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# UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

COMBINED SCIENCE Paper 1 Multiple Choice Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

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October/November 2012 1 hour

*4590558233*

## This document consists of 16 printed pages.

IB12 11_5129_12/3RP UCLES 2012

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## 2 1 A rule is used to measure the internal diameter of a pipe.

pipe

rule 1 cm 2 cm 3 cm

What is the internal diameter of the pipe? A 2 1.6 cm B 1.8 cm C 2.0 cm D 2.6 cm

A car of mass 1800 kg is brought to a halt. The deceleration is 2 m / s2. What is the size of the force bringing the car to a halt? A 900 N B 3600 N C 18 000 N D 36 000 N

What describes the density of a material? A B C D the amount of matter in the material the mass per unit volume of the material the pull of gravity on the material the volume per unit mass of the material

A cell will deliver 3000 J of energy to a 2 W electric motor before the cell is exhausted. How long will the motor run? A B C D 25 minutes 100 minutes 1500 minutes 6000 minutes

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3 5 A liquid-in-glass laboratory thermometer and a liquid-in-glass clinical thermometer have several properties in common. Which statement is not correct? A B C D 6 Both thermometers have a graduated scale. Both thermometers have thin glass around the bulb. Both thermometers have a constriction in the tube. Both thermometers have a large bulb and a narrow bore.

What happens when a metal bar is heated? A B C D The distance between the molecules increases, making the bar longer. The molecules get larger, making the bar longer. The molecules vibrate more quickly, making the bar denser. The speed of the molecules increases, making the bar thinner.

Radio waves, visible light and X-rays are all part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Which is the correct order of increasing wavelength? shortest wavelength A B C D visible light visible light X-rays X-rays radio waves X-rays radio waves visible light longest wavelength X-rays radio waves visible light radio waves

An eye views an object O by reflection in a plane mirror. Which is the correct ray diagram?
A O O B O C O D

eye

eye

eye

eye

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4 9 A small positive charge, P, is positioned close to a positively charged sphere. What is the direction of the electrostatic force on P?
A + + + ++ +

+ + +

+ + +

P D + B

10 Diagram 1 shows two cells in series with two lamps X and Y. Both lamps light with normal brightness. Diagram 2 shows a resistor in series with the same cells and lamps.

diagram 1 What is the brightness of lamp X and lamp Y in diagram 2? lamp X A B C D brighter than normal brighter than normal dimmer than normal normal lamp Y dimmer than normal normal dimmer than normal dimmer than normal

diagram 2

11 To determine whether a material is magnetic, a student should A B C D find out if it is a metal or a non-metal. find out if it is a conductor or an insulator. find out if it can be given an electric charge. find out if it affects the direction in which a compass needle points.

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5 12 The primary coil of a simple iron-cored transformer is connected to an a.c. source and then to a d.c. source. The secondary coil is connected to an oscilloscope and the output of the transformer is observed for each source. Which row correctly describes the output for a given source? source A B C D a.c. a.c. d.c. d.c. output a.c. d.c. a.c. d.c.

13 An atom has a nucleus surrounded by electrons. What are the charges on the nucleus and on the whole atom? charge on nucleus A B C D neutral neutral positive positive charge on whole atom neutral positive neutral positive

14 Which statement about the particles in a liquid is not correct? A B C D They are arranged in regular patterns. They can escape from the liquid. They form a definite surface. Their speed increases as temperature increases.

15 What can be deduced from the symbol 4 2 He ? A B C D An atom of helium has two electrons. An atom of helium has two protons and four neutrons. Helium has a proton number of 4. Helium occurs as a diatomic molecule.

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6 16 What is the best way of slowing down the reaction between magnesium and sulfuric acid? A B C D adding a catalyst to the reactants diluting the acid used in the reaction stirring the reagents using magnesium powder instead of ribbon

17 The table gives some properties of four substances. Which substance is covalently bonded? electrical conductivity when liquid     electrical conductivity in aqueous solution    

## 18 The diagram shows the electronic structure of silane, SiH4.

H H Si H H

Which row shows the properties of silane? conduction of electricity in the liquid state A B C D good good non-conductor non-conductor melting point high low high low

19 Which mass of oxygen combines with 16 g of sulfur to form sulfur dioxide, SO2? A 4g B 8g C 16 g D 32 g

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7 20 Different solids were added to separate test-tubes of warm dilute sulfuric acid. For which solid is the observation correct? solid A B C D ammonium sulfate copper magnesium oxide zinc carbonate observation alkaline gas produced gas evolved ignited with a pop solid dissolved with no effervescence gas evolved relights glowing splint

21 What is the order of reactivity of the halogens? most reactive A B C D bromine chlorine iodine iodine chlorine bromine bromine chlorine least reactive iodine iodine chlorine bromine

22 Which metal does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid to give hydrogen? A B C D copper iron magnesium zinc

23 The boiling points of some elements are given in the table. element nitrogen xenon oxygen boiling point / C 196 108 183

A mixture of nitrogen, xenon and oxygen at 200 C is allowed to warm up to 150 C. Which elements are still in the liquid state at 150 C? A B C D a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen a mixture of nitrogen and xenon nitrogen only xenon only
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8 24 Which reaction takes place in the blast furnace? A B C D FeCr2O4 + 4C Fe + 2Cr + 4CO 3Fe + 4H2O Fe3O4 + 4H2 SiO2 + CaO CaSiO3 SiO2 + 2NaOH Na2SiO3 + H2O

25 Ammonium sulfate, (NH4)2SO4, is added to soil to provide an element that is important for plant growth. What is this element? A B C D hydrogen nitrogen oxygen sulfur

## 26 X reacts with steam to form Y. Y can be oxidised to Z.

steam X Y oxidation Z

If Z is propanoic acid, what would be the formula of X? A C2H4 B C2H6 C C3H6 D C3H8

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## 9 27 Propene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon. Its structure is shown.

H H C H C H C H H

## What is produced when propene reacts with bromine?

H A H C H H B H C H H C H C H H D H C H

H C H H C Br H C Br H C H

H C H H C H H C Br H C Br Br H H Br

28 The diagram shows a typical plant cell after being placed into a concentrated salt solution for ten minutes.
1

Which numbered structures are partially permeable? A 1 and 2 only B 1 and 3 only C 1 only D 2 only

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10 29 The following reaction occurs in the human alimentary canal. catalyst starch What are the catalyst and the product? catalyst A B C D acid alkali amylase bile product glucose energy maltose amino acid products

30 The graph shows the effect of different colours of light on the rate of oxygen production by green plants.

## Y Y rate of oxygen production rate of evolution of oxygen by plants

blue

green

yellow

orange

red

What can be deduced from the graph? A B C D Photosynthesis is least active in green light. Photosynthesis is most active in green light. Respiration is least active in green light. Respiration is most active in green light.

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11 31 The diagram shows the composition of four foods. Which food will provide the most energy per gram?
100 roughage 90 80 70 60 % mass 50 water 40 30 20 10 0 A B food C D carbohydrate

fat
protein

32 How do these substances enter a plants root hairs? nitrate A B C D active transport diffusion osmosis osmosis oxygen diffusion osmosis active transport diffusion water osmosis active transport diffusion active transport

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12 33 The table shows substances that pass between capillaries and tissues in a part of the body. substance oxygen carbon dioxide amino acids urea    into the capillaries from the tissues out of the capillaries into the tissues 

In which part of the body are these capillaries? A B C D between the alveoli in the kidney in the liver in the villi

## 34 The apparatus shown is used to investigate gas exchange during breathing.

M T

limewater

What would occur when a person breathes gently in and out several times through tube M? A B C D The solutions in X and Y both turn cloudy. The solution in X remains clear, but that in Y turns cloudy. The solution in X turns cloudy, but that in Y remains clear. The solution in X is forced out through the tube T.

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13 35 Which statement best describes changes in parts of the eye when starting focus on a near object? A B C D Ciliary muscles contract, suspensory ligaments loosen and the lens becomes more rounded. Ciliary muscles contract, suspensory ligaments tighten and the lens becomes flatter. Ciliary muscles relax, suspensory ligaments loosen and the lens becomes more rounded. Ciliary muscles relax, suspensory ligaments tighten and the lens becomes flatter.

36 Which descriptions of drugs are correct? have side effects A B C D     are broken down by the liver    

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stoat

rabbit

shrew

## grass earthworm dandelion

Which organism can properly be described by only one of the terms producer, consumer, herbivore and carnivore? A B C D ant dandelion frog stoat

38 What increases in the long term as a result of tropical deforestation? A B C D cloud cover humidity soil erosion soil fertility

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15 39 What is always true of the offspring from asexual reproduction in plants? A B C D a new variety more resistant to disease same flower shape same size

## 40 The diagram shows the male reproductive system.

2 3

How could surgical contraception be carried out? A B C D cutting and tying tube 1 cutting and tying tube 3 cutting and tying tube 4 removing gland 2

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University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

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## DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements

Group III
1

I H
Hydrogen

II

IV

VI

VII

0
4

He
Helium

1 11 12 14 16 19

2 20

Li
Boron Carbon

Be
5 27 28 6 7

N
Nitrogen

O
Oxygen

F
Fluorine

Ne
Neon

Lithium

Beryllium

8 31 32

9 35.5

10 40

23

24

Na
Aluminium

Mg
13 51 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70

Al
14

Si
Silicon

P
Phosphorus

S
Sulfur

Cl
Chlorine

Ar
Argon

Sodium

Magnesium

11

12

15 73 75

16 79

17 80

18 84

39

40

45

48

K
Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc

Ca
23 93 96 101 103 106 108 112 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn
31

Ga
Gallium

Ge
Germanium

As
Arsenic

Se
Selenium

Br
Bromine

Kr
Krypton

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

Titanium

19

20

21

22

32 115 119

33 122

34 128

35 127

36 131

16

85

88

89

91

Rb
Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver

Sr
41 181 184 186 190 192 195 197 42 43 44 45 46 47

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag
48

Cd

In
Indium

Sn
Tin

Sb
Antimony

Te
Tellurium

I
Iodine

Xe
Xenon

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49 201

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

37

38

39

40

50 204 207

51 209

52

53

54

133

137

139

178

Cs
Tantalum Iridium Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Platinum

Ba
73 77 74 75 76 78

La Ta W Re Os Pt

Hf

Ir
79

Au
Gold

Hg
Mercury

Tl
Thallium

Pb

Bi
Bismuth

Po
Polonium

At
Astatine

Rn

Caesium

Barium

Lanthanum

Hafnium

55

56

57

72

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

226

227

Fr
140 141 144 150

Ra

Ac
152 157 159 162 165 167 169 173 175

Francium

Actinium

87

88

89

## *58-71 Lanthanoid series 90-103 Actinoid series Ce

Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium

Pr
59 60 238 61

Nd

Pm
62

Sm
Samarium

Eu
Europium

Gd

Tb
Terbium

Dy
Dysprosium

Ho
Holmium

Er
Erbium

Tm
Thulium

Yb
Ytterbium

Lu
Lutetium

58 232

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

## a = relative atomic mass

Key Th
Thorium Protactinium Uranium

X Pa
91 92

X = atomic symbol
90

U
93

Np
Neptunium

Pu
Plutonium

Am
Americium

Cm
Curium

Bk
Berkelium

Cf
Californium

Es
Einsteinium

Fm
Fermium

Md
Mendelevium

No
Nobelium

Lr
Lawrencium

## b = proton (atomic) number

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).