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# ULTRA-BRIGHT LED LAMP

## N.S. HARISANKAR VU3NSH

This ultra-bright white LED lamp works on 230V AC with minimal power
consumption. t can be use! to illuminate V" meters# \$%& meters# etc.
"ltra-bright LEDs a'ailable in the market cost &s ( to )*.These LEDs emit
a )000-+000mC! bright white light like wel!ing arc an! work on 3 'olts#
)0 mA. Their ma,imum 'oltage is 3.+ 'olts an! the current is 2* mA.
Anti-static precautions shoul! be taken when han!ling the LEDs.
Fig.1: The circuit of ultra-bright white
LED lamp
The LEDs in water-clear plastic package emit
spotlight# while !i--use! t.pe LEDs ha'e a
wi!e-angle ra!iation pattern. This circuit /0ig.
)1 emplo.s capaciti'e reactance -or limiting
the current -low through the LEDs on
application o- mains 'oltage to the circuit. -
we use onl. a series resistor -or limiting the
current with mains operation# the limiting
resistor itsel- will !issipate aroun! 2 to 3
watts o- power#whereas no power is
!issipate! in a capacitor. The 'alue o-
capacitor is calculate! b. using the -ollowing
relationships2
3C 4 )5/2-C1 ohms 66666/a1
3C 4 V&7\$ 5 ohms 6666 /b1
where 3C is capaciti'e reactance in ohms# C is capacitance in -ara!s# is the current
through the LED in amperes# - is the mains -re8uenc. in 9:# an! Vrms is the input mains
'oltage.
The )00-ohm# 2% series resistor a'oi!s hea'. ;inrush< current !uring transients. 7=V at the
input pre'ents surges or spikes# protecting the circuit. The 3>0-kilo-ohm#?-watt resistor
acts as a blee!er to pro'i!e !ischarge path -or capacitor C, when mains suppl. is
!isconnecte!. The :ener !io!e at the output section pre'ents e,cess re'erse 'oltage le'els
appearing acrossthe LEDs !uring negati'e hal- c.cles. During positi'e hal- c.cle# the 'oltage
across LEDs is limite! to :ener 'oltage.
Fig.2: 16-LED combination
The )00-ohm# 2% series resistor a'oi!s hea'. ;inrush<
current !uring transients. 7=V at the input pre'ents
surges or spikes# protecting the circuit. The 3>0-kilo-
ohm# ?-watt resistor acts as a blee!er to pro'i!e
!ischarge path -or capacitor C, when mains suppl. is
!isconnecte!. The :ener !io!e at the output section
pre'ents e,cess re'erse 'oltage le'els appearing across
the LEDs !uring negati'e hal- c.cles. During positi'e hal-
c.cle# the 'oltage across LEDs is limite! to :ener 'oltage.
Fig.3: 46-LED
combination
"se AC capacitors -or C,. 0ilter capacitor C) across
the output pro'i!es -licker-ree light. The circuit can
be enclose! in a C0L roun! case# an! thus it can be connecte! !irectl. to AC bulb hol!er
socket. A series combination o- )+ LEDs /0ig. 21 gi'es a luminance /lu,1 e8ui'alent o- a
)2% bulb. @ut i- .ou ha'e two series combinations o- 23 LEDs in parallel /total A+ LEDs as
shown in 0ig. 31# it gi'es light e8ual to a 3*% bulb. )* LEDs are suitable -or a table lamp
light. Dio!e D) /)BA00C1 an! capacitor C) act as recti-.ing an! smoothing elements to
pro'i!e DC 'oltage to the row o- LEDs. 0or a )+-LED row#use C, o- 0.22 D0# +30VE C) o- 22
D0# )00VE an! :ener o- A(V# )%. \$imilarl.# -or 23F23 LED combination use C, o- 0.AC m0#
+30VE C) o- 33 D0# )*0VE an! :ener o- +>V# )%.