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This is general reference which can be used for calculation of Power consumption in buildings regarding Illuminations

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1. General

a. Definition:

A measure of the amount of light falling on a surface. It is defined as: 'the density of the

luminous flux incident on a surface'. It is the quotient of the luminous flux by the area of

the surface when the latter is uniformly illuminated.

b. Unit:

One foot candle is the illuminance at a point on a surface which is one foot from, and

perpendicular to, a uniform point source of one candela. One lumen uniformly distributed

over one square foot of surface provides an illumination of 1 foot candle. One lux is the

illuminance at the same point at a distance of 1 meter from the source.

1 foot candle = 1 lumen/square ft.

If you work in meters, your results will be in lux –

1 lux = 1 lumen/square meter

- The final goal of these steps is “To calculate power consumption of Lighting which will

be consuming in total electric power for room”.

Because we can know required numbers of lighting fixture from these calculations under

proper intensity of illumination that is defined by standards

- This is basic step to proceed for calculation. As per lamp model of manufacturer, there

are many type, bulb shape, consuming power and initial brightness (“Flux”) in catalogue

we can read. So Determining type, shape, watt and many detail specifications should be

required and fixed before calculations

Single

Outside Sports Court Sodium Vapor Flood Light Case by 700 / 1000 50 lm/watt

Case

c. The Meanings of factor – First we need to know several technical words in order to

understand for these.

(1) Utilization factor- This is a value between 0 and 1 that represents the percentage of total

lamp lumens in the room that fall on the work plane. It takes into account the room

reflectance (especially surface of stuff in room), room shape, polar distribution and light

output ratio of the fitting. Some typical reflectance of wall and ceiling are shown by below

illustration.

(2) Maintenance factor - also called Light Loss Factor the proportion of the illuminance

provided by a lighting installation in a room after a set time compared with that occurred

when the room was clean. It takes into account that dirt accumulates on room surfaces

and reduces surface reflectance. Without detailed knowledge of a maintenance plan one

sets MF = 0.8

(3) Room Index - The room index is a number that describes the ratios of the room’s length,

width and height. If room index is getting higher and higher, means brighter than lower

index (Good reflectance) Actually This Room index is not affected to calculate the

numbers Lamp to be installed, however this only is used for just reference data that

shows the relations between Room index and Utilization Factor as followed illustrations.

Formula:

L = Room Length

W = Room Width

Hm = Mounting Height of Fitting from working plane(Not Room Height)

a. In rooms lit with a uniform array of luminaries and where the minimum lighting level in the

room is not to be less that 70% of the maximum level, the lumen method of lighting

design can be used. This is the simplest method of calculating the overall illumination

level for such areas. It is accurate enough for the majority of purposes, and is the

calculation most used by lighting engineers when determining the number of luminaries

for a given lighting level.

E=F/A

Where:

E = average (or minimum) illumination level at the work plane (lux),

F = useful lumen output of all sources (lumens) and A is the total surface area of

the working plane (m²).

This is given by rearranging the formula as follows:

F=AxE

It must be realized that the resultant value is not the total lamp lumens as not all of the light

produced by each lamp actually reaches the work plane. Many factors affect the amount of light

reaching the work plane:

a. As a result, the steps required in using the Lumen Method of lighting design are as

follows:

(1) Select Required Illumination – 100 Lux? 200 Lux? 300 Lux? And Brighter?

Most countries have a set of minimum lighting levels for various tasks as per each national

standard. The designer must determine what the minimum required illumination level is for their

particular application on proper criteria.

Please refer to following table (Required Illumination Table of JGC and JAPAN INDUSTRIAL

STANDARDS)

Required illumination level for ea

JGC Pioneer Office Pione

Conference Room Pione

W aiting Room Pione

Fence / Street All

Guard House All

All Shed / Generator shed All

External Light All

Living Room for S1, S2 Cam

Bed Room for S1 ~ S6 Cam

(2) Determine Received Flux – Check the manufacturer’s data sheet

This is simply a matter of calculating the total surface area over which the required illuminance is

to be distributed and multiplying this by the required illumination level using the formula F = AE.

From this, the total installed flux can be determined.

A preliminary assessment must be made of the type of lighting required, a decision most often

made as a function of both aesthetics and economics. This fitting may prove unsuitable for the

lighting task; however, the next few steps are used to determine this.

The distance from the source to the working plane is very important as it is a major determinant of

the final illumination level. This is simply a function of the inverse square law.

Using tables available from manufacturers, all architects offices will have several; it is possible to

determine the coefficient of utilization for different light fittings if the reflectance of both the walls

and ceiling is known, the room index has been determined and the type of luminaries are known.

Usually this Utilization factor is unable to specify so that we must have manufacturer's

photometric data sheet for executing exact design for lighting installation. But we can assume and

set that value as rough range; 0.8(good reflectance) ~ 0.6(not so good)

(6) Determine Maintenance Factor (M)

The maintenance factor is based on how often the lights are cleaned and replaced. It takes into

account such factors as decreased efficiency with age, accumulation of dust within the fitting itself

and the depreciation of reflectance as walls and ceiling age. Usually we will use 0.8 for Clean

room/Office or 0.6 / 0.7 for other space with dirt.

This is done by first applying the above factors to the received flux in order to determine the

installed flux. This if achieved using the following formula;

E (required

F (total fluxillumination

of lamp) at work plane) x A

xU xM

(area of work plane)

From the installed flux, the number of fixtures required can be determined by simply dividing by

the total output of each selected light source.

Example) Design a lighting installation for office conference room so that the average illuminance

is 300 lux on the horizontal working plane, using the data which are Room dimensions: 5 m long x

4 m wide x 2.5 m high, 0.8 of Maintenance factor, Total flux of 40W Single Fluorescent = 3000

Lx)

Solution)

E (required

F (total fluxillumination

of lamp) at work plane) x A

xU xM

(area of work plane)

fluorescent lamps of 20W) for bright conference room.

Reference - 1) Table for illumination of Temporary facility building (Click to open with Ctrl Key)

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