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# Unit 4: Check List

Further Mechanics Momentum: Definition of momentum Formula for momentum Units of momentum What type of quantity is momentum Law of conservation of momentum in collisions Definition of impulse The impulse momentum equation Units for impulse Explanation of why an average force acts during the transfer of impulse Newtons 2nd Law and rate of change of momentum Momentum kinetic energy equation derivation Elastic and inelastic collisions Calculations involving conservation of kinetic energy Momentum in two dimensions If a heavy mass collides with a lighter mass at rest then angle between two collisions is less than 90 If a light mass collides with a heavier mass at rest then angle between two collisions is more than 90 If same masses collide with one mass at rest then angle between two collisions is equal to 90

Further Mechanics Circular Motion: Understand what is a radian Conversion of degrees to radians and vice versa Angular displacement : definition and formula Angular velocity/speed: definition and formula Relationship between angular velocity and linear velocity and its derivation Conversion of rev/sec, rev/min to rad/sec Remember time period (T) for geostationary orbits is 24 hours Centripetal acceleration formula (two of them) (Definition or derivation not required) Centripetal force formula (two of them) Understand and explain how centripetal force combines Newtons 1st and 2nd Laws in it Understand and explain why a body moving in a circle with a constant speed has acceleration Understand and explain why no work is done on body moving in a circle Understand that centripetal force is not a new or special kind of force rather it is provided by some known force Remember different situations where which force provides the centripetal force and explain where does the centripetal force come from: For instance, the centripetal force on the Moon is provided by the gravitational force of the Earth on the Moon. Understand how the formula for centripetal force varies for different positions in a vertical circular motion Understand what happens to the component of tension in a conical pendulum

## Unit 4: Check List

Electric and Magnetic Fields Electric Fields: Understand that a field is a region where a force acts Understand that like charges repel and unlike charges attract Understand the definition of electric field strength as the force per unit charge Understand that all fields are vector quantity and electric field strength has a direction Formula for electric field strength Units for electric field strength Using formula for electric field strength to find out the force Understand what is a uniform electric field and how to produce it Formula for electric field strength between two parallel plates Understand the concept of equipotential and equipotential lines Understand what is the volt Formula for work done to move a charge between two equipotential lines Understand what are radial electric fields Formula for electric field strength E a distance r from a point charge Q is Formula for Coulombs Law

Electric and Magnetic Fields Capacitance: Explain what is capacitance Formula for capacitance Formula for energy stored by capacitors Explain why there is a half in the energy equation for capacitors Understand there are different types of capacitors, e.g. variable capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, etc. Know and explain the graphs for V, I and Q for charging and discharging capacitors Know what is the coulombmeter Understand exponential decay and how a graph is showing exponential decay if the ratios of the values after successful time intervals are constant Understand what is the significance of the time constant Formula for time constant Understand that a capacitor is charged or discharged completely after five time constants Understand how 37% of the charge remains after one time constant Formula for half-life of capacitor discharge: Understand the uses of capacitors in applications such as smoothing capacitors and flash guns. Understand the similarities between capacitors and springs. Understand capacitor discharge relationship I Q

## Unit 4: Check List

Electric and Magnetic Fields Magnetic Fields: Draw magnetic field lines of current into and out of the page Draw magnetic field lines around a magnet Understand that there are no separate North or South pole; they are always found together Understand the concept of neutral point in magnetic fields Formula for force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field F = BIl Explain how two current carrying conductors can attract or repel depending on the direction of the current in them Remember magnetic flux density is B and is measured in Tesla (T) Total magnetic flux is Formula for total magnetic flux is Units for total flux Understand that the Flemings Left Hand Rule is used to find the direction of the force in F = BIl Draw the path of electron beams under a magnetic field Explain and understand how d.c. electric motors work

Electric and Magnetic Fields Electromagnetic Induction: Understand what is electromagnetic induction Formula for the emf induced Explain what is Faradays Law Explain what is Lenzs Law Difference between the formula for Lenzs and Faradays Law Explain how Lenzs Law is explained by the law of conservation of energy Explain how the transformer works Use the Right Hand Grip Rule to find the direction of poles in a solenoid Use the Right Hand Grip Rule to find the direction current around a wire Use Flemings Right Hand Rule to find out the current in wire in a magnetic field

## Unit 4: Check List

Particle Physics Probing matter: Understand what is proton number, neutron number and nucleon number Explain what are isotopes Know how to represent an element symbol Clearly write down the observations and conclusions from the alpha scattering experiment Understand what is thermionic emission Understand the wave particle duality and the equation relating them

Particle Physics Accelerators: Explain how a linear accelerator works Explain how the time is kept constant inside in each drift tubes by increasing their length in a LINAC Explain how a cyclotron works Explain how the radius of the particle increases as the particle gains speed with necessary equation Workout the frequency of the radiation emitted from a cyclotron Explain how a synchrotron works Understand the cause for synchrotron radiation Know how to use different units of energy and mass such as Mev/c2, the unified atomic mass u, etc.

Particle Physics Detecting particles: Understand how a bubble chamber or cloud chamber works Understand how different tracks are produced by particles for example, how spiral tracks are produced Explain why tracks split apart in spirals or straight lines Explain why tracks may be perpendicular Explain the shape of tracks for alpha, beta and gamma particles.

Particle Physics Particle interactions and classification: Understand what are particles and antiparticles Understand and explain what is pair production and pair annihilation Understand what is rest mass and rest energy Understand the significance of the electron-volt (eV) Explain and have a clear definition of what are leptons, baryons, mesons and quarks Remember the charges for different leptons Understand baryon numbers, lepton numbers and strangeness Remember the different charges for the different types of quarks and their strangeness Understand and remember the beta particle interaction Understand conservation laws and use them to find out whether a particle interaction is valid or not Understand what is the standard model for particles Remember the different exchange particles for the four fundamental forces and their range of action over the forces