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AconversationcontinuesaboutthedefinitionoftheAncientEgyptianword/nHsy/“Nehesy”.Itis mycontentionthat/nHsy/meansorcorrespondswiththemoderntermNubian.Theopponents ofthisviewstate A.)“themeaning[ofNehesy]isobscureamongearlyEgyptologists”,B.)“The word/nHsy/CANNOTmeanNubiansincethe"Nubians"hadNOconceptofNUBIA,otherwise therewouldhavebeenastatecalledNUBIA.”

Irespondtotheclaimoftheobscuremeaningof/nHsy/amongearlyEgyptologistwiththe

followingEgyptologicalDictionaries;

AldofErmanWbIIS303/nHsj/Nubia.

AlanGardinerpage575/nHsy/Nubian.

E.AWallisBudgep.389Nehsi­Negro

RaymondFaulknerp.137/nHsy/Nubian

InrefutationofthelatterclaimIpresented/tAnHsy/“NehesyLand”whichwasa“state”,with

“cities”.

Examining/tAnHsy/inprimarydocumentsonecanconfirmtherewasatimethat/tAnHsy/was ait’sownstate,richingold, astateindividualof/kAs/Kush,whichwasanentirelydifferent kingdom. Toshowandprove/tAnHsy/beingastateIpointtoTheBoundarySteleofSenwosret III. ThisdocumentconfirmbordersthatweresetbyAncientEgyptians,andnotbyEuropean Egyptologist. Thewordusedforboarderinthisinscriptionwas/tAS/.A“Tash”isaboundary (Faulknerp.294). ThesouthernborderofKemetwascalledthe/tASrsi/Tashresy,lit.Boundary South.ThisboardwasexpandedandwithdrawnatdifferentpointsinhistoryasAfricantribesof /tAnHsy/struggledagainst,oremployeddiplomacywithanotherAfricantribewhoreferredto themselvesas/rmT/“Remetch,”people,i.ePeopleofKemet.ItwasbecauseofNubianGold thatthebordersofNubiaexpandedandretractedoverthecourseofhistory.

“TheexistenceofgoldinNubia"mayhavebeenoneofthemainreasonsforthecolonizationof

SudanbytheancientEgyptians,"saidSalahMohammedAhmed,theheadofSudan'santiquities

agency.

HerodotussaidEgyptianscolonized “mostofthecivilizedmediterraneanworld”.(Berossusand

Genesis,ManethoandExodus:HellenisticHistoriesandtheDateByRussellGmirkinP.35)

Beforepresentingsourcestoprovewhat/nHsy/means,Iwantalltolookatatranslationby

JamesHenryBreastedtoprovebordersexisted;

1Southernboundary,madeintheyear8,underthemajestyoftheKingofUpperandLower

Egypt,Khekuer,whoisgivenlifeforever2andever;inordertopreventthatanynegroshould

crossit,bywateror3byland,withaship,(or)anyherds4ofthenegro;exceptanegrowhoshall

cometodotradinginIken,5orwithacommission.Everygoodthingshallbedonewiththem,

butwithoutallowing6ashipofthenegrotopassHeh,goingdownstream,forever.

J.H.Breasted,AncientRecordsofEgypt,PartOne,§652f.

HereisacopyofthesteletoreadinmdwnTr.

Hereisacompleteanalysis ofTheBoundrySteleofSenwosetIII http://egypt­grammar.rutgers.edu/TextPDF/Boundary_Semna.pdf

ThefirstthingtonoteisthatYES,egyptologistareguiltyofdishonestlyanddeviously mislabelingtheterm/nHs/tomeanNegro,andthenusingthedistinctionfoundinprimary documentsbetween/rmT/and/nHsy/asevidenceofEgyptiansbeingotherthatAfricans./rmT/ werejustanothertribeofAfricansthan/nHsy/.TheEuropeanmisuseofprimarydocumentsis notevenlyentertainableafteroneobtainstheproperknowledgeofhowtoreadHieroglyphs. NeverthelessthedistinctionbetweenthesetwoAfricantribeswasdrawnby/rmT/ and/nHsy/ themselves.IponderifthiswaspossiblythereasonwhytheparentsofthepharaohNehesy

namedhimNehesy,toaffirmwhatwecall“Nubianrule”inthelandoftheRemetchin14th

Dynasty.ReadofNehesythePharaohofthe14thDynasty.

Onecouldproposethatinthe14thdynastythebordersofKemetwerepushedinsofarthat/tA

nHsy/envelopedKemetinthesamewayTheKushiteKingdomofthe25thDynastypushedthe

boardedforKushintoenvelopeKemetforthesecondtimeinhistory.Wemustalsounderstand

thatManethocoinedtheterm“Dynasty”toindicatea“familyofrule”.Judgingfromthisand

deducingfromthenameofthepharaohNehesywecanconcludethatNehesy’sfamilywasof

the/nHs/NehesPeopleof/tAnHsy/.Thisappearstobecommonsense.Alsothiselementary

understandingofthenatureoftherelationsbetweenthepeopleof/tAnHsy/andthe/rmT/

“Egyptians”isfundamentaltoaproperassessmentofthematerial.Wewilldiscussthenatureof

therelationslaterwhenIamdonewiththemeaningofthename/nHsy/andtheStateofNubia.

AnEgyptianReadingBookbyE.A.WallisBudgePage.95IntheLitaniesofSekerWefind/nHs/

Nubiawiththeforeignlanddeterminativenextto/kAs/Kushand/Khol/aSyrianstate.This

clearlyindicatesadefinedstateof/tAnHsy.

BoundrySteleofSenwosretIII

HereIwillattachananalysisoftheBoundarySteleofSenwosrettodisplaytheerrorsofthe

misconceptionthat“Theword/nHsy/CANNOTmeanNubiansincethe"Nubians"hadNO

conceptofNUBIA,otherwisetherewouldhavebeenastatecalledNUBIA.”.

NoAncientEgyptiansdidnotusethemodernword“Nubia”butastateofNubiacanbedenyin /tAnHsy/.Thisiswhat/tAnHsy/means. /rmT/Egyptiansused/nHs/Nehestoindicatethe peopleoftheareasthatwecallNubia,andthetermNehesyissurvivedinthenomenclatureof theManasdialectoftheMahasiNubians.MahasiNubians.Nehesy=Mahasi(m>n).Foroneto

gearsuptoarguethatNehesycannotmeanNubianbecauseMahasiNubianwouldbeadouble

statement,oneshouldaskaMahasiNubianwhatMahasimeans.InManasdialectMahasi

meanstomeaTRUENubianoraREALdescendantofthe/nHsy/.

ThenthereisnoneedtoaskwhatNehesy­Mahasimeansanymore.Norshouldonedenythe

wordoftheMahasiandsayNehesidoesn’tmeanNubia.Thatisthesamescholasticmisdeed

thatsomeaccuseEuropeansof.ItisconfirmedintheMahasdialectthattheterm/nHsy/Nehesy

survivesinthemoderndayNubianterm“Mahasi”whichmeansTRUENUBIAN.Thesepeople

weresituatedinthesamegeographiclocationof/tAnHsy/,whichhasbeenshownheretobe

Nubia.

Mahasi­Nahasi TheMahasihavemovedtheinvisiblebordersof/tAnHsy/intotheareaofthe“KushiteKingdom” astodayKermaispopulatedbyNubians.ModerndayMahasiNubiansclaimKermabut acknowledgeitwasanancientKushitecapital,notaNubiancapital.Soallofthisguessworkinto themeaningof/nHsy/isrelativelypointlessifwearenotwillingtoaccepttheoverwhelming amountofevidencethat/nHsy/meansNubian.Ididnotevenhavetoinformmyreaderthatthe AncientEgyptianword “Nub”meansGold,andthatNubwasthemainresourceinTaNehesy,or ofaquarryinTaNehesyliterallycalled/Hwtnbw/HouseofGold,orofthe/smrnbw/lit.Friends Goldor“Mygoldfriends”. AnyonewholooksasamapofKomOmboandclaimsitisinEgyptis usingthelinesoftheEuropeansorArabswhocontrolthosebordersnow.Egyptologistpossibly didnotwanttoacknowledgetheir“Landofthenegro”asastateoraKingdomintheirliterature, andnowsomeofuserasethisNubianlandfromourrecordsaswell. TheAncientEgyptian nameforKomOmbowas/Nbyt/.Egyptologistpronounce /Nbyt/as“Nub­et”buttheglyphssay

“Nub­ee­et.”3syllablesnottwo.ThisiswhattheprimarydocumentscallKomOmbi/nbyt/

“Nub­ee­et.”i.e.Nub­i­a. In/tAnHsy/.True/rmT/Egyptiansenvelopedthisareaattimes, neverthelessthetextindicatethisstillwasas/tAnHsy/aforeignland,orseparatestate.Sowe haveastateofNubia.AskaMahasiNubian.NehesisurvivesintheManasDialectoftheMahasi Nubians.

“Manas[maHas},aNubiandialect,correspondswiththenameoftheNehesypharaoh

Mena,MeniorMenes.MN.” P.55EgyptianCivilizationItsSumerianOrigin&RealChronology

“TobeMahasimeanstobeatrueNubian,tospeakapureNubianlanguageandtoliveinthe Nubianheartland.”

IcallithowIseeit.IampostingmysourcestoshowwhatI’veseenonthesubject.Iamnotan

aloofscholarwhoactslikeorsubmittothethoughtthatonemusthaveaccreditationfrom

Europeanestablishmentsforhistheoriestobereasonablyconsidered.Authoritativeauthorship

isbasedintheauthorsabilitytodisplayproficiencyinhiswrittenmaterial.

“/nHsy/ Nubian” Obenga’sAfricanphilosophy:thePharaonicperiod,2780­330B.C.p.291list

DiopCivilizationorBarbarianismp.66had/Nhsw/forOtherpeopleofAfrica.

“Kamosecallshissouthernrival[nHsy]aNubian” TheCambridgeAncientHistory­

Page296

AmenhotepIIInscription(1427–1400BC):“HismacestruckNaharin,whilehisbowtrampled

Nubia[tʾnhsy]” Exodus:AnExegeticalCommentaryByVictorP.Hamilton

“theegyptiannameNehesywasformedafterthecountrynamenhs,pronouncedNehes, whichisNubia” DesiWordsSpeakofthePastByDr.LinySrinivasan

QuotesFromTheOpponentsOfTheDefining/nHsy/asNubian;

Iwanttopostafewquotesfromoneofmyopponentsjusttodisplayhisinconsistencies.Tryto

followwhatNehesymeanstoOpponetA;

OpponentAon[thepharaohnamedNehesiname];

“Itisprobablyatotemname.MeaningthatnHsy(Nkweshi)istheclanhecomesfrom,ofthe

directfoundinglineofNkweshi.AsAusarstated,thereisnoconsensusonthemeaningof

nHsy.”

ThereweseeopponentAsay/nHsy/istheclanthepharaohNehesycomesfrom.Letsgoback

intimeandwatchIheconfuseNubianswithKushites;

TwoyearsagoMr.Imhotepsaid/nHsy/meansKush;

«Reply#18onAug18,2010,1:31pm»“K3S/NHSYbothrelatetothenamesKush/Cush/Kushand

NehasiuakaEthiopians.SayingNkesh(a,i,o),Ngesha(i,a),Ngashi,Nkashi,Nkushio,Nekesh(a,i,e),

Kesh(a,i,o),Kash(a,i),Kasa/Kesa,Kosh,Kush(i)Kwisha(i)givesyouabetterrenderingandcanbe

matchedtolivinglanguages.TheseancientKushites(BantuspeakersnowbelongingtotheLubafamilyof

languages)stilllive"south,below"ancientTa­Mry(Kongo,Sudan,Uganda,Ethiopia,Kenya).”Re:Anopen

challengetoallE.S.RMembers

Infact,IfyouGooglethisnonsense““NehasiuakaEthiopians”itwillonlyleadyoubackto theguessworkofopponentA NehasiarenotEthiopians.MahasiareNubians.

Toconfirmthatthisisnotanoldviewofhis,readhisFacebookposttoaMeduNetergroup

ThursdayNov.29th2012at10:19am;

“ItmayjustbeanotherwordforkAs"Kash/Kush.kAs=nHsywherek=H”

Myopponentclearlyhasnodefinedcontentionandhascometonoconclusiononthematter

afterovertwoyearsofresearchbetweentheabovestatements.Thereisonemorequote;

“"theideathatNhsymeansBlackisnotatallfarfetchasintheBantulanguages(kiswahili

comestomind)thewordNYEUSImeansBLACK."

Thisiscalledguessing.

TheDistinctionBetween/nHsy/And/rmT/inPrimaryText

Itwasagreeduponthatthedistinctionbetween/nHsy/Nubiansand/rmT/Egyptianswas

exaggeratedormisusedbyEuropeanEgyptologistasawaytoplacethemselvesamongstone

ofthegreatestcivilizationsofworldhistory.Iexpoundontheabovetritestatementbyaddingit

hasbeenusedbycertainKemetologistasanexcusenottodotheduediligencerequiredtotruly

defendourstance.TheduediligencehereislearningtoreadHieroglyphsthenscrutinizingthe

attestationsoftheEgyptianandNubianpeople.ThosewhoreadHieroglyphsandopposemy

thesis,that/nHsy/meansNubian,arefew.

ProfessorManuAnpimexplainshowtheabovecomparisonof/kAs/and/nHsy/iserroneous.

Dr.Anpim,whileusingthetermNubiaover30timesinthefollowingvideo,explainedhow

NubiansshouldnotbeconfusedwithKushites.HereDr.Anpimdoesnotusetheword/nHsy/but insteadheusedthewords“Nubia”and“Nubian”tosignify/nHsy/.Heiscorrectfordoingso.

LookingatDr.Anpim’smap(linkbelow)andseethefirstandsecondcataractsareoutsideof whatAnpimcallstheKushiteHeartland.Mindyou,Anpim’smapisofAncientKushand representsthetimeperiodofaprominentKushiteEmpire.Theareasofthefirstandsecond Cataractsarewhatisknownas/tAnHsy/orNubiaduringalatertimeperiod.KomOmboor Nubee­etisc.a.50milesabovethefirstcataract. TheBoundaryStelaearefoundinSembaby thesecondCataract. Boththe“CityofGold” and/Hwtnbw/“TheHouseOfGold”, areinthis areaof/tAnHsy/TaNehesyorNubia.TheotherNubtismorenorthwardandwasthe predynasticcityofNaqada.

LinktoamapofkAS(Kush)fromDr.Ampimat:

MyargumenttoshowanexistingstateofNubiadoesn'tneedtogomuchfurther.Whenme mention/tAsty/TaSetiwecanrefertoDr.Ben’sworkonthematter.BlackManoftheNile:And

HisFamilyByYosefBen­Jochannanp.115.Dr.BenspeaksonthedivisionbetweenTaSetiand

TaNehesy.Dr.BendisdainseurocentricscholarswhostopTaNehesyatAswan.Hisstanceis

thatTaNehesiwastheoriginalNubia.Iagree.

TheInscriptionOfUni/Weni.

ThePrimaryisinCairoMuseum,No.1435.Belowisalinktoacopyoftheinscription.

Lines14­16containtheterm/nHs/or/nHs.w/.aretheinitiallineswewillscrutinize.Theterm

/nHs/nehesy,thegrammaticalconstructofthesentence,andthedeterminativesthatfollowthe wordareinquestion. http://www.rostau.org.uk/weni.ael/inscript/inscrip2.htm

ForthosewhocannotIdentify/nHs/andit’sdeterminatives,usethefollowinglink.Gotoline15

readingfromlefttoright,thenfindthethreeseated(orkneelingorcrouching)figureswitha featherontopoftheirheads.Theprecedingthreeglyphs(fromlefttoright) are/nHs/Nehes.The threeseatedfiguresadda­wsuffixrendering/nHs.w/.

thelinewearescrutinizingwastranslatedbyEgyptologist“Irthetnegroes,theMazoinegroes,

theYamnegroes,amongtheWawatnegroes,amongtheKaunegroes,andinthelandof

Temeh.”EgyptologisthavesincecorrectedthisandtheynowinsertNubianfor/nHsy/.

Now,beforeevenspeakingonEgyptianGrammarwecanseeinEnglishthatthedistinctionis

drawnbetweenthecitiesandnotthepeopleofthecities.theonlydistinctionmadebetweenthe

peoplehereisthecitiestheylivein.Withoutthenamesofthecitieswewilljusthave/nHs.w/.

SowhymustIgointothemdwnTrtodisplaythat?Thatisobvious.Iwilldoitinordertomake

surethiscaseisclosed.

.IexplainedthatinthisinscriptionUnididnotmakedistinctionbetweenthepeopleinthelandof Nehesyotherthannamingtheircitynames.Hesaidthesamepeopleaftereachcity.The “wawet”arenotapeople.The“Yam”arenotapeople.Thosearelocationoccupiedby/nHsy/as

Uniindicates.ThepointbeingmadebyUniinlines14­16waswherehetraveledtotoget/nHsy/

NubiansforanArmy.Myopponent'sreplywasthat“/nHs/wasbeingusedasanadjectiveora

genitive”inlines14­16ofTheInscriptionofUni.Idon'tthinkherealizedthegrammatical

constructofthissentencedoesnotaffectthedefinitionoftheword/nHs/. Lesson79Alan Gardinerstates­Ysuffixisusedtoformadjectivesofnouns.Weseeno­yon/nHs/butitisin

theadverbialposition.Thisisevidencetomycase,e.g.Noun­uAuAt Adjective­nehesmeans WawetNubians.Noun­iAmAdjective­nehesmeanYamNubians.Noun­iryT.tAdjective­nehes

meansAritetNubians.ThetransliterationbyMarkVygusreads; iri.nHm=fmSan.iDba.waSA.w mSma.wmrw­qd=fxnt.imAbwmH.w.tmmdn.i.t mtA­mH.wmgs.wiprwmrw­qd=sni

msDr[15]mXnwinb.wsDr

mnHs.i.wirT.t,mnHs.i.wDA,mnHs.i.wiAm

mnHs.i.wwAwA.t,mnHs.i.wkAAw,mtA­TmH”

Translationfromhttp://www.rostau.org.uk/weni.ael/comment/p2comnt.htm;

"Hismajestymadeanarmyofmanytensofthousands,

fromallofUpperEgypt,southtoYebu,northtoMedenit,

fromLowerEgypt,to"Two­sides­of­the­House"(theDelta)"

fromSedjertoKhen­sedirufromtheIrtjet­Nubians,theMedja­Nubians,theYam­Nubians,

fromtheWawat­Nubians,fromtheKaau­Nubians,fromTjemeh­land.”

Mypointisclearandcannotbeavoided.Thedistinctionisbetweenthetownsandlocations

whereUnisummonsNubians.Thatiscleartosee.

WhenlookingatanE.A.wallisBudgefacsimilecalledTheInscriptionofUnas,the

determinativesusedbyBudgecouldnotbefoundonGardiner’ssignlist.IpointedtotheJsesh

signlist,whichmyonesaidhewasviewingbutcountnotfindtheGlyphs.

TheseatedfiguresusedasdeterminitivescouldbeGardinerC107A,orC164D,orB5B,or

C12E,orC54, fromtheextendedsignlistat

Firstwemustidentifythedeterminativeandwhythedeterminativefor/nHs/wasselected.

Alloftheabovedeterminativecandidatesalludetosomesortoftribalorfraternalaffiliation

amongthepeopledescribedas/nHs.w/Nehes.Thefeathercouldrepresentsatribalfeather

wornby/nHsy.w/NehesiuatthetimeofUni.TheMarkVygusdictionarydefines“nHsyw”as

“ChiefoftheNubians”. RegardlessUnimadeadistinctionbetweenthecities,notthepeopleof /tAnHsy/Nubia.

ForthetransliterationofLine14­16See

TomakeyourowntranslationonecanuseMarkVygus’sdictionaryhere.

Downloadthedictionarytoperformwordsearches.

ThetransliterationbyMarkVygusreads iri.nHm=fmSan.iDba.waSA.w mSma.wmrw­qd=fxnt.imAbwmH.w.tmmdn.i.t mtA­mH.wmgs.wiprwmrw­qd=sni

msDr[15]mXnwinb.wsDr

mnHs.i.wirT.t,mnHs.i.wDA,mnHs.i.wiAm”

Translationfromhttp://www.rostau.org.uk/weni.ael/comment/p2comnt.htm;

"Hismajestymadeanarmyofmanytensofthousands,

fromallofUpperEgypt,southtoYebu,northtoMedenit,

fromLowerEgypt,to"Two­sides­of­the­House"(theDelta)"

fromSedjertoKhen­sedirufromtheIrtjet­Nubians,theMedja­Nubians,theYam­Nubians,

fromtheWawat­Nubians,fromtheKaau­Nubians,fromTjemeh­land.”

WeseeUnilist5differenttownsofNubiasandhecallsthepeopleallbyonename;/nHs.w/

Nubians.

Peace,

YahyaMahasen,the#Rapgod