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Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.

1
Aluminum fins of a rectangular profile, shown in Figure 6.2, are used to remove heat
from a surface whose temperature is 100 C. The temperature of the ambient air is
20C. The thermal conductivity of the aluminum is 168W/ mC. The natural convective
heat transfer coefficient associated with the surrounding air is 30W/ m
2
C. The fins are
80mmlong, 5mmwide, and 1mmthick. Determine the temperature distribution along
the fin using 4 elements..
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Go to menu Model. Type of Analysis.
The analysis type (2D) to calculate the distribution load is Thermal-Steady
State.
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Go to menu Model >Global Properties, then select the Output Options tab and
enable Element field values (non-averaged).
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
The cross section and the material conductivity are entered from the menu Model >
Materials. Click Add,In Geometrictab, choose Rectangular Bar and enter the a, 0.005m
andb: 0.001m.
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Go to Thermal tab , ChooseIsotropic
Enter Thermal Conductivity:168W/ mC>Close
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Go to Nodes tab ,ChooseAdd Single.
Enter and Addthe coordinate of 5 nodes as below (refer figure 6.2).
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Click Closebutton to exit the dialog. You have created 5 nodes.
Click Show Node Numbers On/Off symbol.
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Go to menu Elements >Add Single, then select Line 2-fin , choose material 1 and click node 1 and
2 to define element 1. Then, continue the step for element 2 ~element 4. Click Show Element
Numbers On/Off symbol.
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Node 1have temperature constraint about 100 C. Pick the node to be restrained, i.e. node 1,then go to
menu Constraints . Add/Edit and a Node Properties dialog appears.Select the Property selection bar to
temperature then click Addthen OK to accept value=100 and exit the dialog and back to the previous
dialog. Click the Closebutton to exit the Node Properties dialog. The constraint symbols should appear
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
This convection in LISA is considered as the elemental load, accessible from the menu
Loads . Convection then Add Single. Choose the correct element and face. The complete
convection should appear as follows:
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
The convection symbols can be seen in the following picture.
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Runthe solver. After the solver completing doing the analysis successfully, then click the Post
Processorbutton to open the viewing result environment
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Result of temperature distributionshould show
what is captured in below Figure
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol
Chapter 6-Fin Problem: Exercise 6.1
Nodes temperature distribution result table
Finite Element Method Laboratory BDA4033
Edit By: Engr. Shaiful Rizal Bin Hj. Masrol