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# USN

06F,.C64
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Sixth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dec.2013 lJan.20l4
Antennas aflrd Propagation
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:100
full
questions, selecting
at leust TWO epuestions
from
each part.
PART
_
A
Delqe the following:
D
iv) Beam width v) Radiation ef1iciency (10 Marks)
Anantenflahas a fieldpattern given br E(0)=cosr0 for 0<e<90'. Findthe beamarea
and the directivity. (06 Marks)
c.
Calculate the maximum Dower received at a distance of 1 km over a free space fbr a radio
link operating at 1 GHz fiequencv and consisting of transrnitting antenna with 25 dB gain
and a receiving antenna of 20 dB gain. ,tssume the transmitting antenna input is 200 Watts.
(04 Marks)
1
2 a.
For a
!
dipole antenna derive the maximum eflbctive aperture and determine directivity.
2
'
,06
Marks)
b. Derive an expression for total fleld ,r case of two isotropic point sources with same
amplitude and opposite phase. Plot the relative tield pattern when these two isotropic
A
sources are soaced
I
aoart. And also determine the directions of maximum field and nulls.
,2
(08 Marks)
c.
Calculate the directivity lbr the sources having the tbilowing patterns:
i) U=U,,sin0sin20 ii) LI
.=T,,cos\$sinr0
where0<e<nand0<0<n
3 a. State and explain the principle of paiterrr rrultiplication. Plot tna defO pattern of an array of
twonon'isotropic dissimilar sources:E1
:cos\$
and Ez: sin\$ Zyt,wherc
V
=](cosO+f).
with reference to the sourcel as showrr il
l'
I
I
,'---\t/_r'
t ].-<.:
\-j,N_--l
I
F'ig.
Q3
(a). (06 Marks)
k-
--J
I
c:=YU
I
Fie.
Q3
(a)
What is an array fbctor? Obtain thc; arr:., t'actor for: a linear array of n isotropic point sources
of equal amplitude and same displacen',ei-rl. (06 Marks)
A linear array of four isotropic sources rrzith equal displacement of
I
and same amplitude
2
but a phase diffbrence of -d.. Plot lhe firlC pattern and determine half power beam width and
b.
directions of nulls. (08 Marks)
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068C64
a. Derive an expression fbr the ratliation re sistance of a shofi electric dipole. (08 Marks)
b.
Obtainthefieldpatternof-thinlinearirltennaoflengihD L:: ii) L:1. (06Marks)
22
c.
Write shofi notes on:
i) Rhombic antenna
5a.
b.
c.
ii) Fclce;c dipoie antenna.
EAE-ts
Considering the general case derive the tbr-freld equations lbr loop antenna.
State and explain the Batrinet's prinr;iplc.
(06 Marks)
.:
(08 Marks)
(04 Marks)
(08 Marks)
Write shofi notes on:
i) Patch antenna ii) R;:iangular horn antenna.
6a.
b.
c.
Discuss the features of lieiical antenna" iiive :he construciional details of helical antenna.
Explain the corner reflector antennas.
[8:ilil[]
Write shorl notes on:
i) Log-periodic antennas ii) Antennas for ground penetrating radar. (08 Marks)
Explain the space wave propagation anC obtain the expression for modified refractive index.
(10 Marks)
Mention the conditions fbr sub-refractron, super refraction and duct propagation and draw a
suitable diagram to depict these regions above the earth surface. (06 Marks)
c. An antenna located at tl-ie surfbce of the ear:th is used to receive the signals transmitted by
another antenna located at a height ot'60 m from the spherical surfbce of the earth (mean
:6370km).
Calculate the optical and radio horizons tt
H
=
49lkm. (04 Marks)
8 a. Define the lollowing with respect to \va\epropagation: ir CriticaI lrequency ii) Maximum
usable frequency (MUF) iii) Virtual height iv) Skip distance (06 Marks)
b. Derive the expression for critical frecliiency in terms of maximum electron density,N,ffu*.rl
c. An electromagnetic \vave at fiequency,' f is propagating through a lossy medium having
conductivity
g, permittir,'itv e=eoe, and permeability p
:
Iro.
Derive an expression for the
attenuation per unit length of the nilrl.illm. if o/(ro e) << 1. Show that the attenuation is
given by 60no/./e
,
. (06 Marks)
7a.
b.
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