/ANSI 3/4 DN 25 DN 40 DN 50 DN 80 DN 100 DN 150 DN 200 ANSI 1 ANSI 1.5 ANSI 2 ANSI 3 ANSI 4 ANSI 6 ANSI 8 LOW LIM. 490000 290000 107000 42000 12300 6065 1740 775 240 104 59565 16877 7942 2464 1083 316 147 HIGH LIM. 543000 330000 120000 46305 13560 6687 1918 854 265 115 66000 18700 8800 2730 1200 350 163

## Fct. 3.2.2 ENTRY.CODE.1 entry code 1 password

Select YES if the password should be checked to access the menu. Use the 9-digit password to prevent configuration changes by an unauthorized person. Answering NO means the password is not required to enter the menu. Refer to Section 5.2

## Fct. 3.2.4 LOCATION installation location

Enter an alphanumeric string up to 10 characters to describe the location of the installation. This input has no bearing on the performance of the instrument in any way and it merely serves as a means of identification.

## Fct. 3.2.5 TOT.VALUE totalizer value

Here the unit and coefficient of the totalizer can be set. This coeff can also be a scaling factor for the pulse output and the totalizer value. The totalizer value can be preset using this function. The internal totalizer is an integer totalizer and has a fixed roll-over value 4294967295. The units available are

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## CFT US GAL SPECIAL

This function can also be used to reset the totalizer (to zero). The options available are:

YES

NO

To reset totalizer: Select RESET YES as a double confirmation. To keep the totalizer unchanged select RESET NO. Here the selection of the Totalizer Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## Fct. 3.2.6 TOT. ON/OFF totalizer on/off

Select the option TOT. ON to start/restart the totalizer and select the option TOT. OFF to stop the totalizer. Stopping the totalizer means the flow will not be accumulated till the time the totalizer is turned on again and the previous value will remain unchanged.

Enter the polling address from 0 to 15. This is basically required for HART communication in multidropping mode.

## Fct. 3.3.4 SET GAIN Gain setting

The gain of the signal preamplifier can be changed to alter the sensitivity of the Vortex amplifier. The values available are:

1 3 16

1.5 6

2 11

## Fct. 3.5.1 FLUID fluid type

Select fluid type which is always LIQUID in this case.

LIQUID
The operating density should be entered for LIQUID and where the medium selected is NONE.

## Fct. 3.5.2 MEDIUM process medium

Select the medium from the options given below. If the medium used is not included in the option list, select -NONE-.For all the mediums except -NONE-, the instrument software calculates the density of the medium from conditions that is required for meter sizing, mass flow computations. However, for unsupported medium, the user has to supply the density at the operating P&T and the density at the normal P&T Options for fluid LIQUID:

WATER

NONE

## Fct. 3.5.4 TEMP. OPR operating temperature

Enter the mean (average) operating temperature of the medium. This parameter is very important since it is involved in the density calculation. When the temperature sensor is not present, the value given here is used in flow computations for all mediums except NONE. The option available for units are.

## TEMP UNITS DEG C SPECIAL

DEG F

KELVIN
6/23

To have some SPECIAL unit other than listed, all the literal characters, coefficient and offset must be entered. Example: User unit is Deg.F and base unit is Deg.C. Referring to the formula given in Function 1.1.2, Deg.C =0.55 Deg.F 17.77 Therefore, A1 coeff. = 0.55 A0 offset = -17.77 Here the selection of the Temperature Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## Fct. 3.5.6 DENS. OPR. density at operating P&T

Enter the density of the medium at the operating pressure and temperature conditions. The units available are:

## Fct. 3.6.1 T-SENSOR temperature sensor

Select YES if the temperature sensor is present else select NO.

## Fct. 3.8.6 PWR UNITS Net thermal power units.

Thermal power can be displayed in any one of the following units:

KJ/hr MW KW SPECIAL

MJ/hr BTU/hr TR

GJ/hr kCal/hr

APPEARS: If the meter is NET HEAT METER Here the selection of the Thermal Power Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## ON displays whichever unit is selected OFF No Thermal Power Display

Fct. 3.8.8 EN UNITS Net thermal energy units. Thermal energy can be displayed in any one of the following units:

KJ BTU MWH

MJ kCal SPECIAL

GJ KWH

APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER Here the selection of the Thermal Energy Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## ON displays whichever unit is selected OFF No Thermal Energy Display

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Fct. 3.8.9 NE.TOT.ON/OFF Net energy totalizer on/off Select the option TOT.ON/OFF to start/restart the totalizer and select TOT.OFF to stop the totalizer, This means the net power will not be accumulated till the time the totalizer is turned on again. APPEARS: If the meter is NET HEAT METER Fct. 3.8.11 EXT. T. RANGE External temperature full scale value This function is used to enter the Range value of the external temperature sensor. Enter values of external temp at 4 mA & 20 mA. APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER. Here the selection of the External Temperature Display can be done. The options are :

DISP

## ON displays whichever unit is selected OFF No External Temperature Display

Fct. 3.8.14 HIGHER T Select Process The function is used to select the process. Options available are:

## T1>T2 T2>T1 NO CHOICE

APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER Fct. 3.8.15 NULL TEMP. This function is used to null the difference between the temperature sensors, T1 and T2, in the plant when the plant is not running. This eliminates the error in the calculation due to an offset in the same temperature reading if measured by two different temperature sensors. APPEARS: If the meter type is NET HEAT METER 6.3.2 VFC with Net Heat Meter VFM supports net thermal power and net energy calculations for water. Thermal power is calculated online from the mass flow and the specific enthalpy both at the inlet of the process and at the outlet. The difference between these two values is the net thermal power. The net thermal energy is calculated by time integrating (totalizing) the net thermal power. The mass flow is measured by the VFM along with the temperature at that point. The temperature at the exit of the process is also measured and transmitted (4 to 20 mA) to the VFM through an additional junction box. The mass flow rate at the inlet and the outlet of the process is assumed to be the same. The net thermal power can be displayed in any one of the following units: KJ/hr, MJ/hr, GJ/hr, BTU/hr, kCal/hr, KW, MW, TR. The net thermal energy units may be displayed in one of the following units: KJ, MJ, GJ, BTU, kCal, KWH, MWH For both thermal power and energy user defined unit can be set. For details see sect 3.1.1 For external temperature sensing, a 2-wire RTD transmitter can be used. This should have a current output 4 to 20mA and an accuracy better than + 0.25% of the full scale.

6/25

## 7. Description of Program Menu Functions

7.1 Numerical format

Display of numerical values Real (i.e. fractional) values are displayed in the first line of the display consisting of 8 digits. The number is displayed in the floating point format except the totalizer which is in an integer format (max. value... 4294967295) otherwise an exponent notation is used. See the examples given below. Floating format: 1234.5678, 100.00 Exponent format: 1234E-10, 12345E12 In most practical applications, it is very rare that the parameters need be displayed in the exponent format.

Input of numerical values Entering a numeric value is very flexible. Enter a positive or a negative number in the floating point format or the exponent format as required or as convenient. Example: 1.2345678, -1234.567, 0.0001234 123456E1, -12345E4, 1234E-4

7/1

7.2 Display Organization: The display consists of the following two fields. Field 1: Field 2: 10-character, 5x7 dot matrix alphanumeric display used primarily for showing numeric values and also for messages. 10-character, 5x7 dot matrix alphanumeric display used for showing units, messages, etc.

Programming: The measurement mode settings are as follows: To allow the selection of the units for all the measured parameters Refer to Fct. 1.1.2, 3.2.5, 3.5.4 and 3.5.5 Select display mode (cyclic/non-cyclic) and the error messages to/not to appear in the display cycle. Refer to Sect. Fct. 1.2.6 to 1.2.7

Measurement mode: The display shows the measured parameter(s) in its selected unit. The parameter is displayed continuously in the non-cyclic mode. [Fct. 1.2.7]. To select other parameter(s) of the display cycle, if any, use the key. In the cyclic mode, all the parameters selected in the display cycle are displayed in a sequence one after another every 6 seconds. Programming mode: The numeric line indicates the menu/functions level such as Fct. 1.1.1 [current menu level digit blinks] and the alpha-numeric line indicates the menu/function title such as MEAS_INST. Error indications: A blinking bar at the upper left corner in the measurement mode indicates that error(s) are present. Error messages are displayed interleaved between changing from one display parameter to another, if Fct. 1.2.6 ERROR.MSG is YES. For description of the error messages, refer to Sect. 4.1.5. 7.3 Flow range and meter size The flow rate (min. flow to max. flow) that the flowmeter will be able to measure depends on the primary data (3.1.x functions) and the application data (3.5.x functions). Thus, the flow range specified under the Fct. 1.1.2 MAX. FLOW and Fct. 1.1.3 MIN. FLOW must be within the measuring range. The flow range for any given application is determined by the sizing of the meter for that application. When the flow rate exceeds the max flow, an error condition -HIGH FLOW- is generated. When the flow rate falls below the min. flow, an error condition -LOW FLOW- is generated. The Vortex sensor signal is weak at this condition and if the flow rate reduces further, Vortex signal related errors such as CHECK INST., LOW SIGNAL will occur. 7.4 Primary information The primary data gives VORTEX FLOW METER the basic information about the Vortex primary sensor. Use Fct. 3.1.1 NOMINAL.DIA for specification of the nominal DN/ANSI size and Fct. 3.1.2 K-FACTOR for the calibration factor of the primary. Depending on whether the primary has temperature sensor, the settings need be done in Fct. 3.6.1 T-SENSOR. These sensors enable the VORTEX FLOW METER to provide an online T compensation. Depending on whether the primary has Pressure Sensor, the settings need be done in Fct. 3.6.2 P-SENSOR . These sensors enable the VORTEX FLOW METER to provide an online P compensation.

7/2

7.5 Application information This is the data of the process medium, its operating conditions and physical properties. It consists of: Process medium Fct. 3.5.1 FLUID and Fct. 3.5.2 MEDIUM Operating temperature and pressure conditions. Refer Fct. 3.5.6 TEMP. OPR and Fct. 3.5.7 PRES. OPR. Density of the medium at the operating conditions. This is required only if the software within the instrument does not support the medium (Fct. 3.5.1 is selected as OTHER GAS OR OTHER LIQUID). Refer to

## Fct. 3.5.6 DENS.OPR.

Normal or reference P&T values required for normalized flow measurements only (depending on Fct.1.1.1). The usual values are temp.norm = 0 C or 20 C and pres.norm = 1 atm. Density under normal conditions. This is required only for normalized volumetric flow and if the software within the instrument does not support the medium (Fct. 3.5.2 is selected as OTHER GAS OR OTHER LIQUID). Refer to Fct. 3.5.9 DENS.NORM. Not all of the above data needs to be given for any given application. Only the relevant data should be punched during the actual programming. 7.6 Internal Electronic Totalizer The internal electronic totalizer counts volume, normalized volume or mass. The totalizer value is saved in the non-volatile memory continuously. The totalizer can be displayed in the unit desired as per the programming of Fct. 3.2.5 TOT.VAL. The totalizer counting is interrupted for the duration of a power failure. Counting may optionally be stopped and thereafter restarted by the use of Fct. 3.2.6 TOT. ON/OFF Resetting [to 0] or presetting of the totalizer is possible by using Fct. 3.2.5 TOT. VALUE.
o o

7/3

## 7.7 Current (analog) output I

The current output gives an analog representation of the flow rate. An output of 20 mA always corresponds to Q100% and that of 4 mA to Q0%. The current output between Q0% & Qmin is 4 mA.

TESTING OF CURRENT OUTPUT I Fct. 2.2 TEST I can be used to check the current output. Integer values between 4 and 20 mA are possible to be monitored on a current meter. During the test, the current output changes to the test value(s). The normal current value is restored automatically (as per programming of the current output) when the measurement mode is resumed.

7/4

7.8 Pulse output P The pulse output value is an exact replica of the internal integer totalizer. Every time the totalizer is incremented by one, the pulse output will give a pulse. For programming of the pulse rate, set the coefficient in Fct.3.2.5 TOT.VAL. The pulse output is generated by tracking the totalized flow and, thus, provides a true reflection of the internal totalizer value. The totalizer value is saved, continuously. 7.9 Coding desired for entry into programming mode

Fct. 3.2.2 ENTRY.CODE.1 set to YES for the coding. The entry code consists of 9 key strokes of Refer to Section 3.2.1, functionality of the keys. 3 keys in the given sequence,
7.10 Behavior of outputs during programming Programming of the VORTEX FLOW METER is offline meaning that the instrument stops working when it is in the programming mode. This means that the VORTEX FLOW METER will stop measuring the flow rate and temperature; the totalizing flow and the control outputs (current and pulse) as per the programmed configuration. Thus, this means that the VORTEX FLOW METER will keep the totalizer value and the current pulse output as per the last value before entering into the programming mode. EXCEPTION: Test functions TEST I and TEST P will affect the current and the pulse outputs respectively only for the duration of the testing.

7/5

8. Technical Data
Vmin
EN 1092-1 ANSI EN 1092-1

Rangelimitsforgases: Based on air at T = 0oC, p = 1.013 bar abs (14.69 psi) and density = 1.29 kg/m3(0.081lbs/ft3)
Qmin m 3 /hr 4.73 5.51 7.69 13.56 31.02 49.59 113.64 191.51 423.69 cfm 2.92 3.40 4.74 8.37 19.15 30.61 70.15 118.22 261.54 439.49 686.01 423.46 75 246.06 9042.61 5322.28 cfm 2.92 3.40 4.74 7.35 17.24 28.52 62.70 108.07 245.06 m/s 73.84 73.84 73.84 75 75 75 75 75 75 ft/s 242.27 242.27 242.27 246.06 246.06 246.06 246.06 246.06 246.06 cfm 19.51 27.28 53.68 101.38 231.85 370.72 849.50 1431.65 3167.30 711.97 m 3 /hr 4.73 5.51 7.69 11.90 27.93 46.19 101.58 175.07 397.00 m 3 /hr 33.15 46.35 91.20 172.24 393.92 629.86 1443.32 2432.39 5381.28 Vmax Qmax
ANSI

The purchaser is solely responsible for the suitability in accordance with the technical regulations and applicability of our instruments.

Meter size Inches 0.5 0.59 0.82 1.05 1.61 2.07 3.07 4.03 6.07 7.98 5.91 19.37 m/s 10.53 8.78 6.22 5.91 5.91 5.91 5.91 5.91 5.91 ft/s 34.54 28.82 20.42 19.37 19.37 19.37 19.37 19.37 19.37

## Inside diameter (di)

EN 1092-1

ANSI

EN 1092-1

ANSI

mm 10 15 20 25 40 50 80 100 150

Inches 3/8" " " 1" 1 " 2" 3" 4" 6"

## mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 28.5 43.1 54.5 82.5 107.1 159.3

Inches 0.5 0.59 0.82 1.12 1.7 2.15 3.25 4.22 6.27

## mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 26.7 40.9 52.6 78 102.4 154.2

m 3 /hr 33.15 46.35 91.20 151.17 354.73 586.71 1290.16 2223.58 5042.23 8712.87

cfm 19.51 27.28 53.68 88.98 208.79 345.33 759.36 1308.75 2967.74 5128.20

200

8"

206.5

8.13

202.7

Range Limits for liquids: Based on water at 20oC (68oF ) Vmin EN 1092-1 Inches 0.5 0.59 0.82 1.05 1.61 2.07 3.07 4.03 6.07 7.98 0.36 0.42 0.62 1.15 2.63 4.2 9.62 16.22 35.88 60.28 0.36 0.42 0.62 1.01 2.36 3.91 8.6 14.82 33.61 58.09 m/s 0.8 0.67 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 ft/s 2.62 2.2 1.64 1.64 1.64 1.64 1.64 1.64 1.64 1.64 m 3 /hr US GPM 1.59 1.85 2.73 5.06 11.58 18.49 42.36 71.41 157.97 265.4 m 3 /hr ANSI US GPM 1.59 1.85 2.73 4.4 10.39 17.22 37.86 65.29 147.98 255.76 m/s 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 ft/s 19.69 19.69 19.69 22.97 22.97 22.97 22.97 22.97 22.97 22.97 Qmin Vmax EN 1092-1 m 3 /hr 2.69 3.77 7.41 16.08 36.77 58.79 134.71 227.02 502.25 843.98 US GPM 11.84 16.6 32.63 70.8 161.89 258.84 593.11 999.54 2211.34 3715.93 Qmax ANSI m 3 /hr 2.69 3.77 7.41 14.1 33.11 54.76 120.41 207.53 470.61 813.2 cfm 11.84 16.6 32.63 62.08 145.78 241.1 530.15 913.73 2094.49 3580.41

Meter size

EN 1092-1

ANSI

EN 1092-1

ANSI

## mm 10 15 20 25 40 50 80 100 150 200

Inches 3/8 1 1 2 3 4 6 8

mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 28.5 43.1 54.5 82.5 107.1 159.3 206.5

Inches 0.5 0.59 0.82 1.12 1.7 2.15 3.25 4.22 6.27 8.13

## mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 26.7 40.9 52.6 78 102.4 154.2 202.7

8/1

Range limits for saturated steam: Flow rate Qm in kg/hr for different (P) and density P =5.2 kg/cm2_ g =3.22667 kg/m3 =4.10067 kg/m3 =5.78855 kg/m3 =7.47056 kg/m3 =9.15131 kg/m3 P = 7 kg/cm2_ g P=10.5 kg/cm2_ g P = 14 kg/cm2_ g P = 17.5 kg/cm2_ g P = 20 kg/cm2_ g =10.3542 kg/m3

8/2
max 58.22 81.42 160.20 411.96 942.16 1506.48 3452.05 5817.66 12870.66 21627.66

P = 3.5 kg/cm2_ g

=2.39175 kg/m3

## mm 10 15 20 25 40 50 80 100 150 200

mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 28.5 43.1 54.5 82.5 107.1 159.3 206.5

min max min 5.57 37.87 9.31 6.50 52.96 10.86 9.06 104.19 15.14 15.99 193.75 26.73 36.56 443.10 61.13 58.46 708.50 97.74 133.97 1623.51 223.98 225.78 2736.07 377.47 499.49 6053.13 835.09 839.34 10171.58 1403.27

min max min max min max min max min max min max 11.55 67.63 13.77 76.24 17.80 90.58 21.63 102.90 25.42 113.89 27.94 121.15 13.47 94.57 16.07 106.61 20.77 126.67 25.23 143.90 29.66 159.27 32.60 169.41 18.78 186.07 22.40 209.76 28.95 249.22 35.18 283.12 41.35 313.36 45.45 333.32 33.16 555.77 39.55 631.23 51.10 749.97 62.10 851.99 72.99 942.98 80.23 1003.04 75.84 1271.05 90.44 1443.62 116.87 1715.18 142.02 1948.50 166.93 2156.58 183.50 2293.94 121.26 2032.36 144.62 2308.29 186.88 2742.51 227.08 3115.59 266.91 3448.30 293.40 3667.93 277.87 4657.11 331.38 5289.39 428.22 6284.39 520.35 7139.28 611.61 7901.68 672.32 8404.97 468.28 7848.51 558.47 8914.08 721.67 10590.93 876.94 12031.66 1030.74 13316.52 1133.05 14164.70 1036.00 17363.60 1235.54 19721.01 1596.58 23430.77 1940.08 26618.18 2280.34 29460.72 2506.70 31337.18 1740.88 29177.52 2076.18 33138.87 2682.87 39372.70 3260.09 44728.76 3831.85 49505.32 4212.22 52658.51

Flow rate Qm in kg/hr for different pressure (P) and density P =5.2 kg/cm2_ g =3.22667 kg/m3 =4.10067 kg/m3 P = 7 kg/cm2_ g P = 10.5 kg/cm2_ g P = 14 kg/cm2_ g =5.78855 kg/m3 =7.47056 kg/m3 P = 17.5 kg/cm2_ g P = 20 kg/cm2_ g =9.15131 kg/m3 =10.3542 kg/m3
min max 27.94 121.15 32.60 169.41 45.45 333.32 70.42 880.34 165.24 2065.74 273.30 3416.65 600.98 7513.07 1035.79 12948.76 2348.76 29362.78 4058.62 50738.30

DN
max 58.22 81.42 160.20 361.57 848.43 1403.27 3085.74 5318.26 12059.75 20839.00

Inside

P = 1kg/cm2_ g

P = 3.5 kg/cm2_ g

## A N S I Dia (di) =1.12482 kg/m3

=2.39175 kg/m3

Inches Inches min 3/8" 0.50 5.57 " 0.59 6.50 " 0.82 9.06 1" 1.05 14.03 1" 1.61 32.93 2" 2.07 54.46 3" 3.07 119.75 4" 4.03 206.39 6" 6.07 468.02 8" 7.98 808.73

max 37.87 52.96 104.19 170.04 399.01 659.95 1451.20 2501.13 5671.60 9800.41

min 9.31 10.86 15.14 23.46 55.05 91.05 200.21 345.06 782.47 1352.10

min max min max min max min max min max 11.55 67.63 13.77 76.24 17.80 90.58 21.63 102.90 25.70 113.89 13.47 94.57 16.07 106.61 20.77 126.67 25.23 143.90 29.99 159.27 18.78 186.07 22.40 209.76 28.95 249.22 35.18 283.12 41.80 313.36 29.10 487.79 34.71 554.01 44.85 658.23 54.50 747.77 64.06 827.63 68.29 1144.61 81.45 1300.00 105.25 1544.55 127.89 1754.66 150.32 1942.04 112.95 1893.14 134.71 2150.15 174.07 2554.62 211.52 2902.14 248.62 3212.06 248.38 4162.95 296.22 4728.10 382.78 5617.52 465.13 6381.69 546.71 7063.19 428.09 7174.84 510.53 8148.87 659.72 9681.77 801.66 10998.83 942.26 12173.39 970.74 16269.75 1157.69 18478.48 1495.99 21954.51 1817.85 24941.09 2136.67 27604.54 1677.41 28113.81 2000.47 31930.45 2585.03 37936.96 3141.21 43097.71 3692.12 47700.10

Range Limits for saturated steam: Flow rate Qm in lbs/hr for different (P) and density P =75 PSIG =0.2036 lbs/ft3
min 25.56 29.83 41.58 73.41 167.88 268.44 615.12 1036.65 2293.42 3853.83 max min 149.33 30.32 208.83 35.38 410.87 49.33 1233.98 87.08 2822.11 199.15 4512.45 318.44 10340.16 729.69 17426.02 1229.73 38552.35 2720.58 64782.76 4571.63 max 167.73 234.55 461.48 1388.73 3176.02 5078.33 11636.87 19611.34 43387.02 72906.86 min 39.19 45.73 63.75 112.55 257.40 411.57 943.10 1589.38 3516.26 5908.67 max 199.30 278.70 548.35 1650.14 3773.85 6034.25 13827.33 23302.87 51553.97 86630.47 min 47.64 55.59 77.49 136.79 312.84 500.23 1146.26 1931.76 4273.71 7181.48 max 226.43 316.63 622.98 1874.72 4287.48 6855.52 15709.25 26474.42 58570.51 98420.95 min 56.00 65.34 91.09 160.80 367.76 588.03 1347.46 2270.84 5023.89 8442.06 max 250.62 350.46 689.54 2075.01 4745.54 7587.94 17387.57 29302.85 64827.98 108935.90

Inside

P =15 PSIG

P =50 PSIG

P =100 PSIG

P =150 PSIG

P =200 PSIG

P =250 PSIG

## P =300 PSIG =0.6793 lbs/ft3

min 63.42 74.00 103.15 182.10 416.47 665.92 1525.95 2571.64 5689.35 9560.30 max 272.73 381.38 750.38 2258.09 5164.25 8257.44 18921.70 31888.29 70547.87 118547.51

## EN 1092-1 Dia (di)

=0.072 lbs/ft3
max 128.07 179.09 352.36 907.58 2075.62 3318.84 7605.03 12816.57 28354.67 47646.73

=0.1498 lbs/ft3

## mm 10 15 20 25 40 50 80 100 150 200

mm 12.6 14.9 20.9 28.5 43.1 54.5 82.5 107.1 159.3 206.5

min 12.43 14.50 20.22 35.69 81.63 130.52 299.09 504.05 1115.14 1873.86

max min 85.27 20.49 119.24 23.91 234.61 33.33 436.25 58.83 997.71 134.55 1595.30 215.14 3655.59 492.98 6160.67 830.81 13629.53 1838.04 22902.84 3088.62

Flow rate Qm in lbs/hr for different (P) and density P =75 PSIG =0.2036 lbs/ft3
min max min 25.56 149.33 30.32 29.83 208.83 35.38 41.58 410.87 49.33 64.43 1083.03 76.43 151.18 2541.36 179.34 250.05 4203.30 296.62 549.85 9242.91 652.26 947.66 15930.13 1124.17 2148.92 36123.35 2549.17 3713.30 62420.44 4404.92 max 167.73 234.55 461.48 1218.85 2860.06 4730.42 10402.02 17927.85 40653.42 70248.30 min 39.19 45.73 63.75 98.78 231.79 383.37 843.02 1452.95 3294.72 5693.21

## DN Inside ANSI Dia (di)

max 128.07 179.09 352.36 796.55 1869.13 3091.47 6798.02 11716.37 26568.18 45909.29

## P =150 PSIG =0.3627 lbs/ft3

max 199.30 278.70 548.35 1448.28 3398.42 5620.85 12360.04 21302.49 48305.80 83471.46

## P =200 PSIG =0.4682 lbs/ft3

min 47.64 55.59 77.49 120.06 281.72 465.96 1024.62 1765.93 4004.44 6919.60

## P =250 PSIG =0.5736 lbs/ft3

max min 226.43 56.00 316.63 65.34 622.98 91.09 1645.39 141.13 3860.95 331.17 6385.85 547.75 14042.25 1204.47 24201.78 2075.91 54880.26 4707.36 94832.00 8134.22 max 250.62 350.46 689.54 1821.18 4273.44 7068.10 15542.47 26787.42 60743.48 104963.53

## P =300 PSIG =0.6793 lbs/ft3

min 63.42 74.00 103.15 159.83 375.04 620.30 1364.02 2350.88 5330.90 9211.68 max 272.73 381.38 750.38 1981.87 4650.49 7691.73 16913.81 29150.92 66102.99 114224.65

Inches Inches 3/8" 0.50 " 0.59 " 0.82 1" 1.05 1" 1.61 2" 2.07 3" 3.07 4" 4.03 6" 6.07 8" 7.98

min 12.43 14.50 20.22 31.33 73.51 121.58 267.35 460.78 1044.88 1805.53

max min 85.27 20.49 119.24 23.91 234.61 33.33 382.89 51.64 898.45 121.16 1486.01 200.40 3267.67 440.67 5631.83 759.49 12770.80 1722.24 22067.68 2975.99

8/3

8.1 Range limit calculation for Gases Use the following equation to obtain the operating density x at the operating temperature and pressure: x = n where n, x = Pn, Px = Tn, Tx =

Px Pn

Tn Tx

Density of the gas at normal and operating conditions respectively Pressure of the gas, in absolute units, at normal and operating conditions respectively Temperature of the gas, in Kelvin, at normal and operating conditions respectively

Use the following equation to obtain the operating volumetric flow from the normalized volumetric flow and vice-versa:

Qn = Qx x

Px Pn

Tn Tx

where: Qn and Qx are the normalized and the operating volumetric flow rates respectively. The ratio of the compressibility factors is assumed to be equal to 1. The operating data of the process medium must be known in order to calculate the measuring range.

Density x of medium at flowing conditions, in kg/m3 Dynamic (absolute) viscosity of the medium at the flowing condition, h in mPA *s (or in centipoise) Maximum volumetric flow rate Qmax in m3/hr. Minimum volumetric flow rate Qmin in m3/hr. Refer to pages 6/10 to 6/13 for the dimension of the meter inside diameter.

The following limits apply to operation: Reynolds number at min flow, Re>20000 for linear measurements Minimum detectable flow velocity Vmin (See page 6/9 Diagram III) Maximum flow velocity Vmax = 135.7306 /op for sizes DN 25 to 200 (1 to 8) = 83.87146 /op ...for sizes DN 10 to 20 (3/8 to 3/4) In both the cases, Vmax is clamped at 75 m/s. For densities at and above 50 kg/m3, Vmin is fixed to 0.94192 m/s for all sizes. Calculating the Reynolds number: Re = 353.67 * Qmin (m3/h) * x (kg/m3) (mm) * (mPa*s)

8/4

Calculating the minimum flow: Qmin (m3/hr) = 1 * Vmin (m/s) * 2 (mm)2 353.67 Calculating the maximum flow: Qmax (m3/hr) = 1 353.67 * Vmax (m/s) * 2 (mm)2

8.2 Range limit calculation for Saturated Vapour In the same way as for gases, use the above equations to establish the range limits for the volume flow rate. Refer to the vapour tables for the appropriate density and calculate the volume flow rate from the mass flow rate. Check the range limits if the operating parameters change.

8/5

8.3 Flowmeter [Primary head/Sensor VORTEX FLOW SENSOR] Versions and meter sizes Pressure ratings see Table Dimensions on page 6/12 & 6/13 (Note the operating limits to DIN 2401 and ANSI B 16.5) DN 25 to 150 1 to 6 DN 10 to 200 3/8 to 8 DN 25 to 150 1 to 6 Refer Diagram on page 5/11 of Convertor Manual

Sandwich design to... DIN 19205 ANSI Flange connections to... (Standard) EN 1092-1 form B1 & B2 ANSI B 16.5 Groove joint to... (optional) EN 1092-1 form C,E,E,F ANSI Product and ambient temperature Accuracies Operating volumetric flow(Re20000) Measuring error

1% of measured value for DN 25 to 200 and ANSI 1 to 8 2% of measured value for DN 10 to 20, ANSI 3/8S to Normalized volumetric and mass flow (Re 20000) Measuring error 1.5% of measured value for DN 25 to 200 and ANSI 1 to 8 2.5% of measured value for DN 10 to 20, ANSI 3/8S to Repeatability 0.5% of measured value Product Temperature error Compensated by software only Materials SR.No. DESCRIPTION
1 2 Housing Vorte x shedding body Seals a. Up to 180 deg. C (356 deg.F) 3 b. Up to 220 deg. C (428 deg.F) c. Up to 240 deg. C (464 deg.F) 4 Bluff body metal seal Parofluor O ring Parofluor O ring Parofluor O ring C ring Inconel Ni plated Non steam applications Non steam applications Steam applications Once used, the metal C ring should not be used again. Tightening torques for new seals are M6 = 1.5 kg - m M8 = 2 kg - m M10 = 5.5 kg - m Any one as per application

MATERIAL
Stainless Steel, A351 CF3M (316L) Stainless Steel, A351 CF8 (304) Unalloyed Titanium (No.3.7035) as standard

REMARKS
Up to size DN 100/4 From DN 150/6 to DN 200/8

8/6

Pressure loss p
at normal conditions for air (1.013 bar/0 C/n = 1.29 kg/m3) (14.69 psi/32F/n = 0.0805 lbs/ft3) for water (20C/n = 998.2 kg/m3) (68F/n = 62.31 lbs/ft3) at operating conditions for gases and liquids for standard vapour See Diagram I See Diagram II p = C * qv2 * x p = C * qm2 x p C qv qm x

pressure loss in Pa constant (see Table) flow rate in m3/hr flow rate in kg/hr operating density in kg/m3

Diagram I Pressure loss p for air 1.013 bar (14.69 psi)/0C(32F)/n =1.29 kg/m3 (0.0805 lbs/ft3) p (psig) p (mbar)

Diagram II Pressure loss p for water 20C (68F)/n=998.2 kg/m3 (62.31 lbs/ft3) p (psig) p (mbar)

m3/hr m 3 /h U S G PM
62 1 2 3 5 7 10 2 3 5 7 100 2 3 5 7 1000 2 3 5 7 10000 44 1 2 3 5 7 10

m3/hr m 3 /h U S G PM
2 3 5 7 100 2 3 5 7 1000 2 3 5 7

Table for diagrams I +II and Constant C Curve B C D E F G H I J K Meter size (DIN/ANSI) DN 10, 3/8 DN 15, DN 20, DN 25, 1 DN 40, 1 DN 50, 2 DN 80, 3 DN 100, 4 DN 150, 6 DN 200, 8 Constant C 3.42 1.75 0.45 1.50 * 10-1 3.30 * 10-2 7.80 * 10-3 1.90 * 10-3 5.30 * 10-4 1.60 * 10-4 5.90 * 10-5

8/7

Diagram III
Min. flow velocity at various densities for gases and saturated steam.

Density kg/m3

Density kg/m3

## DN 25 (1") to DN 200 (8")

DN 10 (3/8") to DN 20 (")

Curve B C D

## DN 25 (1") to DN 200 (8")

DN 10 (3/8") to DN 20 (")

8/8

8.4 Signal Convertor VORTEX FLOW METER-- Technical Data Full-scale range Units text of 10-characters freely programmable. Conversion factor coefficient and intercept (offset) programmable for accepting any unit required. 12-36 V DC

## 4-20 mA, DC, 2-wire UB - 12 V 20 mA

RB =
1200

12

Ambient temperature Tu

## Local display (optional)

2-line dot matrix 10-characters per line LCD with 3-button keypad/magnetic pin programming. Programming through a user-friendly menu interface. Actual flow rate, sum integer totalizer (10-digit), operating temperature, Vortex frequency each programmable for continuous or sequential display of the measuredparameters and error messages Units text (10-characters) freely programmable along with conversion factors

Display functions

Display units

8/9

Actual flow rate Totalizer Language of plain texts Display 1st field (top) 2nd field (bottom) Mass flow measurement

Units text (10-characters) freely programmable along with conversion factors Units text (10-characters) freely programmable along with conversion factors English. German and French available upon request. 10-character, 5x7 dot matrix alphanumeric display 10-character, 5x7 dot matrix alphanumeric display Online for saturated steam or water (liquid state) up to 240 deg. C. Temperature sensor standard built-in with VORTEX FLOW SENSOR primary. Offline operating and standard density programmable. + 0.3 degree + 0.3% of F.S. + 1 LSB Standard, flameproof enclosure d according to EN 50014, EN 50018 and terminal compartment d according to EN500118, EN50014 Die-cast aluminium (LM6) IP 65 and IP 67 (better than NEMA 4 and 4X) Operating data programmable, galvanically isolated from the sensors and the pulse output 4-20 mA corresponding to zero and the maximum flow value programmed 0.2% of full-scale 100 ppm of full-scale range per 10 C + 0.05% of full-scale range variation in the voltage supply for 12-36 V

## Temp measurement Accuracy Pressure measurement Accuracy Housing, signal convertor

Material Protection category (EN 60529/IEC 529) Current output (same as the power terminals 12/11) Current Accuracy Temperature coefficient Power influence Pulse output (passive)

Optional. Galvanically isolated from the sensors and the current output. The increment is identical to the internal integer totalizer. Maximum pulse rate is 0.5 Hz. 5-30 V DC Max. 100 mA Internal power dissipation is 250 mW Built-in for amplifier circuits with error annunciation.

8/10

## 9. Dimensions & Weight

WITHPR.SENSOR SIZE 1-150 1.5-150 2-150 3-150 4-150 6-150 8-150 1-300 1.5-300 2-300 3-300 4-300 6-300 8-300 1 1.5 2 3 4 6 DN25-PN40 DN25-PN100 DN40-PN40 DN50-PN40 DN50-PN64 DN50-PN100 DN80-PN40 DN80-PN64 DN80-PN100 DN100-PN16 DN100-PN40 DN100-PN64 DN150-PN16 DN150-PN40 DN200-PN10 DN200-PN16 DN25 DN40 DN50 DN80 DN100 DN150 1-600 1.5-600 2-600 3-600 4-600 6-600 8-900 Version FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL SW SW SW SW SW SW FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL FL SW SW SW SW SW SW FL FL FL FL FL FL FL di 26.7 40.9 52.6 78.0 102.4 152.4 202.7 26.7 40.9 52.6 52.6 102.4 152.4 202.7 26.7 40.9 52.6 78.0 102.4 154.2 28.5 28.5 43.1 54.5 54.5 54.5 82.5 82.5 82.5 107.1 107.1 107.1 159.3 159.3 206.5 206 28.5 43.1 54.5 82.5 107.1 159.3 26.7 40.9 52.6 78.0 102.4 152.4 202.7 a 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 300.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 300.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 80.0 154.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 300.0 300.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 80.0 145.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 250.0 350.0 400.0 b 285.0 306.0 322.0 361.0 390.0 454.0 523.0 293.0 320.0 329.0 370.0 403.0 473.0 542.0 266.0 287.0 296.0 334.0 355.0 422.0 288.0 301.0 317.0 328.0 343.0 335.0 359.0 375.0 366.0 391.0 363.0 384.0 454.0 461.0 520.0 520.0 265.0 286.0 295.0 327.0 353.0 420.0 293.0 320.0 329.0 370.0 412.6 492.1 561.1 c 108.0 127.0 152.4 190.5 228.6 179.4 342.9 124.0 155.4 165.0 209.0 254.0 317.5 381.0 69.0 89.0 100.0 136.0 159.0 216.0 115.0 140.0 150.0 165.0 180.0 195.0 200.0 215.0 230.0 220.0 235.0 250.0 285.0 300.0 340.0 340.0 69.0 89.0 100.0 136.0 159.0 216.0 124.0 155.4 165.1 209.6 273.1 355.6 419.1 b 313.0 324.0 328.0 361.0 390.0 454.0 523.0 313.0 324.0 328.0 370.0 403.0 473.0 542.0 313.0 324.0 328.0 348.0 358.0 358.0 312.0 312.0 323.0 328.0 343.0 335.0 359.0 374.0 366.0 391.0 363.0 384.0 454.0 461.0 520.0 520.0 312.0 323.0 327.0 340.0 355.0 358.0 313.0 324.0 329.0 370.0 412.6 492.1 561.1 TOTALWEIGHTS(Kg)

c WITH P.S. W/O P.S. 180.0 6.7 5.9 215.0 10.9 10.0 215.0 10.9 10.0 247.0 17.4 16.5 288.0 20.6 19.7 349.0 28.0 27.1 411.0 51.3 50.4 188.0 7.7 6.9 212.0 10.6 9.7 222.0 12.3 11.4 256.0 20.4 19.5 301.0 28.2 27.3 386.0 43.2 42.3 430.0 72.8 71.9 161.0 4.7 3.8 179.0 5.1 4.2 189.0 5.4 4.5 220.0 7.2 6.3 254.0 8.3 7.5 318.0 18.6 17.6 184.0 7.5 6.6 196.0 10.1 9.2 208.0 9.9 9.0 221.0 11.8 10.9 228.0 15.2 14.3 236.0 17.6 16.7 259.0 16.6 15.7 267.0 19.6 18.7 274.0 23.0 21.1 281.0 16.0 15.2 288.0 19.0 18.2 296.0 24.0 23.2 350.0 24.2 23.3 358.0 30.0 29.1 411.0 44.3 43.4 411.0 43.1 42.2 161.0 4.6 3.8 178.0 5.0 4.1 188.0 5.3 4.4 227.0 6.9 6.0 251.0 7.7 6.9 316.0 17.1 16.2 188.0 9.0 8.1 212.0 12.8 12.0 222.0 15.1 14.2 256.0 23.8 23.0 310.6 34.0 33.1 405.1 78.8 77.9 125.9 124.9
contd....

9/1

## Dimensions & Weight

SIZE DN10,3/8 DN 15, 1/2 DN20,3/4 a 824.0 964.0 1324.0 di 12.6 15.7 20.9 TOTAL WEIGHT only T 7.18 7.68 7.58 8.78 8.18 9.28 7.68 7.88 8.58 9.22 8.58 8.78 11.98 7.865 8.365 8.265 9.465 8.865 9.965 8.565 9.265 9.905 9.265 9.465 12.665 8.754 9.254 9.154 10.354 9.754 10.854 10.154 10.794 10.154 10.354 13.554 TOTAL WEIGHT with Pr. Sr. 8.18 8.68 8.58 9.78 9.18 10.28 8.68 8.88 9.58 10.22 9.58 9.78 12.98 8.865 9.365 9.265 10.465 9.865 10.965 9.565 10.265 10.905 10.265 10.465 13.665 9.754 10.254 10.154 11.354 10.754 11.854 11.154 11.794 11.154 11.354 14.554

DN10

WITH P&T CONDUCT b 3/8, DN10 316.2 1/2, DN15 317.2 3/4, DN20 320.2

## c 234.2 235.5 238.4

FLG 15-A150 15-A300 20-A150 20-A300 25-A150 25-A300 DN-10-PN40 DN15-PN40 DN20-PN40 DN25-PN40 DN15-PN100 DN15-PN100 DN25-PN100 15-A150 15-A300 20-A150 20-A300 25-A150 25-A300 DN15-PN40 DN20-PN40 DN25-PN40 DN10-PN100 DN15-PN100 DN25-PN100 15-A150 15-A300 20-A150 20-A300 25-A150 25-A300 DN20-PN40 DN25-PN40 DN10-PN100 DN15-PN100 DN25-PN100

DN15

DN20

9/2

Sandwich version DN 25 To DN 50 (1 To 6)

With P Sensor

With P Sensor

## Without P Sensor Flange version DN 200

With P Sensor

Without P Sensor

With P Sensor

9/3

DN 10 to DN 20 (3/8 to 3/4)

With P Sensor

Without P Sensor

9/4

9/5

10/1

10/2

SIGNAL

10/3

10/4
-

10/5

## 11. Function Checks

11.1 Current output check

Fct. 2.1.2 TEST I can be used to test the current output function of VORTEX FLOW CONVERTER. With this function, it is possible to generate following test values: 0/2/4/10/20/22 mA. Refer to section 1.2 for the connection diagram.
The current output electronics is factory-calibrated and should be within + 0.02 mA. Otherwise recalibration of the current output is necessary by Forbes Marshall Service. 11.2 Pulse output check

Fct. 2.1.3 TEST P is meant for checking the pulse output. 0.50607 Hz will be generated at pulse output. This can be checked by connecting the electromechanical counter between the pulse output terminals.

11/1

11.3 Functional checks This section describes some functional checks that can be performed without using any special equipment. It must be noted that these checks are very preliminary and do not check the total functionality of the primary head or the signal converter. 11.4 Primary head functional checks

11.4.1 Vortex sensor To perform the preliminary testing of the Vortex piezo sensor, the signal cable of the piezo sensor should be disconnected from the signal converter electronics. To do this: always switch OFF the power source before commencing work! 1. remove the cover from the electronic compartment. Ensure that the screw threads of the electronic compartment cover are well greased at all times!

## Pressure sensor I/P

Do the following tests Capacitance between the centre pin and each outer pin. ANSI DN 3/8 to 1 10 to 25 1.5, 2 40,50 3 and above 80 and above

C (nF)

0.8 to 1.5

2.0 to 3.4

2.7 to 4.5

Resistance between the centre pin and each outer pin >200 M ohm. Also, the resistance between each sensor wire pin and the earth should be >200 M ohm. 5. Reassemble the converter in the reverse order

11/2

11.4.2 Temperature sensor The PT-1000 temperature sensor can be checked by measuring its resistance. Always switch OFF power source before commencing work! Follow the steps 1 and 2 i.e. the same as in the above Section 5.1.1 3. Remove the temperature sensor cable at the location Y of the preamplifier board. Pull the cable by its end connector and not by the cable itself! 4. Resistance between the 2 pins should be within 1K [0C] 1.193k [50C] depending on the ambient temperature. For other temperatures resistance values as per DIN43760. 5. Reassemble the converter in the reverse order.

11/3

12. Trouble-shooting
It is assumed in this section that the convertor has already been installed. (for installation details, refer to Sections 2 and 3 in the Sensor Manual). Given below are some trouble-shooting hints. SYMPTOM: The display is blank.

## Supply voltage (between terminals 1/2) is not available. Electronics faulty

SYMPTOM: The current output is not correct. Check the current output electronics (refer to Sect.7.7) Check that the current output loop is not overloaded [1200 ohm max.]

SYMPTOM: The pulse output is incorrect. Check the pulse output electronics (refer to Sect. 7.8) Check the programming of the pulse output (Functions Fct. 1.4.1.) Check that the pulse output is not overloaded. For load ratings of the pulse output, refer to specifications on Page 3/2

## SYMPTOM: INV.CONFIG (invalid configuration)

Configuration data in the non-volatile memory is inadvertently corrupted. Go to the programming mode and recheck (reprogram, if necessary) all the settings. If the error persists contact Forbes Marshall Service.

## SYMPTOM: Display contrast is progressively fading.

Never expose the display directly to the sunlight! Install a sunshade if necessary.

12/1

12.1 Trouble-shooting hints It is assumed in this section that the flowmeter has already been installed. (for installation details, refer to Sections 2 and 3). Given below are some trouble-shooting hints. SYMPTOM: A non-zero flow indicated when no actual flow in the pipe.

Mains interference due to improper earthing. The protective earth PE terminal should be properly grounded. Excessive mechanical vibration in the pipe. If so, support the pipeline near the flowmeter perpendicular to both the axis of the pipe and the axis of the bluff body. This problem can be solved by reducing the factory set gain. For e.g. Factory set gain for Gas/Steam is 11 and for liquid it is 3. This can be reduced to 6 for Gas/Steam and 2 for liquid.

Caution: By reducing the gain, the minimum measurable flow rate will go up by the factor which is approx. equal to square root of ratio of the gains. (old gains/ new gain). If the min. flow with reduced gain is above the min. flow which is required to be measured, then reducing the gain is not the permanent solution. Then the installation should be corrected and also the vibrations should be eliminated. SYMPTOM: CHECK INST. error is displayed when no flow in the pipe. The display should normally indicate 0.0 flow rate, LOW FLOW and LOW SIGNAL errors when there is no flow in the pipe. The additional CHECK INSTALL error (flow rate = 0.0 or some steady or fluctuating value) is an indication of:

## Improper/inadequate earthing Excessive pipe vibration

SYMPTOM: Flow rate indicated is 0.0 even with flow in the pipe. The Vortex sensor cable disconnected or is not properly connected. Flow sensor faulty some checks are given in Sect. 11.4

SYMPTOM: The flow indicated responds to changes in the flow but the indicated value does not correspond to the actual flow rate. Also CHECK INST. error may appear intermittantly.

Check the programming of Fct. 3.1.2 K-Factor which should be same as that on the name plate The meter is not properly centered on the pipeline. The axis of the meter bore should be aligned with that of the pipe. Gaskets at the meter are protruding into the pipe bore. The gaskets must not project into the effective cross-section of the pipe. Irregularities on the surface of the pipe bore. The pipe bore should be free from irregularities at the welded joints, dirt, deposits and excessive surface roughness. The Vortex signal is falsified due to a bi-phase medium. Bi-phase media are not permitted. Use a moisture separator for wet steam applications to remove the moisture droplets from the steam. Use suitable filters in gas applications to remove solid particles from the flowing gas. Incorrect angular position of the meter.Refer to Sect. 2.1 (I) for the allowable mounting positions. Insufficient upstream/downstream pipe lengths. Check that the upstream/downstream pipe lengths are of the correct minimum length as given in Sect. 2.1 (3). Check the flow direction and the direction of the arrow on the primary.

12/2

Addendum to Installation and Operating Instructions Precautions for Safe and Desired operation of VORTEX FLOW METER with VORTEX FLOW CONVERTER signal converter Do
Ensure that sufficient Upstream and Downstream straight lengths are provided Check that the housing of the primary head is perfectly centred between the process flanges Provide proper supports to the pipeline at both ends of the meter to keep the pipe vibration level well below the maximum limit specified Ensure that the unit is installed in the process pipeline with fasteners securely and firmly tightened causing no leakage of the process fluid through the gaskets Check the chemical compatibility of the material of the wetted parts with the process fluid Maintain proper Downstream pressure to avoid cavitation Degrease the meter properly in case the process fluid is hazardous like Oxygen Ensure that the controlled valve is opened slowly not allowing the start-up velocity from being very high in case the process fluid is hazardous like Oxygen Ensure that tightening torques are applied for M6-1.5kg-m, M8-2 kg-m, M10-5.5 kg-m

DO NOT
Use the meter with the process fluid being bi-phase like Gases-Vapours with liquid droplets or solid particles and gas bubbles in liquids Install the meter where the process medium is pulsating with fluctuations in the process pressure Allow any of the parameters like Flow-Density-Pressure-Temperature- Reynolds Number beyond the limit value specified for the meter on the Nameplate and the Test and Guarantee Certificate Tamper with any parts of the primary head of the meter Replace the fasteners with any other make or brand without the consent of the manufacturer Allow the process pressure to exceed the flange rating. Use the same metal c ring after dismantling Bluff Body

Manufactured By :

India Forbes Marshall Pvt. Ltd. A-34/35, MIDC H Block, Pimpri, Pune 411 018, India. Telephone : 91-020-27442020 Telex : 0146-323FSON IN Telefax : 91-020-2744 2040 URLhttp://www.forbesmarshall.com