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IPv6
Author

Vikas Kalsi

01
3/05/12

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Table of Content
1.0 CONFIDENTIALITY / LEGAL NOTIFICATION................................................................4
2.0 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................5
IPV6 FEATURES............................................................................................................................. 5

3.0 LIST OF ANNEXURE........................................................................................................7


4.0 GLOSSARY.......................................................................................................................8

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1.0

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CONFIDENTIALITY / LEGAL NOTIFICATION


<Confidential / Legal Notice>

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2.0

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INTRODUCTION
IETF (Internet Engineering Tasking Force) has developed a suite of
protocol and standards called IPv6.
IPv6 address is 128 bit hexadecimal address. It is in column separated
format and each column separated by quatets.

IPv6 Features
Larger address space IPv6 increases the IP address size from 32 bits to 128 bits.
Increasing the size of the address field increases number of unique IP addresses from
approximately 4,300,000,000 (4.3109) to
340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 (3.41038). Increasing the address
space to 128 bits provides the following additional potential benefits:
Built-in Security - Support for IPsec is an IPv6 protocol suite requirement. This requirement
provides a standards-based solution for network security needs and promotes
interoperability between different IPv6 implementations.
New Protocol for Neighboring Node Interaction - The Neighbor Discovery protocol for
IPv6 is a series of Internet Control Message Protocol for IPv6 (ICMPv6) messages that
manage the interaction of neighboring nodes (nodes on the same link). Neighbor Discovery
replaces the broadcast-based Address Resolution Protocol (ARP), ICMPv4 Router
Discovery, and ICMPv4 Redirect messages with efficient multicast and unicast Neighbor
Discovery messages.
Built-in Quality of service - Built-in Quality of service that ensures to guarantee to data
transfer rate.
Anycast Address - IPv6 introduced new type of address that is anycast i.e One to nearest one.
Example of IPv6 Address 2001:0db8:0012:0000:0000:1234:0000:abcd
Shortened Expression of IPv6
1) Omit all the leading zero
2001:db8:12:0:0:1234:0:abcd
2) Replacing contiguous quatets with the (::) having all zeros
2001:db8:12::1234:0:abcd

Address Types in IPv6


1) Unicast - One to One
2) Malticast - One to Many
3) Anycast - One to nearest one

Special Addressing
0000::/8

Reserved for use by IETF

FF00::/8

Multicast Address

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2000::/3 to 3000::/3

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- Global unicast address similar to Public IP address in IPV4

FE80::/10 to FEB - Link local address similar to APIPA address in IPv4


FC00::/7 to FD

- Unique Local Address similar to Private IP address in IPv4.

FF02::1

Multicas Address similar to subnet broadcast address in IPV4.

::1

Loop Back Address

::

Default root or Unspecified Address

2001:db8::/32

This address is reserved for demonstration purpose in IPv6.

Prefix ID and Interface ID


Prefix ID = 64 bits
Interface ID = 64 bits

Prefix ID - IPv6 prefix ID is similar to Network ID portion in IPv4, Prefix ID contain 64 Bits.
How divided 64 bits in Prefix ID
1) RIRs (Regional Internet Registries)
First 12 bits represent country or continental.
2) ISP (Internet Service Provider)
Next 20 bits represent ISP of country
3) Sites (ISPs Branch Offices)
Next 16 bits reserved for one site for one ISP
4) Subnet - Network to be assigned to the subscriber or the customer
Next 16 bits reserved for one ISP of One Branch.

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LIST OF ANNEXURE
Interface ID - IPv6 Interface ID is similar to Host ID portion in IPv4, Prefix ID contain 64 Bits

Interface ID assign by Router or DHCP


There are two methods to assign Interface ID
1) Manual
2) Using Auto Configuration
There are two methods in Auto Configuration
1) Randomize Identifier
In this computer automatically generate 64 bit random ID.

2) Enhanced Unique Identifier (EUI)


Add one quatet FFFE (Its universal) in the middle of MAC Address of PC.
After add FFFE in MAC one more step. Flip 7th Universal bit in address. After you get
your
Interface ID.

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GLOSSARY

Questions asked during Session


1)
2)
3)
4)

Anycast Address
How is 128 bits comes
Arp protocol used in IPv6 or not.
There is any private address or public address range in IPv6 or
not.

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