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Bengali phrasebook

From Wikitravel

Contents 1 Grammar 1.1 Pronunciation guide 1.2 Vowels 1.3 Consonants 1.4 Aspirated consonants 1.5 Retroflex
Contents
1 Grammar
1.1 Pronunciation guide
1.2 Vowels
1.3 Consonants
1.4 Aspirated consonants
1.5 Retroflex consonants
1.6 Aspirated retroflex consonants
2 Phrase list
Basics
2.1
Greeting
2.2
Meeting
2.3
Problems
2.4
Numbers
2.5
Time
2.6
Clock time
2.7
Duration
2.8
Week
2.9
Months
2.10
2.10.1
Bengali calendar
2.10.2
Gregorian calendar
Writing time and date
2.11
Colors
2.12
Transportation
2.13
2.13.1 Bus and train
Directions
2.14
Taxi
2.15
Lodging
2.16

MoneyEating and drinking 2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Clothes Driving Authority Learning more

Eating and drinkingMoney 2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Clothes Driving Authority Learning more 2.19 2.20 2.21

2.17

2.18

2.18.1 Eating:

2.18.1 Eating:

2.18.2 Drinking/Bars:

2.18.2 Drinking/Bars:

Shoppingdrinking 2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Clothes Driving Authority Learning more 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22

Clothes2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Driving Authority Learning more 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23

Driving2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Clothes Authority Learning more 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23

Authority2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Clothes Driving Learning more 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23

Learning moredrinking 2.17 2.18 2.18.1 Eating: 2.18.2 Drinking/Bars: Shopping Clothes Driving Authority 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23

2.19

2.20

2.21

2.22

2.23

Grammar

The following is a sample text in Bengali of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (by the United Nations):

ধারা১: সম মানুষ াধীনভােবসমানমযা দাএবংঅিধকারিনে হণকেরতঁােদরিবেবকএবংবুি আেছ; সুতরাংসকেলরইএেকঅপেরর িত াতৃ সুলভমেনাভাবিনে আচরণকরাউিচ

— Bengali in Bengali script

Dhara êk: Shômosto manush shadhinbhabe shôman môrjada ebong odhikar nie jônmogrohon kôre. Tãder bibek ebong buddhi achhe; shutorang shôkoleri êke ôporer proti bhrattrittoshulôbh mônobhab nie achorôn kôra uchit.

— Bengali in Transcription, faithful to pronunciation.

Clause 1: All human free-manner-in equal dignity and right taken birth-take do. Their reason and intelligence is; therefore everyone-indeed one another's towards brotherhood-ly attitude taken conduct do should.

— Word to word gloss.

Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience. Therefore, they should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

— Translation.

Pronunciation guide

The phoneme inventory of Bengali consists of 29 consonants and 14 vowels, including the seven nasalized vowels. Vowel sounds can either be independent or hooked on to the consonant in the form of diacritics.

Vowels

The independent vowel is on the left, the diacritic (which is hooked on to the consonant) is on the right.

আ◌া

Like "a" in "cat" (a).

Like "e" in "bed" (e).

আ◌া

 

Like "a" in "rather" (ā).

 

Like "i" in "nile" (æ).

এই

Like "ay" in "may" (ay).

Like "e" in "red" (e).

ঈ◌ী

Like "ee" in "reed" (í).

ইি◌

Like "i" in "rid" (i).

◌া

Like "o" in "hot" (o).

◌া

Like "oa" in "boat" (ó).

 

Like "oy" in "boy" (oy).

উ◌ু

 

Like "u" in "put" (u).

ইি◌

Like "ui" in "quick" (wi).

Consonants

Like "b" in "boy" (b).

 

Like "ch" in "cheat" (ç).

 

Like "d" in "doubt" (d).

 

Like "f" in "frog" (f).

 

Like "g" in "go" (g).

 

Like "h" in "hit" (h).

 

Like "j" in "juggle" (j).

 

Like "k" in "skin" (k).

 

Like "l" in "loud" (l).

 

Like "m" in "man" (m).

 

Like "n" in "no" (n).

 

Like "ng" in "king" (ng).

 

Like "p" in "spit" (p).

 

Like "r" in "run", but slightly trilled (r).

 

Like "s" in "so" (s).

 

Like "t" in "talk" (t).

Like "y" in "yes" (y).

Aspirated consonants

Aspirated consonants are pronounced with a puff of air.

 

Like "b" in "blight" (b').

 

Like "ch" in "cheese" (ç').

 

Like "d" in "din" (d').

 

Like "g" in "language" (g').

 

Like "j" in "jam" (j').

 

Like "k" in "kick" (k').

 

Like "p" in "pit" (p').

Like "t" in "tin" (t').

Retroflex consonants

Retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth.

 

Like "d" in "doubt" but retroflex (đ).

 

Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled retroflex (ŗ).

Like "t" in "talk" but retroflex (ţ).

Aspirated retroflex consonants

Aspirated retroflex consonants are pronounced with the tip of the tongue flapping against the roof of the mouth and a puff of air.

Like "d" in "din" but retroflex (đ').

Like "t" in "tin" but retroflex (ţ').

pagol gujju puro gujrat bhore

Phrase list

Basics

Greeting

 

Common signs

Hello. (Muslim)

Assalamualaikum.

OPEN

Hello. (Hindu)

Nômoshkar

খালা(khola) CLOSED

(bôndho)

How are you?

ENTRANCE

দরজা(dôrja)

(Apni) kêmon achhen? (formal) (Tumi) kêmon achho? (informal) (Tui) kemon acchish? (implying in no respect)

EXIT

বািহর(bahir) PUSH ঠলা(thela)

(I'm) fine.

PULL

(Ami) bhalo (achhi).

টানা(tana) TOILET

Good morning.

েলট(toilet), পা খানা(paykhana)

MEN

Su probhat. (highly formal) Shubho Shokal (formal)

পুরুষ(purush)

WOMEN

 

মিহলা(mohila)

Good evening.

Subho shôndha. (highly formal)

Good night.

Subho ratri. (highly formal)

Meeting

What is your name?

Apnar nam ki? (formal) Tomar nam ki? (informal) Tor naam ki? (childish phrase)

My name is

Amar nam

Nice to meet you.

FORBIDDEN িনিষ (nisiddho), িনেষধ(nishedh)

Apnar shathe porichôe hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (formal) Tomar shathe porichôe hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (informal) Tor shathe porichôe hoe amar khub-i bhalo laglo. (phased to a childhood friend/junior family member)

Please.

Dôeakore. (formal) Ektu. (lit. a little)

Thank you.

Dhonnobad. (formal)

You're welcome. (lit. please don't mind)

Kichhu mone korben na. (formal) Kichhu mone koro na. (informal)

Yes.

 

Ji. (formal)

Hê. (informal)

No.

 

Ji na. (formal) Na. (informal)

Excuse me. (getting attention)

Ei-je! (formal)

Ei! (informal)

Bhai (when addressing a man) Apa (when addressing a lady) Excuse me. (to pass by someone)

Dekhi?

I love you

Ami tomake bhalobashi

I like you

Ami tomake pochondo kori Amar bhalō legeche tōmake

I'm (very) sorry.

Ami (khub-i) dukkhito.

Forgive me.

Maf korun. (formal) Maf kôro. (informal)

Goodbye

Khoda Hafez / Allah Hafiz (Muslim)

Problems

Problem(s)

shomosha

I can't speak [name of language] (that well).

(Ami) [

]

(eto bhalo) bolte pari na.

Do you speak English?

Apni-ki Ingreji bolte paren? (formal) Tumi-ki Ingreji bolte paro? (informal)

Is there someone here who speaks English?

Ekhane keu achhe, je Ingreji bolte paren?

Help!

Bachao!

Shahajyo korun!

Can you help me?

Apni ki amake shahajyo korte parben?

Look out!

Shabdhan!

I don't understand.

(Ami) bujhte parchi na. (Ami) bujhte parlam na. (Ami) bujhlam na. (Ami) bujhini. (Ami) bujhinai.

Where is the toilet?

Tôelet ta kothae? bathroom ta kon dike?

Numbers

0 Shunno

1 Êk

2 Dui

3 Tin

4 Char

5 Pãch

6 Chhôe

7 Shat

8 At

9 Nôe

10 Dôsh

11 Êgaro

12 Baro

13 Têro

14 Chouddo

15 Pônero

16 Sholo

17 Shôtero

18 Atharo

20

Bish / Kuri

30

Trish

40

Chollish

50

Pônchash

60

Shat

70

Shottur

80

Ashi

90

Nobboi

100 Êk sho 1000 Êk hajar 10,000 Dôsh hajar 100,000 Êk lakh 10,00,000 Dôsh lakh 100,00,000 Êk kuti

Time

Time

Shomoy

Clock time

9:45

 

Pouune Dosh ta

10:00

 

Dosh ta

10:15

Show-aa-Dosh ta

10:30

Share Dosh ta

Duration

Week

Monday

Shombar

Tuesday

Monggolbar

Wednesday

Budhbar

Thursday

Brihoshpotibar

Friday

Shukrobar

Saturday

Shonibar

Sunday

Robibar

Months

Bengali calendar

Gregorian calendar

Writing time and date

Colors

black

 

kalo

white

 

shada

red

 

lal

pink

 

golapi

orange

kômla

yellow

 

holud

green

 

shobuj

blue

nil

purple

beguni

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

here

 

eikhane

there

 

oikhane

(on/to the) right

dan (dike)

(on/to the) left

bã (dike)

(on/to the) north

uttor (dike)

(on/to the) south

dokkhin (dike)

(on/to the) east

purbo (dike)

(on/to the) west

poshchim (dike)

straight

shoja

in front

shamne

behind

pichhe

pichhon dike

Go (

).

 

(

)

jan. (formal)

(

)

jao.

Turn around (

).

(

)

Ghurun. (formal)

(

)

Ghoro.

Keep going (

).

 

(

)

Jete thakun. (formal)

(

)

Jete thako.

Stop (

).

 

(

)

Thamun. (formal)

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Taka : Poysha

Eating and drinking

Eating:

eating

 

Khabar

rice

 

bhaat

curry

 

torkari

egg

 

deem

meat:

 

maangsho:

beef:rice   bhaat curry   torkari egg   deem meat:   maangsho: pork: mutton:

pork:rice   bhaat curry   torkari egg   deem meat:   maangsho: beef: mutton:

mutton:rice   bhaat curry   torkari egg   deem meat:   maangsho: beef: pork:

poultry:

:

chicken: murg murg

duck:hash hash

goose:poultry: : chicken: murg duck: hash quail: fish: mach: Hilsha: Ilish vegetables: shobji: carrots: gajor potatoes:

quail:poultry: : chicken: murg duck: hash goose: fish: mach: Hilsha: Ilish vegetables: shobji: carrots: gajor potatoes:

fish:

mach:

Hilsha: Ilish Ilish

vegetables:

shobji:

carrots: gajor gajor

potatoes: aloo aloo

onions: piyaj piyaj

friuts:

fol:

tomatoes:carrots: gajor potatoes: aloo onions: piyaj friuts: fol: banana: kola oranges: komla lebu lemon: lebu

banana: kola kola

oranges: komla lebu komla lebu

lemon: lebu lebu

Drinking/Bars:

drinking

pan

tea

coffee

water

cha

Kofee

Jol

alcohol

mod

Shopping

Shopping

Bajar

Clothes

clothe(s)

kapor

Driving

Authority

Learning more

Bengali language page on Wikibooks (http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Bengali)Kofee Jol alcohol mod Shopping Shopping Bajar Clothes clothe(s) kapor Driving Authority Learning more Sylheti phrasebook

Sylheti phrasebookclothe(s) kapor Driving Authority Learning more Bengali language page on Wikibooks (http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Bengali)

Assamese phrasebookOriya phrasebook Chittagonian phrasebook This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has

Oriya phrasebookAssamese phrasebook Chittagonian phrasebook This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an

Chittagonian phrasebookAssamese phrasebook Oriya phrasebook This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a
This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a
template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and
help it grow!

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