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TEN WAYS

TO FIGHT HATE
A COMMUNITY RESPONSE GUIDE
2
TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE
MILWAUKEE JOURNAL SENTINEL
TEN WAYS
TO FIGHT HATE
A COMMUNITY RESPONSE GUIDE

A Publication of the Southern Poverty Law Center

1
TEN WAYS TO FIG
A COMMUNITY RESPONSE GUIDE

Somewhere in America …
EVERY HOUR
someone commits a hate crime.

EVERY DAY
at least eight blacks, four gays or lesbians,
two Jews, two whites and one Latino
become hate crime victims.

EVERY WEEK
a cross is burned.

2 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


HT HATE

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3
DAVID PHILLIP / AP WIDE WORLD

Community members come


together at a unity rally in Jas-
per, Texas, following the drag-
ging death of James Byrd Jr.

4 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


1 ACT
Do something. In the face of hatred, apathy will
be interpreted as acceptance — by the perpetrators,
the public and, worse, the victims. Decent people
6 SPEAK UP
Hate must be exposed and denounced. Help
news organizations achieve balance and depth. Do
not debate hate-group members in conflict-driven
must take action; if we don’t, hate persists. page 6 forums. Instead, speak up in ways that draw atten-
tion away from hate, toward unity. page 16

2 UNITE
Call a friend or co-worker. Organize
allies from churches, schools, clubs and other
civic groups. Create a diverse coalition. Include
7 LOBBY LEADERS
Elected officials and other community
leaders can be important allies in the fight against
children, police and the media. Gather ideas from hate. But some must overcome reluctance — and
everyone, and get everyone involved. page 8 others, their own biases — before they’re able to

3
take a stand. page 18

SUPPORT THE VICTIMS


Hate-crime victims are especially vulnerable,
fearful and alone. If you’re a victim, report every
incident — in detail — and ask for help. If you learn
about a hate-crime victim in your community, show
8 LOOK LONG RANGE
Promote tolerance and address bias before
another hate crime can occur. Expand your com-
munity’s comfort zones so you can learn and live
support. Let victims know you care. Surround them together. page 20

9
with comfort and protection. page 10

4 DO YOUR HOMEWORK
An informed campaign improves its effec-
tiveness. Determine if a hate group is involved,
TEACH TOLERANCE
Bias is learned early, usually at home.
Schools can offer lessons of tolerance and accep-
tance. Sponsor an “I Have a Dream” contest. Reach
and research its symbols and agenda. Understand out to young people who may be susceptible to
the difference between a hate crime and a bias hate-group propaganda and prejudice. page 22
incident. page 12

5 CREATE AN ALTERNATIVE
Do not attend a hate rally. Find another out-
let for anger and frustration and for people’s de-
10 DIG DEEPER
Look inside yourself for prejudices
and stereotypes. Build your own cultural compe-
tency, then keep working to expose discrimination
sire to do something. Hold a unity rally or parade wherever it happens — in housing, employment,
to draw media attention away from hate. page 14 education and more. page 24

A list of resources begins on page 30

_ways/ to download a flier of the ten ways to fight hate.


*Visit www.tolerance.org/10
5
1
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Act
Do something. In the face of hatred, apathy
will be interpreted as acceptance — by the
perpetrators, the public and, worse, the vic-
tims. Decent people must take action; if we
don’t, hate persists.

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6 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


DALE SPARKS / THE DOMINION POST
A sixth-grade class in Morgantown, W.V.,
paints over skinhead graffiti on the outside wall
of a convenience store. Their teacher used the
graffiti to discuss hatred and violence.

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ACT 7
2 Unite
Call a friend or co-worker. Organize allies
from churches, schools, clubs and other civic
groups. Create a diverse coalition. Include
children, police and the media. Gather ideas
from everyone, and get everyone involved.

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8 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


BIG STORIES/LITTLE SEEDS

David Duke and Eracism of pledge fliers. Then they held a press conference
After former Klan leader David Duke’s 1991 run for to announce the unique event. They raised $10,000.
governor shook up Louisiana, The Times-Picayune of When People magazine picked up the story, the idea
New Orleans published an in-depth series on race spread nationwide.
relations, “Together Apart,” which included hundreds The Seltzers created a kit for other communi-
of letters and phone comments from readers. ties that included practical advice: “Schedule an
Bookstore owner Rhoda Faust, a white woman, organizational meeting with community leaders,
wrote: “Let’s think of ways to let each other know arrange for a local telephone number and answer-
that we love and respect one another as God’s fellow ing machine, recruit volunteers, raise seed money,
creatures.” Brenda Thompson, a black woman, re- carry a supply of cover letters and pass them out.
sponded, calling for “some sort of symbol, something Involve the police. Invite the media. Schedule press
to let the world know that all of us aren’t infected conferences. Try to be interviewed for radio and TV
with … hate.” talk shows. Keep Project Lemonade in the media as
The two met for coffee, and the group “Erace” much as possible.”
was born. Lindy also warned would-be organizers to expect
Their slogan, “Eracism — all colors with love hate calls. “Ignore them. Stay positive and respect-
and respect,” is now carried on more than 30,000 ful. Encourage people to stay away from the Klan
bumper stickers, distributed by Erace. Said Faust: rally; they are looking for a fight. The Klan will leave,
“Imagine a city where every car displays and the community will have the last say. It will be a
the sticker. Think of the message that positive one.”
would send. Think of how blacks and In Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, for example, the $28,000
whites would feel in such a place.” raised during one white-supremacist rally supported
The 200-member group also sponsors human rights causes. In Boyertown, Pa., Project
regular, candid discussions on race. Lemonade so irritated the Klan that the hate group
The efforts of Faust and Thompson threatened to sue organizers for raising money “on
were recognized by President Clinton, our name.” Money raised there went for library books
who included their group in a “Promis- on black history.
ing Practices” list as part of his Initiative
on Race. Every Second Counts
Keith Orr, an activist in Ann Arbor, Mich., used the
Project Lemonade Project Lemonade model to create an “Every Second
Bill and Lindy Seltzer, a Jewish couple Counts” campaign in response to a 2001 rally by the
in Springfield, Ill., were frustrated that viciously anti-gay Fred Phelps.
the First Amendment gave neo-Nazis the Orr knew a direct confrontation would actually
right to march in public rallies. So they add fuel to Phelps fiery hate speech, so instead,
devised a way to turn hate’s sourness he sought pledges to support a local gay-advocacy
into something sweet. Project Lemon- group. With pennies and dollars coming from as far
ade, now used in dozens of communi- away as California and New Hampshire, Orr raised
ties across the country, raises money for nearly $7,500.
tolerance causes by collecting pledges Orr then helped people in Madison, Wis., organize
for every minute of a hate-group event. a similar response to Phelps, raising $6,000 more for
The Seltzers organized their first Proj- the local Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network.
ect Lemonade during a 1994 Ku Klux Klan As Orr said later: “Fred Phelps himself may as well
rally in Springfield. Using school equip- have written the check. It was his bigotry that pushed
ment, they copied and mailed thousands people to give.”

UNITE 9
3 Support the Victims
Hate-crime victims are especially vulnerable,
fearful and alone. If you’re a victim, report every
incident — in detail — and ask for help. If you learn
about a hate-crime victim in your community,
show support. Let victims know you care.
Surround them with comfort and protection.

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HOLLY MCQUEEN / ROCKFORD REGISTER STAR

YbeYai[Ykh_jo$ Research your legal rights.7\#


>> 7j=edpW]WKd_l[hi_jo_dIfeaWd["MWi^$" j[h[dZkh_d]hWY_Wbibkhi"ibWi^[Z

10 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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Rockford, Ill., residents organized a "Not in Our Town" rally


to focus attention on intergroup tension. Supporters signed
a petition to oppose bigotry and promote tolerance.

11
4 Do Your Homework
An informed campaign improves its
effectiveness. Determine if a hate group is
involved, and research its symbols and
agenda. Understand the difference between
a hate crime and a bias incident.

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12 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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Èbb[Zm_j^hWY_ijWdZWdj_#_cc_]hWdjfhefW]WdZW$ WHAT’S A HATE CRIME?
J^[o[Y^e[Zj^['*#mehZWdj^[ce\cWdom^_j[#ik# A hate crime must meet two criteria:
fh[cWY_ij]hekfi0½M[ckiji[Ykh[j^[[n_ij[dY[e\ •A crime must happen, such as physical as-
ekhf[efb[WdZW\kjkh[\ehm^_j[Y^_bZh[d$¾ sault, intimidation, arson or vandalism;
>_d[iki[Zj^[_dY_Z[djje[ZkYWj[^[hjmefh[# •The crime must be motivated, in whole or in
j[[diediWXekj^Wj[]hekfi$ part, by bias.
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jeijWhjj^WjZ_Wbe]k[m_j^oekha_Zi"jee"¾i^[iW_Z$ statutes varies. Most include race, ethnicity and
½?jÀiX[jj[hj^WdmW_j_d]\ehj^[cjeÈdZekjed religion. Some also include sexual orientation,
j^[_hemd$¾ gender and/or disability. In some cases, these
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j^[Wjj[dj_ede\^[hd[_]^Xeh^eeZWiieY_Wj_ed$ as housing discrimination.
½?jcWZ[c[i_YajecoijecWY^"¾iW_ZWdej^[h As you respond to a hate crime, check
d[_]^Xeh":WddW=eeZied$=eeZiedf_Ya[Zkf specific statutes in your area, then consider
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feb_Y[$½?`kij\[bjZ_hjoW\j[hbeea_d]Wj_j1?mWdj[Z protections for people who are gay, lesbian or
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B[WÉ[j_d]_iWYeccedfhWYj_Y[e\K$I$^Wj[
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icWbbWdZbWh][$Jof_YWbbo"debWmiWh[Xhea[d$8kj A bias incident is conduct, speech or expres-
_jÀi_cfehjWdjjeh[fehjj^[_dY_Z[djijefeb_Y[ie sion that is motivated by bias or prejudice but
j^[oYWdjhWYa^Wj[]hekfi$ doesn’t involve a criminal act.
@e[Heoe\j^[Iekj^[hdFel[hjoBWm9[dj[hÀi 
?dj[bb_][dY[Fhe`[Yj"m^_Y^jhWYaiK$I$^Wj[ What’s the Difference?
]hekfi"iW_Zb[WÉ[j_d]_iW\ehce\h[Yhk_jc[djj^Wj Hate crimes, if charged and prosecuted, will be
YWdb[WZjed[m^Wj[#]hekfY^Wfj[hi\ehc_d]_dW dealt with in the court system. They typically carry
Yecckd_jo$ enhanced penalties, such as longer sentences.
½8oa[[f_d]kfm_j^^eme\j[dW]hekf_ib[W\# Bias incidents occur with no clear path or
b[j_d]"WdZm^Wj]hekf_iZ_ijh_Xkj_d]"Wkj^eh_j_[i procedure for recourse.
YWd][jWd_Z[We\^emWYj_l[W]hekfehY^Wfj[h_i Both, however, demand unified and un-
_dj^[Wh[W"WdZ^emief^_ij_YWj[Z"¾HeoiW_Z$ flinching denouncement from individuals,
HeoWdZej^[hiWZl_i[jWa_d]j^[\ebbem_d] groups and entire communities.
ij[fi0
>> 9edjWYjY_joe\ÈY_WbiWXekjj^[_dY_Z[dj$ What’s the Impact?
J^[oYWdZ[dekdY[j^[^Wj[WYj_l_jofkXb_Ybo$ Hate crimes and bias incidents don’t just victimize
>> B[WhdYecced^Wj[#]hekfibe]WdiWdZioc# individuals; they torment entire communities.
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ej^[hiWXekjj^[_dY_Z[dj"i^Wh_d]m^Wjoekadem the entire community of Asian Americans may
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DO YOUR HOMEWORK 13
5 Create an Alternative
Do not attend a hate rally. Find another
outlet for anger and frustration and for
people’s desire to do something. Hold a
unity rally or parade to draw media
attention away from hate.

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14 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


AP WIDE WORLD PHOTO
Somali girls Farhiya Ali, left, and Hibat
Shrif, walk with hundreds of community
supporters in Lewiston, Maine.

An Alternative to Hate in Maine Meha_d]m_j^^Wj[#]hekf[nf[hji"_dYbkZ_d]j^[


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CREATE AN ALTERNATIVE 15
6 Speak Up
Hate must be exposed and denounced. Help
news organizations achieve balance and depth.
Do not debate hate-group members in conflict-
driven forums. Instead, speak up in ways that
draw attention away from hate, toward unity.

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16 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


A MESSAGE FOR THE MEDIA

Share this with media contacts you know, or simply photocopy it and mail it to an editor,
anchor, columnist or reporter:

A newsroom that covers race is- >> Don’t allow hate groups to As a final thought, we ask you to:
sues thoroughly and regularly sets masquerade as white-pride civic Take hate crimes seriously and report
an agenda for the community. groups. In their literature and on them prominently. Consider an annu-
Nuanced and thoughtful coverage their websites, they denigrate al “race report card.” Give reporters
— rather than shallow, knee-jerk certain scapegoats, typically time to cover the Klan and other hate
stories or images — deepens our people of color and Jews. Gather groups in depth, beyond an annual
community’s discussion and under- comments from local police, state parade. Cover the impact of hate on
standing of race. human rights commissions, the victims and other members of target
Southern Poverty Law Center or groups. Become an activist against
Consider the following: the Anti-Defamation League. hate, just as you are against crime.
>> The masked, mysterious Klans- Sponsor a forum or other community
man, like his burning cross, is an >> Klan and other white su- journalism event tied to these issues.
emotional image loaded with his- premacist rallies represent the And don’t miss the “good news” as
torical associations. Don’t let this outer margin of American society. ordinary people struggle with home-
cliché control the story. Include a No meaningful dialogue on race grown ways to promote tolerance.
serious look at the Klan’s numbers can occur when it is framed by
and influence, its involvement in such extremes. See deeper, more You are part of our community,
hate crimes, and the hypocrisy of thoughtful coverage of issues of and you must be part of our fight
its pseudo-Christian message. race and other -isms. against hate.

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SPEAK UP 17
7 Lobby Leaders
Elected officials and other community lead-
ers can be important allies in the fight against
hate. But some must overcome reluctance
— and others, their own biases — before
they’re able to take a stand.

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18 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


Mourners gather at the
state Capitol to remem-
ber the life of Billy Jack
Gaither, a gay man beaten
to death in rural Alabama.

VALERIE DOWNES
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LOBBY LEADERS 19
8 Look Long Range
Promote tolerance and address bias before
another hate crime can occur. Expand your
community’s comfort zones so you can learn
and live together.

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20 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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LOOK LONG RANGE 21


9 Teach Tolerance
Bias is learned early, usually at home. Schools
can offer lessons of tolerance and acceptance.
Sponsor an “I Have a Dream” contest. Reach
out to young people who may be susceptible
to hate-group propaganda and prejudice.

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In the Classroom
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AP WIDE WORLD PHOTO


profiled by Scholastic News. His mes-
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22 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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TEACH TOLERANCE 23
10 Dig Deeper
Look inside yourself for prejudices and ste-
reotypes. Build your own cultural compe-
tency, then keep working to expose discrim-
ination wherever it happens — in housing,
employment, education and more.

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24 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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Newly sworn-in citizens join the


multicultural fabric of the United
States — and add to its richness.

AP WIDE WORLD PHOTO

DIG DEEPER 25
‘You Are Not Alone’
The words of an anti-hate activist echo throughout this guidebook, one woman
who left a rose and a card on the doorstep of a hate-crime victim: “You are not
alone.” Like her, individuals and groups across the country are tackling issues of
intolerance with creativity, energy and passion. Below is a list of examples, one
from every state, to help inspire ideas for change in your own community.

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26 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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YOU ARE NOT ALONE 27


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28 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


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YOU ARE NOT ALONE 29


Resources
A compilation of organizations and materials
that can assist in the fight against hate.

NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Community Relations Service National Coalition for Dialogue


American-Arab Anti-Discrimination U.S. Department of Justice and Deliberation
Committee 600 E St. NW, Suite 6000 114 W. Springville Road
4201 Connecticut Ave. NW Washington, DC 20530 Boiling Springs, PA 17007
Suite 300 (202) 305-2935 (717) 243-5144
Washington, DC 20008 www.usdoj.gov/crs www.thataway.org
(202) 244-2990
www.adc.org EdChange National Conference for
41 Baker Street East Community and Justice
American Jewish Committee Saint Paul, MN 55107 475 Park Ave. S., 19th Floor
P.O. Box 705 (651) 291-1102 New York, NY 10016
New York, NY 10150 www.edchange.org (212) 545-1300
(212) 751-4000 www.nccj.org
www.ajc.org Facing History and Ourselves
16 Hurd Road National Council of Churches
Anti-Defamation League Brookline, MA 02445 475 Riverside Drive, Suite 880
(617) 232-1595
823 United Nations Plaza New York, NY 10115
www.facing.org
New York, NY 10017 (212) 870-2227
(212) 490-2525 www.nccusa.org
Gay, Lesbian and Straight
www.adl.org
Education Network
National Council of La Raza
90 Broad St., Second Floor
Asian American Legal Defense 1126 16th St. NW
New York, NY 10004
& Education Fund Washington, D.C. 20036
(212) 727-0135
99 Hudson St., 12th Floor (202) 785-1670
www.glsen.org
New York, NY 10013 www.nclr.org
(212) 966-5932 Legal Momentum: Advancing
www.aaldef.org Women’s Rights National Gay and Lesbian
(formerly NOW Legal Defense and Task Force
Center for Community Change Education Fund) 5455 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 1505
1536 U St. NW 395 Hudson St. Los Angeles, CA 90036
Washington, DC 20009 New York, NY 10014 (323) 954-9597
Toll free: (877) 777-1536 (212) 925-6635 www.thetaskforce.org
www.communitychange.org www.legalmomentum.org
National Network for Immigrant
Center For Democratic Renewal NAACP and Refugee Rights
P.O. Box 50469 4805 Mt. Hope Drive 310-8th St., Suite 303
Atlanta, GA 30302 Baltimore, MD 21215 Oakland, CA 94607
(404) 221-0025 Toll free: (877) 622-2798 (510) 465-1984
www.thecdr.org www.naacp.org www.nnirr.org

30 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


Not In Our Town (212) 490-2525 Campus Climate for Gay, Lesbian,
The Working Group www.adl.org Bisexual and Transgendered People:
P.O. Box 70232 A National Perspective
Oakland, CA 94612 The National Coalition National Gay and Lesbian
(510) 268-9675 Building Institute Task Force
www.pbs.org/niot 1120 Connecticut Ave. NW 5455 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 1505
Suite 450 Los Angeles, CA 90036
Parents and Friends Washington, D.C. 20036
(323) 954-9597
of Lesbians and Gays (202) 785-9400
www.thetaskforce.org
1726 M St. NW www.ncbi.org
Washington, DC 20036
(202) 467-8180 PUBLICATIONS One America in the 21st Century:
www.pflag.org Organizing Community-wide Forging a New Future and Path-
Dialogue for Action and Change ways to One America in the 21st
Simon Wiesenthal Center Study Circles Resource Center Century: Promising Practices For
1399 South Roxbury Drive 697 Pomfret St., Box 203 Racial Reconciliation
Los Angeles, CA 90035 Pomfret, CT 06258 The President’s Initiative on Race
(310) 553-9036 (860) 928-2616 Government Printing Office
www.wiesenthal.com www.studycircles.org Superintendent of Documents, SSOP
Washington, DC 20402-9328
Stop the Hate Initiative Hate Hurts: How Children Lean
Campus Hate Crime Prevention, and Unlearn Prejudice Building One Nation: A Study
Association of College Unions Anti-Defamation League of What Is Being Done Today in
International 823 United Nations Plaza Schools, Neighborhoods
8713 Cinnabay Drive New York, NY 10017
and the Workplace
Charlotte, NC 28216 (212) 490-2525
Leadership Conference
(704) 395-1028 www.adl.org
Education Fund
www.stophate.org
Double Exposure and 1629 K St. NW
Study Circles Resource Center Challenges to Equality Washington, DC 20012
697 Pomfret St., Box 203 Poverty and Race Research Action www.civilrights.org
Pomfret, CT 06258 Council
(860) 928-2616 1015 15th St. NW HATE CRIME STATISTICS
www.studycircles.org Washington, DC 20005 Federal Bureau of Investigation
(202) 906-8023 1000 Custer Hollow Road
Southern Poverty Law Center www.prrac.org Clarksburg, WV 26306
Intelligence Project www.fbi.gov/ucr/hatecm.htm
Teaching Tolerance The Crisis Magazine
400 Washington Ave. NAACP PUBLICATIONS OF THE
Montgomery, AL 36104 4805 Mt. Hope Drive SOUTHERN POVERTY LAW CENTER
(334) 956-8200 Baltimore, MD 21215 Responding to Hate at School: A
www.intelligenceproject.org (410) 580-5137
Guide for Teachers, Counselors and
www.teachingtolerance.org www.thecrisismagazine.com
Administrators, and Ten Ways to
www.tolerance.org
Fight Hate on Campus: A Response
www.splcenter.org Know Your Rights
American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Guide for Collegiate Communities
ANTI-BIAS AND DIVERSITY Committee Southern Poverty Law Center
WORKSHOPS 4201 Connecticut Ave. NW 400 Washington Ave.
A World of Difference Institute Suite 300 Montgomery, AL 36104
Anti-Defamation League Washington, DC 20008 (334) 956-8200
823 United Nations Plaza (202) 244-2990 www.tolerance.org/rthas
New York, NY 10017 www.adc.org www.tolerance.org/campus

RESOURCES 31
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ioij[cehjhWdic_jj[Z"_dWdo\ehcehXoWdoc[Wdi"[b[Yjhed_Y"c[Y^Wd_YWb"f^eje#
Yefo_d]"h[YehZ_d]ehej^[hm_i["m_j^ekjj^[fh_ehmh_jj[df[hc_ii_ede\j^[fkXb_i^[h$
Fh_dj[Z_dj^[Kd_j[ZIjWj[ie\7c[h_YW$

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h[i[WhY^Xoj^[ijW\\e\j^[?dj[bb_][dY[Fhe`[Yj
J^_hZ[Z_j_edj[njkfZWj[ZXo9Whh_[A_bcWdWdZ8h_WdM_bbek]^Xo
:[i_]d:_h[Yjeh0Hkii[bb;ij[i
:[i_]d[h0LWb[h_[:emd[i
9el[hf^eje]hWf^Xo;h_YImWdied%ImWdijeYa

7IfWd_i^#bWd]kW][l[hi_ede\j^_ifkXb_YWj_ed_iWlW_bWXb[$I[dZoekhmh_jj[dh[gk[ij
jeJeb[hWdY[$eh]"*&&MWi^_d]jed7l[$"Cedj]ec[ho"7B),'&*$Ehbe]edje
mmm$jeb[hWdY[$eh]%'&UmWoi
>WokdWl[hi_Œd[d[ifW‹ebZ[[ijWfkXb_YWY_Œd$CWdZ[ikf[j_Y_Œd[iYh_jWWJeb[hWdY[$
eh]"*&&MWi^_d]jed7l[$"Cedj]ec[ho7B),'&*$EXkigk[be[d[b?dj[hd[j0
mmm$jeb[hWdY[$eh]%'&UmWoi

32 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE


TODD ROBERTSON / GAINESVILLE TIMES

33
“Truth and love and kindness
and caring won out over hate.
It restored my faith in humanity.”
— Palatine, Ill., Mayor Rita Mullins, after teenagers within
the community rose up against the Ku Klux Klan

A PROJECT OF THE SOUTHERN POVERTY LAW CENTER


400 Washington Ave. Montgomery, AL 36104
(334) 956 8200 www.teachingtolerance.org

34 TEN WAYS TO FIGHT HATE