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SKY MAP SHOWS HOW
THE NIGHT SKY LOOKS
EARLY NOV 9 PM
LATE NOV 8 PM
SKY MAP DRAWN FOR
A LATITUDE OF 0
AND IS SUITABLE
FOR LATITUDES UP
TO 15 NORTH
OR SOUTH OF
THIS
EQUATORIAL EDITION
NOVEMBER 2013
(Add 1 Hour For Daylight Saving)
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ic Clouds (LMC & SMC) are companion galaxies to our galaxy, The M
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Sky Calendar November 2013
1 Venus at greatest elongation, 47 east of Sun (evening sky) at 8h UT.
Mag. +4.4.
1 Mercury at inferior conjunction with the Sun at 20h UT.
Mercury passes into the morning sky. Not visible.
3 New Moon at 12:48 UT. Start of lunation 1124.
3 Total Solar Eclipse from 11:05 to 14:28 UT, greatest eclipse
at 12:48 UT. Totality visible along a narrow path between
North Atlantic (sunrise) and equatorial Africa (sunset).
Partial eclipse in most of Africa, NE South America,
southern Europe, and east coast North America.
5 Moon near Antares (evening sky) at 12h UT.
6 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth) at 9h UT
(365,361 km; angular size 32.7').
7 Moon near Venus (47 from Sun, evening sky)
at 0h UT. Mag. 4.5.
10 First Quarter Moon at 5:58 UT.
17 Full Moon at 15:15 UT.
17 Leonid meteor shower peaks at 10h and 16h UT.
Arises from debris ejected by Comet Tempel-Tuttle in
1533. Expect up to 15 meteors per hour under dark
skies. Unfavorable this year due to strong moonlight.
18 Moon near the Pleiades (midnight sky) at 0h UT.
18 Mercury at greatest elongation, 20 west of Sun
(morning sky) at 2h UT. Mag. 0.5.
18 Comet ISON 0.4 N of Spica (32 from Sun,
morning sky) at 2h UT.
18 Moon near Aldebaran (morning sky) at 21h UT.
22 Moon near Jupiter (morning sky) at 3h UT. Mag. 2.5.
22 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth) at 10h UT
(distance 405,443 km; angular size 29.5').
23 Moon near Beehive Cluster (morning sky) at 16h UT.
25 Moon near Regulus (morning sky) at 13h UT.
25 Last Quarter Moon at 19:29 UT.
27 Moon near Mars (morning sky) at 13h UT. Mag. +1.3.
28 Comet ISON at perihelion at 23h UT.
29 Moon very near Spica (morning sky) at 19h UT. Occultation visible in Alaska.
More sky events and links at http://Skymaps.com/skycalendar/
All times in Universal Time (UT). (Singapore Standard Time = UT + 8 hours.)
Galaxy
Double Star
Variable Star
Diffuse Nebula
Planetary Nebula
Open Star Cluster
Globular Star Cluster
Star Magnitudes
Symbols
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Copyright 20002013 Kym Thalassoudis. All Rights Reserved.
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R PATTERN IN THE SKY.
Easily Seen with the Naked Eye
Easily Seen with Binoculars
Telescopic Objects
Altair Aql Brightest star in Aquila. Name means "the flying eagle". Dist=16.8 ly.
Capella Aur The 6th brightest star. Appears yellowish in color. Spectroscopic binary. Dist=42 ly.
Cephei Cep Cepheid prototype. Mag varies between 3.5 & 4.4 over 5.366 days. Mag 6 companion.
Deneb Cyg Brightest star in Cygnus. One of the greatest known supergiants. Dist=1,400200 ly.
Achernar Eri Brightest star in Eridanus, The River. Arabic name meaning "end of river". Dist=144 ly.
Vega Lyr The 5th brightest star in the sky. A blue-white star. Dist=25.0 ly.
Rigel Ori The brightest star in Orion. Blue supergiant star with mag 7 companion. Dist=770 ly.
Betelgeuse Ori One of the largest red supergiant stars known. Diameter=300 times that of Sun. Dist=430 ly.
Algol Per Famous eclipsing binary star. Magnitude varies between 2.1 & 3.4 over 2.867 days.
Fomalhaut PsA Brightest star in Piscis Austrinus. In Arabic the "fish's mouth". Dist=25 ly.
Pleiades Tau The Seven Sisters. Spectacular cluster. Many more stars visible in binoculars. Dist=399 ly.
Hyades Tau Large V-shaped star cluster. Binoculars reveal many more stars. Dist=152 ly.
Aldebaran Tau Brightest star in Taurus. It is not associated with the Hyades star cluster. Dist=66.7 ly.
Polaris UMi The North Pole Star. A telescope reveals an unrelated mag 8 companion star. Dist=433 ly.
M31 And The Andromeda Galaxy. Most distant object visible to naked eye. Dist=2.5 million ly.
M2 Aqr Resembles a fuzzy star in binoculars.
Aquilae Aql Bright Cepheid variable. Mag varies between 3.6 & 4.5 over 7.166 days. Dist=1,200 ly.
M38 Aur Stars appear arranged in "pi" or cross shape. Dist=4,300 ly.
M36 Aur About half size of M38. Located in rich Milky Way star field. Dist=4,100 ly.
Cephei Cep Herschel's Garnet Star. One of the reddest stars. Mag 3.4 to 5.1 over 730 days.
Mira Cet Famous long period variable star. Mag varies between 3.0 & 10.1 over 332 days.
Cygni Cyg Long period pulsating red giant. Magnitude varies between 3.3 & 14.2 over 407 days.
M39 Cyg May be visible to the naked eye under good conditions. Dist=900 ly.
LMC Dor Large Magellanic Cloud. A neighbouring galaxy of the Milky Way. Dist=180,000 ly.
Lyrae Lyr Famous Double Double. Binoculars show a double star. High power reveals each a double.
R Lyrae Lyr Semi-regular variable. Magnitude varies between 3.9 & 5.0 over 46.0 days.
Cr 69 Ori Lambda Orionis Cluster. Dist=1,630 ly.
M42 Ori The Great Orion Nebula. Spectacular bright nebula. Best in telescope. Dist=1,300 light years.
Pavonis Pav Cepheid-type. Magnitude varies between 3.9 & 4.8 over 9.088 days.
6752 Pav One of the better globular star clusters in the sky. Dist=14,000 ly.
M15 Peg Only globular known to contain a planetary nebula (Mag 14, d=1"). Dist=30,000 ly.
Double Cluster Per Double Cluster in Perseus. NGC 869 & 884. Excellent in binoculars. Dist=7,300 ly.
Phoenicis Phe Eclipsing binary star and double (mag 8). Varies between 3.9 & 4.4 over 1.667 days.
253 Scl Fine, large, cigar-shaped galaxy. Requires dark sky. Member of Sculptor Group.
47 Tucanae Tuc Spectacular object. Telescope will reveal stars. Near edge of SMC. Dist=15,000 ly.
Tucanae Tuc Complex multiple star. Binoculars show one pair. Telescope required to split primary star.
SMC Tuc Small Magellanic Cloud. Companion galaxy to Milky Way. Requires dark sky. Dist=210,000 ly.
Cr 399 Vul Coathanger asterism or "Brocchi's Cluster". Not a true star cluster. Dist=218 to 1,140 ly.
Andromedae And Attractive double star. Bright orange star with mag 5 blue companion. Sep=9.8".
7009 Aqr Saturn Nebula. Requires 8-inch telescope to see Saturn-like appendages.
7293 Aqr Helix Nebula. Spans nearly 1/4 deg. Requires dark sky. Dist=300 ly.
Arietis Ari Impressive looking double blue-white star. Visible in a small telescope. Sep=7.8".
Cassiopeiae Cas Yellow star mag 3.4 & orange star mag 7.5. Dist=19 ly. Orbit=480 years. Sep=12".
Albireo Cyg Beautiful double star. Contrasting colours of orange and blue-green. Sep=34.4".
61 Cygni Cyg Attractive double star. Mags 5.2 & 6.1 orange dwarfs. Dist=11.4 ly. Sep=28.4".
Delphini Del Appear yellow & white. Mags 4.3 & 5.2. Dist=100 ly. Struve 2725 double in same field.
Eridani Eri Striking blue-white double star. Mags 3.2 & 4.3. Visible in a small telescope. Sep=8.2".
Lyrae Lyr Eclipsing binary. Mag varies between 3.3 & 4.3 over 12.940 days. Fainter mag 7.2 blue star.
M57 Lyr Ring Nebula. Magnificent object. Smoke-ring shape. Dist=4,100 ly.
M11 Sct Wild Duck Cluster. Resembles a globular through binoculars. V-shaped. Dist=5,600 ly.
M1 Tau Crab Nebula. Remnant from supernova which was visible in 1054. Dist=6,500 ly.
M33 Tri Fine face-on spiral galaxy. Requires a large aperture telescope. Dist=2.3 million ly.
M27 Vul Dumbbell Nebula. Large, twin-lobed shape. Most spectacular planetary. Dist=975 ly.
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About the Celestial Objects
Listed on this page are several of the brighter, more interesting celestial objects
visible in the evening sky this month (refer to the monthly sky map). The objects are
grouped into three categories. Those that can be easily seen with the naked eye (that
is, without optical aid), those easily seen with binoculars, and those requiring a
telescope to be appreciated. Note, all of the objects (except single stars) will
appear more impressive when viewed through a telescope or very large
binoculars. They are grouped in this way to highlight objects that can be seen using
the optical equipment that may be available to the star gazer.
Tips for Observing the Night Sky
When observing the night sky, and in particular deep-sky objects such as star clusters,
nebulae, and galaxies, its always best to observe from a dark location. Avoid direct
light from street lights and other sources. If possible observe from a dark location
away from the light pollution that surrounds many of todays large cities.
You will see more stars after your eyes adapt to the darknessusually about 10 to
20 minutes after you go outside. Also, if you need to use a torch to view the sky
map, cover the light bulb with red cellophane. This will preserve your dark vision.
Finally, even though the Moon is one of the most stunning objects to view
through a telescope, its light is so bright that it brightens the sky and makes many of
the fainter objects very difcult to see. So try to observe the evening sky on
moonless nights around either New Moon or Last Quarter.
Astronomical Glossary
Conjunction An alignment of two celestial bodies such that they present the least
angular separation as viewed from Earth.
Constellation A dened area of the sky containing a star pattern.
Diffuse Nebula A cloud of gas illuminated by nearby stars.
Double Star Two stars that appear close to each other in the sky; either linked by
gravity so that they orbit each other (binary star) or lying at different distances from
Earth (optical double). Apparent separation of stars is given in seconds of arc (").
Ecliptic The path of the Suns center on the celestial sphere as seen from Earth.
Elongation The angular separation of two celestial bodies. For Mercury and Venus
the greatest elongation occurs when they are at their most angular distance from the
Sun as viewed from Earth.
Galaxy A mass of up to several billion stars held together by gravity.
Globular Star Cluster A ball-shaped group of several thousand old stars.
Light Year (ly) The distance a beam of light travels at 300,000 km/sec in one year.
Magnitude The brightness of a celestial object as it appears in the sky.
Open Star Cluster A group of tens or hundreds of relatively young stars.
Opposition When a celestial body is opposite the Sun in the sky.
Planetary Nebula The remnants of a shell of gas blown off by a star.
Universal Time (UT) A time system used by astronomers. Also known as Greenwich
Mean Time. Singapore Standard Time is UT plus 8 hours.
Variable Star A star that changes brightness over a period of time.
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The Evening Sky Map (ISSN 1839-7735) Copyright 20002013 Kym Thalassoudis. All Rights Reserved.