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ANTAMINA PROJECT

220 kV SUBSTATION AND TRANSMISSION LINES

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS

Revised

Report

Approved

21-30-26-E - Rev 1

Date

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

REVISION
REV

DESCRIPTION

DATE

First Issue

Oct. 18th, 1999

Approved

Oct. 30th, 1999

Updating project data items 3.03, 3.04 and 3.05

225917300.doc

12th Nov, 1999

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

220 kV SUBSTATION AND TRANSMISSION LINES


PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS
CONTENT
1.00

PURPOSE

2.00

STANDARDS & REFERENCES

3.00
3.01
3.02
3.03
3.04
3.05
3.06
3.07
3.08

PROJECT DATA
Scope of the Project
Network Data
Maximum Short-circuit currents
Minimum Short-circuit currents
Source Impedance
Fault Resistance
Instrument Transformers
Telecommunication Equipment

4.00
4.01
4.02
4.03
4.04

PROTECTION SYSTEM
Primary Protection
Secondary Protection
Backup Protection
Auto-reclosing

5.00
5.01
5.02

BREAKER PROTECTION
Devices in the Circuit Breaker
Breaker Protection Relays

ANNEX 1

CALCULATION SHEETS OF SETTINGS

ANNEX 2

R-X DIAGRAMS

ANNEX 3

TRIPPING SCHEMES ON THE 220 kV RING BUS

225917300.doc

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

220 kV SUBSTATION AND TRANSMISSION LINES


PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS

1.00

PURPOSE
The purpose of this document is to provide the criteria for relay settings. On this
basis the calculations are performed to provide each setting.

2.00

STANDARDS & REFERENCES


The report is prepared on the basis of the following documents

ANSI/IEEE C37-93
IEC 255
Numerical Line Protection Type REL 316*4. Operating Instructions.
ABB Power Automation
Line Distance Protection Terminal REL 521*2.0. Technical Reference Manual.
ABB Network Partner
Breaker Protection Terminal REL 521*2.0. Users Manual.
ABB Network Partner

Project data is from the following documents

Initial Studies for the Interconnection of Ca Minera Antamina into Aguayta


Energy del Per SR Ltda. / SICN 220 kV System at Vizcarra Substation
Power Technologies, Inc., Report No. 34-99.

Aguaytia Tingo Mara Paramonga 220 kV Transmission Line.


Substation Project. Final Relay Settings

Drawing 21-31-30-E Vizcarra Substation.


Single Line Diagram

Drawing 21-31-32-E Vizcarra Substation.


Metering and Protection Diagram

Drawing 21-33-30-E Vizcarra Substation.


Telecommunications and Telephone System

225917300.doc

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

225917300.doc

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

3.00

PROJECT DATA

3.01

Scope of the Project


At the present time, there is one transmission line from Paramonga Nueva to Tingo
Mara and the new Vizcarra Substation will be located along this line. There will be
one Static Var Compensator (SVC) in Vizcarra; also, there will be one new
Transmission Line from Vizcarra to Antamina Substation (L-255).
The relay settings are for the new Vizcarra Substation, where new Relays for the
lines to Paramonga Nueva and Tingo Mara Substations will be installed. At the
same time, the new settings will be determined for the existing Line Protection
Relays in both Paramonga Nueva and Tingo Mara substations. Nothing else will be
included in these substations. Also, the relay settings are for the new transmission
line from Vizcarra to Antamina (L-255).
The SVC will have differential protection, but it is out of the scope of this report.

3.02

Network Data
The data of the Transmission Line is the following

LINE
Paramonga
Vizcarra
L-253
Tingo Mara
Vizcarra
L-252
Vizcarra
Antamina
L-255
Aguayta
Tingo Mara
Paramonga
Chimbote
L-215
Paramonga
Zapallal
L-213

225917300.doc

DISTANCE

[km]

Impedance
Positive Sequence
[Ohm/phase]

Impedance
Zero Sequence
[Ohm]

Ro

Xo

144.211

8.298

72.833

39.736

212.284

173.7

9.995

87.727

47.862

255.695

52.08

3.001

26.568

20.745

88.429

73.29

4.217

37.015

20.194

107.890

221.2

19.466

110.6

54.681

365.422

157.5

14.175

124.11

38.903

256.73

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

3.03

Maximum Short-circuit currents


The maximum short-circuit currents will be with maximum dispatch.
BUS

SOURCE

Three-phase fault
[kA]

Line to ground
fault
[kA]

Tingo Mara

Aguayta
SICN
Vizcarra
TOTAL
X/R

1.32
0.27
0.58
2.17
10.1

0.94
0.20
0.39
1.54
8.1

Vizcarra

TingoMara
Paramonga Nueva
Antamina
TOTAL
X/R

0.75
0.97

0.50
0.66

1.72
8.0

1.15
6.8

Antamina

Vizcarra
X/R

1.23
8.2

0.78
6.2

Paramonga Nueva

Vizcarra
Zapallal
Chimbote
Paramonga
TOTAL
X/R

0.52
1.25
0.68
0.27
2.71
6.6

0.36
0.86
0.49
0.38
2.09
7.4

3.04

Minimum Short-circuit currents


The minimum short-circuit currents will be with minimum dispatch. The system
configuration is shown on Figure No. 2
BUS

SOURCE

Tingo Mara

Aguayta
SICN
Vizcarra
TOTAL
X/R

225917300.doc

Three-phase fault
[kA]
1.32
0.27

Line to ground
fault
[kA]
0.95
0.21

1.58
11.5

1.16
8.9

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

Vizcarra

TingoMara
Paramonga Nueva
Antamina
TOTAL
X/R

0.00
0.61

0.00
0.48

0.61
6.9

0.48
7.0

Antamina

Vizcarra
X/R

0.53
7.0

0.40
6.6

Paramonga Nueva

Vizcarra
Zapallal
Chimbote
Paramonga
TOTAL
X/R

0.66
0.27
0.93
6.5

0.52
0.36
0.88
7.9

3.05

Source Impedance
On the basis of the maximum short circuit current the source impedance at each bus
will be as follows

3.06

BUS

X/R

R
[Ohm]

X
[Ohm]

Tingo Mara

10.1

5.774

58.61

Vizcarra

8.0

9.15

73.34

Antamina

8.2

12.49

102.4

Paramonga Nueva

6.6

7.04

46.29

Fault Resistance
The fault resistance will be the arc resistance plus the tower resistance. The first
value will calculated according to the formula
Rarc = 28707 L / I1.4
Where L is the length of the arc which is typically three times the conductor to
tower spacing and I is the minimum shortcircuit current (average value of both
ends). On this basis the fault resistance will be as follows

225917300.doc

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

LINE
Vizcarra
Paramonga
L-253
Vizcarra
Tingo Mara
L-252
Vizcarra
Antamina
L-255
3.07

Resistance Arc
[Ohm]

Resistance Tower
[Ohm]

Fault Resistance
[Ohm]

24

25

49

39

25

64

60

25

85

Instrument Transformers
The technical characteristics of Voltage and Current Transformers are the following
Instrument Transformer

Voltage Transformers
Primary
[V]
Secondary

Paramonga

STATION
Vizcarra

Tingo Mara

220000 / 3

138000

220000 / 3

110 / 3

69

100 / 3

500

600

500

[V]

Current Transformers
Primary
[A]
Secondary

3.08

[A]

Telecommunication Equipment
Power Line Carrier will provide support for the Protection System. There will be
three telecommunication links: Vizcarra Paramonga, Vizcarra Tingo Mara and
Vizcarra Antamina. One channel will be installed on each link and there will be
one Teleprotection Signal Equipment over each channel. This equipment will
provide four signals named A, B C and D.

225917300.doc

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

4.00

PROTECTION SYSTEM
Protection will be carried by Multifunction Relays. Each protection zone will
include one Transmission Line (or the SVC) and one part of the 220 kV Ring Bus.
There will be two relays per protection zone; one is named Primary Protection and
the other is named Secondary Protection. Additionally, there will be one Breaker
Protection Relay. In the first stage when SVC is not in service, this relay will
provide overcurrent protection on the corresponding part of the Ring Bus.
SVC will not be in service at the first stage, therefore provisional connections must
be done in order to get the proper overlapping protection zones on the 220 kV Ring
Bus. For this reason, one interconnection between current transformer boxes will be
necessary to extent the Antamina Line zone; in the same way, Antamina line
protection will trip the corresponding circuit breaker also. Both provisional
interconnection cables will be installed at the switchyard.
Relay ABB - REL 521 will be used for Primary Protection and Relay ABB - REL
316 will be used for Secondary Protection. Relay ABB - REB 551 will be used for
Breaker Protection.
In Vizcarra Substation, Primary Protection Relays will work with Trip 1 in the
Circuit Breakers and Secondary Protection Relays will work with Trip 2. Each
Breaker Protection will operate with one Lockout Relay to trip and block the
corresponding breakers. These relays will work with Trip 1 and Trip 2.

4.01

Primary Protection
4.01.1 Vizcarra - Paramonga Nueva (L-253)
(L-252) Lines

and

Vizcarra - Tingo Mara

Stepped impedance (21 & 21N) function in the Primary Protection Relays at both
ends of the line will be used to achieve fast fault clearance on all the transmission
line.
The communication scheme will be through the Teleprotection Equipment using
signal A. The logic will be Permissive Underreach Transfer Trip (PUTT) with the
following settings
First Zone

85% of the line

Second Zone :

120% of the line

Directional Earth Fault function (67N) in the Primary Protection Relays will be
used also. It will work with the Teleprotection Equipment using signal C.
Permissive overreach logic will be used to assure that the fault is in the protected
line. The settings will be 15% in the residual current.

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10

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

4.01.2 Vizcarra Anatamina Line (L-255)


Stepped impedance (21 & 21N) function in the Primary Protection Relay will be
used to achieve fast fault clearance on all the transmission line. The setting will be
120% of the line in order to cover the full length.
Directional Earth Fault functions (67N) in the Primary Protection Relays will be
used also. The settings will be 15% in the residual current.
Primary Protection Relay will operate one Direct Transfer Trip trough the power
line carrier to trip both ends of the line. It will work with the Teleprotection
Equipment using signal A.
4.02

Secondary Protection
4.02.1 Paramonga Nueva Vizcarra (L-253)
(L-252) Lines

and Vizcarra Tingo Mara

Stepped impedance (21 & 21N) function in the Primary Protection Relays at both
ends of the line will be used to achieve fast fault clearance on all the transmission
line.
The first zone will operate to give direct trip the local breaker at each substation;
but one communication scheme will be used with the second zone. This scheme
will be trough the Teleprotection Equipment using signal B. The logic will be
Permissive Overreach Transfer Trip (POTT) to assure the fault is in the protected
line. The settings will be as follows
First Zone
:
Second Zone :

85% of the line


120% of the line

Directional Earth Fault function (67N) in the Secondary Protection Relays will be
used also. It will work with the Teleprotection Equipment using signal C.
Permissive overreach logic will be used to assure that the fault is in the protected
line. The settings will be 15% in the residual current.
Secondary Protection will be carried out by Second Zone Impedance function (21
& 21N), which will operate with Permissive Overreach Transfer Trip (POTT)
scheme. The impedance setting will be 120% of the line in order to get the reach for
the full line.
4.02.2 Vizcarra Anatamina Line (L-255)

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11

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

Stepped impedance (21 & 21N) function in the Primary Protection Relay will be
used to achieve fast fault clearance on all the transmission line. The setting will be
120% of the line in order to cover the full length.
Directional Earth Fault functions (67N) in the Primary Protection Relays will be
used also. The settings will be 15% in the residual current.
Primary Protection Relay will operate one Direct Transfer Trip trough the power
line carrier to trip both ends of the line. It will work with the Teleprotection
Equipment using signal B.
4.03

Backup Protection
4.03.1 Remote Protection
Backup Protection will be carried out by the second, third, fourth and fifth zones of
Impedance function in both Primary and Secondary Protection Relays.
Second zone will reach part of the next line and will have time delay in the first
time step. Fourth zone will be used to reach the next line and third zone will be
used to reach line back. Third and fourth zones will have time delay in the second
time step. Fifth zone will reach the protected line plus shortest next line. The
settings and timing will be as follows
Zone

Impedance Set

Time Delay

Second

120% of the line

400 ms

Third

-30% of the line

700 ms

Fourth

150% of the line

700 ms

Fifth

100% of the line plus


150% or 200% of next line
(the shortest)

1500 ms

4.03.2 Breaker Failure Protection


Besides the Remote Backup Protection, there will be a Local Backup Protection
carried out by Breaker Failure Relay.
Breaker Failure Protection will start with tha main protection and will sense current
in the current. The setting will be 50% of the nominal current. In this way it will
repeat in 150 ms the signal to trip the Circuit Breaker. 150 ms later, it will trip the
adjacent breakers in Vizcarra Substation and will send one direct transfer trip to the
opposite station connected with the faulted breaker.

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PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

Transfer Trip will be through Teleprotection Equipment using signal D, which is


bidirectional. In this way, each reception will trip the corresponding breakers in
Vizcarra.
4.03.3 Overcurrent Protection
Overcurrent (51) function in Secondary Protection Relays will be used also as
Backup Protection. Definitetime characteristics will be selected in a way that for
the maximum overcurrent the time delay will be equal 2000 ms.
4.04

Auto-reclosing
4.04.1 Paramonga Nueva Vizcarra (L-253)
Automatic single-pole reclosing will be used with line protection. There will not be
three-pole reclosing. This function will be carried out by Breaker Protection Relay.
If there is a fault phase to ground in this line, two breakers must trip: Breaker IN2402 (52-01) and IN-2400 (52-02) and the Auto-reclosing will be as follows:
1) Breaker IN-2402 (52-01) will trip all the poles, but Breaker IN-2400 (52-02)
will trip only the pole corresponding to the faulted phase
2) Time delay for Auto-reclosing will be 500 ms and after this Breaker IN-2400
(52-02) will close.
3) If the fault is cleared the Breaker IN-2400 (52-02) will remain closed. Breaker
52-01 must be closed later by the Breaker Protection Relay.
4) If the fault is not cleared, Breaker IN-2400 (52-02) will trip the three poles
4.04.2 Vizcarra Tingo Mara Lines (L-252)
Automatic single-pole reclosing will be used with line protection. There will not be
three-pole reclosing. This function will be carried out by Breaker Protection Relay.
If there is a fault phase to ground in this line, two breakers must trip: Breaker IN2400 (52-02) and IN-2406 (52-03) and the Auto-reclosing will be as follows:
1) Breaker IN-2406 (52-03) will trip all the poles, but Breaker IN-2400 (52-02)
will trip only the pole corresponding to the faulted phase
2) Time delay for Auto-reclosing will be 500 ms and after this Breaker IN-2400
(52-02) will close.
3) If the fault is cleared the Breaker IN-2400 (52-02) will remain closed. Breaker
IN-2406 (52-03) must be closed later by the Breaker Protection Relay.
4) If the fault is not cleared, Breaker IN-2400 (52-02) will trip the three poles
4.04.3 Vizcarra Antamina Line (L-255)

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13

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

There will not be auto-reclosing in this line. However, provisions for future
application will be included. Programming on the Relay will be switched OFF and
connection jumpers for the reclosing circuit will be removed.

5.00

BREAKER PROTECTION
Breaker Protection will be done by the devices incorporated in the equipment and
Breaker Protection Relay.

5.01

Devices in the Circuit Breakers


The devices in the Circuit Breaker will perform the protection as follows:
1) Low Pressure SF6 with two levels:
Refill Gas
Trip and Block the Breaker
2) Spring Failure to block the Breaker
3) Pole Disagreement to trip the Breaker. It will trip the breaker after 1000 ms.

5.02

Breaker Protection Relays


5.02.1 Breaker IN-2402 (52-01)
The Relay will operate in two steps:
1) If the main protection sends the trip signal and 150 ms later the fault is not
cleared, Breaker Relay will repeat the trip signal
2) If 150 ms later (total 300 ms) the fault is not cleared, Breaker Relay will trip
Breaker IN-2404 (52-04) and Breaker IN-2400 (52-02). At the same time, one
direct transfer will be sent to Paramonga.
5.02.2 Breaker IN-2400 (52-02)
The Relay will operate in two steps:
1) If the main protection sends the trip signal and 150 ms later the fault is not
cleared, Breaker Relay will repeat the trip signal

225917300.doc

14

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

2) If 150 ms later (total 300 ms) the fault is not cleared, Breaker Relay will trip
Breaker IN-2402 (52-01) and Breaker IN-2406 (52-03). At the same time, one
direct transfer will be sent to Paramonga and Tingo Mara.
5.02.3 Breaker IN-2406 (52-03)
The Relay will operate in two steps:
1) If the main protection sends the trip signal and 150 ms later the fault is not
cleared, Breaker Relay will repeat the trip signal
2) If 150 ms later (total 300 ms) the fault is not cleared, Breaker Relay will trip
Breaker IN-2404 (52-04) and Breaker IN-2400 (52-02). At the same time, one
direct transfer will be sent to Tingo Mara.
5.02.4 Breaker IN-2404 (52-04)
The Relay will operate in two steps:
1) If the main protection send the trip signal and 150 ms later the fault is not
cleared, Breaker Relay will repeat the trip signal
2) If 150 ms later (total 300 ms) the fault is not cleared, Breaker Relay will trip
Breaker IN-2402 (52-01) and Breaker IN-2406 (52-03).

225917300.doc

15

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

ANNEX 1

CALCULATION SHEETS OF SETTINGS

Relay Protection Settings for Vizcarra-Paramonga Line (L-253)


Sheet 1 /2 & 2 /2
Relay Protection Settings for Vizcarra-Tingo Mara Line (L-252)
Sheet 1 /2 & 2 /2
Relay Protection Settings for Vizcarra-Antamina Line (L-255)
Sheet 1 /2 & 2 /2

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16

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

ANNEX 2

R-X DIAGRAMS

Figure 1.0

Vizcarra - Paramonga Line (L-253). Primary Protection

Figure 2.0

Vizcarra - Paramonga Line (L-253). Secondary Protection

Figure 3.0

Paramonga - Vizcarra Line (L-253). Primary Protection

Figure 4.0

Paramonga - Vizcarra Line (L-253). Secondary Protection

Figure 5.0

Vizcarra - Tingo Mara Line (L-252) . Primary Protection

Figure 6.0

Vizcarra - Tingo Mara Line (L-252). Secondary Protection

Figure 7.0

Tingo Mara - Vizcarra Line (L-252). Primary Protection

Figure 8.0

Tingo Mara - Vizcarra Line (L-252). Secondary Protection

Figure 9.0

Vizcarra Antamina Line (L-255). Primary Protection

Figure 10.0

Vizcarra Antamina Line (L-255). Secondary Protection

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17

PROTECTION RELAY SETTINGS


21-30-26-E Rev 1

ANNEX 3

TRIPPING SCHEMES ON THE 220 kV RING BUS

Figure 1

Antamina Line & Breaker IN-2404 (52-04)

Figure 2

SVC & Breaker IN-2406 (52-03)

Figure 3

Paramonga Line & Breaker IN-2402 (52-01)

Figure 4

Tingo Mara Line & Breaker IN-2400 (52-02)

225917300.doc

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