You are on page 1of 31

ROMANIA

Developing a modern system


for cadastre and land registration
NATIONAL AGENCY FOR CADASTRE
AND LAND REGISTRATION
Historical Background
Institutional organization
Legal framework
Registration process in Romania
ANCPI achievements 2004-2009
ANCPI and private surveyors
Agenda
26/03/ 2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#3
1870 - Austrian-Hungarian land registration (grundbuch) in Transilvania;
1918 - Establishment of Romania;
1923 - first land reform;
1933 - first cadastral law;
1938 - first land registration law;
1945 - second land reform;
1948 - nationalization, collectivization;
1960 - 1995 Land Registry managed by State Notaries;
1989 - change of political regime ;
1991 - third land reform(restitution, privatization);
1995 - Land Registry transferred to local courts;
1996 new C&LR law (law 7 1996)
2004 - cadastre and land registration one single Agency
Historical Background
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#4
Institutional organization
42 Regional Offices
138 Land Book office
3038 Employees
~ 12 mil. Land Books
~ 60 mil. parcels
Total area of Romania:23.8 mil ha
Population:21.6 mil
Adminitrative region (JUDET):..42
Administrative teritorial units (COMUNA):.3180
Romania, a big country with small parcels
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#5
The legal framework is established by:
the restitution the law 18 / 1991
the cadastre and land registration law 7 / 1996
The good news
Still only one Agency that unifies Cadastre and Landbook
The bad news
The self financing was cancelled in December 2009
good news bad news
Legal Framework
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#6
Registration before NACLR
the name of the game: guess the correct order
CLIENT
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#7
Registration with NACLR
just push the button (if you guess the right one)
Land Book &
Cadastre Office CLIENT
Agreements
Agreements
Architects
body Real estate
companies
ANCPI achievements
2004 - 2009
Orthophoto maps coverage
GNSS permanent stations network
Data conversion
TOPRO5
INIS INSPIRE Geoportal
Information system E Terra
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#9
Ortophotomaps coverage
1/5000 national level one third 2008
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration
System ROMANIA
#10
Reeaua de staii permanente GPS
msurtori ieftine, rapide, integrate la nivel naional
Permanent GNSS stations network
national coverage ... 35 km circles www.rompos.ro
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#11
Data conversion
Two major evidence systems over
country;
Very old evidence papers, partially
damaged;
Different practices and shapes used
along approx. 100 years;
Hand written, sometime in foreign
languages, currently unused;
Inconsistent registrations and data;
Legal framework tailored for papers
practice workflow;
normalization of a huge diversity, keeping the diversity
Landbook
10%
Cadastre
85%
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#12
TOPRO5 Digital Map of Romania
the official infrastructure scale 1/5000
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#13
TOPRO5 Digital Map of Romania
land use administrative borders
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#14
TOPRO5 Digital Map of Romania
hydrography
26/03/2012
Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#15
TOPRO5 Digital Map of Romania
transportation network classified roads
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#16
INSPIRE Directive in ROMANIA
Government Ordinance no. 4 / 2010
I N S P I R E = C O O P E R A T I O N
INIS Council's role is: coordination action
to achieve national spatial data infrastructure and related
services
The Ordinance has two facets:
-transpose the INSPIRE Directive into the national law
-define, in addition, the general legislative framework necessary
to achieve INIS
The overall objective is:
to facilitate public access to existing spatial data and pooling of
resources and services with minimal efforts for the development
policies and environmental policies implementation
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#17
INIS- National Spatial Data Infrastructure
collaboration is the key factor for success
Spatial data will be produced and
updated at the most appropriate level of
responsible institutions
Data remains in the property or in
administration of data management
responsible entities
ANCPI ensures coordination, integration
and technical support
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#18
ANCPI creates technical support for sharing of spatial
data sets and related services INSPIRE Geoportal
Data owners retain all rights related to data and this set
of licensing policies, payment and data access, as
appropriate;
INIS Council has the power to decide other new themes
to those defined as required in Annexes I-III of INSPIRE
DIRECTIVE;
Access to information is public. Exceptions are clearly
defined in the Ordinance;
Each institution shall decide according to existing
legislation on the public character of the data that is
owned or managed
INSPIRE Directive in ROMANIA
Government Ordinance no. 4 / 2010
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#19
GeoPortal INSPIRE Romania
spatial data and services for e-government
Acces on line access to Romania
A gateway for all Romanian
spatial data
Sharing spatial information
and services
A modern infrastructure for
land administration and
land policies
26/03/2012
Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#20
Financing
Total: 23,6 mil. $
18,0 mil.$ World Bank loan;
5,6 mil.$ Romanian Government.
Objectives
National coverage with orthophotomaps;
Cadastral works;
Design and implementation of I.T. System;
Purchase of: equipments, furniture and vehicles;
Training.
Dream team
Lynn Holstein, Victoria Stanley, Helge Onsrud, John Manthorpe, Peter
Lindbo Larsen and others
World Bank Project
The Project Of General Cadastre and Land Book
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#21
Increasing public transparency
on line status of public applications - RGI
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#22
e-Terra IT system History & achievements
Registrations 4,893,548
Immovables 1,475,612
Transactions 2,576,634
Mortgages 966,185
Sample of plan
Pilot starting sept. 2006;
Improvements 2007-2008;
Rollout starting aug. 2008;
Rollout completed dec. 2009.
Achievements
History
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#23
IT system main goals
efficient registration;
unified country wide practice;
standardization of activities;
predictive & controlled processes;
unified electronic archive;
repetitive activities clearance;
easy information find & use;
operations tracking;
a base for other major projects.
IT systems are required to resolve all
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#24
IT System e-Terra Architecture Overview(1)
VPN
r
ORACLE 10g RAC
IBM
COGNOS
Reporting
system
Clients
D
a
t
a

L
a
y
e
r
MS IIS Cluster
Server Server Server
ESRI ArcGIS
ESRI ArrcSDE
Server
IBM WAS Cluster
Server Server Server
ESRI Image
Server
A
p
p
l
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

l
a
y
e
r
Client Client Client
Storage
(SUN)
P
r
e
s
e
n
t
a
t
i
o
n

L
a
y
e
r
P
u
b
l
i
d
h
i
n
g

L
a
y
e
r
N
e
t
w
o
r
k

I
n
f
r
a
s
t
r
u
c
t
u
r
e
Citrix XenApp Farm
Server Server Server
Database
Three tier architecture;
Centralised architecture;
Java & dotnet platforms;
Citrix publishing;
High availability;
High scalability;
Over 3500 users.
Service oriented system.
nothing new under the sun
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#25
IT System Architecture Overview (2)
any little thing comes with a great stuff evil
Portal
e-Learning Reporting
Content
Manager
Data Quality
Core Business
e-Terra
User
IT Main subsystems integration Bucharest - Data Center
Brasov - D.R. site
Infrastructure
management
200 T.B. Storage; 1302 G.B. Dynamic
Memory; 1278 CPU Power 5 & 6.
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#26
IT system Issues - changing people mentality
Changing employees behavior;
Huge effort for training without interruption of services supply;
Management of collision between different cultures
(technical & juridical) working in one integrated system;
Management of relations with professional groups (notaries,
surveyors, banks, etc.);
New activities requested such as helpdesk, business support, etc.
we agree the change only if completely missing
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#27
IT system Next steps
the most important things are always those who follow
Online services;
Integration with local authorities;
e-Conveyance;
e-Terra version 3;
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#28
Licensed surveyors - 5000
2011 distribution
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#29
Licensed surveying companies - 560
2011 distribution
26/03/2012 Cadastre and Land Registration System
ROMANIA
#30
ANCPI and the private surveyors
working together for the public
The Romanian government encourages the
private sector in surveying field by promoting
the geodetic body law
ANCPI moves the collaboration with the private
sector into the digital world era
The regulations and work procedures will be
developed by working groups including experts
from all the main players in the field (private
sector, universities, research institutes, local and
central authorities).
Thank you!