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ChemWatch Full Report MSDS for CRC CO CONTACT CLEANER

CRC CO CONTACT CLEANER


ChemWatch Full Report (REVIEW)
CHEMWATCH 6559-81
Date of Issue: Wed 28-Jan-2004

STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE

DANGEROUS GOODS. NON-HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE.

SUPPLIER

Company: CRC Industries (Aust) Pty Limited Company: CRC Industries


(Aust) Pty Limited
Address: Address:
PO Box 199 9 Gladstone Rd
Castle Hill Castle Hill
NSW, 2154 NSW, 2154
AUS AUS
Telephone: (+61 2) 9634
2088
Fax: 02 9680 4914

CHEMWATCH HAZARD RATINGS

Flammability: 4

Toxicity: 2

Body Contact: 2

Reactivity: 1

Chronic: 2

SCALE: Min/Nil=0 Low=1 Moderate=2 High=3 Extreme=4

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ChemWatch Full Report MSDS for CRC CO CONTACT CLEANER

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL


ENVIRONMENTS

SYNONYMS

electronic cleaner

SHIPPING NAME

AEROSOLS

Manufacturer's Code: 2015, 2016


! 03/02

MATERIAL DETAILS

CAS RN No(s): None


NIOSH No: None
UN No: 1950
DANGEROUS G. CLASS: 2.1
SUB RISK: None
PACKING GROUP: None
POISONS SCHEDULE: None
EPG: 2D1
IERG: 49
IMO CLASS: 2.1
IMDG PAGE: 2102
HAZCHEM: 2Y

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ChemWatch Full Report MSDS for CRC CO CONTACT CLEANER

LABEL: No class label assigned

USE

The use of a quantity of material in an unventilated or


confined space may result in increased exposure and an
irritating atmosphere developing Before starting consider
control of exposure by mechanical ventilation Application is
by spray atomisation from a hand held aerosol pack
Electronic cleaner.

APPEARANCE

Colourless liquid with an ethereal odour; does not mix with water.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Molecular Weight: Not Applicable


Boiling Range (ºC): 51 initial
Melting Range (ºC): Not Available
Specific Gravity (water=1): 0.69
Solubility in water (g/L): Immiscible
pH (as supplied):
pH (1% solution): Not Applicable
Vapour Pressure (kPa): 15.3 @ 25 degC
Volatile Component (%vol): 100
Evaporation Rate: Fast
Relative Vapour Density (air=1): >1
Flash Point (ºC): <0
Lower Explosive Limit (%): 1
Upper Explosive Limit (%): 7
Autoignition Temp (ºC): 260
Decomposition Temp (ºC): Not Available
State: COMPRESSED GAS

INGREDIENTS

NAME CAS RN %
isohexanes 73513-42-5 >60

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ChemWatch Full Report MSDS for CRC CO CONTACT CLEANER

carbon dioxide 124-38-9 1-9


No other ingredient information supplied.

HEALTH HAZARD

ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS

SWALLOWED

Not normally a hazard due to physical form of product.


Considered an unlikely route of entry in commercial/industrial environments
Accidental ingestion of the material may be damaging to the health of the
individual; animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may
be fatal.
Swallowing of the liquid may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of
chemical pneumonitis; serious consequences may result. (ICSC13733)
Isoparaffinic hydrocarbons cause temporary lethargy, weakness, inco-ordination
and diarrhoea.
Central nervous system (CNS) depression may include general discomfort, symptoms
of giddiness, headache, dizziness, nausea, anaesthetic effects, slowed reaction
time, slurred speech and may progress to unconsciousness. Serious poisonings may
result in respiratory depression and may be fatal.

EYE

There is some evidence to suggest that this material can cause eye irritation
and damage in some persons.

SKIN

Spray mist may produce discomfort


The material is not thought to produce adverse health effects or skin irritation
following contact (as classified by EC Directives using animal models).
Nevertheless, good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum
and that suitable gloves be used in an occupational setting.
Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions,
may produce systemic injury with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the
use of the material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.

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INHALED

Inhalation of aerosols (mists, fumes), generated by the material during the


course of normal handling, may be damaging to the health of the individual.
There is some evidence to suggest that the material can cause respiratory
irritation in some persons. The body's response to such irritation can cause
further lung damage.
Inhalation of toxic gases may cause:
· Central Nervous System effects including depression, headache, confusion,
dizziness, stupor, coma and seizures;
· respiratory: acute lung swellings, shortness of breath, wheezing, rapid
breathing, other symptoms and respiratory arrest;
· heart: collapse, irregular heartbeats and cardiac arrest;
· gastrointestinal: irritation, ulcers, nausea and vomiting (may be bloody), and
abdominal pain.
Inhalation of high concentrations of gas/vapour causes lung irritation with
coughing and nausea, central nervous depression with headache and dizziness,
slowing of reflexes, fatigue and inco-ordination.
Central nervous system (CNS) depression may include general discomfort, symptoms
of giddiness, headache, dizziness, nausea, anaesthetic effects, slowed reaction
time, slurred speech and may progress to unconsciousness. Serious poisonings may
result in respiratory depression and may be fatal.
Material is highly volatile and may quickly form a concentrated atmosphere in
confined or unventilated areas. Vapour is heavier than air and may displace and
replace air in breathing zone, acting as a simple asphyxiant. This may happen
with little warning of overexposure.
Symptoms of asphyxia (suffocation) may include headache, dizziness, shortness of
breath, muscular weakness, drowsiness and ringing in the ears. If the asphyxia
is allowed to progress, there may be nausea and vomiting, further physical
weakness and unconsciousness and, finally, convulsions, coma and death.
Significant concentrations of the non-toxic gas reduce the oxygen level in the
air. As the amount of oxygen is reduced from 21 to 14 volume %, the pulse rate
accelerates and the rate and volume of breathing increase. The ability to
maintain attention and think clearly is diminished and muscular coordination is
somewhat disturbed. As oxygen decreases from 14-10% judgement becomes faulty;
severe injuries may cause no pain. Muscular exertion leads to rapid fatigue.
Further reduction to 6% may produce nausea and vomiting and the ability to move
may be lost. Permanent brain damage may result even after resuscitation at
exposures to this lower oxygen level. Below 6% breathing is in gasps and
convulsions may occur. Inhalation of a mixture containing no oxygen may result
in unconsciousness from the first breath and death will follow in a few minutes.
WARNING:Intentional misuse by concentrating/inhaling contents may be lethal.

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Inhalation of vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. This may be


accompanied by narcosis, drowsiness, reduced alertness, loss of reflexes, lack
of coordination and vertigo.
Nerve damage can be caused by some non-ring hydrocarbons. Symptoms are
temporary, and include weakness, tremors, increased saliva, some convulsions,
excessive tears with discolouration and inco-ordination lasting up to 24 hours.
If exposure to highly concentrated solvent atmosphere is prolonged this may lead
to narcosis, unconsciousness, even coma and possible death.
Carbon dioxide is an odourless gas, which gives very poor warning of exposure.
It can cause rapid loss of consciousness, and death from lack of oxygen at
concentrations of 10% in air. Even concentrations of 3% can lead to shortness of
breath and headache.
Carbon dioxide is the most powerful dilator of brain vessels known. High levels,
even with sufficient oxygen, may produce rapid circulatory insufficiency,
leading to coma and death.
Continuous exposure to 1.5% carbon dioxide may cause changes in some
physiological processes, affecting the rate of breathing. Even at low
concentrations, regular exposure to carbon dioxide is potentially harmful,
resulting in increased concentration of bicarbonate ions and acidosis.
High concentrations of carbon dioxide (2-10%) may produce an acidic taste,
dyspnoea, headache, vertigo, nausea, laboured breathing, weakness, drowsiness,
mental confusion, and increased blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate.
Exposure to 10% for a few minutes reportedly produces visual disturbances,
tinnitus, tremors, profuse sweating, restlessness, pins and needles, general
discomfort, loss of consciousness, and coma. Concentartions of 25-50% may cause
coma and convulsions within one minute. Fast heart rate and heart beat
irregularities are possible. Concentrations of 50% may cause symptoms of low
blood calcium including spasms of the wrist and foot. Excessive carbon dioxide
for a period of time (not more than 5 minutes) can cause visual effects,
enlarged blind spot, aversion to light, loss of convergence and accommodation,
and deficient dark adaptation as well as headache, sleeplessness and personality
changes (depression and irritability). Even when there is sufficient oxygen to
prevent simple suffocation, high concentrations of carbon dioxide can cause
harmful effects by interfering with its normal elimination from the body. There
is a compensatory increase in breathing at first, but this may reverse to
hypoventilation (reduced breathing), causing a respiratory acidosis. Death from
suffocation may occur if the concentration and duration of exposure are
sufficient.

CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS

Principal route of occupational exposure to the gas is by inhalation.


Substance accumulation, in the human body, may occur and may cause some concern

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following repeated or long-term occupational exposure.


There is some evidence to provide a presumption that human exposure to the
material may result in impaired fertility on the basis of: some evidence in
animal studies of impaired fertility in the absence of toxic effects, or
evidence of impaired fertility occurring at around the same dose levels as other
toxic effects but which is not a secondary non-specific consequence of other
toxic effects.
There is some evidence that human exposure to the material may result in
developmental toxicity. This evidence is based on animal studies where effects
have been observed in the absence of marked maternal toxicity, or at around the
same dose levels as other toxic effects but which are not secondary non-specific
consequences of the other toxic effects.
Although long-term exposure to carbon dioxide, at levels up to 1.5% in inhaled
air, are well tolerated, the metabolism of calcium/phosphorus metabolism may be
affected. Calcium levels in the blood and phosphorus in the urine progressively
fall. Long-term exposure at 2% concentration may produce deepened breathing. At
3%, impaired performance is evident. However, after long exposure to low levels,
tolerance may develop.
Reproductive effects may occur in animals.

FIRST AID

SWALLOWED

Not considered a normal route of entry.


If spontaneous vomiting appears imminent or occurs, hold patient's head down,
lower than their hips to help avoid possible aspiration of vomitus.
· If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
· If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down
position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
· Observe the patient carefully.
· Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced
awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
· Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as
casualty can comfortably drink.
· Seek medical advice.
Avoid giving milk or oils.
Avoid giving alcohol.

EYE

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If aerosols come in contact with the eyes:


· Immediately hold the eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously for at least
15 minutes with fresh running water.
· Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from
eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
· Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
· Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by
skilled personnel.

SKIN

If solids or aerosol mists are deposited upon the skin:


· Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
· Remove any adhering solids with industrial skin cleansing cream.
· DO NOT use solvents.
· Seek medical attention in the event of irritation.

INHALED

If aerosols, fumes or combustion products are inhaled:


· Remove to fresh air.
· Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
· Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed,
where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
· If breathing is shallow or has stopped, ensure clear airway and apply
resuscitation, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask
device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
· Transport to hospital, or doctor.

ADVICE TO DOCTOR

Treat symptomatically.
For acute or short term repeated exposures to petroleum distillates
or related
hydrocarbons:
· Primary threat to life, from pure petroleum distillate ingestion
and/or
inhalation, is respiratory failure.
· Patients should be quickly evaluated for signs of respiratory
distress (e.g.
cyanosis, tachypnoea, intercostal retraction, obtundation) and given

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oxygen.
Patients with inadequate tidal volumes or poor arterial blood gases
(pO2 50 mm
Hg) should be intubated.
· Arrhythmias complicate some hydrocarbon ingestion and/or inhalation
and
electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial injury has been reported;
intravenous lines and cardiac monitors should be established in
obviously
symptomatic patients. The lungs excrete inhaled solvents, so that
hyperventilation improves clearance.
· A chest x-ray should be taken immediately after stabilisation of
breathing and
circulation to document aspiration and detect the presence of
pneumothorax.
· Epinephrine (adrenalin) is not recommended for treatment of
bronchospasm
because of potential myocardial sensitisation to catecholamines.
Inhaled
cardioselective bronchodilators (e.g. Alupent, Salbutamol) are the
preferred
agents, with aminophylline a second choice.
· Lavage is indicated in patients who require decontamination; ensure
use of
cuffed endotracheal tube in adult patients. [Ellenhorn and Barceloux:
Medical
Toxicology]

TOXICITY AND IRRITATION

None assigned. Refer to individual constituents.


unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of
Toxic Effects
of Chemical Substances

ISOHEXANES:
No significant acute toxicological data identified in literature
search.

CARBON DIOXIDE:

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TOXICITY IRRITATION
carbon dioxide gas:
Inhalation (human) LCLo:10 pph/ 1 m (10%) Nil reported
Inhalation (human) LCLo:9 pph/5 m (9%)
Inhalation (rat) LCLo: 657190 ppm/15 m
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 2000 ppm
- pulmonary effects
IDLH: 50,000 ppm

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

EXPOSURE STANDARDS

ODOUR SAFETY FACTOR (OSF)

OSF=0.068 (CARBON DIOXIDE)


Exposed individuals are NOT reasonably expected to be warned, by
smell, that the
Exposure Standard is being exceeded.
Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is determined to fall into either Class
C, D or E.
The Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is defined as:
OSF= Exposure Standard (TWA) ppm/ Odour Threshold Value (OTV) ppm
Classification into classes follows:

Class OSF Description


A 550 Over 90% of exposed
individuals are aware by
smell that the Exposure
Standard (TLV-TWA for
example) is being
reached, even when
distracted by working
activities
B 26-550 As "A" for 50-90% of
persons being distracted
C 1-26 As "A" for less than 50%
of persons being

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distracted
D 0.18-1 10-50% of persons aware
of being tested perceive
by smell that the
Exposure Standard is
being reached
E <0.18 As "D" for less than 10%
of persons aware of being
tested

EXPOSURE STANDARDS FOR MIXTURE

"Worst Case" computer-aided prediction of vapour components/


concentrations:

Composite Exposure Standard for Mixture (TWA) (mg/m³): 1774.273


mg/m³
If the breathing zone concentration of ANY of the components
listed below is
exceeded, "Worst Case" considerations deem the individual to be
overexposed.
Component Breathing Zone ppm Breathing Zone mg/m³ Mixture Conc:
(%)

Component Breathing zone Breathing Zone Mixture Conc


(ppm) (mg/m³) (%)
isohexanes 499.01 1756.5303 99.0
carbon dioxide 9.86 17.7427 1.0

INGREDIENT DATA

ISOHEXANES:
hexane, isomers (excluding n-hexane)
ES TWA: 500 ppm, 1760 mg/m³; STEL: 1000 ppm, 3500 mg/m³
TLV TWA: 500 ppm, 1760 mg/m³; STEL: 1000 ppm, 3500 mg/m³
MAK value: 200 ppm, 700 mg/m³
MAK Category II Peak Limitation: For substances with systemic
effects and with a

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half-life in humans of less than two hours.


Allows excursions of 2 times the MAK value, for 30 minutes (on
average), four
times per shift.
MAK Group IIc: Substances with MAK Values but no pregnancy risk
group
classification. These are substances which have been investigated
but for which
no information regarding possible damage to the foetus/embryo was
found. Mention
calls attention to the absence of adequate data.
MAK values, and categories and groups are those recommended within
the
Federal Republic of Germany
IDLH Level : 5000 ppm

The TLV-TWA is thought to be protective against nausea, headache,


upper
respiratory tract irritation and CNS depression. The STEL is added
to
prevent objective depression of the CNS. The lower value ascribed
to n-hexane is due to the neurotoxicity of its metabolites,
principally
5-hydroxy-2-hexanone and 2,5-hexanedione. It is considered
unlikely that
other hexanes follow the same metabolic route. It should be noted
however
that the n-hexane TLV-TWA (50 ppm, 176 mg/m³) also applies to
commercial
hexane having a concentration of greater than 5% n-hexane.

CARBON DIOXIDE:
TLV TWA: 5000 ppm [ACGIH]
TLV STEL: 30000 ppm [ACGIH]
PEL TWA: 5000 ppm, 9000 mg/m³ [OSHA Z1]
carbon dioxide gas:
ES TWA: 5000 ppm, 9000 mg/m³; STEL: 30000 ppm, 54000 mg/m³
TLV TWA: 5000 ppm, 9000 mg/m³; STEL: 30000 ppm, 54000 mg/m³
OES TWA: 5000 ppm, 9150 mg/m³; STEL: 15000 ppm, 27400 mg/m³
MAK value: 5000 ppm, 9100 mg/m³
MAK Category IV Peak Limitation: For substances with very weak
effects (ie.)
those with MAK value >500 ml/m³ (ppm): Allows excursions of twice

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the MAK value


for 60 minutes at a time, 3 times per shift.
MAK values, and categories and groups are those recommended within
the
Federal Republic of Germany
IDLH Level: 40000 ppm
NOTE: Detector tubes for carbon dioxide, measuring in excess of
0.01 % vol.,
are commercially available. Long-term measurements (4 hrs)
may be
conducted to detect concentrations exceeding 250 ppm.
Studies using physically fit males in confined spaces indicate the
TLV-TWA
and STEL provides a wide margin of safety against asphyxiation and
from
undue metabolic stress, provided normal amounts of oxygen are
present in
inhaled air. Lowered oxygen content, increased physical activity
and
prolonged exposures each impact on systemic and respiratory
effects.
Stimulation of the respiratory centre is produced at 50,000 ppm
(5%). The
gas is weakly narcotic at 30,000 ppm giving rise to reduced acuity
of
hearing and increasing blood pressure and pulse, Persons exposed at
20,000 ppm for several hours developed headaches and dyspnea on
mild
exertion, Acidosis and adrenal cortical exhaustion occurred as a
result
of prolonged continuous exposure at 10,000-20,0000 ppm.
Intoxication occurs after a 30 minute exposure at 50,000 ppm whilst
exposure at 70,000-100,000 ppm produces unconsciousness within a
few
minutes.

ENGINEERING CONTROLS

General exhaust is adequate under normal conditions. If risk of


overexposure

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exists, wear SAA approved respirator. Correct fit is essential to


obtain
adequate protection.
Provide adequate ventilation in warehouse or closed storage areas.

PERSONAL PROTECTION

EYE

No special equipment for minor exposure i.e. when handling small


quantities.
OTHERWISE: For potentially moderate or heavy exposures:
· Safety glasses with side shields.
· NOTE: Contact lenses pose a special hazard; soft lenses may absorb
irritants
and ALL lenses concentrate them.

HANDS/FEET

No special equipment needed when handling small quantities.


OTHERWISE:
For potentially moderate exposures:
Wear general protective gloves, eg. light weight rubber gloves.
For potentially heavy exposures:
Wear chemical protective gloves, eg. PVC. and safety footwear.

OTHER

No special equipment needed when handling small quantities.


OTHERWISE:
· Overalls.
· Skin cleansing cream.
· Eyewash unit.

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· Do not spray on hot surfaces.

RESPIRATOR

Respiratory protection may be required when ANY "Worst Case" vapour-


phase
concentration is exceeded (see Computer Prediction in "Exposure
Standards").

Protection Factor Half-Face Respirator Full-Face Respirator


5 x ES Air-line* AX-2
- AX-PAPR-2
10 x ES - AX-3
10+ x ES - Air-line**

* - Continuous Flow; ** - Continuous-flow or positive pressure demand


^ - Full-face

The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use


determine
the type of personal protective equipment required. For further
information
consult site specific CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your
Occupational
Health and Safety Advisor.

HANDLING PROCEDURES

· Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.


· Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
· Use in a well-ventilated area.
· Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
· DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
· Avoid smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
· Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
· When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
· DO NOT incinerate or puncture aerosol cans.

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· DO NOT spray directly on humans, exposed food or food utensils.


· Avoid physical damage to containers.
· Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
· Work clothes should be laundered separately.
· Use good occupational work practice.
· Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
· Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards
to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.

CONDITION CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY

· Elevated temperatures.
· Presence of open flame.
· Product is considered stable.
· Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.

SAFE HANDLING

STORAGE

SUITABLE CONTAINER

· Aerosol dispenser.
· Check that containers are clearly labelled.

STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY

Avoid reaction with oxidising agents

STORAGE REQUIREMENTS

Keep dry to avoid corrosion of cans. Corrosion may result in container


perforation and internal pressure may eject contents of can
· Store in original containers in approved flammable liquid storage area.
· DO NOT store in pits, depressions, basements or areas where vapours may be
trapped.
· No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
· Keep containers securely sealed. Contents under pressure.
· Store away from incompatible materials.

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· Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated area.


· Avoid storage at temperatures higher than 40 deg C.
· Store in an upright position.
· Protect containers against physical damage.
· Check regularly for spills and leaks.
· Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.

TRANSPORTATION

Class 2.1 - Flammable gases shall not be loaded in the same vehicle or packed in
the same freight container with:
Class 1 - Explosives;
Class 3 - Flammable liquids (where both flammable liquids and flammable gases
are in bulk);
Class 4.1 - Flammable solids;
Class 4.2 - Spontaneously combustible substances;
Class 4.3 - Dangerous when wet substances;
Class 5.1 - Oxidising agents;
Class 5.2 - Organic peroxides;
Class 7 - Radioactive substances.

SPILLS

MINOR SPILLS

· Clean up all spills immediately.


· Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes.
· Wear protective clothing, impervious gloves and safety glasses.
· Shut off all possible sources of ignition and increase ventilation.
· Wipe up.
· If safe, damaged cans should be placed in a container outdoors, away from all
ignition sources, until pressure has dissipated.
· Undamaged cans should be gathered and stowed safely.

MAJOR SPILLS

· Clear area of personnel and move upwind.


· Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
· May be violently or explosively reactive.
· Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves.
· Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water

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courses
· No smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
· Increase ventilation.
· Stop leak if safe to do so.
· Water spray or fog may be used to disperse / absorb vapour.
· Absorb or cover spill with sand, earth, inert materials or vermiculite.
· If safe, damaged cans should be placed in a container outdoors, away from
ignition sources, until pressure has dissipated.
· Undamaged cans should be gathered and stowed safely.
· Collect residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.

PROTECTIVE ACTIONS FOR SPILL

From IERG (Canada/Australia)


Isolation Distance -
Downwind Protection Distance 8 metres

FOOTNOTES
1 PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE is defined as the area in which people are
at risk
of harmful exposure. This zone assumes that random changes in wind
direction
confines the vapour plume to an area within 30 degrees on either
side of the
predominant wind direction, resulting in a crosswind protective
action distance
equal to the downwind protective action distance.
2 PROTECTIVE ACTIONS should be initiated to the extent possible,
beginning with

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those closest to the spill and working away from the site in the
downwind
direction. Within the protective action zone a level of vapour
concentration
may exist resulting in nearly all unprotected persons becoming
incapacitated
and unable to take protective action and/or incurring serious or
irreversible
health effects.
3 INITIAL ISOLATION ZONE is determined as an area, including upwind
of the
incident, within which a high probability of localised wind
reversal may
expose nearly all persons without appropriate protection to life-
threatening
concentrations of the material.
4 SMALL SPILLS involve a leaking package of 200 litres (55 US
gallons) or less,
such as a drum (jerrican or box with inner containers). Larger
packages leaking
less than 200 litres and compressed gas leaking from a small
cylinder are also
considered "small spills".
LARGE SPILLS involve many small leaking packages or a leaking
package of
greater than 200 litres, such as a cargo tank, portable tank or a
"one-tonne"
compressed gas cylinder.
5 Guide 126 is taken from the US DOT emergency response guide book.
6 IERG information is derived from CANUTEC - Transport Canada.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING GUIDLINES (ERPG)

The maximum airborne concentration below which it is believed that nearly all
individuals could be exposed for up to one hour WITHOUT experiencing or developing

life-threatening health effects is:

irreversible or other serious effects or symptoms which could


impair an individual's ability to take protective action is:

other than mild, transient adverse effects

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without perceiving a clearly defined odour is:

American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)

DISPOSAL

· Consult State Land Waste Management Authority for disposal.


· Discharge contents of damaged aerosol cans at an approved site.
· Allow small quantities to evaporate.
· DO NOT incinerate or puncture aerosol cans.
· Bury residues and emptied aerosol cans at an approved site.

FIRE FIGHTERS' REPORT

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA

SMALL FIRE:
· Water spray, dry chemical or CO2
LARGE FIRE:
· Water spray or fog.

FIRE FIGHTING

· Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
· May be violently or explosively reactive.
· Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves.
· Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water
course.
· If safe, switch off electrical equipment until vapour fire hazard removed.
· Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area.
· DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
· Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
· If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
· Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.
When any large container (including road and rail tankers) is involved in a fire,
consider evacuation by 100 metres in all directions.

FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD

· Liquid and vapour are flammable.


· Moderate fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.

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· Vapour forms an explosive mixture with air.


· Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame.
· Vapour may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition.
· Heating may cause expansion or decomposition leading to violent rupture of
containers.
· Aerosol cans may explode on exposure to naked flame.
· Rupturing containers may rocket and scatter burning materials.
· Hazards may not be restricted to pressure effects.
· May emit acrid, poisonous or corrosive fumes.
· On combustion, may emit toxic fumes of carbon monoxide (CO).
· Hot organic vapours or mist are capable of sudden spontaneous combustion when
mixed with air even at temperatures below their published autoignition
temperatures.
· The temperature of ignition decreases with increasing vapour volume and
vapour/air contact times and is influenced by pressure change.
· Ignition may occur under elevated-temperature process conditions especially in
processes performed under vacuum subjected to sudden ingress of air or in
processes performed at elevated pressure, where sudden escape of vapours or
mists to the atmosphere occurs.
carbon dioxide (CO2)
other pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material
Contains low boiling substance: Closed containers may rupture due to pressure
buildup under fire conditions.

FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY

Avoid contamination with oxidising agents i.e. nitrates, oxidising acids,


chlorine bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result

ENVIRONMENTAL

Drinking Water Standards:


hydrocarbon total: 10 ug/l (UK max.).
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.

CONTACT POINT

COMPANY CONTACT
(+61 2) 9634 2088

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AUSTRALIAN POISONS INFORMATION CENTRE


24 HOUR SERVICE: 13 11 26
POLICE, FIRE BRIGADE OR AMBULANCE: 000

NEW ZEALAND POISONS INFORMATION CENTRE


24 HOUR SERVICE: 0800 764 766
NZ EMERGENCY SERVICES: 111

End of Report

Issue Date: Wed 28-Jan-2004

Print Date: Wed 10-Nov-2004

This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of
private study, research, review or criticism, as permitted under the Copyright
Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from
CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.

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