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# Calculator Technique for Solving Volume Flow Rate Problems in Calculus

The following models of CASIO calculator may work with this method: fx-570ES, fx-570ES Plus, fx115ES, fx-115ES Plus, fx-991ES, and fx-991ES Plus. The following calculator keys will be used for the solution

## Name Shift Mode

Key

Operation
SHIFT

Name Stat AC

Key

Operation
SHIFT 1[STAT]

MODE

AC

This is one of the series of post in calculator techniques in solving problems. You may also be interested in my previous posts: Calculator technique for progression problems and Calculator technique for clock problems; both in Algebra. Flow Rate Problem Water is poured into a conical tank at the rate of 2.15 cubic meters per minute. The tank is 8 meters in diameter across the top and 10 meters high. How fast the water level rising when the water stands 3.5 meters deep. Traditional Solution

## Differentiate both sides with respect to time

When h = 3.5 m

HideClick here to show or hide the concept behind this technique Understand why this calculator technique works In Hydraulics, discharge or volume flow rate is given by the formula

Where = the discharge or volume flow rate = velocity of flow = cross-sectional area of flow The equivalent of the above elements in Calculus are: where V is the volume and dV/dt is the volume flow (time) rates and where h, x, y, s are distances and v is velocity. Thus, the formula Q = vA can be written as

which is the formula we are going to use in our calculator. For the area A The general prismatoid is a solid in which the area of any section, say Ay, parallel to and at a distance y from a fixed plane can be expressed as a polynomial in y not higher than third degree, or

Common solids like cone, prism, cylinder, frustums, pyramid, and sphere are actually prismatoids in which any area parallel to a base is at most a quadratic function in height y. Thus,

We can therefore use the Quadratic Regression in STAT mode of the calculator to find the area in relation with its distance from a predefined plane.
MODE 3:STAT 3:_+cX2

X 0 10 5

Y 0 42 22

## To input the 3.5y-caret above, do

3.5 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 6:y-caret

## for this problem.

Problem Water is being poured into a hemispherical bowl of radius 6 inches at the rate of x cubic inches per second. Find x if the water level is rising at 0.1273 inch per second when it is 2 inches deep? Traditional Solution Volume of water inside the bowl