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# Math 1040 Project #3

Malory Beverly
Due: 4/29/14
Part I:
theoretical probability
theoretical results

probability
0.35
0.25
0.15
0.1
0.05
0.1

0.4
0.35
0.3
probability

number
1
2
3
4
5
6

mean: 2.55
standard deviation: 2.57

0.25

1
2

0.2

0.15

0.1

6
5

0.05
0
number

Part II:
simulated results
25 simulated spins

25 random numbers:
1
1
4
1
6
1
3
3
5
1
1
5
1

2
4
2
2
1
6
1
5
1
2
1
1

Distribution:

12

10
8
6
4
2

Bin
1
2
3
4
5
More

mean: 2.44

14

Frequenc
y
12
4
2
2
3
2

2
5
3

0
1
n u mb e r

More

## standard deviation: 1.78

The trials, both theoretical and simulated, had means that are very close (a .11difference),
so i can infer that the simulated probability is a "okay" representation of the theoretical
mean. The standard deviations, however, were very different, which could result from a
small sample size. Both distributions were heavily concentrated on the numbers 1 and 2
over all other possibilities.
Part III:
200 trials of 25 spins simulated: 37 shown below with mean, and standard deviation
1
1
4
1
6
1
3
3
5
1
1
5
1
2
4
2
2
1
6
1
5
1
2
1
1

1
4
5
4
2
2
4
3
1
2
6
1
1
6
2
2
1
3
3
4
3
4
1
6
3

1
5
6
3
1
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
3
2
5
1
3
1
3
1
2
4
6
4
6

2
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
6
2
3
2
1
6
6
2
2
2
1
2
1
3
4
2
3

6
1
1
6
5
2
2
2
5
1
6
4
2
3
2
5
1
4
6
2
1
1
2
2
6

4
1
1
3
1
1
1
6
2
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
1
6
3
1
4
2
4
3
2

2
3
1
2
3
6
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
1
6
3
2
2
2

4
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
2
1
1
1
3
6
4
6
1
1
2
2
3
2
2
2

2
3
1
4
6
2
3
6
6
1
6
1
2
2
1
6
2
1
6
5
6
3
1
1
2

6
1
1
2
5
1
5
6
1
1
1
4
1
3
2
1
2
3
3
1
2
1
2
2
3

5
5
3
2
6
4
1
4
2
6
2
4
2
4
1
1
2
4
1
2
3
2
2
5
3

1
6
1
6
2
5
3
1
4
2
3
6
1
6
3
1
1
4
3
4
2
5
3
1
3

5
6
1
4
6
1
1
1
3
5
3
3
6
1
1
2
2
2
1
5
6
6
2
3
3

1
6
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
6
3
1
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
4
1
1
1
1
4

3
1
2
6
1
1
4
2
6
2
3
2
3
2
1
3
1
4
4
1
1
1
1
3
1

6
1
2
2
1
6
6
4
1
1
2
3
1
1
4
2
3
2
6
2
6
4
1
2
6

4
4
4
1
2
2
2
3
2
6
1
4
4
2
1
3
1
3
1
2
2
6
3
6
1

2
1
1
1
1
2
6
1
1
2
6
1
6
1
3
3
2
1
3
1
4
1
1
2
1

6
3
2
2
2
3
2
4
2
6
1
4
1
1
1
4
4
3
6
5
3
2
3
1
2

2
1
2
2
3
5
4
6
3
3
1
2
2
6
1
3
6
6
3
3
6
6
1
4
1

4
2
1
2
5
1
5
2
2
1
1
6
4
2
1
3
2
2
4
5
1
6
6
4
1

1
2
1
2
3
1
6
3
2
1
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
6
2
2
1
1
1

3
2
2
2
2
6
2
5
5
3
1
2
3
3
1
1
5
3
2
3
2
1
2
3
3

1
6
3
5
1
2
1
2
6
1
3
6
1
4
2
2
5
2
1
1
2
3
1
4
1

2
1
2
6
1
2
2
5
1
4
2
2
2
2
1
3
2
3
5
3
1
6
1
1
6

2
5
2
3
5
1
1
3
5
5
1
6
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
2
1
2
2

1
3
5
6
2
4
1
3
3
1
6
4
1
6
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
4
6
2
3

2
1
2
6
2
1
3
1
1
3
3
6
2
3
2
1
5
1
3
1
3
4
1
2
1

3
1
3
1
3
1
2
4
2
1
4
1
1
6
2
6
1
1
1
2
4
2
2
4
1

2
1
3
3
4
6
1
2
1
1
2
1
6
2
2
1
1
4
5
1
1
6
1
5
3

4
4
3
2
1
3
6
4
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
2
3
1
6
2
1
2
3
4
2

2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
3
2
1
4
2
4
6
6
1
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
6

2
2
2
4
3
1
6
3
1
2
1
1
4
5
6
1
4
1
1
1
3
2
2
6
4

2
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
4
1
5
3
6
1
4
3
3
1
3
4
2
2
2

4
2
4
2
2
3
1
3
1
3
4
1
1
3
1
2
2
1
6
3
4
1
2
2
6

1
1
1
3
4
1
6
1
4
2
2
3
1
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
4
6
6

2
1
2
5
1
3
2
3
3
6
2
6
1
2
4
6
6
1
3
6
3
4
1
2
1

2.
4
4
1.
7
8
1
3
8
5

2
.
9
6
1
.
6
4
5
1
9
5

2
.
7
2
1
.
7
6
8
2
3
8

2
.
4
1
.
5
5
4
5
6
3

3
.
1
2
1
.
9
4
3
3
6
5

2
.
7
2
1
.
9
6
8
9
2
5

Total
Mean
Mean of
Standard
Deviations
Standard
Deviation
of the
Mean
Theoretical
Standard
Deviation

2
.
3
2
1
.
3
7
5
9
8
4

2
.
1
6
1
.
5
4
5
9
6
2

3
.
1
6
2
.
0
5
5
0
7
5

2
.
4
1
.
6
3
2
9
9
3

2.599801
1.634853
0.334772

.514

3
.
0
4
1
.
5
6
7
3
7
6

3
.
0
8
1
.
8
0
0
9
2
6

3
.
1
6
1
.
9
2
9
5
9
4

2
1
.
5
8
1
1
3
9

2
.
3
6
1
.
5
2
4
2
4
8

3
1
.
9
5
7
8
9

2
.
8
1
.
6
0
7
2
7
5

2
.
1
6
1
.
6
7
5
3
1
1

2
.
9
2
1
.
6
0
5
2

FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION
Bin
Frequency
1.6
0
1.8
2
2
10
2.2
12
2.4
32
2.6
54
2.8
40
3
29
3.2
13
3.4
9
3.6
0
3.8
0
More
0

3
.
2
8
1
.
8
6
0
1
0
8

2
.
9
2
1
.
8
0
0
9
2
6

1
.
9
6
1
.
4
8
5
4
8
5

2
.
6
8
1
.
3
4
5
3
6
2

2
.
6
4
1
.
7
7
6
7
0
1

2
.
6
4
1
.
7
0
4
8
9
5

2
.
5
2
1
.
6
6
1
3
2
5

2
.
8
8
1
.
7
8
6
9
9

2
.
4
1
.
5
2
7
5
2
5

2
.
3
6
1
.
5
5
1
3
4
4

2
.
6
1
.
8
0
2
7
7
6

2
.
6
1
.
5
2
7
5
2
5

2
.
4
8
1
.
5
3
0
7
9
5

2
.
7
2
1
.
7
2
0
4
6
5

2
.
5
6
1
.
2
9
3
5
7
4

2
.
5
6
1
.
4
7
4
2
2
3

2
.
4
8
1
.
8
0
5
5
4
7

3
.
0
4
1
.
8
3
6
6
6
4

frequency

200 samples
2.6

60
2.4

40
20
0

1.6 1.8

2.8

3
3.2 3.4

2.2

3.6 3.8More

1
sample means
The calculated mean for the 200 trials was 2.60, compared to a theoretical 2.55 (a 2%
difference), and a tested mean of 2.44 in part II. The sample standard deviation for part
III was 1.63, compared to a theoretical 2.57, and tested 1.78 in part II. The result from
part III is significantly smaller (a 36% decrease) than the expected, or theoretical
probability. The standard deviation of the sample means in part III was .335, while the
theoretical standard deviation of the mean was .51 (34% difference).