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GROUT

APRIL 1992 PAGE 1 OF 5 EGE 01-B-9 1992


TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Scope 4.2 Procedures
2. References 4.3 Temperature
3. Grout Types 4.4 Grout Sizing
3.1 Cement Mortar 4.5 Forms
3.2 Non-Shrink and Expanding Grout 4.6 Mixing
3.3 Epoxy Grout 4.7 Pouring
4. Installation 4.8 Shims
4.1 Surface Preparation 4.9 Finishing
1. SCOPE
This Guide defines the requirements for grout used to support structures and equipment on foundations.
For selection and design of foundations, refer to EGS 1202 and EGE 01-B-8.
2. REFERENCES
The following publications form a part of this Guide. Unless otherwise specified herein, use the latest
edition.
ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Standards
C579 Compressive Strength of Chemical-Resistant Mortars, Grouts, and Monolithic Surfacings
C827 Change in Height of Early Ages of Cylindrical Specimens from Cementitious Mixtures
3. GROUT TYPES
Grout to be used for equipment shall follow Table 1. Static equipment refers to vessels, towers, structural
columns, heat exchangers, etc. The type of grouts shall be approved by Mobil. Additives prone to oxidation
shall not be used.
3.1 Cement Mortar
3.1.1 Cement mortar shall be mixed in volumetric proportions of one part cement and two parts clean
sand, preferably having sharp-angled grains, using a minimum amount of water. Water shall be potable.
3.1.2 Dry pack, where used, shall contain the same sand/cement proportions as noted in Paragraph
3.1.1. Only enough water shall be added so that when the mixture is squeezed into a ball and released,
cracks will occur.
MOBIL ENGINEERING GUIDE
EGE 01-B-9 1992 PAGE 2 OF 5 APRIL 1992
3.2 Nonshrink and Expanding Grout
3.2.1 The nonshrink or expanding grout shall be cement based. Metallic fillers shall not be acceptable
as nonshrink or expansion additive. Grout containing calcium chloride additive is not acceptable.
TABLE 1
GROUT TYPES
Pumps, Fans & Drivers
Static Equipment < 500 hp > 500 hp Compressors
Cement Mortar Nonshrinking grout Epoxy grout Epoxy grout
3.2.2 The grout shall be of good flowable consistency without setting accelerators.
3.2.3 The flexural strength of this type of grout material shall be a minimum of 14 MPa (2,000 psi) after
30 days curing time.
3.2.4 Expanding grout shall have a maximum expansion factor of 1.5 percent. The forces generated by
expansion in confined volume shall be a maximum of 14 kPa gage (2 psig). Grout expansion shall not
continue after seven days.
3.2.5 Manufacturers of nonshrink or expanding grout shall provide data with their proposal as follows:
(a) Compressive strength at 12 hours, 7 days, and 28 days.
(b) Shrinkage or expansion factors.
(c) Coefficient of linear thermal expansion.
(d) Water absorption.
(e) Specific gravity.
(f) Pot life at 21C (70F) and 35C (95F).
(g) Recommended optimum pour depth range.
(h) Complete instructions for surface preparation, forming, mixing, pouring, and curing.
3.3 Epoxy Grout
3.3.1 The epoxy grout shall be nonmetallic and formulated with thermosetting resins and inert fillers.
The cured grout shall be unaffected by oils, synthetic lubricants, water, or chemicals.
3.3.2 The epoxy grout shall be supplied in premeasured packages to facilitate accurate field mixing.
Manufacturers of proprietary epoxy grout products must be approved by Mobil prior to purchase of their
product.
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APRIL 1992 PAGE 3 OF 5 EGE 00-B-9 1992
3.3.3 The mixed consistency shall be pourable and self-leveling to ensure simple, accurate placement.
The manufacturer shall determine volume change during curing by lab tests in accordance with ASTM C827
or another test method approved by Mobil.
3.3.4 The ultimate compressive strength of any epoxy grout material shall be a minimum of 97 MPa
(14,000 psi), as tested according to ASTM C579, Method B.
3.3.5 The peak exothermic temperature rise from ambient at maximum recommended pour depth shall
not exceed 49C (120F). The direct-contact temperature limit of grout to be used shall exceed the
calculated temperatures of machinery by at least 10 percent.
3.3.6 Manufacturers of epoxy grout shall provide data with their proposal as follows:
(a) Compressive strength at 12 hours, 7 days, and 28 days.
(b) Tensile strength (ultimate).
(c) Shrinkage or expansion factors.
(d) Coefficient of linear thermal expansion.
(e) Water absorption.
(f) Specific gravity.
(g) Creep resistance.
(h) Pot life at 21C (70F) and 35C (95F).
(I) Recommended optimum pour depth range.
(j) Complete instructions for surface preparation, forming, mixing, pouring, and curing.
4. INSTALLATION
4.1 Surface Preparation
Surfaces contacting grout shall be cleaned free of all oil, grease, paint, or loose material. Laitance shall be
removed from new concrete surfaces to be covered with grout. The laitance can be removed by chipping
following set, or by painting the wet concrete surface with retarder and flushing and brushing following set.
Surfaces shall be thoroughly flushed with clean fresh water. Excess water shall be removed by air blowing
or with clean rags. Surfaces shall be wet when the cementitious grout is placed.
When epoxy grout is used, all surfaces coming in contact with the epoxy grout shall be kept dry before
application.
4.2 Procedures
Grouts shall be mixed, placed, and cured in strict accordance with the grout manufacturer's procedures and
limitations.
The minimum thickness of grout shall be 25 mm (1 in.).
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EGE 01-B-9 1992 PAGE 4 OF 5 APRIL 1992
The extension of grout beyond the equipment base should not be less than 50 mm (2 in.), nor more than
100 mm (4 in.) to ensure adequate bearing and to minimize excessive exposed area which is vulnerable to
cracking.
4.3 Temperature
Ambient temperature during mixing, placing, and curing for all grouts shall normally be within the range of
12C to 32C (55F to 90 F), unless otherwise accepted by the manufacturer's specification. Heaters,
sunshades, ice, etc., shall be used to maintain the range for 24 hours after pouring. In hot climates, grout
should be poured at night. Cement grout exposed surfaces shall be protected and kept wet during the
seven-day curing period.
4.4 Grout Sizing
Grout shall be chamfered at 45 degrees from the lower outside edge of the equipment or structure baseplate
to the top of the concrete pedestal.
4.5 Forms
Forms shall be thoroughly braced and shall be designed for a grout head of at least 150 mm (6 in.). Forms
shall be waxed as necessary to prevent sticking. Measures shall be taken to ensure that the grout cannot
squeeze out from below and around the forms during placing and setting.
4.6 Mixing
For mixing cement grout, a "paddle" mixer shall be used to minimize air entrapment. Water shall be placed
in the mixer first, then cement shall be added slowly. Total mixing time shall not exceed 5 minutes, including
a minimum of 2 minutes after adding the last bag. The time from start of mixing until placement shall not
exceed 10 minutes.
Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing nonshrink and expanding grout and epoxy grout.
4.7 Pouring
The grout shall be poured at a 45-degree angle, in one direction, to prevent pockets. It is acceptable to use
a flexible, light-gage metal strap with a slow and steady motion to maintain movement under the baseplate.
Vibrating the grout into position is not permissible. Vent holes shall be provided in baseplates at any blind
or dead-end recesses.
4.8 Shims
Leveling steel shims shall be removed unless otherwise specified by the equipment manufacturer. In this
case, a 19 mm (3/4 in.) recess shall be provided and sealed with grout to prevent rusting. Shims shall not
be removed until the original grout has obtained sufficient strength to support the loads. Voids left by
removal of shims shall be packed with a stiff mixture of identical grout.
Shims remaining because of the manufacturer requirement should have rounded corners to prevent stress
concentrations and cracking of grout.
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APRIL 1992 PAGE 5 OF 5 EGE 00-B-9 1992
4.9 Finishing
Exposed cement grout surfaces shall be troweled to a smooth finish. Nonshrink and epoxy grout shall be
finished in accordance with the manufacturers procedure.