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EUROPEAN ORGANISATION

FOR THE SAFETY OF AIR NAVIGATION

EUROCONTROL

Guidelines for ATCO


Common Core Content
Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training - Module 1:
Aerodrome Control Visual Rating
(ADV)

T14 – Module 1

Edition Number : 2.0


Edition Date : 10.12.2004
Status : Released Issue
Intended for : EATM Stakeholders

EUROPEAN AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

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Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................1

SUBJECT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE .......................................................3

SUBJECT 2: AVIATION LAW ...........................................................................................5

SUBJECT 3: AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT .................................................................9

SUBJECT 4: METEOROLOGY ...................................................................................... 17

SUBJECT 5: NAVIGATION ............................................................................................ 19

SUBJECT 6: AIRCRAFT................................................................................................. 21

SUBJECT 7: HUMAN FACTORS.................................................................................. 23

SUBJECT 8: EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS ............................................................... 27

SUBJECT 9: PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT....................................................... 29

SUBJECT 10: UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.............................................. 31

SUBJECT 11: DEGRADED SYSTEMS CAPABILITY................................................. 33

SUBJECT 12: AERODROMES ........................................................................................ 35

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Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

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Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Part 3, Module 1 provides the Common Core Content for Aerodrome Control Visual Rating
training.

It has been designed by a multinational group of experts and meets the current requirements
of the European Manual of Personnel Licensing - Air Traffic Controllers (see EATM, 2004a –
L1).

The content of the rating training course is based on the assumption that the student has
successfully completed the Common Core Content Basic training as a prerequisite.

The course has been derived by building on the Basic Common Core Content Objectives
contained in Part 2 of this publication T14. (Readers of the paper version will find Part 2 in
first book of the binder, while Internet surfers are referred to electronic file 1of9.)

Following the tabulated format of the Common Core Content Objectives, the Aerodrome
Control Visual Rating training common core content has been subdivided into subjects:

1. Introduction to the Course (INTR).


2. Aviation Law (LAW).
3. Air Traffic Management (ATM).
4. Meteorology (MET).
5. Navigation (NAV).
6. Aircraft (ACFT).
7. Human Factors (HUM).
8. Equipment and Systems (EQPM).
9. Professional Environment (PENV).
10. Unusual/Emergency Situations (UNINC).
11. Degraded Systems Capability (DEGS) 1.
12. Aerodromes (AGA).

The order of the subjects and objectives is neither intended to convey a pedagogical
sequence nor to indicate a relative level of importance.

The training designer will need to know that the student has successfully completed the
Basic training Course (i.e. Part 2 of this publication T14). The design of the Aerodrome
Control Visual Rating Course can now be based on the combination of Basic training and
Rating training - Module 1.

1
Not applicable in this module

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Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

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Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

SUBJECT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

The general objective is:


Learners shall know and understand the training programme that they will follow.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT

1. COURSE MANAGEMENT

Learners shall explain the aims and objectives of the course, the management structure,
and recognise the materials to be used.
1.1. Course Introduction

1.1.1. Explain the aims and main 2 Course objectives for the specific rating/
objectives of the course endorsement

1.2. Course Administration

1.2.1. State course administration 1


1.3. Study Material and Training Documentation
1.3.1. Choose appropriate 3 e.g. Training documentation, library;
documentation for course studies CBT library, Web
1.3.2. Integrate appropriate 4 e.g. Training documentation, library;
documentation into the course CBT library, Web
2. INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Learners shall state the methodology and describe the assessment procedures used in
the course.
2.1. Course Content
2.1.1. State the different methods of 1 Theoretical training; Practical training;
teaching the subjects Self-study; Taxonomy; Action verbs
2.1.2. Describe, in general terms, the 2
content of the subjects
2.1.3. Describe the organisation of 2
theoretical training
2.1.4. Describe the organisation of 2 Structure of participation; Simulation exercises;
simulation training Briefing; Debriefing

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Part 3: Rating Training – Module 1: Aerodrome Control Visual Rating (ADV)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT
2.2. Training Ethos
2.2.1. Recognise the feedback 1 Instructor discussions; Training progress;
mechanisms available Assessment; Results; Briefing; Debriefing
2.2.2. Describe the positive effect in 2 Effect of teamwork on training results in
working together with fellow practical training
course participants
2.3. The Assessment Process
2.3.1. Describe the assessment 2 The assessment process, including continuous
process assessment, applied during the course and
associated re-sit procedures

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SUBJECT 2: AVIATION LAW


The general objective is:
Learners shall:
i. explain the principles of Aviation Law;
ii. know, understand and apply the Rules of the Air and the Regulations, including airspace
and flight planning;
iii. appreciate the authority vested in the controller and the means by which that authority is
exercised.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. ATC LICENSING / CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE
Learners shall appreciate the legal aspects associated with the ATC Licence / Certificate
of Competence.
1.1. Privileges and Conditions
1.1.1. Appreciate the conditions which 3 ESARR5 rating, valid rating
must be met for the issue of
e.g. National documents, European
Aerodrome Control Visual
Manual of Personnel Licensing - Air
rating.
Traffic Controllers
1.2. Incident/Accident
1.2.1. Explain the procedures used 2 National regulations
following an incident/accident
2. RULES AND REGULATIONS
Learners shall explain and apply the Rules and Regulations that affect appropriate
operations.
2.1. Reports
2.1.1. List the standard forms for 1 e.g. Air traffic incident report, routine
reports air reports, breach of regulations,
watch/log book, records
2.1.2. Describe the functions of, and 2 Reporting culture, e.g. air traffic
processes for, reporting incident report, breach of regulations,
watch/log book, records
2.1.3. Explain the use of air traffic 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Appendix 4,
incident report form National regulations
2.1.4. Use the air traffic incident report 3 e.g. ICAO Doc 4444, National forms
form
2.1.5. Use the other forms for 3 e. g. breach of regulations, routine air
reporting reports, MET reports

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.2. Airspace
2.2.1. Appreciate classes of airspace 3 Classes A-G as appropriate; National
and their relevance to ADV classifications
rating operations
2.2.2. Provide planning, coordination 4 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11;
and control actions appropriate National requirements (AIP);
to the airspace classification International requirements; Civil
requirements; Military requirements;
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation;
Airspace structure

2.2.3. Appreciate the structure of 3 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11;
airspace and its relevance to National requirements (AIP);
ADV rating International requirements; Civil
requirements; Military requirements;
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation;
Airspace structure

2.2.4. Provide planning, coordination 4 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11;
and control actions appropriate National requirements (AIP);
to the airspace structure International requirements; Civil
requirements; Military requirements;
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation;
Airspace structure
2.3. Rules of the Air
2.3.1. Provide planning, coordination 4 ICAO Annex 2 Chapter 3
and control actions appropriate
to the General Rules
2.3.2. Provide planning, coordination 4 ICAO Annex 2 Chapters 4 and 5
and control actions appropriate ICAO Annex 11
to the VFR, SVFR and IFR in ICAO Doc 4444
VMC and IMC
2.3.3. Provide planning, coordination 4 Responsibility for terrain clearance;
and control actions appropriate Terrain clearance dimensions;
to the rules for minimum safe Minimum safe altitudes; Transition
height and terrain clearance level; Minimum flight level; Minimum
sector altitude
2.3.4. Appreciate the duties and 3 Pilots; Operators; Authorities
responsibilities of air traffic
participants

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.4. Flight Plans
2.4.1. Obtain flight plan information in 3 Types of FPL (RPL, CPL, AFIL, etc.);
order to provide ATS Supplementary information
2.4.2. Use flight plan information in 3 Types of FPL (RPL, CPL, AFIL, etc.);
order to provide ATS Supplementary information
2.4.3. Appreciate the pilot’s 3 Inadvertent changes; Intended
responsibilities in relation to changes; Position reporting
adherence to flight plan
2.5. Special National Legislation and Procedures
2.5.1. Provide planning, coordination 4 AIP; NOTAM; AIC; LOAs; National
and control actions in procedures; Local procedures;
accordance with special National telecommunication
National legislation and procedures
procedures
e.g. Security; Environmental (noise
abatement, conservation areas fuel
dumping); Sensitive areas (hospitals;
VIP residences); Priority allocation;
Special purpose codes
3. HOLDING
Learners shall describe holding patterns and procedures.
3.1. Holding procedures
3.1.1. Describe types of holding 2 Published; Non-published; Extended
patterns
3.1.2. Describe the use of holding 2 Effect of speed, effect of level used,
effect of navigation aid in use, etc.

3.1.3. Describe the purpose of 2 Traffic management, weather,


holding ICAO Doc 4444, ICAO Doc 8168

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SUBJECT 3: AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

The general objective is:


Learners shall manage air traffic to ensure safe, orderly and expeditious services.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

1. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AND AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT


Learners shall provide the appropriate services.
1.1. Aerodrome Control Service
1.1.1. Explain specific areas of 2 ICAO Annex 11 Chapter 2
responsibility of aerodrome
control
1.1.2. Appreciate own area of 3 Control Zone; Traffic Circuit; Manoeuvring
responsibility Area; Movement Area; Vicinity; e.g. ATZ
1.1.3. Differentiate between different 2 Controlled; Uncontrolled; AFIS
types of aerodromes
1.2. Flight Information Service (FIS)
1.2.1. Appreciate the information that 3 SIGMETS; Serviceability of NAVAIDs;
shall be passed to aircraft by Weather; Flight Safety Information;
an aerodrome controller ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
1.2.2. Relay appropriate aerodrome 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
information
1.2.3. Issue appropriate traffic 3 ICAO Doc 4444
information
1.3. Alerting Service (ALRS)
1.3.1. Provide ALRS 4 e.g. ICAO Doc 4444 - Special codes;
Seek assistance (TRM); Checklist;
National legislation/requirements;
Overdue action; Emergency action;
Uncertainty; Alert; Distress
1.3.2. Respond to distress and 3 ICAO Annex 10
urgency messages and ICAO Doc 4444
signals
1.3.3. Coordinate with RCC if 4
required in specific cases

1.3.4. Describe the procedures for 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7; National
the provision of aerodrome legislation, requirements, procedures
ALRS

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1.4. Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM)
1.4.1. Appreciate principles of ATFM 3 e.g. Working principles of ATFM; CFMU;
Slot management; Local procedures; Slot
allocation procedures; etc.
1.4.2. Organise traffic to take 4 Action on the departure sequence
account of flow management
1.4.3. Inform appropriate authority 3 e.g. Abnormal situations; Decrease in
sector capacity; Limitations on systems
and equipment; Changes in
workload/capacity; Relevant information
(e.g. reported ground-based incidents,
forest fire, smoke, oil pollution); Unusual
meteorological conditions
1.5. Airspace Management (ASM)
1.5.1. Appreciate the principles of 3 e.g. FUA, ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 3,
ASM EUROCONTROL ASM HBK - Airspace
Management Handbook for the
application of FUA
1.5.2. Organise traffic to take 4 e.g. use conditional routes/zones
account of ASM impacting on aerodromes operations
2. COMMUNICATION
Learners shall integrate approved phraseology into effective communication.
2.1. Effective Communication
2.1.1. Use approved phraseology 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 12;
ICAO Doc 9432 RTF manual;
Standards words and phrases as
contained in ICAO Annex 10 Vol 2
Chapter 5; National phraseology,
e.g. Identification of aircraft;
Acknowledgement by visual means;
Starting procedures; Flow management;
Pushback; Towing procedures;
Time check; Taxi procedures; Holding;
Crossing runways; Preparation for takeoff;
Takeoff clearance; After takeoff;
Entering an aerodrome traffic circuit;
Approach instructions; Landing;
Delaying aircraft; Missed approach;
Information to aircraft after landing

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.1.2. Perform communication 3 Transmission techniques,
effectively ICAO Annex 1 Language Proficiency

2.1.3. Analyse examples of pilot and 4


controller communication for
effectiveness
2.2. Phraseology for Unusual Events
2.2.1. Use approved phraseology 3 Distress; Urgency; Hijack; Radio failure;
Meteorological Hazards; etc.
2.2.2. Apply change of 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
radiotelephony call sign
2.2.3. Analyse examples of pilot and 4 Best practices in handling of unusual
controller communication for events
effectiveness (in case of
unusual events)
2.2.4. Interpret the rules to provide 5 e.g. Receiver only, transmitter only,
an effective service where speechless aircraft, incomplete
approved phraseology is not messages, etc.
available
3. ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS
Learners shall provide appropriate clearances and instructions and shall integrate them
in the provision of control service.
3.1. ATC Clearances
3.1.1. Issue appropriate ATC 3
clearances
3.1.2. Integrate appropriate ATC 4
clearances in control service
3.2. ATC Instructions
3.2.1. Issue appropriate ATC 3
instructions
3.2.2. Integrate appropriate ATC 4
instructions in control service

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

4. COORDINATION
Learners shall select and apply appropriate coordination.
4.1. Necessity

4.1.1. Identify the need for 3


coordination
4.2. Tools and Methods
4.2.1. Use the available tools for 3 e.g. Electronic transfer of flight data;
coordination Telephone; Interphone; Intercom; Direct
speech; Radiotelephone (RTF); Local
agreements, ICAO Doc 4444
4.3. Coordination Procedures
4.3.1. Initiate appropriate 3 Delegation/transfer of responsibility for
coordination air-ground communications and
separation, release point, transfer of
control, etc.
ICAO Doc 4444
4.3.2. Analyse effect of coordination 4 Delegation/transfer of responsibility for
requested by an adjacent air-ground communications and
operational position separation, release point, transfer of
control, etc.
4.3.3. Select, after negotiation, an 5 Including the cases:
appropriate course of action
When additional traffic cannot be
accepted by adjacent control position;
When additional traffic cannot be
accepted by own control position
4.3.4. Ensure the agreed course of 4
action is carried out
4.3.5. Coordinate in the provision of 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 10
FIS
4.3.6. Coordinate in the provision of 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 10
ALRS
4.3.7. Coordinate runway in use 4 Approach control; Area control; runway
selection; change of runway

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

5. ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION


Learners shall calculate and allocate appropriate levels to aircraft.
5.1. Altimetry
5.1.1. Calculate appropriate levels 3 e.g. Transition level, transition altitude,
transition layer, height, flight level,
altitude, vertical distance to airspace
boundaries
5.1.2. Allocate levels (height, 4 ICAO Doc 8168
altitude, flight level) according
to altimetry data
5.1.3. Ensure separations according 4 e.g. Transition level , transition altitude,
to altimetry data transition layer, height, flight level,
altitude, vertical distance to airspace
boundaries
6. COLLISION AVOIDANCE AND SAFETY NETS
Learners shall respond to any type of collision avoidance system notification.
6.1. Airborne
6.1.1. Respond to pilot notification of 3 ACAS; GPWS
actions based on airborne
systems warnings
6.2. Ground
6.2.1. Respond to ground-based 3 MTCA; STCA; MSAW; SMCGGS;
collision avoidance system Anti-incursion; ASMGCS
warnings
7. DATA DISPLAY
Learners shall analyse data in order to manage air traffic.
7.1. Data Management
7.1.1. Update the data display to 3 e.g. Information displayed, strip marking
accurately reflect the traffic procedures, electronic information data
situation displays, actions based on traffic display
information, calculation of EETs
7.1.2. Analyse pertinent data on data 4
displays
7.1.3. Organise pertinent data on 4
data displays
7.1.4. Process pertinent data on data 3
displays

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

8. OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Learners shall recognise and maintain the integrity of the simulated operational
environment.
8.1. Integrity of the Operational Environment
8.1.1. Obtain information concerning 3 e.g. Briefing; takeover, handover, notices,
the operational environment local orders, verify information
8.1.2. Check and maintain the 3 e.g. Frequency; VOLMET; ATIS;
integrity of the operational SIGMET; Systems set-up; Integrity of
environment displays
8.1.3. Transfer information to the 3 e.g. Briefing; takeover, handover, notices,
relieving controller local orders, verify information
8.2. Verification of the Currency of Operational Procedures
8.2.1. Check all relevant 3 e.g. Briefing; LOAs; NOTAM; AICs
documentation before
managing traffic
8.2.2. Manage traffic in accordance 4 e.g. Taxiway closure, etc.
with procedural changes
9. PROVISION OF AN AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE
Learners shall provide an appropriate Aerodrome Control Service.
9.1. General
9.1.1. Explain the responsibility for 2 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Annex 11
the provision of an aerodrome
control service
9.1.2. Describe the division of 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 4
responsibility between air National requirements
traffic control units
9.1.3. Describe the responsibility in 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 16
regard to military traffic National requirements
9.1.4. Describe the responsibility in 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 16
regard to unmanned free
balloons
9.2. Functions of Aerodrome Control Service
9.2.1. Manage the general functions 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
of aerodrome control
9.2.2. Manage the ALRS provided by 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
aerodrome control

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
9.2.3. Manage the suspension of 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
VFR operations by aerodrome
control
9.3. Traffic and Taxi Circuits
9.3.1. Predict positions of aircraft in 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
the aerodrome and taxi
circuits
9.3.2. Select the runway in use 5 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
9.4. Aeronautical Ground Lights
9.4.1. Select aeronautical ground 5 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
lights
9.5. Information to Aircraft by Aerodrome Control
9.5.1. Provide information related to 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
the operation of aircraft
9.5.2. Provide information on 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
aerodrome conditions
9.6. Control of Aerodrome Traffic
9.6.1. Allocate the order of priority for 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
arriving and departing aircraft
9.6.2. Manage the manoeuvring area 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7
9.6.3. Manage the traffic circuit 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7;
Meteorological phenomena; Geographical
knowledge; Environmental factors
9.6.4. Manage the control of arriving 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7;
and departing traffic Meteorological phenomena; Wake
turbulence; ICAO approach categories;
Environmental factors
9.6.5. Integrate the availability of radio 4 e.g. ADF; UDF; VDF, MLS, ILS, NDB,
aids in the management of VOR, DME, DGPS, RNAV, PRNAV
aerodrome traffic
9.6.6. Integrate surface conditions into 4 e.g. Damp; Wet; Water patches; Flooding;
the control of aerodrome traffic Snow; Slush; Ice; Braking action
9.6.7. Integrate information about 4 e.g. Clouds; Precipitation; Visibility; Wind;
meteorological phenomena into Meteorological hazards
clearances and issue
appropriate information

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
9.7. Radio Failure
9.7.1. Explain the procedures when a 2 Civil; e.g. Military
pilot experiences complete or
partial radio failure
9.8. Navigational Assistance
9.8.1. Provide navigational assistance 4 e.g. information derived locally or from
to aircraft lost or unsure of radar service or from other pilots; Nearest
position most suitable aerodrome; Track; Heading;
Distance; Aerodrome information; Any
other relevant navigational assistance;
ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 7; etc.

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SUBJECT 4: METEOROLOGY

The general objective is:


Learners shall acquire, decode and make proper use of Meteorological information relevant to
the provision of ATS.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

1. METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA
Learners shall analyse and take account of meteorological phenomena in control
actions.
1.1. Meteorological Phenomena
1.1.1. Appreciate the impact of 3 Cumulus; Cumulonimbus; e.g. Stratus,
different cloud types Nimbostratus, etc.
1.1.2. Appreciate the impact of 3 Precipitation and Microphysics e.g. Rain,
precipitation Snow, Sleet, Hail
1.1.3. Appreciate the impact of 3 e.g. Advection fog; Radiation fog; Mixing;
atmospheric obscurity Evaporation; Mist; Drizzle
1.1.4. Appreciate the effect and 3 Gusting; Veering; Backing; e.g. Land
impact of wind breezes; Sea breezes; Fohn
1.1.5. Appreciate the effect and 3 Windshear; Turbulence, Thunderstorms;
danger of hazardous Icing; Microbursts
meteorological phenomena
2. SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA
Learners shall decode and use meteorological data in an aerodrome working position.
2.1. Meteorological Instruments
2.1.1. Decode meteorological 3 e.g. Anemometer; RVR indicator; Cloud
instruments readings base indicator; Altimeter
2.2. Other Sources
2.2.1. Decode displays of 3 Data displays
meteorological data
2.2.2. Use Aeronautical Fixed 3
Telecommunication Network
(AFTN) or telephone to obtain
meteorological data
2.2.3. Update meteorological data 3 Pilot reports;
from pilot reports ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 4

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SUBJECT 5: NAVIGATION

The general objective is:


Learners shall analyse all Navigational aspects in order to organise the traffic.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS
Learners shall use the information on maps and charts.
1.1. Maps and Charts
1.1.1. Decode symbols and information 3 Visual approach charts; Instrument
found on relevant aeronautical approach charts; Aerodrome
maps and charts charts; National maps and charts;
e.g. Military maps and charts
1.1.2. Use relevant maps and charts 3 Visual approach charts; Instrument
approach charts; Aerodrome
charts; National maps and charts;
e.g. Military maps and charts
2. RADIO NAVIGATION
Learners shall anticipate the behaviour of aircraft using different radio-navigational
systems.
2.1. Navigation Aids
2.1.1. Describe the possible operational 2 NDB; VOR; DME; ILS; MLS;
status of radio-navigational D-GPS
systems
2.1.2. Decode operational status displays 3 e.g. NDB; VOR; DME; ILS; MLS;
of ground-based systems D-GPS; RNAV ; P-RNAV

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SUBJECT 6: AIRCRAFT

The general objective is:


Learners shall assess Aircraft performance to integrate it into traffic organisation.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS
Learners shall integrate the information provided by the pilot into the traffic situation.
1.1. Aircraft Instruments
1.1.1. Integrate the information 4 Flight instruments; Engine instruments;
provided by the pilot into the Navigational instruments; e.g. NDB
traffic situation (ADF); VOR (TACAN); DME; ILS;
MLS; Additional instruments; TCAS;
SSR transponder; Head up display;
GPWS; Wind shear indicator; Weather
radar; FMS; EFIS
1.1.2. Explain the operation of 2 e.g. Radios (number of); Emergency
aircraft radio equipment radios; SELCAL
1.1.3. Explain the operation of 2 Transponders: equipment Mode A,
transponder equipment Mode C, Mode S
2. AIRCRAFT TYPES AN D CATEGORIES
Learners shall characterise wake turbulence and ICAO approach categories.
2.1. Wake Turbulence and ICAO Approach Categories
2.1.1. Characterise each wake 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapters 4 and 5;
turbulence category and National wake turbulence categories
explain how to prevent their
effect on other aircraft
2.1.2. Characterise ICAO approach 2 ICAO Doc 8168 Part 3
categories
3. FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE
Learners shall integrate aircraft performance factors in the provision of control service.
3.1. Takeoff
3.1.1. Integrate the influence of 4 e.g. Runway conditions; wind;
factors affecting aircraft on temperature and aircraft weight
takeoff
3.2. Climb
3.2.1. Integrate the influence of 4 e.g. Speed; Weight; Altitude; Wind and
factors affecting aircraft temperature
during climb

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3.3. Final Approach and Landing
3.3.1. Integrate the influence of 4 e.g. Wind; Aircraft configuration;
factors affecting aircraft Weight; Meteorological conditions;
during final approach and Runway conditions
landing descent
3.4. Economic Factors
3.4.1. Integrate consideration of 4 e.g. Starting-up; Taxiing; Routing;
economic factors into control Speed; Rate of climb; Rate of descent
actions
3.5. Ecological Factors
3.5.1. Estimate the influence of 3 e.g. Fuel dumping; Noise abatement
ecological factors affecting procedures; Minimum flight altitudes
aircraft in the provision of
aerodrome control
3.6. Miscellaneous Factors
3.6.1. Integrate operational 4 e.g. Military flying; Calibration flights;
requirements into planning Aerial photography
3.6.2. Integrate factors affecting 4 Message relays regarding performance
aircraft into planning
4. AIRCRAFT DATA
Learners shall recognise different aircraft types and integrate their performance data
into control decisions.
4.1. Recognition of Aircraft Types
4.1.1. Differentiate the 50 most 2 e.g. Physical features; ICAO approach
commonly used aircraft categories; Wake turbulence
categories
4.2. Performance Data
4.2.1. Apply control actions relevant 3 Rate of climb/descent; cruising speed;
to typical aircraft types and Turn inertia; e.g. ceiling; etc .
performance data
4.2.2. Integrate the average 4 Performance data under a
performance data for the representative variety of circumstances
provision of control service
4.2.3. Identify potential or actual 3
emergency situations

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SUBJECT 7: HUMAN FACTORS

The general objective is:


Learners shall:
i. recognise the necessity to constantly extend their knowledge,
ii. analyse factors which affect personal and team performance.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
Learners shall relate psychological factors to the decision-making process.
1.1. Cognitive
1.1.1. Describe the factors which 2 e.g. Stress; Learning; Knowledge; CT1
influence decision-making Fatigue; Alcohol/drugs; Distraction; CT2
Interpersonal relations; Team DST7.2
Resource Management (TRM)
1.1.2. Relate human factors to 4 CT2
decision-making
2. MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS
Learners shall respond to fatigue and lack of personal fitness in the performance of
their duties.
2.1. Fatigue
2.1.1. Describe the onset of fatigue 2 e.g. Lack of concentration; DST5.1.6
Listlessness; Irritability; Frustration
2.1.2. Recognise the onset of fatigue 1 DST5.1.6
in self
2.1.3. Recognise the onset of fatigue 1 DST5.1.6
in others
2.1.4. Respond to indications of 3 DST5.1.6
fatigue in an appropriate
manner
2.2. Fitness
2.2.1. Recognise signs of lack of 1 DST5.1.6
personal fitness
2.2.2. Describe actions when aware 2 DST5.1.6
of a lack of personal fitness

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3. SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS
Learners shall develop teamwork attitudes
3.1. Human Relations
3.1.1. Apply social and organisational 3 DST4
factors to work with other team
members
3.2. Team Resource Management (TRM)
3.2.1. State the objectives of TRM 1 Suggested reference: EATCHIP DST4
‘Guidelines for Developing and
Implementing Team Resource
Management’
3.3. Group Dynamics
3.3.1. Identify the professional 3
relationships between
members of the group
3.3.2. Identify the reasons for conflict 3
3.3.3. Describe actions to prevent 2
human conflicts.
3.3.4. Take account of TRM 2 TRM; CISM
programmes
3.3.5. Respond to the application of 3 e.g. Role of members, allocation of
TRM techniques responsibilities within the team,
benefits of having other team
members to rely on, safety aspects,
assistance in abnormal situations,
TRM
4. COMMUNICATION
Learners shall:
i. accurately complete written reports;
ii. express themselves clearly so as to be understood by other team members and
colleagues.
4.1. Written Work
4.1.1. Record information by writing 3 e.g. Strips; Reports; Log-books IST1
effectively
4.1.2. Pass information by writing 3 e.g. Strips; Reports; Log-books IST1
effectively

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
4.2. Verbal/non-verbal Communication
4.2.1. Recognise human 1 e.g. Different languages; Air traffic
communication theory language
4.2.2. Characterise the factors which 2 e.g. Speed of speech; Frequency;
affect verbal communication Volume; Background noise
4.2.3. Characterise non-verbal 2 e.g. Body language; Facial
communication expressions
4.2.4. Use language effectively in the 3 CT3
practice of ATC CT4
CT7
DST4
5. STRESS
Learners shall integrate stress management procedures in the performance of their
duties.
5.1. Stress
5.1.1. Recognise the effects of stress 1 Stress and its symptoms in self and DST5
in others
5.2. Helplessness
5.2.1. Respond to feelings of 3 Normal/abnormal situations DST5
helplessness
5.3. Stress Management
5.3.1. Act to relieve or minimise 3 The effect of personality in coping DST5
stress in self and/or others with stress; The benefits of active
stress management
5.3.2. Obtain assistance in stressful 3 TRM; CISM; The benefits of DST5
situations offering and accepting help in
stress situations
5.3.3. Recognise the effect of 1 Self and others; Abnormal DST5
shocking and stressful events situations; CISM; TRM
5.3.4. Consider the benefits of 2 DST5
Critical Incident Stress
Management (CISM)
5.3.5. Explain the procedures used 2 CISM; DST5
following an incident/accident National/local procedures and/or
regulations; Counselling; Human
element

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
6. HUMAN ERROR
Learners shall be able to discuss the concept of human error in the appropriate
environment.
6.1. Human Error
6.1.1. Explain the relationship 2 Number and combination of errors, DST5
between error and safety pro-active versus reactive
approach to discovery of error
6.1.2. Differentiate between the types 2 e.g. Slips; Lapses; Mistakes;
of error Violations
6.1.3. Differentiate between errors 2
and violations
6.1.4. Describe error-prone 2 e.g. increase in traffic
conditions
7. WORKING METHODS
Learners shall discuss the effect of human factors consideration on efficiency.
7.1. Efficiency
7.1.1. Consider, from a human 2 Own and others workload, OJT, DST5
factors point of view, the customer requirements, economy, DST6
factors affecting efficiency in ecology, safety
the provision of air traffic
control
8. WORKING KNOWLEDGE
Learners shall maintain and update professional knowledge.
8.1. Controller Knowledge
8.1.1. Maintain and update 3 e.g. Briefing; LOAs; NOTAM; AICs; DST6
professional knowledge to Reports of accident/incident;
retain competence in the VOLMET; ATIS; SIGMET
operational environment

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SUBJECT 8: EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

The general objective is:


Learners shall integrate knowledge and understanding of the working principles of Equipment
and Systems in the provision of an aerodrome control service.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. RADIO
Learners shall operate the radio and direction finding equipment.
1.1. Radio Communications
1.1.1. Use two-way communication 3 Transmit/receive switches;
Equipment; Procedures; Frequency
selection; Stand-by equipment
1.1.2. Identify indications of correct 3 Indicator lights; Serviceability
and/or faulty operation of radio displays; Selector/frequency displays
equipment
1.1.3. Respond to faults 3 Local procedures
1.2. Direction Finding
1.2.1. Obtain and decode direction 3 e.g. ADF/UDF/VDF; QDM; QDR; QTE
finding information
2. AIR TRAFFIC MONIT OR
Learners shall operate the air traffic monitoring equipment.
2.1. Use of Air Traffic Monitor
2.1.1. Use an air traffic monitor 3 e.g. Real equipment, Multimedia
computer, PTT or Simulator
2.1.2. Explain the use of surface 2
movement radar
3. OTHER EQUIPMENT

3.1. Anti-incursion Equipment


3.1.1. Take account of data from 2 Anti-incursion equipment
anti-incursion equipment
3.2. New Developments
3.2.1. Be aware of new developments 0

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
4. AUTOMATION IN ATS
Learners shall extract appropriate information from automated data.
4.1. Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network (AFTN)
4.1.1. Decode AFTN messages 3 e.g. Movement and control messages;
NOTAM; SNOWTAM; BIRDTAM; etc.
4.2. Automatic Data Interchange
4.2.1. Operate automatic data transfer 3 e.g. Accuracy; Speed and safety;
equipment Datalinks; Sequencing systems;
Automated information and
coordination
5. OPERATING POSITIONS
Learners shall identify and operate the equipment provided.
5.1. Aerodrome Control Tower
5.1.1. Identify equipment in an 3 e.g. Flight progress board; Flight data
operating position display; Radio; Telephone; Maps and
charts; Strip-printer; Teleprinter;
Clock; Information monitors (CCIS);
Radar displays
5.1.2. Obtain information from 3 e.g. information from wind direction
equipment indicator

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SUBJECT 9: PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

The general objective is:


Learners shall identify the need for close cooperation with other parties concerned with
aerodrome control.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. OTHER AGENCIES
Learners shall consider the role of other operators which affect aerodrome operations.
1.1. Contributors to Aerodrome Operations
1.1.1. Characterise civil and military 2 Preferably by familiarisation visits:
Air Traffic Services (ATS) TWR; APP; ACC; AIS; RCC; Radar;
facilities Air defence unit
1.1.2. Describe aerodrome facilities 2 Preferably by familiarisation visits:
and services Fire and Emergency services;
Engineering support
1.2. Customer Relations
1.2.1. Identify the role of ATC as a 3
service provider
1.2.2. Characterise the 2 e.g. Aircraft: Civil; Military; Scheduled;
requirements of the Business; Private; Recreational
aerodrome users
1.2.3. Characterise the 2 Aerodrome authority; Operator; Owner
requirements of the airport
operator
1.3. Familiarisation Flights
1.3.1. Participate in flight 3
familiarisation programmes,
where available
1.3.2. Participate in flight simulator 3
programmes, where available

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SUBJECT 10: UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

The general objective is:


Learners shall manage air traffic in Unusual/Emergency situations.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

1.1. General
1.1.1. List aircraft failures and 1 e.g. the 16 situations from the EATM
unusual/emergency situations deliverable plus airframe failure,
CESAVAC flights, GPWS alerts
1.1.2. Apply the procedures for given 3
unusual/emergency situations
1.2. Radio Failure
1.2.1. Apply procedures when a 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
controller experiences
complete or partial failure of
ground radio communication
equipment
1.2.2. Apply the procedures to be 3 ICAO Doc 7030
followed when a pilot e.g. Civil, military, special National
experiences complete or procedures
partial radio failure
1.3. Diversions
1.3.1. Provide flight information to 4 e.g. Nearest most suitable
diverting emergency aircraft aerodrome; Aerodrome information
1.3.2. Provide flight information to 4 e.g. Concerning an emergency
other aircraft descent
1.3.3. Perform appropriate 3 e.g. Other sectors and ATC units,
coordination etc.
1.3.4. Provide navigational assistance 4 Track/heading; Distance; Other
to diverting emergency aircraft navigational assistance
1.4. Unlawful Interference and Aircraft Bomb Threat
1.4.1. Apply ATC procedures 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
associated with unlawful
interference and aircraft bomb
threat

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1.5. Strayed or Unidentified Aircraft
1.5.1. Apply the procedures in the 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
case of strayed aircraft
e.g. Inside controlled airspace;
Outside controlled airspace
1.5.2. Apply the procedures in the 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
case of unidentified aircraft
e.g. Inside controlled airspace;
Outside controlled airspace; IFR vs
VFR

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SUBJECT 11: DEGRADED SYSTEMS CAPABILITY

Not applicable in this Module, ‘Aerodrome Control Visual Rating’.

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SUBJECT 12: AERODROMES

The general objective is:


Learners shall recognise and understand the design and layout of Aerodromes.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. GENERAL

1.1. Definitions
1.1.1. Describe the general layout of an 2 ICAO Annex 14
aerodrome
1.1.2. Define aerodrome data 1 ICAO Annex 14 Chapter 2
e.g. Aerodrome elevation; Reference
point; Apron; Movement area;
Manoeuvring area
1.2. Coordination
1.2.1. Identify the information that has to 3 Airport conditions; Fire/rescue
be passed between Air Traffic category; Condition of ground
Services (ATS) and the airport equipment and NAVAIDs; AIRAC;
authority ICAO Annex 14
2. MOVEMENT AREA

2.1. Movement Area


2.1.1. Describe movement area 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.1.2. Explain the marking of obstacles 2 Flags; Signs on pavement; Lights
and unusable or unserviceable
areas
2.1.3. Identify the conditions of the 3
movement area that have to be
passed to aircraft
2.2. Manoeuvring Area
2.2.1. Describe manoeuvring area 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.2.2. Describe taxiway 2
2.2.3. Describe the daylight marking on 2
taxiways
2.2.4. Describe taxiway lighting 2

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TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.3. Runways
2.3.1. Describe runway 2 Runway; Runway surface; Runway
strip; Shoulder; Runway end safety
areas; Clearways; Stopways
2.3.2. Describe instrument runway 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.3.3. Describe non-instrument runway 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.3.4. Explain declared distances 2 TORA; TODA; ASDA; LDA
2.3.5. Explain the differences between 2 Strength of pavements
ACN and PCN
2.3.6. Explain the numbering system 2 Deka degrees; Left; Centre; Right
and orientation of runways
2.3.7. Describe the daylight markings on 2 e.g. Colour; Designation; Centreline;
runways Threshold; Aiming point; Fixed
distance; Touchdown zone; Side strip
2.3.8. Describe runway lights 2 e.g. Colour; Centreline; Intensity;
Edge; Touchdown zone; Threshold;
Barettes
2.3.9. Explain the functions of visual 2 e.g. AVASI; VASI; PAPI
landing aids
2.3.10. Describe the approach lighting 2 Centre line; cross bars; Stroboscopic;
systems Colours; Intensity and brightness
2.3.11. Characterise the effect of 2 Damp; Wet; Water patches; Flooding;
water/ice on runways Snow; Slush; Ice
2.3.12. Describe braking action 2
2.3.13. Explain the runway visual range 2
3. OBSTACLES

3.1. General
3.1.1. Explain the standards and 2 Obstacle limitation surfaces; Obstacle
recommendations for obstacle limitation requirements; Objects
restrictions outside the obstacle limitation
surfaces; Other obstacles
3.2. Obstacle Limitation Surfaces
3.2.1. Explain obstacle clearance 2 Outer horizontal; Conical; Inner
surfaces approach; Transitional; Inner
transitional; Balked landing; Takeoff
climb

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