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Site Title: Organizational Behaviour, euro edition
Book Title: Organizational Behaviour
Book Author: Robbins
Location on Site: Student Resources > Chapter 6: Motivation concepts > Pre Test
Date/Time Submitted: May 7, 2014 at 10:09 AM (UTC/GMT)
Summary of Results
40% Correct of 15 Scored items:
6 Correct: 40%
9 Incorrect: 60%
More information about scoring
1.
_____ is the processes that account for an individual's intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal.
Your Answer: Motivation
2.
Which is NOT a dimension in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
Your Answer: Ego
3.
_____ theory is an extension of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
Your Answer: Two-factor
Correct Answer: ERG

ERG theory is an extension of Maslow's hierarchy of needs proposed by Clayton Alderfer.
4.
Which of the following comments was made by a Theory X manager?
Your Answer: Employees can view work as natural as rest or play.
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Correct Answer: Employees dislike work.

Theory X managers believe that employees dislike work, are lazy, and must be controlled or coerced into producing.
5.
Which of the following is a motivational factor, according to Herzberg's two-factor theory?
Your Answer: quality of supervisions
Correct Answer: recognition

Motivational factors are intrinsic factors, like advancement, recognition, responsibility, and achievement, that are directly related to
job satisfaction.
6.
According to _____ theory, allocating extrinsic rewards for behaviour that had been previously intrinsically rewarding tends to
decrease the overall level of motivation.
Your Answer: self-efficacy
Correct Answer: cognitive evaluation

Cognitive evaluation theory, which states that allocating extrinsic rewards for behaviour that had been previously intrinsically
rewarding tends to decrease the overall level of motivation, has been widely supported by research.
7.
According to Edwin Locke, _____ goals produce the greatest degree of achievement.
Your Answer: specific and difficult
8.
_____ programs emphasize participatively set goals that are tangible, verifiable, and measurable.
Your Answer: Reinforcement
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Correct Answer: Management by objectives

Management by objectives programs emphasize participatively set goals that are tangible, verifiable, and measurable.
9.
_____ is also known as social cognitive theory or social learning theory.
Your Answer: Goal-setting
Correct Answer: Self-efficacy

Self-efficacy theory deals with an individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task.
10.
The _____ effect is a form of self-fulfilling prophecy where believing something to be true can make it true.
Your Answer: Pygmalion
11.
_____ theory argues that behaviour is a function of its consequences.
Your Answer: Goal-setting
Correct Answer: Reinforcement

Reinforcement theory argues that behaviour is a function of its consequences.
12.
_____ theory makes the assumption that people will compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to
eliminate perceived inequities.
Your Answer: Equity
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13.
When an employee compares their inputs and outcomes with another employee within their organization, they are making a(n) _____
comparison.
Your Answer: self-inside
Correct Answer: other-inside

When an employee compares their inputs and outcomes with another employee within their organization, they are making an other-
outside comparison.
14.
_____ justice is the perceived degree to which an individual is treated with dignity, concern, and respect.
Your Answer: Interactional
15.
According to expectancy theory, which of the following factors lead to good performance?
Your Answer: All of the above
Correct Answer: The individual must have the requisite ability to perform.

Expectancy theory refers to an individual's assessment of the abilities needed to achieve, the subsequent rewards, and the
preferences of those rewards.
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