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Hole Conditioning before Running Casing or Liner

The hole conditioning guidelines described in this article should be adhered to in order to safely and successfully run the casing/ liner into the open hole.
Structural Casing
Driven or pre-installed: No hole conditioning necessary
Conductor Casing
Hole section drilled with seawater/high viscosity sweeps/native clay system with returns to sea bed
At casing point circulate and condition the mud at the maximum rate until shakers are clean, gas levels are acceptable and mud is in specification
Sweep the hole with a 100-200bbl high viscosity pill
Flowcheck
Perform a wiper trip back to the Drive Pipe shoe, monitoring drags and hole fill
At casing point circulate shakers clean and condition the mud if necessary.
Spot high viscosity pill on bottom if necessary
Flow check and pull out of the hole - strapping pipe using steel line measurements
Surface, Intermediate and Production Casings
Hole section drilled with returns to surface
At casing/liner point circulate and condition the mud until shakers are clean, gas levels are acceptable and mud is in specification
Flow check
Perform a check trip back to the previous casing/liner shoe, monitoring drags and hole fill
At casing/liner point circulate shakers clean and condition the mud if necessary, monitoring gas levels (pump high viscosity pill if necessary)
Calibrate the rig pump efficiency during the conditioning trip prior to pulling out of the hole to run casing.
Flow check
pull out of the hole - strapping out using steel line measurement
Log hole if programmed - a further wiper trip may be necessary if logging highlights poor hole conditions
Remedial Actions
If poor hole conditions are evident during the hole conditioning operations, further remedial preventative actions shall be considered:
performance of further wiper trips
conditioning the drilling fluid for greater inhibition, lubricity or mud weight (Rheology should be lowered ie., YP and Gel Strengths)
modification of the centraliser programme, including stand-off review.
Hole and Mud Condition
The hole and mud must be in good condition in order to help prevent stuck pipe and improve the likelihood of a successful cement job.
Mud properties shall be adjusted to obtain the highest level of displacement of mud by cement capabilities.
Prior to cementing a minimum of casing and annular capacity plus 50% shall be circulated. The well shall be circulated until the shakers are
observed to be clean.
Mud rheology shall be reduced as follows:
YP<20lb/100 ft
2
, 10 minute gel strength < 25lb/100 ft
2