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Past Indefinite (7 7 7 7 ) )) )

September 1, 2009
20090901-PastIndefinite.mp3
More examples:
Many people died there.

|
Bahut se log vahan mar gaye
They left their houses and fled

|
ve apne ghar chod kar bhaag
gaye
Ram spoke in Hindi.
7|
Ram Hindi mein bola
I went to school.

Main paatsaala gaya
Sita bought a watch.
||
Sita ne ek ghadi kharidi
Krishna bought 4 watches

* ||
Krishna ne chaar ghdiyam
kharideem
Girls ate.
|
Ladkiyon ne khaya
Did you see the cow?
4 ?
Kya tumne gaay ko dekha?
Latha sang.

Latha ne gaaya
The sun has not risen yet
|


Sooraj abhi tak uday nahin
huya
I have not yet gone to see him.

|
Meine abhi tak use dekhne
nahin gaya
It did not rain yesterday.
|


Kal baarish nahin huya
She started from here early
today.
~|

Vah aaj jaldi yahan se nikal
gayi
My mother did not allow me to
go to the market.
| H|-1
|
Meri maa ne mujhe bikri-stal
nahin jaane diya
Did you drink a cup of tea?
4
?
Kya aapne ek pyala chaai
piya?
I did not eat my food
|

Maine apna bhajan nahin
khaya
Past Continuous or Past Progressive - (Apurn Bhootkaal)
September 2, 2009
20090902-PastContinuous.mp3
Apurn Bhootkaal refers to an action that was happening in the past and there is no information
regarding its completion. It is formed by adding (ta tha) or (raha tha) to the verb
root in masculine singular, (te the) or (rahe the) to the verb root in masculine plural,
(ti thi) or | (rahi thi) to the verb root in feminine singular, and (ti thim) or |
(rahi thim) to the verb root in feminine plural.
examples:
(chaltha tha), (chalthe the), (chalthi thi), (chalthi thim)
(chal raha tha), (chal rahe the), | (chal rahi thi), |
(chal rahi thim)

I was writing a letter (m.sin.)

Main khat likh raha tha
I was reading a book (f. sin.)
|
Main ek kitab padh rahi thi
We were going to the market
in the evening. (m.pl.)


Hum shaam ko bazaar ja rahe
the
Mother was making bread.
| |
Maa roti bana rahi thi
The girls were playing football
in the ground.(f. pl.)

|
ladkiyam maidan me gend
khel rahi thim
Whose song were you listening
to?
|

Aap kiska gaana sun rahi
thim
It was raining last evening.
|

kal shaam ko baarish ho rahi
thi
The farmer was ploughing his
field in the morning.


Kisaan subah apne khet jot
raha tha
Who were making noise in the
class?
H
kaksha mein kaun shor
macha rahe the?
?
They were working all day.

Veh pure din kaam kar rahe
the
What were you doing at 7.30
last night?

4 ?
aap pichale raat sade saath ko
kya kar rahe the?
I was eating dinner when the
phone rang.

|
jab phone baja to main raat
ka khana kha rahi thi
Was your mother cooking all
night?
4 +| |
|
Kya tumhari maa sari raat
khana paka rahi thi

Past Conditional - (Hethuhethumat Bhootkaal)
September 3, 2009
20090903-PastConditional.mp3
Hethuhethumat Bhootkaal is conditional and refers to the possibility of happening an act in the
past, but did not actually happen due to some reasons. It is formed by adding (ta), (te), (ti)
to the root of the final verb. After the first clause in the sentence, (to) should be added.
(yadi) or (agar) is added to indicate the conditional clause.
Examples:-
If you had come, I would
have gone.

Yadi tum aate to main jata
If you had called me, I
would have come. (f.)


Agar tum mujhe bulaati to
main aati
If you had called me, I
would have come. (m.)


Agar tum mujhe bulaate to
main aata
If he had walked fast, he
would have got the bus.


Agar vah tej chalta to bus milti
If the teacher had told, the
boys would have remained
quite.


Adhyapak kahte to ladke chup
rahte
If I had had more money, I
could have stayed longer.
,

Agar mere pas paisa hota, to
main lambe samay tak thahar
sakta
If I had known it was your
birthday, I would have
bought you a present.
|
+ ,

Agar mujhe maloom hota ki
tumhara janamdin hai, to main
ek taufa laata
If he had studied well, he
would have passed the
exam.
|
|H
Agar vah achhi tarah padta to
pareeksha mein uttirn hota
If he had sold the pen for $4,
I would have bought it.


|
Agar vah chaar dollar ke liye
kalam bech diya hota to main
use kharida hota
If Jack had worked harder,
he would have earned more
money.


Yadi Jack kathin kaam karta to
vah aur paisa kamata.
What would you have done
if you had won the lottery
last week?
9
| 4
?
agar aap pichale hafte lottery
jitte to kya kiya hote?


Past Perfect Tense - (Purn Bhootkaal)
September 4, 2009
20090904-PastPerfectTense.mp3
Purn Bhootkaal refers to an action that had happened in the long past. It denotes a past action
that had been completed in the past. It is formed by adding (tha), (the), (thi) or (thim)
to the verb of samanya bhootkaal.
examples:
(aaya tha), (aaye the), (aayee thi), (aayee thim)
(chala tha), (chale the), | (chali thi), | (chali thim)

I had gone
/
Main gaya tha/gayi thi
We had gone
/
Hum gaye the/gayi thim
You had gone
/
Tum gaye the/gayi thi
He had
gone

Vah gaya tha
She had gone

Vah gayi thi
They had gone

Ve gaye the
I had never seen such a
beautiful beach.
5
|
Main itani koobsoorat samudra
tat kabhi nahin dekha tha
I had lost my wallet.


Main aapna batua kho diya tha
He had come this morning

Vah aaj savere aaya tha
They had not eaten for five
hours.
|

Veh paanch ganthe se nahin
khaye the
Where had she gone?
?
Vah kahan gayi thi?
The train had left

relgaadi chut gayi thi
The movie had already begun.
~ | F

Film pahale hi shuru ho gaya
tha
I had gone shopping.
||
Main kharidari karne gayi thi
We had left by the time you
arrived.

,

Jab tak aap pahunche, hum
nikal chuke them
I had gone to Mumbai (last
year)


Pichale saal main Mumbai
gaya tha


Past Doubtful or Presumptive Perfect - (Sandigdh Bhootkaal)
September 5, 2009
20090905-PastDoubtful.mp3
Sandigdh Bhootkaal represents an act in the past, with a doubt as to if had actually happened or
not. It is formed by adding hoga, hogi, honge, hongi, hoonga or hoongi to the verb in the
samanya bhootkaal.
Eg:-
(chala hoga), |(chale honge ), | (chali hogi), | | (chali hongi),

(chala hoonga), |

(chali hoongi)

He must have walked.

Vah chala hoga
Reena might have come.
|
Reena aayi hogi
You might have heard.
/
Tum sune hoge/suni hogi
I might not have read.
|


Main pada nahin hoonga
Ram might have come to
my house yesterday.


Ram kal mere ghar aaya hoga
Sam and Tony might have
come home.

|
Sam aur Tony ghar aaye honge
Rajiv might have done his
homework.

(

) |
Rajiv ne unke
homework(grihakary) kiye honge
Anup might have read both
books.
|

Anup ne dono kitabem padhi hogi
He might not have gone to
school.
1

|

Vah aaj school nahin gaya hoga
The Aryans might have
come from Central Asia.

|
Arya log madhya asia se aaye
honge
The train might have started
by now.

|
Rel gaadi ab tak ravana ho chuki
hogi
She might have told a lie.
|
usne ek jhoot boli hogi
Someone might have heard.

Kiseene suna hoga.
He might not have slept last
night.

|
Vah pichale raat ko soya nahin
hoga
They might not have
understood my words.
|
| |
Ve mere shadhon ko samajh
nahin sake honge
Having heard this, how
great must be the grief.


Yah sun kar kitana dukh hua
hoga


Lesson 1 Lesson 1 Lesson 1 Lesson 1
September 6, 2009
20090906-PastTenseWithNe.mp3
Part 1: Explanation
Often you will need to use a sentence in Past tense when you want to state some past incident.
This has a general format. We can divide them in two parts one with Ne/ format and
another one is without that.
You can use the Ne/ format with transitive verbs .Transitive verbs are those verbs that
indicate something is being done to something else. For example in the sentence "I ate"
something got ate.IN the sentence "I said" something got said.And we add after the subject
who is doing a something. For example:-
Ravi saw a dream.

Here we are adding after Ravi as he is the subject and did something.
Part 2: Examples
Let us see some examples and you might need a verb list to understand them.
Verb list for you:

= To think
=To eat
=To bathe
=To talk
=To write
=To do
=To bring
=To invite
=To message
=To convince
=To tell a lie
=To love

Sentences:
1)I thought a lot for you.



2)I saw a dream last night.


3)I bathed before you.


4)Ravi didn't think about it
|

5)Manorama called me .


6)I spoke to him.


7)They called me.
7|

8)He ate breakfast.


9)They played a game.
7| .
10)My friend ate .
1

Part 3: Quiz
Now it is your time to practice. I will tell you a sentence in Hindi and give you a little time to
think of the answer before I tell you.
Hindi -> English
1. |

If you said " Raja made the roti " you are correct.
2. ~

If you said " Kalpana lied to you " you are correct.
3. 7

If you said He cleaned the room " you are correct.
Now try to think of the Hindi translation for these English sentences:
English ->Hindi
1. The dog ate the food.

If you said " " you are correct.
2. Everyone did a good job.

If you said you are correct
3. I loved you.

If you said " " you are correct
Now you know how to make a sentence in past with the Ne format.


Lesson 2 Lesson 2 Lesson 2 Lesson 2
September 7, 2009
20090907-PastTenseWithoutNe.mp3
Part 1: Explanation
Often you will need to use a sentence in Past tense when you want to state some past incident.
This has a general format. We can divide them in two parts one with Ne/ format and
another one is without that. You can use the Ne/ format with transitive verbs and you can't
with intransitive verbs. Intransitive verbs do their action to the subject of the sentence. For
example "I went." it is the subject "I' that "went, not something else.
For example:-
Ravi was so hungry.


Here we are not adding after Ravi and we are adding to make it past.
Part 2: Examples
Let us see some examples and you might need a verb list to understand them.
Verb list for you:
=To walk
=To be
=To come
=To sleep
=To jump
=To go

Sentences :

1)Tarun brought a doll for his daughter.
| .

2)I was at the office.
.

3)He was hungry.
.

4)They came at 5 PM.
.

5)He is a good man.
.

6)Bikash didn't sleep well.
|

7)I was happy for you.


8)Lata's father was a good man.
.

9)Rahul was a good student in his childhood.

| .

10)He was so sad after the match.

.

Part 3: Quiz
Now it is your time to practice. I will tell you a sentence in Hindi and give you a little time to
think of the answer before I tell you.
Hindi -> English

1) |

If you said "He was not a good man you are correct.
2)

If you said " Ram was ill " you are correct.
3)

If you said The room was clean " you are correct.
Now try to think of the Hindi translation for these English sentences:
English ->Hindi
1. I convinced him to go out.
If you said " " you are correct.
2. Everyone was angry.

If you said 1 you are correct
3. I was happy with you.

If you said " " you are correct
Now you know how to make a sentence in past tense without the Ne format.

Future Tense - * * * * (Bhavishyatkaal)
September 8, 2009
20090908-FutureIndefinite.mp3
Bhavishyatkaal refers to an action that will happen in the future. There are two types of
Bhavishyatkaal in Hindi. They are:
1. Future Indefinite - 7 * (Samanya Bhavishyatkaal )
2. Future Conditional or Doubtful - * (Sambhavya Bhavishyatkaal)
Future Indefinite - 7 * 7 * 7 * 7 * (Samanya Bhavishyatkaal)
Samanya Bhavishyatkaal refers to a statement that a certain thing will happen.
This Tense is formed by adding (yegaa) for masculine singular, (egee) for feminine
singular, (engi) for feminine plural, (enge) for masculine plural, (unga) for Ist
person masculine, (ungi) for Ist person feminine, (oge) for Tum singular, and
(ogi) for Tum feminine to the verb root.
Sandy will come
tomorrow.

Sandy kal shaam ko ayegi
He will go back today
night.

Ve aaj raat ko laut jayenge
Girls will dance

Ladkiyam nachengi
I will also sing a song.
/
Main bhi ek geet gaoonga/gaoongi
Will you come with
me?
?
Tum mere saath aoge?
We will go with you.
+
Hum tumhare saath chalenge
What will they do ?
4 ?
Ve kya karenge?
When will she come ?
?
Vah kab aayegi?
Will the king do such
a thing ?
?
Raja aisa karega?
As long as I live, I
will
take care of you.

,
+| F
Main jab tak jiti rahoongi, tumhari
seva karoongi
There must be some
reason for the delay.
|

Deri hone ka koi karan to hoga
He will be in the
house.

Vah ghar mein hoga


Future Conditional or Doubtful - * * * * (Sambhavya Bhavishyatkaal)
September 09, 2009
20090909-FutureConditional.mp3
It may express a condition, or a possibility, or a wish or an interrogation, or an order, a
permission, a supposition or a doubt.
This Tense is formed from the stem of the Verb, with the additional endings given using (ya),
(ai), (ye), or (yem).
e.g. (jaay), (jaayem), (chale), (chalem)
How shall we do it?
?
Hum kaise kare?
Shall I speak?

?
Main kahun?
May God bless us!
| H
Eashwar hamari raksha kare
May it rain today (wish)

Aaj shayad paani barase
When he arrives, let me
know.


jab vah aaye to mujhe khabar dem
I do not wish that his
progress be hindered.
| | |
7
Main nahin chahata ki uski unnati
rukh jaye
If I get (it), I will give (it to
you).

Milen to main dun
How can I leave you
alone?
+

Hum tumhe akale kaise chod den
I desire that my son may
become illustrious.

| 1

Main chahta hoon ki putr
yashasvi ho
Let not Thomsun go home
today!
+
aaj Thomsun ghar na jaye
Who knows when the
doctor will come?
4
?
Kaun jane doctor kab aayenge?
Tell Gopal to get a glass of
water.
|

Gopal se kaho ki vah ek gilas
paani laye
If they give me Rs.500, I
shall do this work.
,
F
Agar ve paanch sau rupaya den,
to main yah kaam karunga


Noun 7 7 7 7 (Sanjna) - Part 1
September 10, 2009
20090910-Nouns-1.mp3
Noun is a word or words that refers to the name of a person, animal, place, quality, mood or
thing.
egs.:-
(Ram), (boy), (rose), (house), (London) (Himalayas),
(laughter), (compassion), etc.
Generally there are three types of nouns in Hindi. They are:
1. Proper Noun - 7 (vyaktivachak sanjna)
2. Common Noun 7 (jativachak sanjna)
3. Abstract Noun 7 (bhavvachak sanjna)


1. Proper Noun - 7 (vyaktivachak sanjna)
A proper noun is a specific name of a place, a person, or a thing.
7| (January), | (Mary), (Bill), 1. (Mr. Brown), (Amazon),
| (Nike), 7 + (The New York Times), (War and Peace), ].
(Dr. White)
She comes from Russia.
F
Vah ruus se hai
The Nile is the longest river
| |
Neel nadi sabse lambi nadi
hai
Jack will go shopping
tomorrow
||

Jack kal kharidari ke liye
jayega
Mr. Bill is a good teacher.


Sree Bill ek achche
adhyapak hai
Hurricane Andrew did great
damage in Miami.
]



Toofan Andrew Miami mein
bahut nuksaan kiya hai
When Michelle Obama came
to New York City she went to
Starbucks.
7
, 144

Jab Michelle Obama New
York shahar aayi, vah
Starbucks gayi thi


Noun 7 7 7 7 (Sanjna) - part 2
September 11, 2009
20090911-Nouns-2.mp3
2) Common Noun 7 (jativachak sanjna)
A common noun is a noun that refers to a common name of a person, thing or a place.
Such as:-

(dog), (house), 1 (picture), (computer)


Examples:
The baby is crying.
|
Bachchi ro rahi hai
The red book is on the
table.

Lal kitaab mej par hai
The black dog is in my
yard.


Kaala kutta mere angan mein
hai
The computers are new.

Computer naye hai
Child comes.

Balak aate hai.
Birds comes

chidiyam aati hai
There are five chairs in
the room.


Kamre mein paanch kursiyam
hai
He took his children to
the zoo
|

Vah apne bacchom ko chidiya
ghar le gaya
How many stories is that
house?
| ?
kitane manjilon ka hai vah
ghar?
I'd rather live in the city
~


Mein balki shahar mein rahana
chahata hoon
We arrived early at the
station.
1 ~|
Hum station par jaldi aa gaye
The woman in the
restaurant lives in the city
,

Bhojanalay mein jo aurat hai,
vah shahar main rahati hai
Hand me that radio so I
can hear the song better
,
Mere hath main vo radio do, taki
main gana achchi tarah suno
|
Children are innocent

Bachche masoom hai


Noun 7 7 7 7 (Sanjna) - Noun 3
September 12, 2009
20090912-Nouns-3.mp3
3) Abstract Noun 7 (bhavvachak sanjna)
Abstract noun is something that can't be sensed by our five senses (smell, touch, hear, see or
taste). They usually represent feeling, ideas and qualities. They can be countable or uncountable.
(love),

(hate), (violence), 1

(culture), 1 (taste)
Abstract noun can be formed from:
a. the name of a quality (Gun)
egs:- (goodness), | (whiteness), 7| (honesty), | (bravery), etc
b. action - (karm)
egs:-97 (pleasure), (judgement), (play), (fight)
c. state 1 (avastha)
egs:- (childhood), | (poverty), 1 (youth), (cold)

I. Collective Noun 7 (Samudaayavachak sanjna)
Collective nouns are nouns that refer to things or people as a unit.
Examples: (family), (police), H (class), (team), etc.

II. Material Noun- 5 7 (Dravyavachak sanjna)
Nouns that refer to the names of a liquid or matter are classified under this category.
egs:- (gold), (iron), (water)
Usages:
His anger knows no limits.
1 |
uske gusse ka koi seema
nahin hai
That crowd went wild.
|
Vah bheed janglee ho gaya
India has an interesting
culture
| 1

1
Bharat ki sanskriti dilchasp
hai
Do you give charity?
4 ?
Kya tum daan dete ho?
He takes a lot of pride in
his work.



Vah apne kaam pe bahut
garv karta hai
A flock of birds
H|
pakshiyon ka jund
My family is important to
me.
c
Mera parivaar mere liye
mahetvapoorn hai
You shouldn't judge him
on one achievement
/failure / progress /success.
/
/9/

Tum use ek upalabdi/
asaphalta/ pragati/saphalta
par math jajana


Honorifics or Addressing People - (Sambodhan)
September 13, 2009
20090913-Honorifics-1.mp3
The way of addressing a person varies with the age and position.
(Aap) is used for addressing elders, lesser known people and in formal instances. It is used
for respectfully addressing a singular person, and as a second person plural pronoun. The most
formal is "aap" and is the safest to use in all situations. It can be used in situations that range
from deeply respectful to the merely businesslike.
(Tu) and (Tum) are used for addressing younger people and in informal and intimate
instances. (Tum) is slightly formal, in the sense, it is used addressing people of your age who
may not be very close to you. (Tu) is highly informal and is used while addressing very close
friends or someone of your age or younger to you or when there is utmost
familiarity/friendship/intimacy.
Examples:
You listen (formal)

Aap suniye
You sit here(formal)

Aap yahan baitiye
You listen (slightly informal)

Tum suno
You sit here(slightly informal)

Tum yahan baitho
You listen (very informal)

Tu sun
You sit here(very informal)

Tu yahan baith


(Bhaiya) or (Bhai sahab) actually means elder brother. But is also used to
address a male member who is lesser known or unknown to you and may be slightly older.
Likewise, || (didi) or (bahanji) is used to address an older female member who is
lesser known or unknown. These honorifics are used by both male and female alike.
Examples:
Brother, can you move
, ?
Bhaiya, aap jara hatenge?
aside?
Brother, Thank you very
much!
,


H!
Bhai sahab, aapka bahut
sukriya!
Sister, did you see my
child?
||,
?
Didi, aapne mere bachche ko
dekha?

(Ji) is suffixed after the name or position title for sufficiently older people or respectable
persons. Baba, or Swami or Swamiji are honorifics denoting great respect, usually denoting
spiritual mastery. Pandit/Panditji is an honorific title given to a scholar, a teacher, religion,
music or philosophy. Guru/Guruji is widely used with the general meaning of teacher. It also
refers to a person who has authority because of his or her perceived secular knowledge or skills.
Mahatma means Great Soul. The term is also used to refer to liberated souls or professionals.
Sahib is a term of respect, meaning Sir, master or lord. Sahiba is the authentic form address to
be used for a female.
Examples:
Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhiji, Pandit Ravi Shankar, Swami Vivekananda , Khan Sahib, Rani
Sahiba, Nair Sahab, Ramji, Laxmiji, and so on.

Honorifics or Addressing People - (Sambodhan)
September 14, 2009
20090914-Honorifics-2.mp3
Other honorifics:
Miss

|
Kumari
Master


Kumar
Mr.
/
Shree/shri/shreeman
Mrs.

Shreemati
Uncle
/
Kakaa/Chaachaa
Aunty
|/
Kaakii/chaachii
Olderly man

Dada
Friends wife/elderly married lady of the same
generation.

Bhabhi
Elderly lady of maternal side

Mousi
Elderly lady of paternal side

Bua
His Highness

Maharaja
Her Highness

Maharani
Prince


Rajkumar/kuar
Princess

|
Rajkumari
Sir

Mahoday
Madam

Mahodaya

Examples:
Mr. Prasad
9
Prasad ji
Mrs. Clinton
4
Sreemati Clinton
Hey!
!/!
Are! /aji!
You!
!
Re!
Hello to you!
1 !
Namaste ji
Grandpa, respectful greetings!
, 9 !
Dadaji saadar pranaam
Panditji, when did you come?
, ?
Panditji, aap kab aaye?
Hey, when did you come ?
, ?
Are, tum kab aaye ho?
Uncle, please wait !
, !
Mamaji, jara rukiye!
Madam, Please be seated.
,


Mahodaya, kripaya baith jayiye
How do you do Sir?
?
Aap kaise hai mahoday?


Lesson 1
September 15, 2009
20090915-Feelings-part1.mp3
Part 1: Explanation
Often you will need to use a sentence about how you feel. For example:"I feel tired." "he is
angry" .In this lesson we will learn how to express that a person feels , through several
examples and it will also increase your Hindi stock of words. We can divide them in two parts
one simple format and another is a question format. For example.
I am angry.

.
=I
=Angry

= Am (be verb)
Part 2: Examples
Let us see some examples .
1) I am hungry.

Or
2) My son is ill.

3) They are worried.

4) The students are nervous.

5) The parents are happy for their son.

6) This man is angry about the damage to his car.
1
7) He is ill.

8) Ratan is so hungry.

. Or


9) Pradip is worried.
9|
10) I am angry with you.
/


11) Hiten is so lonely.

12) This is so funny.

|
13) I dont envy my colleagues.
|/ | * |


14) I am surprised seeing your progress.
| 9 /


15) Ravi believes me.
+

Part 3: Quiz
Now it is your time to practice. I will tell you a sentence in Hindi and give you a little time to
think of the answer before I tell you.
Hindi -> English
1)
If you said I am thirsty you are correct.
2)


If you said I am confused. you are correct.
3) /

If you said You made me happy." you are correct.
Now try to think of the Hindi translation for these English sentences:
English ->Hindi
1) I am so happy for your success.
If you said " |

" you are correct.


2) Her husband is a good man .
If you said you are correct
3) I am really scared.
If you said "

" you are correct


Now you know how to express what you feel in Hindi.




Lesson 2
September 16, 2009
20090916-Feelings-part2.mp3
Part 1: Explanation

Often you will need to ask somebody else that how is he feeling? .So today in this lesson we will
learn how to form a question when you want to ask someone else that how does the person
feel? For example.

Are you angry?
4 ?

4 =To make it a question we add 4
=You
=Angry
=are (be verb)


Part 2: Examples

Let us see some examples.

1) Am I hungry?
4

? Or 4 ?

2) Is your son ill?
4 ?

3) Are they worried?
4 ?

4) Are the students nervous?
4 ?

5) Are the parents happy for their son?
4 ?

7) Is Sharada ill?.
4 ?

8) Is Ratan hungry?
4 ? or, 4 ?

9) Is Pradip worried?
4 9| ?

10) Are you angry with me?.
4 ?

11) Is Hiten so lonely?.
4

?

12) Is this so funny?
4

| ?


13) Do you envy your colleagues?
4 | * ?

14) Were they surprised seeing your progress?
4 | 9 ?

15) Does Ravi believe me?
4 + ?

Part 3: Quiz

Now it is your time to practice. I will tell you a sentence in Hindi and give you a little time to
think of the answer before I tell you.

Hindi -> English


1. 4 ?
If you said Are you thirsty? you are correct.

2) 4 ?
If you said Were you confused? you are correct.

3) 4 ?
If you said Did You make her happy?" you are correct.

Now try to think of the Hindi translation for these English sentences:

English ->Hindi

1) Was he happy for your success?

If you said " 4 | ?" you are correct.

2) Is her husband a good man?

If you said 4 ? you are correct

3) Were you really scared?

If you said " 4 ?" you are correct

Now you know how to express what you feel in Hindi.


Feelings - September 17, 2009 - 20090917-Feelings.mp3
TRANSLITERATION & TRANSLATION
1.

.
Main bhookha hoon.
(I am hungry.)
2. .
Vey thak gaye hain.
(They are tired.)
3. | .
Vah/Yah ladki udaas hai.
(The girl is sad.)
4.

.
Vah/Yah ladka khush hai.
(The boy is happy.)
5. H .
Vah/Yah shikshak naraaz hai.
(The teacher is angry.)
6.

4 .
Mujhe chakkar aa rahe hain.
(I feel dizzy.)
7. | .
Usey neend aa rahee hai.
(He is sleepy.)
8. 4

?
Kya tumhe pyaas lagi hai?
(Are you thirsty?)
9.

+ | | .
Tumhe garmee lag rahi hai.
(You are feeling hot.)
10. | | .
Usey sardee lag rahee hai.
(He/She is feeling cold.)
11.

8 .
Vah/Yah aadmee santusht hai.
(The man is satisfied.)
12. | .
Us aurat ko sharm aa rahee hai.
(The woman is feeling shy.)

Lesson 1
September 18, 2009
20090918-WantToGo.mp3
Part 1: Explanation
Often you will need to use a sentence about what you want. For example:"I want to go." "He
wants to read" etc.In this lesson we will learn how to make these type of.For example.
I want to go.

.
=I
=to go

= want + (be verb)


Part 2: Examples
Let us see some examples .
1) I want to eat now.

.
2) Rakesh wants to kill you.
+
3) They want to play the game.

4) The students want to know it.

5) The parents always want to sacrifice for their children.
|
6) This man wants to go India.

7) Ayesha wants to lose weight

8) Ratan wants to go to market.

9) Pradip wants to spend his holidays in India.
9|
10) I always want to adopt an orphane .






Part 3: Quiz
Now it is your time to practice. I will tell you a sentence in Hindi and give you a little time to
think of the answer before I tell you.
Hindi -> English
1)


If you said I want to be successful in my life you are correct.
2) |
If you said You want to get attention from others you are correct.
3) |

If you said Nisha wants to leave her current job." you are correct.
Now try to think of the Hindi translation for these English sentences:
English ->Hindi
1) She wants to be happy.
If you said " " you are correct.
2) Jatin wants to be in his office on time .
If you said you are correct
3) Kajol wants to study.
If you said " " you are correct
Now you know how to express what you feel in Hindi.






Meena's Poem - Part 2
September 19, 2009
20090919-MeenaPoem-part2.mp3
5
|
l
| ,
9
|

1) 5
saat samudr paar karke
Having crossed the seven seas
(saat) - seven
5 (samudr) - seas
(paar karke) - having crossed

2) |
aaegii hamaarii biTiyaa raanii
Our queen daughter will come
aaegii - will come (feminine subject)
| hamaarii - ours (agrees with a feminine noun)
biTiyaa - daughter (same as |)
raanii - queen

3) l
We will get surprised after seeing her.
use - her
dakhkar - seeing (look at)
ham - we
l chakaachoundh ho jaenge - to get surprised



4) | ,
same smiling and loving face

| vahii - same
chehraa - face
muskaan - smile
aur - and
pyaar - love
5) 9
Seeing [her], we get over joyed.
9 get over joyed.

6) |
by embracing [her] we will quench our thirst of years.
milkar gale - embracing
| saal kii - of years
pyaas bujhaenge - will quench thirst


Having crossed the seven seas
Our queen daughter will come
We will get surprised after seeing her.
same smiling and loving face
Seeing [her], we get over joyed.
by embracing [her] we will quench our thirst of years.

Gender - (Ling)
September 20, 2009
20090920-Gender.mp3
All nouns in Hindi are divided into one of two grammatical types, called genders. These genders
are masculine- ~ and feminine- U . Nouns often modify other words in the sentence
according to their gender.
All male living beings are masculine. All female living beings are feminine. In the case of names
of inanimate things and abstract, collective and material nouns, gender is determined mainly by
usage.
Masculine gender- ~ ~ ~ ~ Feminine gender- U U U U
ladka ()
boy
ladki (|)
girl
aadmi()
man
aurat ()
woman
pita()
father
mata( )
mother
beta()
son
beti (|)
daughter
bachcha()
boy baby
bachchi()
girl baby
bhai ()
brother
bahan()
sister
adhyapak()
male teacher
adhyapika()
female teacher
raja ()
king
rani ()
queen
pota ()
grand- son
poti ()
grand- daughter
dada ()
paternal grandfather
dadi (|)
paternal grandmother
nana ( )
maternal grandfather
nani ( )
maternal grandmother
hathi ()
male elephant
hathini ()
female elephant
Sher()
lion
Sherni( )
lioness
nar maina( )
male maina
mada maina ( )
female maina
nar kaua( )
male crow
mada kaua( )
female crow


Common Words - part 1
September 21, 2009
20090921-CommonWords-Part1.mp3


English Hindi Transliteration
House

Ghar
Television/TV

Doordharshan
Picture
/ 1
Chitr/tasveer
Paper

Kaagaz
Pen

Kalam
Pencil

Pencil
Bedroom
H
shayan-kaksh
Kitchen

Rasoi-ghar
Bathroom
1-
Snaan-ghar
Sleep
5/
Nidra/sona
Radio

Betaar ka taar
Mobile

chal
Clock

Ghadi
Watch

Ghadi
Clothes
/
Kapada/poshaak
Stove
~
Chulha
Glass

Gilaas
Letter

Chitti
Book
/ 1
Kitaab/Pustak
Hospital
1
Aspataal
Church

Girija-ghar
Shower

Bouchaar
Soap

Sabun
New

Naya
Heat
|
Garmi
Snow

Barf
Weak

Durbal
Light


Halka
Ujala
Dark

Andkaar
Feelings
/
Anubhav/Bodh
Happy

Kush
Angry
H @
Krodh
Hate


Ghrna
Love

Pyar
Sad

Udaas
Tired

Thakna
Cry

rona
Sick

Bimaar


Common Words - Part 2
September 22, 2009
20090922-CommonWords-Part2.mp3

English Hindi Transliteration
Food

Khana
Cheese

Paneer
Eggs

Ande
Vegetables

Sabji
Snacks

Nasta
Bread
|
Roti
Candy
7/
Kand/Cand
Warm

Garm
Cold

Tanda
Rage

Rosh
Smile
1


Muskuraahat
Fear

Dar
Truth
/ c
Sachayi/Satya
Hungry

Bukha
Thirsty

Pyasa
Lonely

Akela
Believe
+
Vishwas karna
Old

Purana
Elderly
/
Aded/Buda sa
Hard
E/
Sakth/Katin
Soft
/
Komal/Narm
Head

sir
Eyes

Ankem
Ear

Kaan
Nose

Naak
Teeth

Danth
Hand

Haath
Finger
|
anguli
Heart

Dil
See

Dekhna
Sea
5
Samudra
Flower

Phool
Bird

Chidiya
Snake

Samp
Tree

Ped
Rain

Baarish
Dog


Kutta
Cat
~|
Billi
Sky

asmaan
Sun

Suraj
Fake
|
Nakali
Dream
1
Swapana
Mistake

Galti
Nightmare

1
Kuswapan
Long
+
Lamba
Small

Chota
Liar

Jootta


Meena's Poem - Part 3
September 23, 2009
20090923-MeenaPoem-Part3.mp3
Soni
S sweet - |
O Obedient 7|
N Noble
I Intelligent , @
+ | , |,
7|, @



1) + | , |,
tumhaaraa naam hii hai sonii, jo miiTHii
Your name is Soni which is sweet
+ tumhaaraa - your
naam - name
| hii - (emphasizes the word before it. In this case, "your very name")
hai - is
Sonii (name of a girl)
joo - that
| miiTHii - sweet



2) 7|, @

aagyaakaarii, mahaan aur buddhimaan
obedient, noble and intelligent
7| aagyaakaarii - obedient
mahaan - noble
aur -and
@ buddhimaan - intelligent


3)
bankar apne uddeshya mein honaa saphal
You will become successful in your goal.
bankar - to be
apne - your own
uddeshya - goal (or aim)
mein - in
honaa saphal - to be successful



S sweet
O Obedient
N Noble
I Intelligent
Your name is Soni which is sweet
obedient, noble and intelligent
You will become successful in your goal.

Gender - Part 2 - Rules about Masculine Nouns
September 24, 2009
20090924-Gender-part2.mp3
Rules for masculine gender ~ ~ ~ ~ : :: :- -- -
1. All nouns ending in (aa), except those originated from Sanskrit will be masculine.
e.gs.-cloth- (kapada), shoe- (juta),umbrella- (chata), money
(paisa), and so on.
Exception- Words ending in (iya) are feminine. e.gs- (lutiya), case/box-
(dibiya), etc
2. The names of metals, planets, stars, trees, mountains, precious stones, months, days,
oceans, countries, cities, places and grains are masculine.
Exception:-silver- | (chandi), Earth-

(prithvi), tamarind- | (imali), Delhi-


~| (dilli), green gram- (moong), red gram- (arhar), etc.
3. Almost all the liquids are masculine.
Exception:- 1 (lassi), (chacha)
4. Nouns originated from verbs are masculine. e.gs.- walk- (chalna), play-
(khelna), run- (daudna), etc.
5. Almost all nouns ending with (a) are masculine. e.gs.- house- (ghar), water-
(jal), tree- (ped), earth/land- (thal), moment-(pal), wealth- (dhan)
Exception:-night- (raat), evening- (shaam), matter- (baat), etc.
6. Nouns originated from Urdu, ending in (aab), (aan), (aal), and (aar)
are masculine.
e.gs.-rose- (gulab), answer- (jawab), account/calculation- (hisaab), a
type grilled meat dish- (kabab), house/residence- (makaan), market-
(bazaar), question- (sawaal), and so on.
Exception:-book- (kitaab),liquor/alcoholic drink- (sharaab),shop-
(dukaan), government/state- (sarkar),etc.
7. Words originated from Sanskrit and ending in (ta), (tra), (aas), (aap),
(aar), and (na) are masculine.
e.gs.- song- (geet), friend- (mitr), heat- (taap), degeneration- (vikar),
promise- (vachan), etc.

Aap Hain Sentences
September 25, 2009
20090925-AapHain.mp3
- -- - ( (( (aap- haim) sentences
In present tense, all the sentences starting with (Aap) ends in (haim), irrespective of the
gender of the noun or the pronoun.
English Hindi Transliteration
You are a teacher.

Aap ek adhyapak haim
You are a doctor.
4
Aap ek dactar haim
You are Mr. Alfred.
~9
Aap Shree Alfred haim
You are Mrs. Angelina.
|
Aap Shreemati Angelina haim
Do you know Mr. Kabir?
4
?
Kya aap Shree Kabir ko jante
haim?
How old are you?
| ?
Aap ki aayu kitani haim?
How are you?
?
Aap kaise haim?
You are learning Hindi.
7|
Aap Hindi seekh rahe haim
Where do you live?
?
Aap kahan rahte haim?
Where is your home?
?
Aap ka ghar kahan haim?
How many children do you
have?
?
Aapke kitane bachche haim?


- -- - ( (( (Hum- haim) sentences
All sentences starting with (Hum) ends in (haim) in present tense.
English Hindi Transliteration
We are women.

Hum auratem haim
We learn Hindi.
7|
Hum Hindi seekhte haim
We dont eat meat.
|
Hum mans nahin khate haim
We generally eat bread.
4 |
Hum aksar roti khate haim
We get up at 6o clock everyday.

Hum roz chah baje uthathe haim

Relations
September 26, 2009
20090926-Relations.mp3
Hindi Terms for Relations
English Hindi Transliteration
Mother
/
Mata/Ma
Father

Pita
Wife

Patni
Husband

Pati
Son
/
Beta/Putr
Daughter
|/
Beti/Putri
Paternal Uncle

Chacha
Paternal Aunt

Chachi
Brother

Bhai
Sister

Bahan
Elder Sister-in-law

Jethani
Younger Sister-in-law

Devrani
Brother-in-law (Elder)

Jeth
Brother-in-law (Younger)

Devar
Son-in law

Daamad
Daughter-in-law


Bahu
Nephew
/
Bateeja/Bhanja
Niece
/
Bateeji/Bhanji
Maternal Uncle

Mama
Maternal Aunt

Mami
Mothers sister

Mousi
Father-in-law

Sasur
Mother-in-law

Saas
Paternal Grandfather

Dada
Paternal Grandmother
|
Dadi
Maternal Grandfather

Nana
Maternal Grandmother

Nani
Customer
0
Grahak
Tenant

Kirayedaar
Landlord

Makhan malik
Host

Mezbaan
Guest
/
Atithi/Mehmaan
Friend
1
Dost



Meena's Poem - Part 4
September 27, 2009
20090927-MeenaPoem-Part4
- |
+
+

| - + ,
|

1) - |
yah maan-baah kii abhilaashaa hai
This is the hope of your parents.
yah - this
- maan-baap - parents
| kii - of
abhilashaa - hope
hai - is


2) +
use puurn karnaa tumhaaraa kartavya hai
It is your duty to fulfill them.
- those/them
- complete (or fulfill)
- to do (e.g. to do the completing)
+ - your
- duty (obligation)
3) +
tabhii hogaa tumhaaraa naam sansaar mein
Then your name will be in the world

- then
- will be
+ - your name
- world
- in


4)| - + ,
yahii dhan-doulat ham tamhen de sakte hain
This very money we can give to you.
| - this very
- - money-money (implied for education)
- we
+ - to you
- can give


5) |
jise koii chujraa nauhiin saktaa
Which no one can steal.
- which
- nobody
| - can not steal

This is the hope of your parents.
It is your duty to fulfill them.
Then your name will be in the world
This very money we can give to you.
Which no one can steal.



I can, I wish to, I should
September 28, 2009
20090928-ICan.mp3
Usage of verbs like dance, sing or run in hindi
1. He/She can dance/sing/run.
Wah naach/gaa/ daud saktaa/saktee hai.
2. I cannot dance/sing/run.
Main naach/gaa/ daud naheen saktaa/saktee.
3. He/She should dance/sing/run.
Usey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa chahiye.
4. He/She should not dance/sing/run.
Usey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa naheen chahiye.
5. I wish to dance/sing/run.
Main naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa chaahtaa/chaahtee hoon.
6. He/She does not wish to dance/sing/run.
wah naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa naheen chaahtaa/chaahtee.
7. I know how to dance/sing/run.
Mujhey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa aataa hai.
8. He/She does not know how to dance/sing/run.
Usey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa naheen aataa hai.
9. He/She likes to dance/sing/run.
Usey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa achchha lagtaa hai.
10. I do not like to dance/sing/run.
Mujhey naachnaa/ gaanaa/ daudnaa achchhaa naheen lagtaa.


I am...
September 29, 2009
20090929-IAm.mp3
- -- -

( (( (Main-Hoon) sentences
In Hindi, all the sentences starting with (main) ends in

(hoon), irrespective of the gender of


the noun or the pronoun in present tense.
English Hindi Transliteration
I am a boy.

|
Main ladka hoon
I am a girl.
|

|
Main ladki hoon
I am Ram.

|
Main Ram hoon
I am Sunitha.

|
Main Sunitha hoon
I am a teacher. (mas.)

|
Main adhyapak hoon
I am a teacher. (fem.)

|
Main adhyapika hoon
I am a student.
q |

|
Main vidhyarthi hoon
I am a shopkeeper.

|
Main dukaandaar hoon
I am alright.
|

|
Main teek hoon
I come by car.

|
Main gaadi main aata hoon
I live in Texas.
4

|
Main Texas mein rahta hoon
I know Mathews.
c

|
Main Mathews ko jaanta hoon
I am 20 years old.

|
Main bees saal ka hoon
I am going to market.
|

|
Main bazaar ja rahi hoon.
I learn Hindi.
7|

|
Main Hindi seektha hoon
I sometimes go there
with him.
-

|
Main kabhi-kabhi unke saath
vahan jata hoon
I stay with Rajesh.

|
Main Rajesh ke saath rahta hoon
I see him everyday.

|
Main unko roz dekhta hoon
I want to learn Hindi.
7|

|
Main Hindi seekhna chahta hoon
I am eating bread.
| /|

|
Main roti kha raha/rahi hoon


Tum Ho
September 30, 2009
20090930-TumHo.mp3
- -- - ( (( (Tum-Ho) sentences
In Hindi, all the sentences starting with (Tum) ends in (ho), irrespective of the gender of
the noun or the pronoun in present tense.
English Hindi Transliteration
You are a boy.
|
Tum ladka ho
You are a girl.
| |
Tum ladki ho
You are Ram.
|
Tum Ram ho
You are Sunitha.
|
Tum Sunitha ho
You are a teacher. (mas.)
|
Tum adhyapak ho
You are a teacher. (fem.)
|
Tum adhyapika ho
You are a student.
| |
Tum vidyaarthi ho
You are a shopkeeper.
|
Tum dukaandaar ho
You are alright.
| |
Tum theek ho
Are you alright?
4 | ?
Kya tum teek ho?
You come by car.
|
Tum gaadi main aate ho
You live in Texas.
4 |
Tum Texas mein rahte ho
You know Mathews.
c |
Tum Mathews ko jaante ho
You are 20 years old.
|
Tum bees saal ke ho
You are going to market.
|
Tum bazaar ja rahe ho
You learn Hindi.
7| |
Tum Hindi seekthe ho
You sometimes go there
with him.
-
|
Tum kabhi-kabhi unke saath
vahan jate ho
You stay with Amy.
|
Tum Amy ke saath rahti ho
You see him everyday.
|
Tum unko roz dekhte ho
You want to learn Hindi.
7| /
|
Tum Hindi seekhna chahte/chahti
ho
You are eating bread.
| /| |
Tum roti kha rahe/rahi ho