Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

2014-2-SARAWAK-SMKStJosephKuching_MATHS QA

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Section A.

Answer all questions. [45 marks]

The function f is defined by

f

(

x

)

 

x  x
x
x

ln

x

1

x

2

x 0

x

0

Determine if f is continuous at x = 0. Sketch the graph of

.

y f (x)

.

A piece of wire of length 16 cm is cut into two pieces, one of length x cm and the other of length 16xcm. The piece of length x cm is bent to form a circle with circumference x cm.

The other piece is bent to form a square with perimeter

sum of the areas enclosed by these two pieces of wire is a minimum when the radius of the

16

xcm. Show that , as x varies, the

circle is

8

4

cm.

Using the suitable substitution, evaluate

e

1

1

x

2

ln

x

3

dx .

d

dx

Show that

(sin 2

x

)

dv

dx

ln tan x

2y(1 y)

2

sin 2 x

. Hence, find the particular solution of the differential equation

, given that

y

1

3

when

x

4

. Express y in terms of x.

If

y

2 1sin x

, show that

2 y

d

2

y

dx

2

2

  

dy

dx

  

2

term in

d

3 y

dx

3

term in x 3 .

. Hence, obtain the expansion of

 y 2  1  0 1sin x
 y
2  1  0
1sin x

. Deduce an equation which has the

in ascending powers of x up to the

2

[6]

[7]

[4]

[10]

[7]

6. Using the trapezium rule, with four ordinates estimate the value of

5

2

ln x dx

. Give your

answer to three decimal places. Explain with the aid of a sketch, why the trapezium rule under estimates the value of the integral. By using integration by parts, evaluate the exact value of

5

2 ln x dx

. Hence, calculate the percentage error involved, correct to one significant figure.

Section B.

Answer any one question. [15 marks]

7. Sketch the curve with equation

2

y (x 1)(x 2)

.

a) Find the turning points and determine it nature. Hence sketch the curve.

b) Calculate the area of the finite region above the x-axis bounded by the curve and the x-axis.

c) Find the coordinates of the point of inflexion on the curve and the equation of the tangent at

this point.

[11]

[9]

[3]

[3]

8. A particle moves along the positive x-axis in the direction of increasing values of x. The

acceleration of the particle is

dv

k v

dt

u

2

2

v

where k and u are positive constants and v is the

speed of the particle at the time t. Show that the time taken for the particle to accelerate from

speed

1

4

u

to speed

1

2

u

is

1

2k

ln

5

 

 

4

.

Show that the acceleration of the particle may be expressed as

v

dv

dx

where x and v are the

displacement and velocity respectively. Prove that the distance travelled by the particle while it

accelerates from speed

1

4

u

to speed

1

2

u

is

u

4

k

3

2ln

9

5

 

 

1

.

[15]

MARKING SCHEME

 x  x  , x  0 1. f ( x ) 
x
 x
,
x 
0
1.
f (
x
)
x
ln(1
x
)
2,
x
0
x
 x
lim
f
(
x
)
lim
x
0
x
0
x
 
x
x
lim
x
 0
x
lim  2
x
 0
- 2
lim
f
(
x
)
lim ln(1 
 -2
x )
2
x
0
x
0
f
(0)
  ln(1 -2
0)
 2
since lim
f
(
x
)
lim
f
(
x
)
 f (0)

2
x
0
x
0
f (x) is continuous at x  0
y
e
2
 1
x
0
-2
2.
y
x  2r
4y 16  x

4

2 2 sum of areas of circle and square, A   r  y
2
2
sum of areas of circle and square, A
r
 y
2
2
x
16  x
2
4
2
x
1
2
16  x
4
16
dA
x
 
1
16  x
dx
2
8
 
4 
8
 x - 2
d
2
A
4

dx
2
8
dA
 0
 4    x   0
2
For minimum value ,
dx
, hence
8
16
x 
since
4 
16
x 
,so A is min at
4 
2r 
16
4 
8
r 
4

with minimum area.
3.
du
1
when x 1,u  2 and x  e,u  3
let
u
 2  ln
x
dx
x
1
dx
3 du
e
 x (2
ln x )
du
1
3
1
xdu
 x u
2
(
)
3
3
3
1 
1 
u
3
du 
2
2
 u 
2
2
5
72
or 0.06944

5

 

d

dx

ln tan x

 

sec

2

x

 

4.

 

tan x

 
 

1 2 cos x sin x cos x
1
2
cos
x
sin x
cos x
 
 

1

 
 

 

sin

x

cos

x

 

2

 

 

2 sin

x

cos

x

 

2

 

 

(shown)

 

sin 2 x

sin 2

x

dy

y
dx

2

(1

y

)

1 dy

2

dx

 
 

y

(1

y

)

sin 2 x

 

1

1

1

y

dy

2

dx

 

y

sin 2 x

 

ln

y

ln(1

y

)

ln tan

x

c

 

ln

y

ln tan x

c

 
 

1

y

when x

4

,

y

1

3

ln

1      3  ln tan  c   1
1
3
 ln tan
 c
1
4
1
3
1
1
3
c  ln
 ln
1
2
1 
3
 

ln

y

ln tan

x

ln

1

 

1

y

2

ln

y

ln

1

tan x

 
 

1

y

2

y

1

tan x

1 y

2

 

2

y

tan

x

y

tan x

 

2

y

y

tan

x

tan x

y

( 2

tan

x

)

tan x

 

tan x

y

2

tan x

6

5.

 

y

2

1sin x

 

2

y

dy

cos x

 

dx

 

2

y

2

dy  

dx

2

 

2

y

d

dx



sin x

 

2

d

2

y

2

dy

2

2

1

   



y

 

 

y

dx

2

2

dx

2

 
 

2

y

d

dx

y

2

2

dy

dx

y

2

1

0 (shown)

 

when

x

0,

f

(0)

1  sin(0)
1
sin(0)

1

 

2(1)

dy

dx

 

cos(0),

 

f

' (0)

 

1

   

2

d

2

y

 

1

 

2

2

"

1

2(1)

 

2

1

1

 

 

0,

(0) 

d

dx

3

y

2

2

 

  

1

1

 

1

 

 

f

'''

4

,

1

(1)

dx

3

3

  

2

1

4

1

2

 

1

0

f

(0)



8

 

 

 
 

1  sin x
1
sin
x

1

 

1

x

4

x

2

8

3

x

 

2

2!

3!

 
 

1

1

x

1

x

2

1

x

3

 

2

8

48

7

6.

For four ordinates , 3 strips

d

5

3

2

1

x

x

2,

f

(

)

ln 2

0.6391

 

x

x

3,

f

(

)

ln 3

1.0986

 
x  x 3, f ( )  ln 3  1.0986  

x

4,

f

(

x

)

ln 4

1.3863

x 5,

f

(

x

)

ln 5

1.6094

5

ln xdx

1

ln 2

ln 5

2 ln 3

ln 4)

 

2

2

 
 

1

ln 14403.636

 

2

3

4

5

2

Since the curve of f =lnx higher than the trapezium rule is under estimates of the value of the integral

5

2

ln

xdx

x

ln

 

5

5

2

 

1

dx

 

x

 

x

2

5ln5 - 2ln3

 

x

 

3.661

 

Percentage of error

3.661 - 3.636

100

0.683%

3.661

 
   3.661   Percentage of error  3.661 - 3.636  100  0.683% 3.661

8

7.a 2 3 x  4 x   1 0 x  0.215, ,
7.a
2
3
x
4
x
 
1
0
x
0.215,
,
x

1.55
y

2.11,
y
0.631
the
turning points are (0.215,
2.11) and - 1.55,0.631
2
d
y
.
0
when
x
0.215 
( 0.215, 2.11) is max. point
2
dx
2
d
y
.\
0
when
x

0.155
-
1.55,0.631 is min. point
2
dx
Max. pt
Min. pt
-1
2

b.
Area of finite region above x - axis
x
1
x
2
dx
-2
1
4
 x
2
1 2
3
 x
x
 2
x
4
3
2
2
5
2
 unit
12

9

 

c. For the point of

inflexion

 

d

2

y

0

 
   

dx

2

 

6 x 4

0

 

x



2

 
 

3

,

   

2

20

d

3

y

6

 

0

 

when x



y



 

 

3

,

 

27

,

dx

3

2

3

,

20

27

is the point of inflexion

 

when x 

2

dy

7



 

3

,

dx

3

Equation of the tangent at the point of inflexion

y

20

27



7

3

x

2

3

 

7

62

 

y



3

x

27

 
 

8.

dv

dt

k

v

u

v

2

dv

v

2

kdt

 
 

-

u

1

2

v

2

v

dv

kdt

 

1

2

u

2

ln u

2

v

v

2

2

kt

c

 

2

 
 

when x

1

4

u

, let

t

t

1

 

2

 

1

2

1

2

ln

ln

u

2

15

16

u

1

4

u

2

kt

1

c

when

v

1

2

u , let

t

kt

1

t

2

c



1

1 ln

3

2 4

u

2

kt

2

 

c

 

2

10

1 ln 5 2 k 4 The time taken by particle from speed 4 2
1
ln
5
2 k
4
The time taken by particle from speed
4
2 4
2
k
dv
dv
dx
dt
dx
dt
dv
 v
dx
dv
k
dx
v
2
2
u
 
1
dv
kdx
2
2
u
v
1
2
1 
dv
u
dv
kdx
2
2
u
v
2
u
1
1
1
dv
dv
kdx
2 u
u
v
u
v
u
 v
ln(
u
v
)
ln(
u
v
)
kx
c
2
u
u
v
 v
ln
kx
c
2
u
 v
1
when v
u
.
and let
x
x
1
4
1
u
4
 ln
u
1
4
2
 
 
1
u
5
 
 ln
u
4
2
3
 

(2)

(1)

1

2

  ln

3 2

4

u

ln

15 k t


(
16

u

2

2

t

1

)

-

1

2

ln

  

3

4

16

15

k t

 

(

- 1 2 ln    3 4  16 15  k t 

2

t

1

)

(

t

2

t

1

)

(shown)

1

u to speed

1 u is

1

ln

5

v

(

u

2

v

2

)

(

u

2

v

v

2

)

dv

kdx


u

1

u


kx

1

c .

u

u

4

kx

1

c

(3)

1

11

1  x 2 2 1 u 2   u  ln  2
1
x
2
2
1
u
2
u
ln
2
.
1
2
 kx
c
2
u
u
2
1
u
2
2
(4)
(3)
1
u
2
2
1
u
5
 
4
2
3
 
u
1
9
1
x
2
x
ln
 1
k
2
5
4
u
9
hence the distance is
 2 ln
 1
4 k
5

when

v

u

. and let

x


u

1

u


u



ln 3

kx

2

c

(

4 )

u



ln 3

kx

2

c

(

4 )

u

ln

kx

1

c

(3)

12