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Welcome to the first vocabulary lesson. Let's look at what we will be accomplishing during these lessons.

Vocabulary lessons are focused on increasing your vocabulary (clearly). The lessons will be structured so that there are words grouped together by topic. For example, this lesson will cover clothing and accessories. There will usually be some kind of example sentences using the words in the vocabulary lesson as well. The example sentences will become increasingly more developed as you continue to learn. Finally, these lessons do not focus on grammar. You can learn the vocabulary words whenever you wish, but the example sentences are written with an assumed understanding of certain grammatical concepts. With each vocabulary lesson, I will mention which grammar lessons are needed in order to understand everything fully. For this reason, complete the necessary grammar lessons first, and then come back to learn these vocabulary lessons. This lesson will be fairly simple and straightforward, without too much grammar involved. You should be able to learn this lesson after covering only a small portion of grammar. With that in mind, let's get started! Clothes Korean clothes shirt pants shorts jeans shoes dress shoes sneakers socks skirt coat jacket hat glasses ring earrings necklace gloves dress suit English

white dress shirt

necktie pajamas bra underwear(male and female) t-shirt hanbok (traditional clothing)

You may have noticed that many of these are taken from the English language - it just makes them even easier to remember! Before learning these, I need to mention one thing. In Korean, there are a few different verbs for 'to wear'. Which verb you use depends on what you are wearing or putting on. If it is something that goes on your hands - use . If it is something you wear on your head, such as a hat, use (same verb as 'to write'). If it is something you wear on your feet, such as shoes and socks, then you use If it isn't any of the above, then you use . This usually applies to shirts/pants etc. Finally, if you are talking about removing an article of clothing, the verb is always used. Korean Polite Style English to wear (general) to wear (footwear) to wear (headwear) to wear (on hands) to take off (anything)

A Note On Verbs You should know the ending and for forming polite style verbs by now. However, you may not know one other grammar point. If you want to say you are currently doing something, use the phrase ~ (polite) or ~ . Attach this to the end of the verb stem, which can be found by dropping the from the dictionary form of the verb. For example, let's look at the verb . Drop the , and you have the verb stem (). Now add . The final result is (polite style). This would mean " I'm wearing..." The difference in this verb form and simply saying is this - means "I wear" while means "I'm wearing...". It's a small difference but the two are still different. So, if you ever need to say something that is currently happening, such as I'm reading, I'm wearing, I'm thinking, I'm going, I'm watching, etc. then you should use the ending . With that in mind, let's look at some example sentences... - I am wearing a skirt. - I am wearing a shirt. - I am wearing a ring. If you use instead of , the sentence has the following meanings...

- I wear skirts (in general). - I wear shirts (in general). - I wear rings (in general).

Colors
Welcome to the second vocabulary lesson. In this lesson we will learn the basic colors. There are a few ways to describe the color or hint at the color of something in Korean. You can say 'The blue car is over there'. You could also say 'The car over there is blue.' Do you notice the subtle difference in the two statements above? The same exists in Korean. It works for all verbs and adjectives, but we will cover the topic for all verbs/adjectives in a grammar lesson. However, I feel it is important to mention it now for colors, because more than likely you will use both forms fairly frequently when talking about color. is the first word you should learn. It simply means 'color'. It is also attached to the end of all color words. In the table below, the first column contains all the colors and their appropriate names. This is the form you would use if you said something like 'The car is blue'. The third column is the form of the word you would use if you put it before a noun, such as in the sentence 'The blue car is over there'. I will discuss this concept a little more after the chart. Color Blue Black White Red Yellow Green Orange Purple Silver Gold Brown Gray Adjective / Noun Modifier /

/ Pink

Light Brown

Let's look at the color blue. . You can think of this as "blue color". is the part that lets us know it is blue instead of orange, and tells us it is a color we are talking about (you will see when should be included and when it shouldn't be in a minute).

If you are naming colors, then you should put at the end of the color word. What I mean by naming is if you simply say the color, without referring to anything else. If someone asks you the color of a shirt you bought, you might answer 'orange', or ''. If you are specifically telling someone the color of an object in a sentence, such as 'The shirt is red' or 'The house is blue', then you would simply say the color and attach the verb . 'The shirt is red' - Well, to say 'It is red' you would use + . In the present tense and polite style, that would be . Just finish it off by throwing 'shirt in the sentence as either the subject or topic of the sentence. or . 'The house is blue' is simple now. It's simply if you make house the subject of the sentence, or if it is the topic of the sentence. What do you think means? ... ...the car is blue. Easy enough. The other method of adding colors is to simply add more detail. 'The car is over there' could be 'The blue car is over there'. If you are going to place the color before a noun to provide more detail, then you should use the form in the final column of the table. Some of them simply drop the . Others have a small change, while a few others are exactly the same. 'The blue car is big' would be ( means to be big). All I did was simply add 'blue' before the word 'car'. simply changes it to a pink car instead of a blue car. A Final Note... While I am not teaching this method in this lesson, there is one other way to talk about colors. It is similar in usage to the first method, stating the color + . However, instead of using the combination of color + , a new verb is used. Instead of , you could simply say . The two are identical in meaning. For the most part, you should be able to know what color is being mentioned if you read something using this method. It almost always starts out the same way and ends in . Red is no longer , but is . A few others are (yellow), (white), and (black).

BODY TERMS
You know the drill. Let's dive right in and start learning vocabulary for the various body parts... Korean English Body Head, Hair Face

Eye Eyebrow Nose Ear Mouth Cheek Lips Chin Neck Shoulders Chest Stomach Back Arm Hand Waist Legs Foot

Fingers Buttocks

Toes Remember to think in Korean and not English now! Whenever you feel the need to think of a body part name, do it in Korean rather than English. This will get you thinking in Korean faster. The sentences below make use of counting an counters in Korean. If you know pure-Korean numbers 1-10 and the basic idea behind counters, you should be ok. The numbers can be found in Counting Vocabulary while the basic idea of counters is explained in theCounting Lesson. Only a very basic understanding is required. . . . ? . ? . ? .

HOUSEHOLD TERMS

Luckily for you, this lesson will be full of items commonly found around the house. You will see them frequently, so whenever you do, think of the Korean word and not the English word. This is the best way to learn all the household terms. You will begin to build the foundation of your vocabulary with common items and tasks. You will get used to the structure of sentences and the language and can practice while you walk around at home! It'll be a breeze :) Korean English House Apartment Dormitory Room Bed Pillow Blanket Alarm Clock Mirror Bathroom Toilet Shower Towel Toothpaste Toothbrush Soap Shampoo Kitchen Oven Refrigerator Dinner Table Chair Plate Cup Lamp Window Sofa Bookcase Telephone Computer

Television

Now let's look at a few common verbs you may run into at home. Many of these have been covered in the Essential Verbs Vocabulary, but they are included here again to remind you of them. There are also some other verbs that haven't been mentioned yet. As always, drop the final from the polite style to form the casual style of speech (used when talking with close friends and those younger than yourself). Korean Polite Style to do to get up to sleep to exist to not exist to read to see / watch to clean to play to exercise to write to eat to drink to go to put on clothes to put on shoes to take off clothes / shoes to do homework to study English

That gives you 19 household verbs and 31 household nouns, or 50 household terms. I recommend memorizing the two lists over the next few days. Once you have them memorized, remember to think of the Korean household term for the object or task you are doing whenever you do it! This will help you retain the vocabulary much faster than continuously returning to these lists or a dictionary. This is a good idea to try with any word in the language, not just household terms. Keep that in mind for future lessons! Household Terms does not have to be the only easy lesson! Now let's look at some examples using them. Buckle up, because we have a long Korean paragraph coming up! Now this is a nice opportunity to dive into real Korean and real sentences. It will be using the vocabulary above, and we will examine some sentences and have some practice ones. It will use all the grammar from the first five grammar lessons.

First, read through the following paragraph. Try your best to understand it, even if there are a couple of words you do not know yet :-) You will be amazed at what you can accomplish by now if you have done the recommended lessons and learned some of the above household terms. However, some parts may be challenging, and I mean for them to be. All concepts have not been introduced yet. When you are learning Korean and dealing with Korean, you will sometimes run across concepts and words that you do not understand. This is natural, and you will learn to deal with them and understand the best you can, and then you will learn to make sense out of it afterwards. It will all be in present tense to keep things simple for now. Be sure to read it outloud to yourself at least once! 7 . . . 8 . . . 3 . . 4 ! 6 ( !). . . 9 . Challenge! Explained... Now, did you understand any of it? I bet you at least understood the main concepts behind what was being discussed. This was a general account of a day that someone might have. It starts off in the morning when he or she wakes up, and continues until bedtime. There are a few things that have been introduced in the grammar lessons, but you may not have a thorough understanding of them yet. The main one used here is time. The counting lesson discusses the counters used for time and numbers, but you haven't had a lot of practice with them yet. For that reason, I used numbers instead of Korean text for the hours and minutes. Whenever you see following a number, it is referring to the hour. is the counter for hours. Whenever you see following a number, it is referring to the minutes. is the counter for minutes. is the same as 30. One other note regarding time is the particle . The locations lesson mentioned this particle and how it is used with location. It is also attached to time to specify that is when it happens. For example, 7 means at 7:00. 3 26 means at 3:26. The particle is similar to the 'at' part. With that in mind, re-read the text again. Does it make any more sense? Please re-read it - it will help out drastically as you see it all come together. Let's take it another step further. I'm almost certain you found some verbs in there, but noticed they were in a different form than you have learned. I'm talking about all the verbs that end in . A couple of these are and . You just learned these verbs in this lesson. The dictionary forms are and respectively. You are used to changing into either (polite), (casual), or maybe even (formal). If you drop the from the dictionary form and attach , you will end up with a form that is used when listing things. means 'to exercise and then shower'. When you attach that ~ ending, it is similar to saying 'and'. You can only attach it to the end of a verb. There were a few other ways of saying 'and' in the above text. One similar to the above is . I could have written . . It is two sentences in that case. The first says I

exercise. The second says I shower. means 'and' to connect the two. However, it's much easier and more concise to simply say . The first verb gets the '~' ending to represent there is more in the sequence. The final verb takes the normal polite, casual, or formal style endings. The final two ways 'and' was used is connecting nouns. For example, would mean 'rice and bulgogi'. The word is a particle meaning 'and'. You can only use it in between nouns. Furthermore, it has two forms. If it is attached to a word ending in a consonant, you use . If it is attached to a word ending in a vowel then you use . The final form of 'and' is . This was covered in the conversation lessons, but I will mention it again here. It is used the same as the form above. Please do not get it confused with the ~ ending for verbs. The ~ ending can be attached to any verb stem (drop the ). For example, is 'to eat'. It would become . It just happened to be that all verbs in the above paragraph end in , so the ~ ending always looked like . is a colloquial word, meaning it is not very formal. It is used in casual exchanges and daily conversation but would probably not be used in more formal settings. An example using could be . With all those 'ands' covered, try reading the paragraph one last time. I bet it makes much more sense. The only thing missing is one phrase. is a word with a couple meanings, but they are all related. It refers to evening. If you say , you're basically referring to eating dinner, or the evening meal. The new phrase is , which means after dinner in this case. is placed after a noun to mean 'after...noun'. With that, the paragraph should make complete sense! Congratulations. You've now expanded your vocabulary to using household terms. You've practiced using time and counters a little bit. You've even picked up a couple grammar tips along the way. If you understand the paragraph above, you are well on your way to building a very strong foundation in Korean and learning the language. Below is a literal translation of the paragraph above. It may not sound natural in English, but it is translated closely to the Korean above so that you may compare the two more easily. Translation: At 7:00 I get up. I exercise and shower. There is no shampoo and soap. At 8:00 I eat. I go to school. At school I study. I come home at 3:00, and I do homework. At 4:00 I clean and then play! At 6:30 I eat dinner (rice and kimchi and bulgogi!). After dinner, I watch tv and read a book. at 9:00 I sleep.

DELICIOUS VEGETABLES
Do you like vegetables? I know you eat vegetables every day, unless you are on some strange meat / fruit only diet. So it might be useful to know what you are putting into your mouth. For example, it could be , or it could be . How do you know? Learn using the list below!

Now that is a simple list of the common vegetables people eat. Next time you are eating, be sure to think of the Korean word for the food you are about to digest - it makes eating so much more interesting! Let's move on and take a look at some juicy fruits - if you ask me what my favorite food is, it might just be listed below! I sure do love oranges...

Example Sentences Let's look at a few example sentences just to make sure you know how to use these words correctly. You could say any of the following: . - I eat apples. . - I'm eating an apple (now). ! - Kiwi tastes good! . - I like pineapples. . - I'm buying strawberries. . - I need to buy oranges. While you may not understand all the grammar concepts used in sentences above, you should be able to get a feel for the general use of these words. In most of these cases, someone is eating or buying a fruit. You could also sell fruit, etc. This simply means that most of the time the object particle will be with the fruit ( / ). There are occassions when you would find the subject or topic particle with the fruit, such as the third sentence above. () With that, you should be good to go and ready to eat your fruits and vegetables, while knowing exactly what it is you are eating (in Korean of course)!

ACTIVITIES AROUND THE HOME


We're all at home sometime during the day - whether it be the morning, afternoon, or evening. But what do we really do when we are at home? We do many different things, but up until now you may not know how to talk about those things - thinking in Korean of course! So let's learn how to say all these things we do in Korean, just so we are prepared next time we are asked - we don't want to look lazy and not have a response!

Of course, that's not a complete list but that's plenty to get you started ;-)

Don't be discouraged if a few of the later words don't sound exactly as you read them...remember in the subject/object/topic lesson I said that verbs involving can usually be split up? can also be written or pronounced as , which uses the direct particle. You may have noticed this happened a few times in the vocabulary list. The audio tends to include the , while the text leaves it out on a couple of words. While I could go back and adjust it, I feel it's best to leave it how it is, as it allows me to write this reminder to you that they CAN be split up and they do mean the same thing! If you are unfamiliar with the rule, check out this section of SOT Particles to learn about it. Be sure to read this notice about adjectivesas well.

PLACES
The Locations Lesson covered a little vocabulary for various places around town. This is a vocabulary lesson for you to learn a much larger vocabulary of all the different places - you no longer need to limit yourself to home and school. It's time to get out there into the world and see all those different places...in Korean!

Now how is that for a list of places to visit around town! You can now visit many places, all while knowing where you are going in Korean! Be sure to learn at least a good majority of the above - places are important, especially if you plan on visiting Korean or a Korean speaking town. You will have a much better idea of what is going on in town and what all the different businesses are if you know the different terms for the many types of stores, businesses, and places in general that you can visit.

SCHOOL TERMS
We have all been a student at one point or another. Either you are currently a student, or have been a student, so you understand what it is like to spend a large portion of your time dedicated to school. Since so much of our life gets dedicated to school, and we hear things about it all the time around us, it's good to understand some of the vocabulary. Let's start with the general vocabulary.

Now, for those who go on to earn a degree or those who have completed one already, there are many choices available. Let's take a look.

That covers some of the most common majors and degrees. Hmm, some practice would be good. Let me tell you about myself and my school experience. . . . ! . Just to be sure you can make sense out of it, let me provide you with two more vocabulary terms. means 'this semester'. means 'last semester'.

Navigating Korean websites can be tons of fun, but sometimes the language barrier makes the task more difficult. You may have trouble finding the home page or a help page, or perhaps you wish to register as a member but are not sure where to go to do so. This lesson should provide all the common terms used across Korean websites. I picked widely used phrases for the terms / words that you will run across on sites, but it is still not a full list of all terms that you will see on a Korean site (that is a lot of terms! Not to mention various ways of saying the

same thing). However, you should find that a lot of the main vocabulary on Korean sites is also in the list below. So get out there and enjoy those Korean sites! Memorize the vocabulary below to make navigating Korean sites much easier, so that you can do what you wish without having to randomly click on all the links to see where you end up.

If you come across a word that you see often on Korean sites, or if you think of an English word that you think would be common across Korean sites (in Korean of course), then use the contact form and let me know. With this method, we should be able to create a nice vocabulary list that contains a lot of the words needed to navigate Korean sites.

FAMILY
We all have some family or relatives, whether it be a few people or a really large group. Family also plays a very important role in Korean culture, and a lot of the relationships are built directly into the language itself. For this reason, it's important to learn the different terms for relationships among the family.

Notes: As you may have seen, Korean has a few different words that appear to mean the same thing. This is where Korean differs from English. In English we have the word "sister", but in Korean there is , , and . Which do you use? It depends on the relationship. A boy will call his older sister . A girl will call her older sister . A younger sister is for both. The same applies for other relationships... A boy will call his older brother . A girl will call her older brother . A younger brother is for both. You will also notice there are other cases, such as father-in-law and mother-in-law. The relationship is easily understood simply from the vocabulary used. Aunt and Uncle have several different words depending on the relationship, so I have posted them below. It's confusing at first, but once you know the vocabulary and relationship, I can talk about my and you instantly know that he is married to my mother's sister. I no longer have to explain the relationship. In English, I would simply say something like Uncle David, and if I wanted to provide more details, the easiest way to explain it is to simply say, "He is married to my mother's sister."

With all of those, you should understand most any common family relationship when discussed in Korean. They are used very frequently when talking about family, so it is wise to understand them. (In English I rarely say something like sister, cousin - I simply say their name. In Korean you generally use the relationship term instead of their given name).