.

About Juniper Routers
Main products offered by Juniper include T-Series, M-Series, E-Series, MX-Series, J-Series routers,EX-
Series Ethernet switches and SRX-Series Security products. JUNOS is the operating system thatruns on
most of the juniper's networking equipment.
2. Classification of Juniper Routers:
The routers are classified in to M-series, J-series, T-series, E-series, and MX-series based on
thefunctionality. Some frequently used models are given below:
M-Series:
M7i, M10i, M40e, M120, M320
J-Series:
J2320, J2350, J4350, J6350
T-Series:
T320, T640, T1600, TX Matrix, TX Matrix Plus
E-Series:
E120, E320, ERX310, ERX705, ERX710, ERX1410, ERX1440
MX-Series:
MX80, MX240, MX480, MX960
2.1 Differences between different series of juniper routers are
1. Juniper J-Series routers
are a series of enterprise routers called as modular routers for enterprises running desktops, servers, VoIP
etc applications andthese kind of routers are typically deployed at remote offices or branchlocations.
2. Juniper M-Series routers
are called Multiservice Edge routers designed for enterprise and service provider networks.
3. Juniper T-Series routers
are a series of core routers designed for high-endand core networks with throughput from 320 Gbit/s to
25.6 Tbit/s with a maxforwarding rate of 30.7 billion pps.
4. Juniper E-Series routers
are a series of broadband services routers or edgerouters which provides multiple services including
broadband remote accessserver, broadband video services, security services, NAT etc on a
single platform.
5. Juniper MX-Series routers
are a family of high-performance EthernetServices routers with powerful switching features and are
designed for high- performance service providers and enterprises.
Note:
However, please note that we will be discussing only the J-series and some M-seriesrouters in this
manual. Other products are beyond the scope of this manual
3. Juniper Routers Architecture
The central principle of the Juniper Networks platform centers on a separation of the control
andforwarding planes within the router. These are Routing Engine and Packet Forwarding Engine
asshown below.
3.1. Routing Engine
The Routing Engine is the central location for control of the system in a juniper networksrouter and it
consists of an Intel-based PCI platform running JUNOS software. The RoutingEngine constructs and
maintains one or more routing tables. From the routing tables, theRouting Engine derives a table of active
routes, called the forwarding table, which is thencopied into the Packet Forwarding Engine.Functions of
the routing engine include the following

Handling of routing protocol packets

Management Interface

Configuration Management

Accounting and alarms

Modular Software

Scalability
3.2. Packet Forwarding Engine
The Packet Forwarding Engine is the central location for data packet forwarding throughthe router. The
main portions of the Packet Forwarding Engine are the following:

Switching control board.

Flexible PIC Concentrator, and

Physical Interface Card
3.2.1 Switching Control Board
The switching control board contains a PowerPC CPU and 64MB of RAM that


. Juniper Routers Architecture
The central principle of the Juniper Networks platform centers on a separation of the control
andforwarding planes within the router. These are Routing Engine and Packet Forwarding Engine
asshown below.
3.1. Routing Engine
The Routing Engine is the central location for control of the system in a juniper networksrouter and it
consists of an Intel-based PCI platform running JUNOS software. The RoutingEngine constructs and
maintains one or more routing tables. From the routing tables, theRouting Engine derives a table of active
routes, called the forwarding table, which is thencopied into the Packet Forwarding Engine.Functions of
the routing engine include the following

Handling of routing protocol packets

Management Interface

Configuration Management

Accounting and alarms

Modular Software

Scalability
3.2. Packet Forwarding Engine
The Packet Forwarding Engine is the central location for data packet forwarding throughthe router. The
main portions of the Packet Forwarding Engine are the following:

Switching control board.

Flexible PIC Concentrator, and

Physical Interface Card
3.2.1 Switching Control Board
The switching control board contains a PowerPC CPU and 64MB of RAM that
Version 1.0 Copyright © 2002 - 2011 CertExams.com 6



operates the components of the circuit board itself, but doesn't participate in packet forwarding. The
Internet Processor ASIC is located on the control boardand accesses the forwarding table for route
lookups.
3.2.2. Flexible PIC Concentrator (FPC)
The Flexible PIC Concentrators on a router house the PICs which connect therouter to network media and
its main function is to connect the PICs installed init to the other router components.The Flexible PIC
Concentrator (FPC) connects to both the switching control board and the router's interfaces within the
Packet Forwarding Engine.
3.2.3. Physical Interface Card (PIC)
PIC is an interface card through which network cables carry data transmissionsto and from the network
plug. A PIC installs into a FPC.
3.3. Routing Engine Hardware Components
The Routing Engine consists of various components like Processor, DRAM, EPROM,Crypto Accelerator
Module, Compact Flash.
i. Processor
The processor runs JUNOS software to maintain the router's routing tables androuting protocols and
creates the packet forwarding switch fabric for the router.
ii. DRAM
DRAM buffers incoming packets and provides storage for the routing andforwarding tables and for other
Routing Engine processes
iii. EPROM
EPROM stores the serial number of the Routing Engine.
iv. Crypto Accelerator Module
Crypto Accelerator Module is a processor card that enhances performance of cryptographic algorithms
used in IP security (IPSec) services.The cryptographic algorithms supported include Advanced
Encryption Standard(AES), Data Encryption Standard (DES), triple DES (3DES), Hashed
MessageAuthentication Code-Message Digest 5 (HMAC-MD5), and HMAC-SecureHash Algorithm 1
(SHA-1).
v. Compact Flash
Version 1.0 Copyright © 2002 - 2011 CertExams.com 7


Compact Flash component provides primary storage for software images,configuration files, and
microcode. J-series routers have a primary or internalcompact flash located on the system board.
3.4. Router Boot Methods
J2320 and J2350 router can boot from the following given three devices.i. Internal Compact Flashii.
External Compact Flashiii. USB Storage DeviceJ4350 and J6350 can boot from two devices namelyi.
Compact Flash disk ii. USB Storage Device
4. J-Series Router Overview
J Series Services Routers running JUNOS Software provide stable, reliable, and efficient IP routing,WAN
and LAN connectivity, and management services for small to medium-sized enterprise networks.The J-
series juniper router runs Junos with MPLS, IP4/6, QOS, multicast, firewall and IPsec VPN.J-series
Services Routers support network interfaces for E1, E3, T1, T3, Fast Ethernet, serial, Point-to-Point
Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE), and ISDN media.
Slot numbering for J2320 routerSlot numbering for J2350 router
Version 1.0 Copyright © 2002 - 2011 CertExams.com 8



4.1. J2320 Router Front Panel and its Components
The front panel of the J2320 router is as shown belowThe cross section as indicated by AA is provided in
an enlarged scale below:
Version 1.0 Copyright © 2002 - 2011 CertExams.com 9


9.7 : Lab Exercise 7 : Router Interface Address Configuration
Description:
In this lab, you configure so-0/0/1 interface under unit 0 and family inet on arouter with specified ip
address and subnet mask. Choose R1 in the network diagram andexit.
Instructions:
1. Enter into configuration mode2. Set ip address of so-0/0/1 as 196.20.32.15 and subnet mask as 243.
Issue show interfaces command to verify the configuration
user@R1>configure[edit]
user@R1#edit interfaces so-0/0/1
[edit interfaces so-0/0/1]
user@R1#edit unit 0 family inet[edit interfaces so-0/0/1 unit 0 family inet]

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful