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# Unit 1: Check List

Mechanics Motion: Understand the difference between scalar quantities and vector quantities Understand how to add vectors using trigonometry and the parallelogram rule Understand that a vector quantity at an angle can be split into its horizontal and vertical components Understand and know the differences and definitions for Distance and displacement Speed and velocity - and differentiate between instantaneous and average velocities Force and acceleration

Know how to draw distance/displacement time, velocity time or acceleration time graphs What is the difference between UNIFORM velocity and CONSTANT velocity Know the /displacement time, velocity time or acceleration time graphs for objects that are: Stationary Moving with constant velocity Accelerating uniformly Accelerating non uniformly Decelerating uniformly

Know what the gradient and area under the graphs mean for the different types of graphs mentioned above Know and learn the four main equations of motion Understand that the four main equations of motion are only applicable when acceleration is constant Understand what is free fall and the condition for free fall Know what is a projectile and its trajectory Know the different types of projectile trajectories : vertical, horizontal and angular Know which equations to use to calculate the time taken, the vertical velocity and horizontal velocity and distance Explain angular projectiles follow a parabolic path Explain why an object projected horizontally and dropped vertically simultaneously will reach ground at the same instant

## Unit 1: Check List

Mechanics Forces: Understand the different types of forces, e.g., contact forces, non- contact forces, electromagnetic f0rces, etc. State and explain Newtons First Law of Motion Explain what is equilibrium and relate Newtons first law with bodies in equilibrium Understand the concept of inertia, mass and weight Understand how the centre of gravity of a body affects the stability of a body in equilibrium Understand how to draw vector diagrams of objects in equilibrium Understand how to draw free body force diagrams State and explain Newtons Second Law of Motion Know the effect of change in force acting on a fixed mass Know the effect of change in mass on the acceleration produced by a fixed force Understand that a resultant force is needed for an acceleration to occur and that they are proportional to each other Explain the concept of the unit of newton using the equation F = ma Remember that the acceleration is always in the direction of the resultant force Explain how Newtons Second Law includes the First Law Calculate the resultant force on multi-body systems Explain the concept of apparent weightlessness State and explain Newtons Third Law of Motion Understand that forces come in pairs Remember the conditions for two forces to be a Newtons Third Law pair force Understand how to recognize third law pair forces Understand the connection between Newtons third law and equilibrium

Mechanics Mechanics in the Real World: Explain the motion of a bouncing ball with appropriate graphs Draw velocity time graph for a person falling under free fall and then opening the parachute Explain the change in weight of bodies inside a lift Understand what forces act on a vehicle to make it move and keep it moving Understand the physics behind the safety of vehicles e.g. use of crumple zones, thinking distance, braking distance, etc. Show how forces act on sports people, e.g. bungee jumpers, rock climber, parachutist in free fall

## Unit 1: Check List

Mechanics Work, energy and power: Understand the difference between work and energy with respect to their definitions Understand the relationship between work and energy Explain the definition of a joule Define potential energy (gravitational and elastic) and kinetic energy Derive the formula for kinetic energy Understand that all forms of energy can be described in terms of potential energy and kinetic energy Understand that gravitational potential energy is directly converted to kinetic energy during free fall Understand the concept of internal energy Understand and explain the principle of conservation of energy Learn how to draw Sankey diagrams Calculate efficiency Define what is power Link power with motion and derive the corresponding formula

Materials Fluids: Define density and pressure Derive the equation of pressure of a fluid in terms of height and density Explain how upthrust equals the weight of the fluid displaced Explain how objects float Explain why a ship floats while a brick sinks Define stream lines Define laminar flow and turbulent flow Learn the real world applications of laminar flow and turbulent flow e.g. designs of aeroplanes, sports cars, etc. Define viscosity Understand that viscosity of a fluid depends on the temperature of the fluid Learn the unit for the coefficient for viscosity Understand that viscous drag acts on an object moving through fluids Learn that the viscous drag force is given by Stokes law Remember the conditions for Stokes law to be valid Understand that an object achieves terminal velocity when the resultant force on the object is zero Draw the free body force diagram for a sphere falling down or moving up in a fluid and write down relevant equations

## Unit 1: Check List

Materials Solid Materials: Define the types of materials: rigid, elastic and plastic Define elastic and plastic deformation Define the different properties of materials: hardness, toughness, stiffness, brittle, malleable, ductile, etc. Define elastic and plastic behaviour of a solid Define Hookes law Explain the different parts of the graph of a spring being stretched beyond its elastic limit Define elastic limit, limit of proportionality, yield point, breaking point and hysteresis Understand the force-extension graph for natural rubber Learn the different force-extension graphs for different types of metal wires Define elastic strain energy and how to calculate it form a force-extension graph Define stress, strain and Young modulus Define tensile and compressive stress and strain Understand the difference between stiffness and Young modulus Understand the concept of necking Explain a given stress-strain graph Understand that the gradient and area of a stress-strain graph gives the Young modulus and energy density respectively Define yield stress, UTS and breaking point Learn the different stress-strain graphs for rubber, glass, copper wire, wood, iron, etc