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Technical Data

tds@technic.com
www.technic.com


391428 Rev 0214

TECHNI GOLD

25 ES

TECHNI GOLD

25 ES is a neutral non-cyanide gold plating formulation suitable for electronics,


semiconductor, wafer, electroforming, or general applications. Without additives, the solution
yields soft, bright-to-satin-bright deposits meeting the requirements of Type III A of MIL-G-45204
C (ASTM B488-95 as revised).


EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION

Tanks: Temperature stabilized natural Polypropylene, Polyethylene, rigid PVC, Koroseal
lined steel with Plastisol coated exterior or other materials that will not
contaminate the plating solution.


Anodes: Platinized Titanium or Columbium. Anodes are available coated single or double
sided in thicknesses of 125 and 250 microinches. Contact your Technic
representative for assistance in selecting the appropriate anode for your
application.

Anode Bags: Not required.


Heaters: Titanium, low density, Silica Sheathed, Teflon Coated or PVDF-clad panel
heaters with thermostatic control.


Filtration: Continuous, using leached 1 5 micron (1 micron preferable) woven
polypropylene filter cartridges with a flow rate of three (3) five (5) times the tank
volume/hour.

EQUIPMENT PREPARATION

Tanks:

Prior to makeup, the process tank and ancillary equipment should be thoroughly cleaned and then
leached with a sulfuric acid solution.

This procedure is particularly important for new equipment or equipment previously used for other
processes.
TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Page 2

Metric U.S.
Cleaning Solution Range Recommended Range Recommended
Tri-Sodium Phosphate 22.5-67.5 g/l 45 g/l 3-9 oz/gal 6 oz/gal
and/or Potassium Hydroxide 22.5-67.5 g/l 45 g/l 3-9 oz/gal 6 oz/gal

Leaching Solution
Sulfuric Acid 100 ml/l 100 ml/l 10% v/v 10% v/v

Leaching Procedure:

Please follow the recommended leaching procedure below. DO NOT install the plating solution
until the entire leaching procedure has been completed.

NOTE: If the tank walls are heavily coated with materials which cannot be removed by scrubbing,
a tank liner is recommended.

1. Remove the anodes and filters from the tank to be used. Dispose of filter cartridges and
anything else that may be contaminated with previous process chemicals.

2. Thoroughly wash down the tank and ancillary equipment with clean water.

3. Recirculate water throughout the complete system to remove water soluble materials.

4. Discard the recirculated water.

5. Add the cleaning solution to the tank and heat to 38 50 C (100 - 120 F). Recirculate
the solution throughout the tank and filter pumps for 4 - 8 hours.

6. Drain the cleaning solution and rinse the tank with clean DI water.

7. Fill the tank with clean DI water and recirculate throughout the tank and filter pumps.

8. Discard the rinse water.

9. Add the leaching solution and recirculate throughout the tank and filters pumps. Leave the
leaching solution in the tank for a minimum of eight (8) hours.

10. Drain the leaching solution and rinse the tank with clean DI water.

11. Fill the tank with clean DI water and recirculate throughout the tank and filter pumps.

12. If the tank had previously been used for lead-containing processes, analyze for lead (Pb)
and bismuth (Bi) concentrations in the rinse water. If the concentration of either is greater
than 5 ppm, discard the rinse water and repeat steps 9-12. If concentrations are both less
than 5 ppm, proceed to next step.

13. Discard the rinse water.

14. Prepare the plating solution according to the recommended specifications.

TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Page 3

SOLUTION MAKE-UP
1 liter 1 gallon
Deionized (DI) water 150 ml 15% v/v
Techni Gold

25 Make Up ES 580 ml 58% v/v


TG-25E Stabilizer 5.3 g 0.7 oz
TG-25E Buffer Salts 45 g 6.0 oz
TG-25 Concentrate
132 ml
(=8.22 g/l)
13.2% v/v
(=1 tr. oz./gal)
DI water Balance

NOTE: Techni Gold

25 ES can also be supplied as a ready-to-use solution (RTU).


Contact your Technic representative for assistance.

MAKEUP PROCESS:

1. Fill tank with 150 ml/l (15% v/v) deionized or distilled water. Add required quantity of
Techni Gold

25 Make Up ES and mix thoroughly.



2. Add TG-25E Stabilizer with agitation and allow to dissolve completely.

3. Add required amount of TG-25E Buffer Salts and allow to dissolve completely.

4. Check solution pH. If necessary adjust to pH 6.5-7.0 with Techni Gold

25 ES pH+ or
Techni Gold

25 ES pH- as needed.

5. Add gold as TG-25 Concentrate. Mix thoroughly.

6. Adjust to final volume with deionized water. Continue mixing and raise to operating
temperature. The solution is now ready for use.

OPERATING PARAMETERS

Range Optimum
Techni Gold

25 Make Up ES 560-600 ml/l 580 ml/l


TG-25E Stabilizer 2-6 g/l 5 g/l
TG-25E Buffer Salts 30-60 g/l 45 g/l
Gold metal as TG-25 Concentrate 8.2-12.3 g/l 8.2 g/l
pH 6.5-7.5 7-7.5
S.G. >10B >10B
Temperature 49-71C 60C
Current density 0.1-0.8 ASD
Dependent on
application
Anode to Cathode Ratio 1:1 minimum
Deposition Rate
122 mg/amp min @ 1.0 tr.oz./gal
(8.2 g/l) gold metal
TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Page 4

REPLENISHMENT: TG-25 Concentrate contains 2.0 tr. oz. (62.2 gm) of gold per liter. Add one
troy ounce gold (=31.1 g or 500 ml) as TG-25 Concentrate every 4.2 ampere-hours.

pH ADJUSTMENT: The pH of Techni Gold

25 ES may be raised if necessary with Techni Gold


25 ES pH+, or with a 20-40% solution of sodium hydroxide.

The pH of Techni Gold

25 ES may be lowered if necessary with Techni Gold

25 ES pH-.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY: The specific gravity of Techni Gold

25 ES tends to rise slowly in use.


Depending on application, the solution can be used at specific gravities up to about 30 Baum.

COMPONENT DESCRIPTIONS:

TG-25E Additive A is an arsenic-containing additive that can be used to increase the overall
deposit brightness without significant increase in deposit hardness or loss of current efficiency.
Normal dosage levels are from about 5-30 parts per million. Addition of 10 grams TG-25E
Additive A per gallon (2.6 g/l) of plating solution provides a concentration of 30 ppm arsenic.

TG-25 Additive E is an organic brightening agent that can be used to increase both brightness
and hardness of the deposit. Normal dosage is 5-10 milliliters per U.S. gallon (1.3-2.6 ml/l), in
which range the Additive functions primarily as a brightener only.

The brightness and uniformity of the deposit are best controlled by Hull cell. To increase the
brightness, add Techni Gold

Additive E (0.5-1.0 ml/l increments). If there is not a sufficient


response, Additive A should be added in increments of 0.45g/l (5ppm As) until the desired
brightness level is achieved.

TG-25E Buffer Salts - The concentration of TG-25E Buffer Salts tends to decrease slowly over
time (weeks to months). In order to maintain chemical stability of the solution, the concentration
should be analyzed periodically and adjusted as necessary. An analytical method is attached.
The nominal concentration of TG-25E Buffer Salts in the plating solution is 6 ounces per gallon
(45 grams per liter). When adding TG-25E Buffer Salts to the bath it is useful to add 2-3 grams
of TG-25E Stabilizer per ounce (28.3 g) of TG-25E Buffer Salts replenished.

HANDLING PRECAUTIONS

BEFORE HANDLING ANY CHEMICAL PRODUCTS, IT IS IMPORTANT TO READ THE
APPROPRIATE MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET.

When handling chemicals, always wear the prescribed protective clothing as detailed in the
appropriate Material Safety Data Sheet.

In case of skin contact, flush affected area with copious amounts of cold, clean water for at least
10 minutes. In case of serious exposure, particularly for eyes, obtain medical attention.

STORAGE

Store all chemicals in upright, original containers away from direct sunlight and in a dry area at 10
32C. Keep container closed when not in use.

TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Page 5
The technical statements, information and data contained herein are believed to be accurate and reliable; however, no warranties, express or implied,
including warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, are made regarding the products described. Since many variables and factors
affect processing, application or use, it is recommended that you perform tests to determine the suitability of this product for your particular use. Any oral
statements or advice concerning product selection or use do not constitute warranties. Delivered products are warranted to meet our standard
specifications at the time of sale and all sales are subject to the TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE reproduced on the reverse side of each invoice.
WASTE TREATMENT

It is the users responsibility to verify that treatment procedures comply with federal, state, and
local regulations. Working solutions should be diluted, neutralized and disposed of in accordance
with local and federal regulations. Consult your local agencies for recommendations for your
area. Consult your Technic representative for further information.

ORDERING INFORMATION

Contact your local Technic company to order products and/or Material Safety Data Sheets:

Product
Code
Product Name
Liquid
Solid
or Salt
Application
391428 Techni Gold

25 Make Up ES Liquid
For Makeup
and Replenishment
390204 TG-25E Stabilizer Salt
For Makeup
and Replenishment
391327 TG-25 Concentrate Liquid
For Makeup
and Replenishment
390210 TG-25E Additive A Salt
For Makeup
and Replenishment
390204A TG-25 Additive E Liquid
For Makeup
and Replenishment
390214B TG-25E Buffer Salts Solid
For Makeup
and Replenishment
390100 Techni Gold

25 ES pH- Liquid
For pH
Adjustment
390101 Techni Gold

25 ES pH+ Liquid
For pH
Adjustment
391427 Techni Gold

25 ES RTU Liquid
For Makeup
and Replenishment

391428 Rev 0214
TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Appendix Page 1

ANALYSIS FOR TG-25E BUFFER SALTS IN TECHNI GOLD

25 ES


Reagents:

0.1 N Iodine
Starch indicator solution

Procedure:

1. Pipette 5 ml of sample into a 1 liter Erlenmeyer flask.

2. Dilute to 500 ml with distilled water.

3. Add 5 ml of starch indicator solution.

4. Titrate with 0.1 N Iodine to a faint blue endpoint (stirring constantly).

Calculation:

oz/gal of TG-25E Buffer Salts = mls of 0.1 N Iodine x 0.1683

g/l of TG-25E Buffer Salts = mls of 0.1 N Iodine x 1.2623

Na
2
SO
3
+ I
2
+ H
2
O 2 HI + Na
2
SO
4



TECHNI GOLD

25 ES Appendix Page 2

ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE FOR TG-25E STABILIZER


Equipment:

2 ml pipette
500 ml volumetric flask
Spectrophotometer capable of absorbance measurement at wavelength of 266 nm.
Quartz cuvette

Procedure:

1. Pipet 2 ml of plating solution into a 500 ml volumetric flask. Fill to mark with DI water.

2. Using a clean cuvette, determine the absorbance of DI water at 266 nm. This is the blank
value.

3. In the same cuvette, determine the absorbance of the diluted solution at 266 nm.

4. Subtract the blank from the sample absorbance.

5. Use this net absorbance to determine the stabilizer concentration from the attached curve.

6. Useable stabilizer range is 2.5 8.0 g/l of solution. Optimum range is 4 6.5 g/l.


Calibration Curve for TG-25E Stabilizer
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Stabilizer Concentration (g/l)
A
b
s
o
r
b
a
n
c
e

(
2
6
6
n
m
)



391428 Rev 0214