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2014-2-SARAWAK-SMKStJosephKuching_MATHS QA

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Section A.

The function f is defined by

f

(

x

)

  x
x

ln

x

1

x

2

x 0

x

0

Determine if f is continuous at x = 0. Sketch the graph of

.

y f (x)

.

A piece of wire of length 16 cm is cut into two pieces, one of length x cm and the other of length 16xcm. The piece of length x cm is bent to form a circle with circumference x cm.

The other piece is bent to form a square with perimeter

sum of the areas enclosed by these two pieces of wire is a minimum when the radius of the

16

xcm. Show that , as x varies, the

circle is

8

4

cm.

Using the suitable substitution, evaluate

e

1

1

x

2

ln

x

3

dx .

d

dx

Show that

(sin 2

x

)

dv

dx

ln tan x

2y(1 y)

2

sin 2 x

. Hence, find the particular solution of the differential equation

, given that

y

1

3

when

x

4

. Express y in terms of x.

If

y

2 1sin x

, show that

2 y

d

2

y

dx

2

2

  

dy

dx

  

2

term in

d

3 y

dx

3

term in x 3 .

. Hence, obtain the expansion of  y
2  1  0
1sin x

. Deduce an equation which has the

in ascending powers of x up to the

2











6. Using the trapezium rule, with four ordinates estimate the value of

5

2

ln x dx

. Give your

answer to three decimal places. Explain with the aid of a sketch, why the trapezium rule under estimates the value of the integral. By using integration by parts, evaluate the exact value of

5

2 ln x dx

. Hence, calculate the percentage error involved, correct to one significant figure.

Section B.

Answer any one question. [15 marks]

7. Sketch the curve with equation

2

y (x 1)(x 2)

.

a) Find the turning points and determine it nature. Hence sketch the curve.

b) Calculate the area of the finite region above the x-axis bounded by the curve and the x-axis.

c) Find the coordinates of the point of inflexion on the curve and the equation of the tangent at

this point.









8. A particle moves along the positive x-axis in the direction of increasing values of x. The

acceleration of the particle is

dv

k v

dt

u

2

2

v

where k and u are positive constants and v is the

speed of the particle at the time t. Show that the time taken for the particle to accelerate from

speed

1

4

u

to speed

1

2

u

is

1

2k

ln

5

 

 

4

.

Show that the acceleration of the particle may be expressed as

v

dv

dx

where x and v are the

displacement and velocity respectively. Prove that the distance travelled by the particle while it

accelerates from speed

1

4

u

to speed

1

2

u

is

u

4

k

3

2ln

9

5

 

 

1

.



MARKING SCHEME x
 x
,
x 
0
1.
f (
x
)
x
ln(1
x
)
2,
x
0
x
 x
lim
f
(
x
)
lim
x
0
x
0
x
 
x
x
lim
x
 0
x
lim  2
x
 0
- 2
lim
f
(
x
)
lim ln(1 
 -2
x )
2
x
0
x
0
f
(0)
  ln(1 -2
0)
 2
since lim
f
(
x
)
lim
f
(
x
)
 f (0)

2
x
0
x
0
f (x) is continuous at x  0
y
e
2
 1
x
0
-2
2.
y
x  2r
4y 16  x

4 2
2
sum of areas of circle and square, A
r
 y
2
2
x
16  x
2
4
2
x
1
2
16  x
4
16
dA
x
 
1
16  x
dx
2
8
 
4 
8
 x - 2
d
2
A
4

dx
2
8
dA
 0
 4    x   0
2
For minimum value ,
dx
, hence
8
16
x 
since
4 
16
x 
,so A is min at
4 
2r 
16
4 
8
r 
4

with minimum area.
3.
du
1
when x 1,u  2 and x  e,u  3
let
u
 2  ln
x
dx
x
1
dx
3 du
e
 x (2
ln x )
du
1
3
1
xdu
 x u
2
(
)
3
3
3
1 
1 
u
3
du 
2
2
 u 
2
2
5
72
or 0.06944

5

 d dx  ln tan x sec 2 x 4.   tan x  1 2 cos x sin x cos x 1  sin x cos x 2  2 sin x cos x 2  (shown) sin 2 x sin 2 x dy y dx  2 (1  y )  1 dy   2 dx y (1  y ) sin 2 x  1  1 1  y dy   2 dx y sin 2 x ln y  ln(1  y )  ln tan x  c ln y  ln tan x  c 1  y when x   4 , y  1 3 ln 1      3  ln tan  c   1 4   1    3 1   1 3 c  ln  ln 1 2   1  3 ln y  ln tan x  ln 1 1  y 2 ln y  ln 1 tan x 1  y 2 y  1 tan x 1  y 2 2 y  tan x  y tan x 2 y  y tan x  tan x y ( 2  tan x )  tan x tan x y  2  tan x

6

 5. y 2 1sin x 2 y dy  cos x dx  2 y 2  dy    dx    2  2    y d dx     sin x 2 d 2 y  2   dy   2  2 1   y  y dx 2 2  dx  2 2 y d dx y 2  2    dy dx      y 2  1  0 (shown) when x  0, f (0)  1  sin(0)  1 2(1) dy dx  cos(0),  f ' (0)  1 2 d 2 y 1     2 2 " 1 2(1)  2  1 1   0, (0)  d dx 3 y 2 2      1 1  1    f ''' 4 , 1 (1) dx 3    3       2 1    4      1   2   1    0  f (0)  8    1  sin x 1   1 x   4  x 2   8  3 x  2 2! 3!  1  1 x  1 x 2  1 x 3  2 8 48

7

 6. For four ordinates , 3 strips d  5  3 2  1 x  x 2, f ( )  ln 2  0.6391 x  x 3, f ( )  ln 3  1.0986 x  4, f ( x )  ln 4  1.3863 x  5, f ( x )  ln 5  1.6094  5 ln xdx  1  ln 2  ln 5   2 ln 3  ln 4)  2 2 1 ln 1440 3.636   2 3 4 5 2 Since the curve of f =lnx higher than the trapezium rule is under estimates of the value of the integral  5 2 ln xdx   x ln  5  5 2 1 dx x  x 2  5ln5 - 2ln3 x  3.661 Percentage of error  3.661 - 3.636  100  0.683% 3.661 8 7.a
2
3
x
4
x
 
1
0
x
0.215,
,
x

1.55
y

2.11,
y
0.631
the
turning points are (0.215,
2.11) and - 1.55,0.631
2
d
y
.
0
when
x
0.215 
( 0.215, 2.11) is max. point
2
dx
2
d
y
.\
0
when
x

0.155
-
1.55,0.631 is min. point
2
dx
Max. pt
Min. pt
-1
2

b.
Area of finite region above x - axis
x
1
x
2
dx
-2
1
4
 x
2
1 2
3
 x
x
 2
x
4
3
2
2
5
2
 unit
12

9

 c. For the point of inflexion d 2 y  0 dx 2 6 x  4 0   x  2 3 , 2 20 d 3 y 6 0 when x  y    3 , 27 , dx 3     2 3 ,  20 27    is the point of inflexion when x  2 dy 7  3 , dx 3 Equation of the tangent at the point of inflexion y  20 27  7 3    x  2 3    7 62 y  3 x  27 8. dv dt    k  v  u   v 2   dv v 2       kdt -  u   1  2  v 2 v    dv   kdt 1 2   u   2  ln u 2   v v 2  2      kt  c 2 when x  1 4 u , let t  t 1  2    1 2 1 2 ln ln       u 2 15 16  u    1 4 u 2        kt 1      c when v  1 2 u , let t kt 1  t  2 c  1   1 ln   3 2 4 u 2     kt 2  c 2 

10 1
ln
5
2 k
4
The time taken by particle from speed
4
2 4
2
k
dv
dv
dx
dt
dx
dt
dv
 v
dx
dv
k
dx
v
2
2
u
 
1
dv
kdx
2
2
u
v
1
2
1 
dv
u
dv
kdx
2
2
u
v
2
u
1
1
1
dv
dv
kdx
2 u
u
v
u
v
u
 v
ln(
u
v
)
ln(
u
v
)
kx
c
2
u
u
v
 v
ln
kx
c
2
u
 v
1
when v
u
.
and let
x
x
1
4
1
u
4
 ln
u
1
4
2
 
 
1
u
5
 
 ln
u
4
2
3
 

(2)

(1)

1

2

  ln

3 2

4

u

ln

15 k t

(
16

u

2

2

t

1

)

-

1

2

ln

  

3

4

16

15

k t

 

( 2

t

1

)

(

t

2

t

1

)

(shown)

1

u to speed

1 u is

1

ln

5

v

(

u

2

v

2

)

(

u

2

v

v

2

)

dv

kdx

u

1

u

kx

1

c .

u

u

4

kx

1

c

(3)

1

11 1
x
2
2
1
u
2
u
ln
2
.
1
2
 kx
c
2
u
u
2
1
u
2
2
(4)
(3)
1
u
2
2
1
u
5
 
4
2
3
 
u
1
9
1
x
2
x
ln
 1
k
2
5
4
u
9
hence the distance is
 2 ln
 1
4 k
5

when

v

u

. and let

x

u

1

u

u



ln 3

kx

2

c

(

4 )

u



ln 3

kx

2

c

(

4 )

u

ln

kx

1

c

(3)

12