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The Davidic Covenant

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THE DAVIDIC COVENANT


2008 Tony Garland
(This docu ent ay !e "reely distri!uted in any "or at "or nonco ercial purposes.#

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Introduction $Turn in your !i!les to 2 Sa uel %.& Continuing a series o" essages on 'i!lical Covenants. ade to +ing David. (ast Sunday ) the (and Covenant. Today* the Davidic Covenant ) the pro ises The Davidic Covenant The ,ro ise to David (2Sa %*8-./ c". .Chr. .%*.0-.0# 12ow there"ore3 thus shall you say to 4y servant David3 5Thus says the (67D o" hosts* 18 too9 you "ro the sheep"old3 "ro "ollowing the sheep3 to !e ruler over 4y people3 over 8srael. 1And 8 have !een with you wherever you have gone3 and have cut o"" all your ene ies "ro !e"ore you3 and have ade you a great na e3 li9e the na e o" the great en who $are& on the earth. 14oreover 8 will appoint a place "or 4y people 8srael3 and will plant the 3 that they ay dwell in a place o" their own and ove no ore: nor shall the sons o" wic9edness oppress the any ore3 as previously3 1since the ti e that 8 co anded ;udges $to !e& over 4y people 8srael3 and have caused you to rest "ro all your ene ies. Also the (67D tells you that <e will a9e you a house. 1=hen your days are "ul"illed and you rest with your "athers3 8 will set up your seed a"ter you3 who will co e "ro your !ody3 and 8 will esta!lish his 9ingdo . 1<e shall !uild a house "or 4y na e3 and 8 will esta!lish the throne o" his 9ingdo "orever. 18 will !e his >ather3 and he shall !e 4y son. 8" he co its ini?uity3 8 will chasten hi with the rod o" en and with the !lows o" the sons o" en. 1'ut 4y ercy shall not depart "ro hi 3 as 8 too9 $it& "ro Saul3 who 8 re oved "ro !e"ore you. 1And your house and your 9ingdo shall !e esta!lished "orever !e"ore you. @our throne shall !e esta!lished "orever.151 Aspects .. 2. C. a# !# c# God pro ises to a9e David an eternal AhouseB (dynasty3 vv. ..3 ./#. o" one o" David5s descendants (v. .2#. God will esta!lish the 9ingdo

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This descendant will !uild a house "or God5s na e (a te ple3 v. .C# 2ear "ul"ill ent* Solo on who !uilds the "irst te ple3 ASolo on5s Te ple3B into which the ta!ernacle "ro the wilderness wandering is relocated. Distant "ul"ill ent* Desus who !uilds the te ple o" <is 'ody.. An eEchange* God will !uild David5s house and a son o" David will !uild God5s house.

. So e !elieve Desus will also !uild the 4illennial Te ple upon <is return (2S. %*.C: .Chr. .%*.2: Fec. /*.C:

2008 Tony Garland

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The Davidic Covenant

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The descendant5s throne will !e eternal (vv. .C3 ./#. Diso!edience will !ring chastening3 !ut cannot nulli"y the pro ise (vv. .H-.0#. Inconditional covenant with conditional occupation o" the throne. Si ilar to the (and Covenanted The covenant itsel" is unconditional concerning the eternal house3 throne3 and 9ingdo . <aving a ruler actively sitting upon David5s throne is conditioned upon the o!edience o" the nation. Conditional occupation o" the throne. The Davidic throne and rule is connected with 8srael !eing in the ,ro ised (and which is itsel" conditioned on o!edience to God (2S. %*.0#. A ong David5s last words to Solo on (.+i 2*.-H# 2ow the days o" David drew near that he should die3 and he charged Solo on his son3 saying* 18 go the way o" all the earth: !e strong3 there"ore3 and prove yoursel" a an. 1And 9eep the charge o" the (67D your God* to wal9 in <is ways3 to 9eep <is statutes3 <is co and ents3 <is ;udg ents3 and <is testi onies3 as it is written in the (aw o" 4oses3 that you ay prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn: 1that the (67D ay "ul"ill <is word which <e spo9e concerning e3 saying3 58" your sons ta9e heed to their way3 to wal9 !e"ore 4e in truth with all their heart and with all their soul35 <e said3 5you shall not lac9 a an on the throne o" 8srael.5 God appears to Solo on !y night (2Ch %*.%-22# 1As "or you3 i" you wal9 !e"ore 4e as your "ather David wal9ed3 and do according to all that 8 have co anded you3 and i" you 9eep 4y statutes and 4y ;udg ents3 1then 8 will esta!lish the throne o" your 9ingdo 3 as 8 covenanted with David your "ather3 saying3 5@ou shall not "ail $to have& a an as ruler in 8srael.5 1'ut i" you turn away and "orsa9e 4y statutes and 4y co and ents which 8 have set !e"ore you3 and go and serve other gods3 and worship the 3 1then 8 will uproot the "ro 4y land which 8 have given the : and this house which 8 have sancti"ied "or 4y na e 8 will cast out o" 4y sight3 and will a9e it a prover! and a !yword a ong all peoples. 1And $as "or& this house3 which is eEalted3 everyone who passes !y it will !e astonished and say3 5=hy has the (67D done thus to this land and this houseJ5 1Then they will answer3 5'ecause they "orsoo9 the (67D God o" their "athers3 who !rought the out o" the land o" Kgypt3 and e !raced other gods3 and worshiped the and served the : there"ore <e has !rought all this cala ity on the .51 (.# 6nce again* the rule o" the Davidic throne is tied to !eing in the ,ro ised (and in o!edience.

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8n the ,sal s (,s .C2*..-.2# The (67D has sworn $in& truth to David: <e will not turn "ro it* 18 will set upon your throne the "ruit o" your !ody. 8" your sons will 9eep 4y covenant And 4y testi ony which 8 shall teach the 3 Their sons also shall sit upon your throne "orever ore.1 Diso!edience This is one reason why the ulti ate Davidic +ing3 Desus Christ3 is not yet ruling on the throne o" David ) 8srael continues in diso!edience. Inconditional nature o" the house3 throne3 and 9ingdo . ,ro ises are !ased on the unconditional A!raha ic Covenant (Gen. .2*2#. 8 will a9e you a great nation: 8 will !less you And a9e your na e great: And you shall !e a !lessing. (.# (2# (a# Although 9ings and nations would co e "ro A!raha 3 a speci"ic nation is in view* 8srael ) through who the pro ised Davidic ruler would co e. (ine o" descent "ro Aline o" pro ise.B A!raha A!raha !eco es ore and ore speci"ic and atches the

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8saac Daco! Dudah . . . David

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2ot a!olished !y periods o" diso!edience. ,ersonal "ailure o" David (2Sa 2C*.-0# 2ow these $are& the last words o" David. $Thus& says David the son o" Desse: $Thus& says the an raised up on high3 The anointed o" the God o" Daco!3 And the sweet psal ist o" 8srael* 1The Spirit o" the (67D spo9e !y e3 And <is word $was& on y tongue. The God o" 8srael said3 The 7oc9 o" 8srael spo9e to e* 5<e who rules over en $ ust !e& ;ust3 7uling in the "ear o" God. And $he shall !e& li9e the light o" the orning $when& the sun rises3 A orning without clouds3 $(i9e& the tender grass $springing& out o" the earth3 'y clear shining a"ter rain.5 1Although y house $is& not so with God3 @et <e has ade with e an everlasting covenant3 6rdered in all $things& and secure. >or $this is& all y salvation and all $ y& desire: =ill <e not a9e $it& increaseJ Kvil +ing Dehora o" Dudah (2Ch 2.*% c". 2+i. 8*.G# @et the (67D would not destroy the house o" David3 !ecause o" the covenant that <e had ade with David3 and since <e had pro ised to give a la p to hi and to his sons "orever.

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KEceptionally strong pro ises ade !y God (,s 8G*20-C%3 2+DL# 8 have "ound 4y servant David: =ith 4y holy oil 8 have anointed hi 3 =ith who 4y hand shall !e esta!lished: Also 4y ar shall strengthen hi . The ene y shall not outwit hi 3 2or the son o" wic9edness a""lict hi . 8 will !eat down his "oes !e"ore his "ace3 And plague those who hate hi . 1'ut 4y "aith"ulness and 4y ercy $shall !e& with hi 3 And in 4y na e his horn shall !e eEalted. Also 8 will set his hand over the sea3 And his right hand over the rivers. <e shall cry to 4e3 5@ou $are& y >ather3 4y God3 and the roc9 o" y salvation.5 Also 8 will a9e hi $4y& "irst!orn3 The highest o" the 9ings o" the earth. 4y ercy 8 will 9eep "or hi "orever3 And 4y covenant shall stand "ir with hi . <is seed also 8 will a9e $to endure& "orever3 And his throne as the days o" heaven. 18" his sons "orsa9e 4y law And do not wal9 in 4y ;udg ents3 8" they !rea9 4y statutes And do not 9eep 4y co and ents3 Then 8 will punish their transgression with the rod3 And their ini?uity with stripes. 2evertheless 4y loving9indness 8 will not utterly ta9e "ro hi 3 2or allow 4y "aith"ulness to "ail. 4y covenant 8 will not !rea93 2or alter the word that has gone out o" 4y lips. 6nce 8 have sworn !y 4y holiness: 8 will not lie to David* <is seed shall endure "orever3 And his throne as the sun !e"ore 4e: 8t shall !e esta!lished "orever li9e the oon3 Kven $li9e& the "aith"ul witness in the s9y.1 Selah (.# (a# (!# Sign ) the sun and oon A witness to the pro ises3 li9e the rain!ow (2oahic Covenant#3 circu cision (A!raha ic Covenant#3 and sa!!ath (4osaic Covenant#. Der CC*20-2. 1Thus says the (67D* 58" you can !rea9 4y covenant with the day and 4y covenant with the night3 so that there will not !e day and night in their season3 5then 4y covenant ay also !e !ro9en with David 4y servant3 so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne3 . . . The sun and oon created "or seasons and signs (Gen. .*.H#. oon re ain (Der. The nation o" 8srael will continue so long as the sun and C.*C0-C%#. i# a#

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The nation is preserved "or the ulti ate "ul"ill ent o" pro ised Davidic rule over 8srael when restored to the ,ro ised (and. Desus5 pro ise to <is disciples (4t .G*2%-28# Then ,eter answered and said to <i 3 1See3 we have le"t all and "ollowed @ou. There"ore what shall we haveJ1 So Desus said to the 3 1Assuredly 8 say to you3 that in the regeneration3 when the Son o" 4an sits on the throne o" <is glory3 you who have "ollowed 4e will also sit on twelve thrones3 ;udging the twelve tri!es o" 8srael.

III. A.

Fulfillment By Jesus Son o" David

2008 Tony Garland

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The Davidic Covenant

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Desus5 ,edigree care"ully esta!lished !y 4atthew and (u9e 'oth 4atthew and (u9e attest to Desus !eing the son o" David. (.# (2# (C# (a# (!# (H# (a# 4atthew3 "ocusing on Desus as +ing 4essiah3 gives his line o" descent "ro A!raha (4tt. .*.-.%#. (u9e3 "ocusing on Desus as the ,er"ect 4an3 gives his line o" descent "ro ((u9e C*2C-C.#. The two lines are identical "ro di""erent sons o" David. A!raha Ada

to David3 !ut then split through two

4atthew5s line continues through Solo on leading to Doseph3 the legal "ather o" Desus (4tt. .*..#. (u9e5s line continues through 2athan leading to 4ary3 the !iological o" Desus ((u9e C*C.#. other

Desus is related !oth legally and !iologically to David. The !iological relation avoids a !lood curse given !y God on the line leading "ro Solo on. Kvil 9ing Dehoia9i 3 also 9nown as Coniah or Deconiah3 cursed prior to the 'a!ylonian captivity such that he would never have a descendant ruling on the throne o" David (Der. 22*C02: Der. C/*C0C#. The end o" the line "or Davidic rule in the line o" Solo on leading to Doseph3 the legal "ather o" Desus (4tt. .*.-..3 ..-.%#. The Davidic line leading to Desus via <is other3 4ary3 goes through David5s other son 2athan and avoids this curse ((u9e C*2C-C.#.

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Ga!riel5s announce ent to 4ary ((u .*C0-CC# Then the angel said to her3 1Do not !e a"raid3 4ary3 "or you have "ound "avor with God. 1And !ehold3 you will conceive in your wo ! and !ring "orth a Son3 and shall call <is na e DKSIS. 1<e will !e great3 and will !e called the Son o" the <ighest: and the (ord God will give <i the throne o" <is "ather David. 1And <e will reign over the house o" Daco! "orever3 and o" <is 9ingdo there will !e no end.1

2 <ere ended the race o" 9ings o" the house o" David3 until the +ing 4essiah ca e: "or though there were o" his line that were governors o" Dudah3 as Feru!!a!el3 yet not 9ings. 4oreover3 Deconiah was the last o" the house o" David in the line o" Solo on. Salathiel3 o" who was Feru!!a!el governor o" Dudah3 was the son o" 2eri3 who descended "ro 2athan the son o" David. -- Dohn Gill3 Dohn Gill5s KEposition o" the Kntire 'i!le. $<&is son Deconiah reigned !ut three onths3 which is rec9oned as nothing3 and could not !e called sitting upon the throne: and3 !esides3 was never con"ir ed !y the 9ing o" 'a!ylon3 in whose power he was3 and !y who he was carried captive: and Fede9iah3 who "ollowed3 was not his law"ul successor3 was !rother to Dehoia9i 3 and uncle to Deconiah3 and was set up !y the 9ing o" 'a!ylon in conte pt o" the latter: and as "or Feru!!a!el3 he was no 9ing3 nor was there any o" this "a ily till the 4essiah ca e.-- Dohn Gill3 Dohn Gill5s KEposition o" the Kntire 'i!le.

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,aul3 in his opening re ar9s to the church o" 7o e3 e phasiMes Desus as the pro ised Son o" David (7o . .*.-H# ,aul3 a !ondservant o" Desus Christ3 called $to !e& an apostle3 separated to the gospel o" God which <e pro ised !e"ore through <is prophets in the <oly Scriptures3 concerning <is Son Desus Christ our (ord3 who was !orn o" the seed o" David according to the "lesh3 $and& declared $to !e& the Son o" God with power according to the Spirit o" holiness3 !y the resurrection "ro the dead. a# (.# (2# (C# (H# ,aul e phasiMes two critical aspects concerning the identity o" Desus. <e "ul"ills the re?uire ent o" !eing the Son o" David ) according to the pro ises o" the Davidic Covenant. <e "ul"ills the re?uire ent o" !eing the Son o" God !y virtue o" <is resurrection "ro the dead. This is the ystery o" the incarnation o" Desus* God =ho !eca e "lesh in the line o" David3 !ut also !orn o" a virgin. 2o other individual in history has this pedigree.

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8n closing the 'oo9 o" 7evelation3 Desus re"ers to <i sel" as !oth the A7oot and the 6""spring o" DavidB (7e 22*./3 2+DL#. The root ) <e eEisted !e"ore <is "ather David. 6therwise3 <e could not atone "or sin and <is cruci"iEion would have !een no di""erent than the con"used i itators who arrange "or their own Astaged cruci"iEionB in the ,hilippines.H The o""spring ) <e was !orn as a descendant o" David and "ul"ills the pro ise o" an eternal 9ing in the line o" David.

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Summary - Relevance Of The Davidic Covenant Today =orld peace will not co e through the social and political activity o" the church. =hile 8srael re ains in diso!edience3 Desus will not rule "ro the throne o" David. The throne o" David is an earthly throne centered in Derusale 3 tied to 8srael !eing in her ,ro ised (and. Desus is presently seated at the right hand o" <is >ather5s heavenly throne. <e has not yet ta9en up rule on upon <is own throne3 the throne o" David.0

http*NNwww. sn!c. sn.co NidN2C%H20C2N 1Several "actors indicate that David5s throne is separate and distinct "ro God5s throne in heaven. >irst3 several descendants o" David have sat on his throne3 !ut only one o" his descendants ever sits on the right hand o" God5s throne in heaven. That descendant is Desus Christ (,s ..0*.: <e! 8*.: <e! .2*2#. Second3 David5s throne was not esta!lished !e"ore his li"eti e (2Sa %*./-.%#. 'y contrast3 since God has always ruled over <is creation3 <is throne in heaven was esta!lished long !e"ore David5s throne (,s GC*.-2#. Third3 since God5s throne in heaven was esta!lished long !e"ore David5s throne and since God5s throne was esta!lished "orever ((a 0*.G#3 then it was not necessary "or God to pro ise to esta!lish David5s throne "orever (2Sa %*./# i" they are the sa e throne. >ourth3 David5s throne was on the earth3 not in heaven. David and his descendants who sat on his throne eEercised an earthly3 ruling authority. They never eEercised ruling authority in or "ro heaven. 'y contrast3 as noted earlier3 the 'i!le indicates that God5s throne is in heaven. >i"th3 the 'i!le5s consistent description o" David5s throne indicates that it !elongs to David. =hen

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=e anticipate a "uture3 literal reign o" Desus Christ on the earth./ Ipon <is return3 Desus will ta9e up the pro ised Davidic throne3 ushering in the 4illennial +ingdo on earth (7ev. .G-20#. <is rule will !e "ro Derusale (Der. C*.%: Fec. .H*./#. <is rule will eEtend over 8srael3 restored to the ,ro ised (and (KMe. C%*2.-28: 4tt. .G*28#. <is rule will eEtend !eyond 8srael to enco pass all the nations o" the earth (,s. 2*8: ,s. %2*8: 8sa. HG*/: Fec. G*.0#.

The activities o" the church in this age do not constitute the pro ised Davidic 9ingdo on earth (4t 2/*2G: 4r .H*20: (u 22*.8#. Con"usion on this point leads to all anner o" ischie". The 7o an Catholic !elie" that the church today is the "ul"ill ent o" the 9ingdo o" God and there!y the eans !y which God is even now ruling with a Arod o" ironB has le"t a legacy o" a!use o" religious power and political intrigue. 4uch o" the protestant church re"uses to !elieve in a literal earthly reign o" Desus yet "uture. 'elieving Desus to already !e seated on <is throne3 the throne o" David3 prophetic passages concerning a di""erent ti e are isinterpreted as having their "ul"ill ent today. (.# (2# 7eplace ent Theology ) the view that the church replaces national 8srael as the Anew 8srael.B SpiritualiMing ,ro ises ) an unwillingness to ta9e God5s pro ises as they were originally intended to circu vent the natural conclusion that the pro ises have not all !een !estowed upon the church in this age. Spiritual ,ride ) the !elie" that the church3 and its wor9 in this age3 is all that God has in store in relation to the earth and the only aspect o" ulti ate i portance to <is wor9 in history. Social and ,olitical Co pro ise (.# 8" the Davidic +ing is already reigning and <is rule is !eing eEtended through the church in this age3 then social and political syste s ust !e understood as converging on a golden age o" peace and social ;ustice.

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God tal9ed to David a!out his throne3 God re"erred to it as 5thy throne5 (2Sa %*./: ,s 8G*H: ,s .C2*.2#. =hen God entioned David5s throne to others3 <e re"erred to it as 5his throne5 (,s 8G*2G: Der CC*2.#3 5David5s throne5 (Der .C*.C#3 and 5the throne o" David5 (Der .%*20: Der 22*23 Der 22*H3 Der 22*C0#. 'y contrast3 the Scriptures5 consistent description o" the throne in heaven indicates that it !elongs to God the >ather.1 8srael 4y Glory (>riends o" 8srael Gospel 4inistry# $http*NNwww."oi.org&3 DanuaryN>e!ruary 200.3 p. C0. Concerning the yet-"uture reign o" Desus upon the throne o" David3 see ,s ..0*.: Dan %*..-.H: Dan %*2.-22: Dan %*20-2%: 7e .G*20: 4t /*G: 4t %*2.-22: 4t .G*28: 4t 20*C.-CH: 4t 2/*2G: 4r .H*20: (u ..*2: (u .G*..: (u .G*.0: (u 2.*C.: (u 22*./-.8: (u 22*2G: (u 22*C0: (u 2C*0.: Ac .*/-%: Ac .H*22: .Co .0*2H: <e! 2*8: <e! .0*.2-.C: 2Ti H*.: 7e C*2.: 7e .2*.0: 7e ..*.0: 7e ..*.%: 7e .G*20.

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This is an ill-"ated atte pt to !ring the +ingdo +ing <i sel" !eing physically present.

o" God to earth3 !ut without the

This is essentially the sa e plan as the glo!alists and hu anists3 !ut a plan the 'i!le 9nows nothing o". The ;o! o" the church is "irst and "ore ost world-evangelis . This wor9 is ;eopardiMed whenever we ;oin with organiMations and !elie" syste s which share si ilar goals in relation to social ;ustice3 !ut are which are "unda entally opposed to the cause o" Christ (2Cor. /*.H-.0#.

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=orld peace will not co e through the social and political activity o" secular hu anis . 8nspirational ?uote on the Inited 2ations 'uilding 5And they shall !eat their swords into plowshares3 and their spears into pruning hoo9s: nation shall not li"t up sword against nation3 neither shall they learn war any ore5 (8sa 2*H#.% a# This prophecy o" 8saiah3 li"ted out o" conteEt and devoid o" re"erence to the ,rince o" ,eace3 is spea9ing o" a co ing ti e o" incredi!le !lessing on the earth when the enor ous social drain and !loodshed o" war"are will !e supplanted !y a ti e o" enor ous productivity and !lessing. 'ut per anent peace will never co e through hu anis diso!edience to and re;ection o" God. !ecause o" its

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Scripture reveals that an will continue in his age-old activity o" diverting resources into weapons o" destruction. Thousands o" years o" hu an history and unspea9a!le horror attest that an has a "unda ental "law which no a ount o" education or social re"or can cur!. @et each su!se?uent generation pre"ers to ignore !i!lical truth and centuries o" evidence de onstrating an9ind5s "allen condition in "avor o" e !racing an un!i!lical naivety that people are A!asically good.B ,eople want peace. 'ut not at Aany cost.B 2ot at the cost o" repentance and su! ission. Su! itting to Al ighty God and accepting <is plan "or peace on earth. A lasting peace will only !e "ound when the ,rince o" ,eace personally rules on the earth.

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% 1$T&he I.2. 'uilding displays these words* 5And they shall !eat their swords into plowshares3 and their spears into pruning hoo9s: nation shall not li"t up sword against nation3 neither shall they learn war any ore5 (8sa 2*H#. A verse ta9en out o" its conteEt is only a preteEt however. The "irst part o" this verse reads3 5And he shall ;udge a ong the nations3 and shall re!u9e any people.5 Intil Christ the 4essiah sits upon the throne o" <is glory and re!u9es and ;udges the nations3 there will !e no per anent peace.1 Christian 7esearch Dournal (Santa 4arguarita3 CA* Christian 7esearch 8nstitute3 n.d.#. $http*NNwww.e?uip.org&3 vol 2H no 23 p. C8.

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The sa e prophet which uttered the words "ound on the Inited 2ations !uilding3 also uttered these words concerning a true and lasting world peace* 8sa G*/-% (2+DL# / >or unto us a Child is !orn3 Into us a Son is given: And the govern ent will !e upon <is shoulder. And <is na e will !e called =onder"ul3 Counselor3 4ighty God3 Kverlasting >ather3 ,rince o" ,eace. % 6" the increase o" $<is& govern ent and peace $There will !e& no end3 Ipon the throne o" David and over <is 9ingdo 3 To order it and esta!lish it with ;udg ent and ;ustice >ro that ti e "orward3 even "orever. The Meal o" the (67D o" hosts will per"or this. Intil the pro ised Davidic 9ing3 Desus o" 2aMareth3 returns to reign on earth3 there will !e no lasting peace. Kven so3 we who are !orn-again3 who 9now Desus as our +ing even now3 have peace in our hearts !ecause we 9now the "uture and our destiny (Dohn .H*2%: ./*CC#.

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