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Introduction to the Danish language

Introduktion til det danske sprog

Danish, the official language of Denmark, is spoken by over 5 million people. It is a
germanic tongue, which means it is closely related to English and German. It becomes
obvious when one gets to know some Danish vocabulary, eg. come (Eng. ! komme (Dan.
! kommen (Ger., bring (Eng. ! bringe (Dan. ! bringen (Ger.. "s a nordic language, it is
very similar to #wedish and $orwegian. %he knowledge of any of the above mentioned
languages is a big help in learning Danish, and in the case of the two latter mutual
understanding without prior learning is often possible.
%he Danish alphabet differs slightly from the &atin one. %here are three additional letters
(found at the end of alphabet '' remember about it browsing a dictionary or a phone
directory( %hey are
) * as in +for*ldre+ (parents '' a ligature of +a+ and +e+.
Indicates a monophtong (a single vowel.
, - as in +r-d+ (red '' a +crossed o+.
. / as in +et /r+ (a year '' an +a with a ring above it.+ 0efore the spelling reform in 1234
the sound was written as +aa+. #uch spelling is preserved in some names, eg. "alborg !
%he Danish grammar is not difficult, especially for a speaker of a Germanic language, who
is already familiar with the concept of articles, se5uence of tences, etc. %he most difficult
thing about the language is its pronunciation.

tsca6s Danish Grammar7 8 1222 9opyright by %omas: #ienicki ; tsca < =
#ubstantiver > navneord
Genders and articles (k-n og artikler>kendeord
%here are two genders in Danish?
common gender (f*llesk-n '' en, den
neuter gender (intetk-n '' et, det
%hey have to be remembered along with the words. " hint? about @5A of nouns are en'
words. %here are two indefinite articles? et and en and three definite articles? det, den, and
plural de. %hey are used in the form of suffiBes 'en, 'et, '(ene. %hat means they are
attached to words (they don6t preceed them like in English or German. %he following table
illustrates the use of articles.
singular plural
indefinite en'word
en dreng
a boy
en pige
a girl
definite en'word
the boy
the girl
the boys
the girls

indefinite et'word
et hus
a house
et tr*
a tree
definite et'word
the house
the tree
the houses
the trees

If an adCective is present, articles are used in a different way?
singular plural
indefinite en'word
en stor dreng
a big boy
en stor pige
a big girl
store drenge
big boys
store piger
big girls
definite en'word
den store dreng
the big boy
den store pige
the big girl
de store drenge
the big boys
de store piger
the big girls

indefinite et'word
et stort hus
a big house
et stort tr*
a big tree
store huse
big houses
store tr*er
big trees
definite et'word
det store hus
the big house
det store tr*
the big tree
de store huse
the big houses
de store tr*er
the big trees
Dor the eBplanation of adCective forms in the above table see the chapter on adCectives.
Elurals (flertal
Elurals can be formed in four ways?
by adding 'er, eg. en kage ' kager (a cake ' cakes
by adding 'e, eg. et hus ' huse (a house ' houses
no change, eg. en ting ' ting (a thing ' things
irregularly, eg. en mand ' m*nd (a man ' men
In a very few cases forming a plural is accompanied by a vovel mutation in the noun stem,
eg. en bog ' b-ger (a book ' books. 9ertain words, though not many, retained their original
plural forms (eg. &atin visum ' visa or English point ' points. #ome words are found only
in the singular (eg. d-d, h/b (death, hope or only in the plurar (eg. briller, bukser (glasses,
Foined nouns (sammensatte substantiver
Danish words ($, G, "dC, "dv are often Coined together (one observes a similar
phenomenon in the German language by putting s, e, or nothing between them. In such
cases the last word decides about the article, and takes the plural form. EBamples?
et eksamensbevis ' eksamensbeviser
et handelsskib ' handelsskibe (a trade ship
en flyvemaskine ' flyvemaskiner (a plane
Genitive (eCefald
Genitive is formed Cust like in English ' we add an s at the end of the word (after all other
possible suffiBes. %he only difference is that in Danish one does not use an apostrophe. If a
noun ends with s (or :, we add es, 6s or 6. In case of a group of nouns (eg. "dam and Eve s
can be attached to both nouns, or only to the last one. EBamples?
min mors bog ' my mother6s book
missens mad ' the cat6s food
#-ren og Fespers plader ' #-ren and Fesper6s records
&ises venner ' &ise6s (or &is6 friends
&is6s venner ' &is6 friends (informal
0efore the spelling reform in 1234 all nouns were spelled with a capital letter (as in
German? Derude paa Himlen havde blaagraa Darver vundet Iagten, og enkelte
Jegndraaber slog mod Juderne. It is not the case anymore.
Gerber > udsagnsord
Danish verbs do not conCugate (change their ending in the different persons.
singular plural
Feg er (spiser Gi er (spiser
Du er (spiser I er (spiser
Han er (spiser
Hun er (spiser
Den>det er (spiser De er (spiser
%he infinitive (navnem/de
%he infinitive in most cases ends in 'e, eg.? at skrive (to write, at l*se (to read, at glemme
(to forget. In some cases, however, it has a different ending, eg.? at g/ (to go, at d- (to
die, at bo (to live.
%he imperative (bydem/de
%he imperative is formed by substracting the final 'e from the infinitive form? spis( (eat(,
skriv( (write(.
%here are four tenses in Danish?
Eresent tense
It is formed by adding 'r to the infinitive form of a verb. $ote, that the modal verbs break
this 'r rule.
Feg spiser. (I eat, I am eating.
Gi sover. (Le sleep, Le are sleeping.
EresentMpastN perfect tense
It is formed by using the auBiliary verb har>erMhavde>varN followed by the past participle
(the base form of a verb O '(et.
Feg har spist det. (I have eaten it.
Feg havde spist det. (I had eaten it.
Feg har v*ret her. (I6ve been here.
Feg havde v*ret der. (I6d been there.
Feg er reCst>g/et. (I6ve travelled>walked.
Feg var reCst>g/et. (I6d travelled>walked.
East tense
It is formed by adding 'ede>'te to the basic form of a verb.
Feg k-bte -l. (I bought beer.
Jingede du til migP (Did you call meP
Duture tense
It is formed by using the verb vil>skal followed by an infinitive.
Feg vil reCse til Eolen. (I will traver to Eoland.
Du skal f/ det i morgen. (Qou shall get it tomorrow.
Iodal verbs (m/desudsangsord
Iodal verbs are followed by a verb in the infinitive form.
can kunne Feg kan ikke huske det.
I cannot remember that.
shall > should skulle Det skulle v*re forbudt(
It should be forbidden(
will > want to ville Feg vil fort*lle dig noget.
I want to tell you something.
may > must m/tte Du m/ ikke g-re det.
Qou mustn6t do this.
ought to burde Du b-r l*se denne avis.
Qou ought to read this paper.
dare turde %-r du pr-ve detP
Dare you try itP
feel like gide Hun gider ikke lave sine lektier.
#he doesn6t feel like doing her homework.
Rnlike English, Danish modal verbs conCugate in all the tenses? Feg har kunnet spise 1S
%he passive form (Eassivform
%here are two ways of forming a passive form in Danish?
's form? we add 's to the appropriate (infinive or past, depending on the conteBt verb form.
&ysene slukkes. (%he lights are turned off.
Hunde skal f-res i snor. (Dogs must be held on a leash.
at blive? we use an appropriate form of the verb at blive O past participle.
En kage bliver spist af drengen. (" cake is (being eaten by the boy.
En kvinde blev dr*bt. (" woman got killed.
%he present participle (&ang till*gsform
%he present participle is formed by adding 'ende to the infinitive form, eg.
st/ ' st/ende (stand ' standing
l-b ' l-bende (run ' running
drille ' drillende (tease ' teasing
%he present participle, as in English, can be used as an adCective? eg. de f-lgende sider (the
following pages.
"dCectives and adverbs
"dCektiver og adverbier
Dorms of adCectives
%here are three forms of adCectives in Danish?
basic form, eg. en stor dreng, en billig bog. %his form is used with singular n'words.
t'form, eg. et stort hus, et billigt tTUppe. Rsed with singular t'words.
e'form, eg. store huse, den billige bog. Rsed in plural and with a definite article.
9omparison (gradbTVCning
1? 'ere, 'est K? mere, mest W? irregular
positive hTVC
high populTUr
popular god, dTXrlig, lille, gammel
good, bad, little, old
comparative hTVCere
higher mere populTUr
more popular bedre, vTUrre, mindre, TUldre
better, worse, less, older
superlative hTVCest
highest mest populTUr
most popular bedst, vTUrst, mindst, TUldst
best, worst, least, oldest
Dorming adverbs
"dverbs are formed by adding 't to the basic form of an adCective, eg. smuk (beautiful '
smukt (beautifully. Do not add 't to the adCectives already ending in 't stolt (proud ' stolt
%wo form adverbs
#ome adverbs have two forms? a short and a long one.
%he short form is used when the action we talk about involves changing place?
hCem ' Feg skal hCem.
ud ' G/ ud(
op ' En edderkop kravler op ad muren.
%he long form is used when an action taking place in one place is described?
hCemme ' Feg er hCemme.
ude ' 0TVrnene leger ude.
oppe ' HTVCttaleren stTXr oppe p/ skabet.
Eronominer > #tedord
Eersonal, possessive and refleBive pronouns
personlige possessive
possesive obCect
obCekt refleBive
I Ceg min > mit > mine mig mig
you du > De din > dit > dine > Deres dig > Dem dig > Dem
he han hans (sin > sit > sine ham sig
she hun hendes (sin > sit > sine hende sig
it den > det dens > dets (sin > sit > sine den > det sig
we vi vores os os
you I > De Ceres > Deres Cer > Dem Cer > Dem
they de deres dem sig
Eersonal pronouns? %he second person (singular and plural has two forms? familiar du>I
and polite De. " similar distinction eBsists eg. in German (du>#ie, Drench (tu>vous or
Eolish (ty>EanMiN. However, most Danes will chose the form du in 22A of cases.
Eossessive pronouns? in the third person singular one uses sin with relation to the subCect of
the sentence. Eg. the sentence Han elsker sin kone. means that +he+ loves his own wife,
whereas Han elsker hans kone. means that the woman in 5uestion is a wife of some other
man. " similar distinction is observed in Eolish>Jussian? Cego>swYC7 Z[\>]^\_.
Demonstrative pronouns
singular this denne > dette, den her > det her that den (der > det (der
plural these disse those de (der
EBamples? De indspillede den her sang for en evighed. Gi burde nok have anmeldt dette
svineri. Hvilket af disse er bedstP
Interrogative pronouns
what hvad
who hvem
when hvorn/r
where hvor
why hvorfor
how hvordan
whose hvis
which hvilken > hvilket > hvilke
EBamples can be found in the syntaB section.
Indefinite pronouns
something noget somebody nogen
nothing ikke noget > ingenting > intet nobody ikke nogen > ingen
many mange few f/
EBamples? Der m/ g-res noget. Er der nogen herP Iange af mine venner...
Iore indefinite pronouns can be found in the online Danish dictionary.
Jelative pronoun som > der
Eigen, som>der synger, kommer fra %yskland.
%he girl who is singing, comes from Germany.
Feg l*ser bogen, som du gav mig.
I read the book (that you gave me.
$umerals and the units of time
%alord og tid
9ardinal and ordinal numbers
cardinal numbers
m*ngde'tal ordinal numbers
ordens'tal cardinal numbers
m*ngde'tal ordinal numbers
1 en > et f-rste 11 elleve elvte
K to anden 1K tolv tolvte
W tre tredCe 1W tretten trettende
3 fire fCerde 13 fCorten fCortende
5 fem femte 15 femten femtende
` seks sCette 1` seksten sekstende
@ syv syvende 1@ sytten syttende
4 otte ottende 14 atten attende
2 ni niende 12 nitten nittende
1S ti tiende KS tyve tyvende
cardinal numbers
m*ngde'tal ordinal numbers
ordens'tal cardinal numbers
m*ngde'tal ordinal numbers
K1 enogtyve enogtyvende S
KK toogtyve toogtyvende S
WS tredive tredvte 1SS (et hundrede hundrede
3S fyrre fyrre'tyvende 1S1 (et hundrede og en
5S halvtreds halvtred'sinds'tyvende KSS to hundrede
`S tres tre'sinds'tyvende 1,SSS (et tusind tusinde
@S halvfCerds halvfCerd'sinds'tyvende 1,SSS,SSS (en milion milionte
4S firs fir'sinds'tyvende 1.5 halvanden
2S halvfems halvfem'sinds'tyvende S.5 en halv
%elling the time
11?SS ' klokken er elleve
11?SK ' klokken er to minutter over elleve
11?15 ' klokken er femten minutter (!kvart over elleve
11?WS ' klokken er halv tolv
11?35 ' klokken er femten minutter (!kvart i tolv
11?55 ' klokken er fem minutter i tolv
Days of the week
mandag > tirsdag > onsdag > torsdag > fredag > l-rdag > s-ndag
Dour basic e5uations
addition ` O 4 ! 13 seks og otte er fCorten
substraktion 15 ' @ ! 4 femten minus syv er otte
multiplikation W a 3 ! 1K tre gange fire er tolv
division KS > 5 ! 3 tyve divideret med fem er fire
Erepositions and conCunctions
Dorholdsord og bindeord
Erepositions (forholdsord
%he use of prepositions differs among languages. %herefore I provide only a list of
prepositions here. 9onsult a dictionary (try this one.
i, pTX, til, fra, over, under, ved, for, efter, om, med, af, ad, hos, gennem, mod, bag, foran,
forbi, fTVr, imod, inden, langs, mellem, omkring, uden
9onCunctions (bindeord
og $ina og Eeter $ina and Eeter
men gammel men sund old but healthy
eller te eller kaffeP tea or caffeeP
mens Iens Ceg spiste, snakede du. Lhile I was eating you were talking.
fordi Feg kTVbte det ikke, fordi det var dyrt. I didn6t buy it, because it was eBpensive.
nTXr $TXr Ceg kommer fra skole, spiser Ceg. Lhen I come from school, I eat.
om Feg ved ikke, om vi fTXr regn i morgen. I don6t know if>whether we6ll get rain
#yntaB? the structure of Danish sentences
"ffirmative sentences
Du kender mig.
subCect verb obCect
Qou know me.
Feg har aldrig givet hende en blomst fTVr.
subCect verb1 central adverb verbK indirect obCect obCect adverb
I have never given her a flower before.
If a sentence begins with an adverb>adverbial eBpression, inversion applies?
"ldrig har Ceg givet hende en blomst fTVr.
central adverb verb1 subCect verbK indirect obCect obCect adverb
$ever have I given her a flower before.
%it har Ceg givet ham bTVger.
central adverb verb1 subCect verbK indirect obCect obCect
bften have I given him books.
In subordinate clauses the central adverb (ikke, aldrig, etc is moved to the front of the
verb, eg. Feg ved, at du ikke har lTUst den. Feg har hTVrt, at hun alligevel bestTXede.
Interrogative sentence (5uestion?
%he 5uestion is formed by inversion? the verb moves to the beginning of the sentence.
cender du migP
verb subCect obCect
cnow you meP (Do you know meP
ITX Ceg lTXne detP
verb1 subCect verbK obCect
Iay I borrow thisP
#hort answers to Qes>$o 5uestions
Fust like in English, there eBist short answers to yes>no 5uestions?
%aler du danskP
Do you speak DanishP Fa, det gTVr Ceg. > Fa, Ceg gTVr.
Qes, I do. $eC, det gTVr Ceg ikke. > $eC, Ceg gTVr eC.
$o, I don6t.
ITX Ceg lTUse detP
Iay I read thisP Fa, det mTX du. > Fa, du mTX.
Qes, you may. $eC, det mTX du ikke. > $eC, du mTX eC.
$o, you may not.
Har du spist denP
Have you eaten itP Fa, det har Ceg. > Fa, Ceg har.
Qes, I have. $eC, det har Ceg ikke. > $eC, Ceg har eC.
$o, I haven6t.
Danish has 2 vowels (in its writing system? i, e, *, y, -, u, /, o, and a. "ll of them have
long and short variants (affecting the meaning of words.
* is pronounced similarly to e in English best
- is pronounced similarly to d in German bdse and in some words similarly to i in English
/ is pronounced similarly to o in English often
Danish has 15 consonants (in its writing system? p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, f, s, h, v, l, C, and r
(additionally in older written teBt and in load words letters c, w, B and : can appear. #ome
contonants are mute?
d is not pronounced after ld (guld, nd (mund, rd (g/rd and before dt (midt, ds (plads.
(cf. norwegian gull, munn, plass
g is hardly>not pronounced after i (pige, y (syg, u (sluge.
h is not pronounced before v (hvis and C (hC*lp. It is pronounced in other combinations,
&istening material
"udio available in the mpW and realaudio formats.
#ource? M "$Jadio HC-rring, K5 maC KSSS N
&isten to IEW e Jeal"udio
1. Jusserne angriber D$. &andets udenrigsminister siger D$s krigsforbryderdomstol b/de
er politisk og subCektiv. Igor Ivanovs udfald kom p/ $"%bs udenrigsministerm-de i
Diren:e i aftes. Det fort*ller Jit:aus udsendte %erkil #venson?
+(Ivanov sagde ogs/ at Jusland er kategorisk imod domstolens udbredte brug af
hemmelige sigtelser, og folk ikke ved at de st/r p/ listen over anklagede krigs'forbrydere,
f-r de en sk-nne morgen pludselig bliver arresteret af $"%bs soldater.+
Ivanov undskyldte, at Jusland i sidste m/nede modtog den krigsforbryderefterlyste
Cugoslaviske forsvarsminister med fuld honn-r. Det var en svipser, siger Ivanov.
K. Eoliti og skattev*snet var i g/r p/ -l ra::ia p/ havnen i Drederikshavn. Her udleverede
en 3` /rig svensker billig -l og vin, som han havde hentet i %yskland, og som andre
svenskere p/ forh/nd havde betalt for om bord p/ #verigesf*rgen. Den 3` /rige svensker
st/r nu til en b-de p/ 5SSS kr for overtr*delse af n*ringsloven og s/ skal han endvidere
betale omkring WW.SSS kr i afgifter og moms til det danske skattev*sen.
Grammatical vocabulary
Grammatiske betegnelser
Danish English Danish English
navneord noun omvendt ordtilling inversion
ental singular flertal plural
kendeord article bestemt definite
ubestemt indefinite eCefald genitive
endelse suffiB stedord pronoun
tilbagevisende refleBive eCe possessive
p/pegende demonstrative henf-rende relative
sp-rgende interrogative personligt personal
till*gsord adCective 1. grad positive
K. grad comparative W. grad superlative
gradb-Cning comparison udsangsord verb
handleform active lideform passive
bydeform imperative navneform infinitive
nutid present tense datid past tense
f-r nutid perfect f-r datid pluperfect
fremtid future fortids fremtid future in the past
f-r fremtid future perfect lang (till*gsform present participle
kort (till*gsform past participle uregelm*ssig irregular
forstavelse prefiB b-Cning conCugation
stammen stem m/des'udsangsord modal verb
hC*lpe'udsangsord auBiliary verb medlyd consonant
selvlyd vowel biord adverb
bindeord conCunction forholdsord preposition
talord numeral led'stilling syntaB
ordstilling syntaB hoved's*tning main clause
led's*tning subordinate clause genstandsled obCect
hensynsled indirect obCect omsagnsled til grundled subCect complement
omsagnsled til gendstandsled obCect complement
Rseful everyday eBpressions in Danish
Hverdags udtryk pTX dansk
Hi( HeC( > Dav(
Qes. $o. Fa. $eC.
EBcuse me > I6m sorry Rnskyld mig > Rnskyld
%hank you( %ak(
Good morning>afternoon>evening( God morgen>eftermiddag>aften(
Good bye > #ee you( Darvel > Gi ses(
I love you. Feg elsker dig.
Do you speak EnglishP %aler du engelskP
Help( HCTUlp(
How much is itP Hvad koster detP
Lhat6s the timeP Hvad er klokkenP
Lhere is the nearest police station > hospitalP Hvor er den n*rmeste politi station > det
nTUrmeste sygehusP
9ould you translate itP Gil du oversTUtte detP
9an you say it in EnglishP can du sige det pTX engelskP
Lhat6s your nameP Iy name is %homas. Hvad hedder duP Feg hedder %homas.
How old are youP I am KS years old. Hvor gammel er duP Feg er KS TXr gammel.
Eas pTX( 9aution( Rdgang EBit
Herrer Gentlemen Damer &adies
Tfben bpen &ukket 9losed
Jygning forbudt $o smoking Girker ikke
i stykker
i uorden but of order
Irregular verbs
Rregelm*ssige verber
Infinitive Eresent East Eerfect %ranslation
at bede beder bad har bedt to ask, to beg
at betyde betyder bet-d har betydet to mean
at bide bider bed har bidt to bite
at binde binder bandt har bundet to bind
at blive bliver blev er blevet to become, to remain
at bringe bringer bragte har bragt to bring
at bryde bryder br-d har brudt to break
at burde b-r burde har burdet ought to
at byde byder b-d har budt to offer
at b*re b*rer bar har baret to carry
at drikke drikker drak har drukket to drink
at drive driver drev har drevet to drive
at d- d-r d-de er d-d>d-et to die
at falde falder faldt er faldet to fall
at finde finder fandt har fundet to find
at flyde flyder fl-d har flydt to flow
at flyve flyver fl-C er>har fl-Cet to fly
at forlade forlader forlod har forladt to leave
at fortryde fortryder fortr-d har fortrudt to be sorry for
at fryse fryser fr-s har frosset to free:e
at f-lge f-lger fulgte har fulgt to follow
at f/ f/r fik har f/et to get
at gide gider gad har gidet to feel like
at give giver gav har givet to give
at glide glider gled er gledet to slip
at gnide gnider gned har gnedet to rub
at gribe griber greb har grebet to grab, to sei:e
at gr*de gr*der gr*d har gr*dt to cry
at g*lde g*lder gCaldt har gCaldt>g*ldt to apply
at g-re g-r gCorde har gCort to do
at g/ g/r gik er>har g/et to go
at have har havde har haft to have
at hedde hedder hed har heddet to be called
at hive hiver hev har hevet to pull
at hC*lpe hC*lper hCalp har hCulpet to help
at holde holder holdt har holdt to hold
at h*nge h*nger hang har h*ngt to hang
at knibe kniber kneb har knebet to pinch
at komme kommer kom er>har kommet to come
at krybe kryber kr-b er kr-bet to crawl
at kunne kan kunne har kunnet can
at kv*le kv*ler kvalte har kvalt to strangle
at lade lader lod har ladet to let
at le ler lo har leet to laugh
at lide lider led har lidt to suffer
at ligge ligger l/ har ligget to lie
at lyde lyder l-d har lydt to sound
at lyve lyver l-C har l-Cet to lie (speak untruth
at l*gge l*gger lagde har lagt to lay>put down
at l-be l-ber l-b er>har l-bet to run
at m/tte m/ m/tte har m/ttet may
at nyde nyder n-d har nydt to enCoy
at nyse nyser n-s har nyst to snee:e
at ride rider red er>har redet to ride
at rive river rev har revet to scratch
at ryge ryger r-g har r-get to smoke
at r*kke raekker rakte har rakt to pass
at se ser s/ har set to see
at sidde sidder sad har siddet to sit
at sige siger sagde har sagt to say
at skide skider sked har skidt to shit
at skride skrider skred er skredet to slip
at skrige skriger skreg har skreget to scream
at skrive skriver skrev har skrevet to write
at skulle skal skulle har skullet should
at skyde skyder sk-d har skudt to shoot
at sk*re sk*rer skar har skaret to cut
at slibe sliber sleb har slebet to sharpen
at slide slider sled har slidt to work hard
at slippe slipper slap har sluppet to let go
at sl/ sl/r slog har sl/et to hit
at smide smider smed har smidt to throw
at sm-re sm-rer smurte har smurt to smear
at snyde snyder sn-d har snydt to cheat
at sove sover sov har sovet to sleep
at springe springer sprang har sprunget to Cump
at sp-rge sp-rger spurgte har spurgt to ask
at stige stiger steg er steget to rise
at stikke stikker stak har stukket to pick
at stinke stinker stank har stinket to stink
at stC*le stC*ler stCal har stC/let to steal
at stryge stryger str-g har str-get to iron
at str*kke str*kker strakte har strakt to stretch
at synge synger sang har sunget to sing
at synke synker sank er>har sunket to sink
at s*lge s*lger solgte har solgt to sell
at s*tte s*tter satte har sat to set>put down
at tage tager tog har taget to take
at tie tier tav har tiet to be 5uiet
at tr*de tr*der tr/dte har tr/dt to tread
at tr*ffe tr*ffer traf har truffet to come across
at tr*kke tr*kker trak har trukket to draw
at turde t-r turde har turdet to dare
at tvinge tvinger tvang har tvunget to compel
at t*lle t*ller talte har talt to count
at vide ved vidste har vidst to know
at ville vil ville har villet to want
at vinde vinder vandt har vundet to win
at v*lge v*lger valgte har valgt to choose
at v*re er var har v*ret to be
at *de *der /d har *dt to feed on