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Wireless Network Planning Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Traffic Statistics..........................................................................................................2


1.1 Brief Introduction to the Calling Flows...............................................................................3
1.1.1 Ultra-early TCH Assignment Flow...........................................................................3
1.1.2 Calling Flow (Calling Party)....................................................................................4
1.1.3 Handover Flow within the BSC...............................................................................5
1.1.4 Handover Flow between the BSCs.........................................................................6
1.1.5 Handover Flow between MSCs..............................................................................7
1.1.6 Subsequent Handover Flow (MS Roams from MSVb to MSCb').........................8
1.2 Analysis of Key Indexes of Traffic Statistics......................................................................9
1.2.1 TCH Drop-off Ratio.................................................................................................9
1.2.2 SDCCH Drop-off Ratio..........................................................................................11
1.2.3 Intercell Handover Success Ratio Within the BSC................................................11
1.2.4 Incoming BSC Handover Success Ratio..............................................................13
1.2.5 Outgoing BSC Handover Success Ratio..............................................................13
1.2.6 TCH Congestion Ratio..........................................................................................14
1.2.7 SDCCH Congestion Ratio....................................................................................17
1.2.8 Wireless Connection Ratio...................................................................................17
1.3 Description of Traffic Statistics Registration....................................................................17
1.3.1 Routine Performance Measurement Tasks Necessary to Be Registered.............17
1.3.2 Performance Measurement Tasks Used for Network Optimization and Location
Problems.........................................................................................................................18

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

Chapter 1 Traffic Statistics

Huawei BSC traffic statistics system provides perfect measurement types and rich
counters, facilitating the network operators to learn about the BSC running status, to
locate the network problems and to optimize the network. The BSC traffic statistics
system consists of the BAM, the traffic statistics terminal, the OMC server, etc. The
specific statistics flow is as follows: after registering on the traffic statistics terminal,
the statistics task will be sent to the foreground host via the BAM for statistics, then
the statistics result will be returned back to the BAM. Therefore we can view the
statistics result on the traffic statistics terminal. In order to have an understanding of
the statistics points of all indexes and to analyze problems, we will introduce some
important calling flows first.

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1 Brief Introduction to the Calling Flows


1.1.1 Ultra-early TCH Assignment Flow

MS BTS BSC MSC


Channel Request (RACH)

Channel Required

Channel Activation (TCH)

Channel Activation Acknowledge

Immediate Assignment Command

Immediate assignment (AGCH)

CM-Service Request

Complete layer 3 information£¨ CM-Service Req£©

CM-Service Accept
CM-Service Accept
Assignment Request

Mode modify

Mode modify ACK

Channel Mode modify

Channel Mode modify ACK


Assignment Complete

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1.2 Calling Flow (Calling Party)

MS BTS BSC MSC


Channel_req

Channel_Active

Channel_Active_Ack

IMMEDIATE ASSIGN COMMAND

First SABM
Establish_IND( CM Service Req)

CR(Complete_l3_information)

CC

CM Service Accepted
Setup

Call Proceeding

Assignment_Req
Channel_Active
Channel_Active_Ack
ASSIGNMENT COMMAND
First SABM
Establish_IND
ASSIGNMENT CMP Assignment_CMP
Alerting

Connect

Connect Ack

Conversation

Disconnect
Release
Release Complete
Clear_CMD

Clear_CMP

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1.3 Handover Flow within the BSC

The handover process within the BSC is controlled and implemented by the BSC.
After the completion of a handover, the BCS will inform the MSC of this handover in a
piece of Handover_performed message.

MS BTS1 BSC BTS2 MS MSC


Measure Report from MS
Channel_Active

Channel_Active_Ack
HANDOVER COMMAND

Handover Access
Handover_Detect
PHY INFO
PHY INFO

first SABM Establish_IND

HANDOVER COMPLETE
Handover_Performed

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1.4 Handover Flow between the BSCs

When realized through the A interface, the handover between the BSCs goes like this:
an originating BSC originates Handover_Request to the destination BSC, and MSC
requests the destination BSC for handover and gets Handover-Request_Ack, then it
sends the handover command “Handover_CMD” to the originating BSC. When
realized through the A-bis interface, the originating BSC sends the handover
command to the original BTS, and the n0w BTS will report Hand_Detect on detecting
the handover and access of MS, and then report HANDOVER COMPLETE after
establishing a link with MS. And the old A-bis interface will disconnect the link to
release the resource.

MS BTS1 BSC1 MSC BSC2 BTS2 MS

Measure Report from MS


Handover_Required
Handover_Request Channel_Active

Channel_Active_Ack
Handover_Request_Ack
Handover_CMD
HANDOVER COMMAND
Handover Access
Handover_Detect
Handover_Detect
PHY INFO
PHY INFO

first SABM

Establish_IND

HANDOVER COMPLETE
Handover_Cmp
Clear_CMD

Clear_Cmp

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1.5 Handover Flow between MSCs


Mobile
MS MS

Um A E B
BSS1 MSCa MSCb VLRb
A Um
Measurement of radio
transmissionsignal
BSS2
HANDOVER REQ.
Performhandover(MAP)
(Theglobal destinationcell table)
(Theglobal destination cell I HANDOVER REQUEST (PCM&Channel type)
Theglobal servicecell ID HANDOVER REQUEST (Including newTCHandhandover referencenumber )
Channel type) ACKNOWLEDGE

(Assignhandover number )
Allocation handover number
Radio channel ack.(MAP)
Send handover report(HON.) (Sendhandover report)
IncludingnewTCHand HON
Radio channel acknowledge
IAM
ACM
HANDOVER COMMAND HANDOVER DETECT
HANDOVER CMD
Forward MS to new HANDOVER COMPLETE
channel via original BSS Sendendsignal(MAP) BSS2selects anewTCHto connectto thePCMcircuit
Sendendsignal
CLEAR COMMAND ReleasePCM0 MS enters thedestinationcell

CLEAR COMPLETE
ANS

~
~ ~
~
Release(TUP/ISUP) Disconnectthe physical link
betweenMSCaandMSCb
Endsignal Endsignal(MAP)
Handover report
Releasehandover report

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.1.6 Subsequent Handover Flow (MS Roams from MSVb to MSCb')


Roam
MS MS
E MSCb' VLRb'
MSCa MSCb VLRb BSS2'
BSS2
Measurement of radio
transmission signal
HANDOVER REQUIRED (The destination cell table)

Performsubsequent handover (MAP)


(The destination cell table , The destination cell ID ,MSC No.)

Performhandover
HANDOVER REQUEST (PCM&Channel type)
(The destination cell ID, The service cell ID, Channel type)
HANDOVER REQUEST ACKNOWLEDGE (Including newTCH number and handover number )

Allocate handover number(Assign handover number )


Radio channel acknowledge
Send handover report(HON) (Send handover report)
Radiochannnel ack. (MAP) (Include NewTCH and HON)

IAM

ACM

Subsequent handoverack.
HANDOVER COMMAND
HANDOVER DETECT

HANDOVER COMPLETE
Send end signal (MAP)

ANS

End signal (MAP)


Release handover report Release HON
CLEAR COMMAND
CLEAR COMPLETE
Release (TUP)
Disconnect the physical link betweenMSCaandMSCb
~
~~ End signal (MAP) ~ Release handover report Release HON
Release (TUP/ISUP) Disconnect the physical link betweenMSCaandMSCb’

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.2 Analysis of Key Indexes of Traffic Statistics


1.2.1 TCH Drop-off Ratio

No 001 Index name TCH drop-off ratio (%)


Measurement type General BSC performance measurement/cell performance measurement
Formula description TCH drop-off ratio=TCH drop-off times /TCH occupation success ratio
Analysis of the statistical point of TCH drop-off times:
the original index (1) When the message CLEAR REQ is sent to MSC, the current occupied channel is of TCH type.
Successful TCH occupation times:
(1) Receive the message CH_ACT_ACK during the immediate assignment, if the channel is of TCH
type.
(2) Receive the message CH_ACT_ACK in the state of CS_WAIT_RR_EST, and the current channel is of
TCH type.;
(3) The message of the completion of assignment is sent in the process of assignment
(4) Receive the message MSG_ABIS_HO_DETECT during incoming BSC for handover. At this time the
handover is not of SDCCH type.
(5) Receive the message MSG_ABIS_HO_DETECT during handover within the BSC. At this time, the
handover is not of SDCCH type.

Others 1. In the “General BSC performance measurement”


The calculating formula of the “call loss ratio” in the former version:
Call loss ratio (%) =Drop-off times after conversation/(Successful connection times + Successful
incoming BSC handover times) * 100%
The calculating formula of “TCH drop-off ratio” in the updated version:
TCH drop-off ratio (%) =TCH drop-off times / Successful TCH occupation times *100%

Configuration of the parameters that affect the drop-off ratio:

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

(1) “Number of SACCH multiframes”, “Maximum retransmission times of physical information”, “Timer for wireless link connection” in the
Cell Attribute Table.
(2) “Counter for wireless link failure” in the Cell System Message Table.

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.2.2 SDCCH Drop-off Ratio

No 002 Index name SDCCH drop-off ratio (%)


Measurement type Cell performance measurement
Formula description SDCCH drop-off ratio=SDCCH drop-off Times /
SDCCH occupation success times (All)
Analysis of the statistical SDCCH drop-off times(1)send out CLEAR_REQ, and
point of the original index the channel is of SDCCH type;
(2) When receiving ERROR_IND, the channel is of
SDCCH type;
With respect to (1) there are following cases:
Incoming SDCCH handover the message
HO_DETECT is illegal.
Incoming SDCCH handover the message HO_CMP
is illegal.
Incoming SDCCH handover sending the message
HO_CMP fails
TN_WAIT_HO_DETECT, TN_WAIT_HO_CMP (SDCCH
handover) Time out
TN_WAIT_INTER_HO_CMP (SDCCH handover) time
out
TN_T8 (Outgoing BSC handover is completed)
time out
Internal clearance resulted from other various
reasons.
SDCCH occupation success times (All):
(1) When receiving CH_ACT_ACK in the process of
assignment, the channel is SDCCH.
(2) When receiving the message CH_ACT_ACK in
the state of CS_WAIT_RR_EST, the current channel
is SDCCH.
(3) Incoming SDCCH handover receives
HO_DETECT.
(4) In the BSC SDCCH handover receives
HO_DETECT.
Others None

1.2.3 Intercell Handover Success Ratio Within the BSC

The factors which affect the handover success ratio include:(1) Base station clock,
BSC clock and MSC clock and judge if these clocks are out of frame; For MSC: Δf/f
(frequency offset) ≤ 1E-8; For BSC/BTS: Δf/f(frequency offset) ≤5E-8. (2) The

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

handover-related data configuration; Check Tables BA1, BA2 and the handover data
table under the handover menu see whether the data configuration are correct and
handover threshold settings are reasonable. For the handover involved between the
MSCs, it is necessary to check or confirm if the opposite MSC has been configured
with the handover data of the local MSC. If not, then there is handover request, but
the successful handover is not available.
No. 003 Index name Inter-cell handover success
ratio within the BSC (%)
Measurement type General BSC performance measurement
Formula description Inter-cell handover success ratio within the
BSC=Times of successful inter-cell handover
within the BSC/ Times of Inter-cell handover
attempts within the BSC.
Analysis of the statistical Times of successful inter-cell handovers within the
point of the original index BSC:
(1) The completion of handover in the BSC.
Times of the inter-cell handover attempts within
the BSC.
(1) When receiving the handover requests (inter-
cell within the BSC)
Others None

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1.2.4 Incoming BSC Handover Success Ratio

No 004 Index name Incoming BSC handover


success ratio (%)
Measurement type General BSC performance measurement
Formula description Incoming BSC handover success ratio =Incoming
BSC handover success ratio/ Incoming BSC
handover attempts
Analysis of the statistical Successful incoming BSC handover times
point of the original index (1) When HO_CMP is sent to MSC successfully
Times of successful handover within the BSC:
(1) When the incoming handover request message
from MSC is received.
Others

1.2.5 Outgoing BSC Handover Success Ratio

No. 005 Index name Outgoing BSC handover


success ratio (%)
Measurement type General BSC performance measurement
Formula description Outgoing BSC handover success ratio =Times of
successful outgoing BSC handovers/ Times of
outgoing BSC handover attempts
Analysis of the statistical Times of successful outgoing BSC handover:
point of the original index (1) For outgoing handover CLEAR_CMD is received
because of HO_SUCC.
Times of outgoing BSC handover attempts:
(1) Statistics begins when the message HO_REQ is
sent to MSC (including direct operation retry)
Other

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1.2.6 TCH Congestion Ratio

TCH congestion ratio (handover excluded)=Times of TCH occupation failures


(handover excluded)/Times of TCH occupation requests (handover excluded)*100%
TCH congestion ratio (handover included) =Times of TCH occupation failures
(handover included)/ Times of TCH Occupation requests (handover included)*100%
100 No. 007 Index name TCH congestion ratio
(handover excluded)(%)
Measurement type Cell performance measurement
Formula description TCH congestion ratio (handover
excluded)=(Times of TCH call occupation Failures
+ ultra-early assigned TCH occupation failures) /
(Times of TCH call occupation requests + Times of
ultra-early assigned TCH occupation requests
Analysis of the statistical Times of TCH call occupation failures
point of the original index (1) Send out assignment failure message.
Times of ultra-early assigned TCH Occupation
Failures
(1) Receive CH_ACT_NACK in the process of ultra-
early assignment (including receiving
CH_ACT_NACK when the satellite transmission
state is WAIT_RR_EST.
(2) CVI_INTERNAL_ERR (internal error) is the
return cause when channels are distributed in the
process of ultra-early assignment
(3) CVI_NO_ACCEPT (illegal channel request) is
the return cause when the channels are
distributed in the process of ultra-early
assignment
(4) Channel has not been assigned when the
channels are distributed in the process of ultra-
early assignment
(5) TN_WAIT_CH_ACT timed out in the process of
ultra-early assignment
Times of TCH call occupation requests:
(1) Receiving MSC assignment request message.
Times of ultra-early assigned TCH occupation
requests:
(1) No resource is available and the immediate
assignment is allowed when distributing SDCCH;
(2) When the channel request is received, the

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channel is of TCH type (for example, the


emergency call).
Other None

No. 008 Index name TCH congestion ratio


(handover included)(%)
Measurement type Cell performance measurement
Formula description TCH congestion ratio (handover
included)=(Times of TCH call occupation
Failures +Times of ultra-early assigned TCH
occupation failures +Times of incoming cell
handover within the BSC TCH Occupation
Failures (due to congestion)+ Times of between
BSCs incoming cell handover TCH occupation
failures (due to congestion) / (Times of TCH call
occupation requests +Times of ultra-early
assigned TCH occupation requests + Times of
within the BSC Incoming cell handover TCH
occupation requests +Times of between BSCs
incoming cell handover TCH occupation
requests)
Analysis of the statistical Times of TCH call occupation failures:
point of the original index (1) Times of ultra-early assigned TCH
occupation failures
Times of TCH call occupation requests:
(1) Times of Ultra-early Assigned TCH
occupation requests
The above indexes please refer to the analysis
of No.008 indexes
Times of within the BSC incoming cell handover
TCH occupation failures (due to congestion)
1) TCH channel assignment fails during
incoming cell handover within the BSC. Times of
between BSCs incoming cell handover TCH
occupation failures (due to congestion):
(1) The reason for sending handover failure
message when incoming cell handover between
BSCs is that the TCH channel has not been
assigned.
Times of incoming cell handover TCH
occupation requests in BSC:
(1) When receiving inter-cell incoming cell

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

handover request message within the BSC.


(TCH handover)
Times of incoming cell handover TCH
occupation requests between BSCs:
(1) When receiving incoming handover request
message (TCH handover).
Others None

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

1.2.7 SDCCH Congestion Ratio

No 006 Index name SDCCH congestion ratio %)


Measurement type Cell performance measurement
Formula description SDCCH congestion ratio (%)=Times of All Busy
SDCCH occupation / Times of SDCCH occupation
requests (All)
Analysis of the statistical Times of all busy SDCCH occupation:
point of the original index (1) When SDCCH channel has not been assigned
Times of SDCCH occupation requests (all)
(1) Receiving the channel request message (the
channel is SDCCH)
(2)Once receiving the channel request
message,immediately assign TCH. And SDCCH
can be assigned when there is no TCH
(3) SDCCH handover within the BSC
(4) Incoming BSC handover,the handover is of
SDCCH type
Other None

1.2.8 Wireless Connection Ratio

No 009 Index name Wireless connection ratio


Measurement type
Formula description Wireless connection ratio=(1-SDCCH congestion
ratio)*(1-TCH congestion ratio)*100%
Analysis of the statistical The respective indexes in this formua are
point of the original index illustrated as follows:
For calculation of SDCCH congestion ratio and
TCH congestion ratio please refer to Sections
8.2.6 and 8.2.7.
Others This index is specified in the report of the mobile
office.

1.3 Description of Traffic Statistics Registration


1.3.1 Routine Performance Measurement Tasks Necessary to Be Registered

1. The general BSC performance measurement task is compulsory.


All the indexes under this statistics function type should be registered as much as
possible either at the beginning of the deployment or at the stable system running
stage.
It is suggested that the statistics circle be 60 minutes, and the statistics time period be

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Wireless Network Planning Chapter 8 Traffic Statistics

00:00~24:00
2. Cell performance measurement task is compulsory.
It is suggested that the statistics circle be 60 minutes, and the statistics time period be
00:00~24:00

1.3.2 Performance Measurement Tasks Used for Network Optimization and


Location Problems

Incoming and outgoing cell handover performance measurement, defined and


undefined adjacent cells performance measurement, receiving quality, receiving level
performance measurement, drop-off performance measurement, power control
performance measurement, uplink and downlink balance performance measurement,
uplink frequency band scanning statistics, and interference band statistics after
sending idle Burst, are all the good instruments both for checking whether the data
configuration is reasonable and for network optimization. At the beginning of
deployment, this kind of tasks should be registered as many as possible, and in the
stable system running stage they could be deleted.
SCCP protocol performance measurement and MTP link performance measurement
can be used to detect whether NO.7 link and the A interface are normal. LAPD
protocol performance measurement is used to monitor whether LAPD link and Abis
interface are normal. This task could be deleted in the stable system running stage.
Except the SCCP protocol performance measurement, the tasks of the above types
consume subtask numbers extremely. Therefore the tasks of these types should be
registered with pertinence in case of the subtask numbers being inadequate for use.

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