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Rahul Soni

IIM Indore
An Overview-
 Composting is a controlled decomposition of organic material
through heat.
 The waste collected with the help of rag pickers can be used to
prepare the compost which can be then sold to the various
 Also, it will help the rag pickers in obtaining an employment.
 In Mumbai itself, there are more than 50,000 rag pickers.
 The rag picking industry is not organized.
 The rag picker earns at an average about Rs 10-50 a day. And it is
because of several middlemen that they lose out big time.
 The idea is to bring some structure in the rag
picking industry. This will save the rag pickers
from getting exploited by the middlemen and
help them in earning more. Also, the compost
then prepared by the waste submitted by the
rag pickers can be sold to the various
industries to obtain profits.
Why Composting ?
 75% of the total waste generated in India is organic in
 The megacities like Mumbai, Chennai etc. are planning to
move trash from landfills.
 Commercial composting, will be key to achieving this.
 As concern about landfill space increases, worldwide
interest in recycling by means of composting is growing.
 Compost is generally recommended as an additive to soil,
supplying humus and nutrients.
 A few of the places that it is used are in gardens,
landscaping, horticulture, and agriculture.
 The compost soil itself is beneficial for the land in many
ways, including as a soil conditioner, a fertilizer to add vital
humus or humic acids, and as a natural pesticide for soil.
Here lies the Opportunity
 Composting of city wastes is a legal requirement provided
under the Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSW)
Rules 2000 for all municipal bodies in the country.
 But the central and the state governments have not shown
any kind of preparedness for it.
 Also, they have not been able to grasp it as an
environmental and social good that requires official
support which can generate employment.
 The real economic benefits of compost use, like improved soil
quality, water retention, biological activity, micronutrient
content and improved pest resistance of crops, are ignored by
policy-makers and fertiliser producers.
 Composting has proven to be a feasible and practical manure
management option for farmers. It can be implemented with
existing farm equipment, dedicated turners or in-vessel systems.

So, with the continuous increase in the trash in metros and the
regulation of waste in countries like Canada. The Indian
government is bound to take the waste management more
seriously in the times to come. This will result in the increased
market for the compost.
 The operation can start from any metro city, say Mumbai.
 The collection centers can be made in the different parts of
the city.
 Rag pickers will be encouraged to deposit the waste
collected in these centers.
 The rag pickers will be given proper employment with the
company and they will be able to earn more as there will be
no middlemen.
 The waste collected should be used to form the compost.
 The compost then can be sold to the various interested
Potential Consumers
There are some inexpensive ways to market compost
locally. The potential consumers for the compost are
a. Landscapers
b. Construction Companies
c. Nurseries
d. Vegetable Farmers
e. Greenhouses
The compost sold to these customers will help the
company in earning the profits as the cost of producing
the compost is not very high.
Thank You