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# Manitoba HVDC Research Centre Inc.

## 244 Cree Crescent

T 204 989 1240 F 204 989 1277

## Modeling and Applications of FACTS Devices

DURATION 3 Days

COURSE DESCRIPTION
This course will cover the fundamental theory of FACTS devices. Tutorial examples will be used to
discuss the simulation and modeling of such devices in a power system environment.

## WHO SHOULD ATTEND?

Practicing engineers, power system consultants, and graduate level students involved in design,
planning, and operation of power systems.

COURSE TOPICS
1. Introduction
• Introduction to PSCAD and the fundamentals of Electromagnetic Transient Simulation
• Introduction: FACTS concept and FACTS devices
o FACTS topologies
o Operating principles
o Voltage reference and current reference pulse width modulation

## 2. Getting Started: Tutorials

• Single Phase TCR (Thyristor controlled reactor) example
o Creating a simple case in PSCAD
o Models in the master library
o Theory and key features

## 3. Static VAR Compensator (SVC)

• Theory and operation
• SVC Topologies and Device Level Controls
• Applications
• Simulation example
• Application example of mid-line compensation to increase power transfer
• Filters
• Unbalanced load, implications of harmonics
• System Level Controls
o Parallel operation/droop setting
o Specialized system controllers, damping controls

4. Application example/exercise: Voltage dip mitigation during start-up of a small wind turbine generator

## 5. Voltage sourced converter based compensators: Part-1: Static Synchronous Compensator-

STATCOM
• PWM based firing control example
o Generating a reference signal (PLL, VCO…)
o Carrier frequency, modulation index and the DC link voltage
• Theory and operation of VSC Converters
• Topologies and control schemes
• Applications
• Simulation example

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6. Application Examples
• Reactive power compensation for voltage regulation in a network
• Control of Arc Furnace Flicker

## 7. Power electronic switching loss considerations and modeling (time permitting)

8. Active Filters
• Theory and operation
• Topologies and control schemes
• Applications
• Simulation example

9. Application examples
• Harmonic elimination

## 10. Thyristor controlled series capacitor/compensator (TCSC) (Brief Introduction)

• Theory and operation
• Control system and feasible operating range
• Applications
• Simulation example (Damping control example (if time permits))

11. Voltage Sourced Converter Based Compensators: Part-2: Unified power flow controller (UPFC)
• Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC)
• Basic operation of an UPFC
• IPFC and GPFC

12. Application examples (Selected topics based on time and class interest)
• Compensation of Large compressor load
• Voltage stability
• VSC based HVDC Transmission
• Distributed energy system example

INSTRUCTOR
Course instruction will be provided by a simulation and application expert from the team of PSCAD
Support Engineers.

COURSE PARTICULARS
• For courses at our office, we will provide a computer (if required), workbook with tutorial
examples, and PSCAD V4 for use during the course.
• Lunches are provided on site.
• Hotel accommodations and local travel are the responsibility of the student. Contact us for a list
of local accommodations.
• A minimum enrolment is required. Students will be notified two weeks prior to commencement if
the course is cancelled.