You are on page 1of 50

EUROPEAN ORGANISATION

FOR THE SAFETY OF AIR NAVIGATION

EUROCONTROL

Guidelines for ATCO


Common Core Content
Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training - Module 6:
Approach Control Surveillance
Rating with Radar Endorsement
(APS)

T14 – Module 6

Edition Number : 2.0


Edition Date : 10.12.2004
Status : Released Issue
Intended for : EATM Stakeholders

EUROPEAN AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page ii Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................1

SUBJECT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE .......................................................3

SUBJECT 2: AVIATION LAW ...........................................................................................5

SUBJECT 3: AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT .................................................................9

SUBJECT 4: METEOROLOGY ...................................................................................... 21

SUBJECT 5: NAVIGATION ............................................................................................ 23

SUBJECT 6: AIRCRAFT................................................................................................. 25

SUBJECT 7: HUMAN FACTORS.................................................................................. 29

SUBJECT 8: EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS ............................................................... 33

SUBJECT 9: PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT....................................................... 37

SUBJECT 10: UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.............................................. 39

SUBJECT 11: DEGRADED SYSTEMS CAPABILITY................................................. 41

SUBJECT 12: AERODROMES ........................................................................................ 43

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page iii


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page iv Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Part 3, Module 6 provides the Common Core Content for Approach Control Surveillance
Rating with Radar Endorsement training.

It has been designed by a multinational group of experts and meets the current requirements
of the European Manual of Personnel Licensing - Air Traffic Controllers (see EATM, 2004a –
L1).

The content of the rating training course is based on the assumption that the student has
successfully completed the Common Core Content Basic training as a prerequisite.

The course has been derived by building on the Basic Common Core Content Objectives
contained in Part 2 of this publication T14. (Readers of the paper version will find Part 2 in
first book of the binder, while Internet surfers are referred to electronic file 1of9.)

Following the tabulated format of the Common Core Content Objectives, the Approach
Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement training common core content has
been subdivided into subjects:

1. Introduction to the Course (INTR).


2. Aviation Law (LAW).
3. Air Traffic Management (ATM).
4. Meteorology (MET).
5. Navigation (NAV).
6. Aircraft (ACFT).
7. Human Factors (HUM).
8. Equipment and Systems (EQPM).
9. Professional Environment (PENV).
10. Unusual/Emergency Situations (UNINC).
11. Degraded Systems Capability (DEGS).
12. Aerodromes (AGA).

The order of the subjects and objectives is neither intended to convey a pedagogical
sequence nor to indicate a relative level of importance.

The training designer will need to know that the student has successfully completed the
Basic training Course (i.e. Part 2 of this publication T14). The design of the Approach
Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement Course can now be based on the
combination of Basic training and Rating training - Module 6.

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 1


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 2 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

The general objective is:


Learners shall know and understand the training programme that they will follow.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT

1. COURSE MANAGEMENT

Learners shall explain the aims and objectives of the course, the management structure
and recognise the materials to be used.
1.1. Course Introduction
1.1.1. Explain the aims and main 2 Course objectives for the specific rating/
objectives of the course endorsement

1.2. Course Administration


1.2.1. State course administration 1
1.3. Study Material and Training Documentation
1.3.1. Choose appropriate 3 e.g. Training documentation, library;
documentation for course studies CBT library, Web
1.3.2. Integrate appropriate 4 e.g. Training documentation, library;
documentation into the course CBT library, Web

2. INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE


Learners shall state the methodology and describe the assessment procedures used in
the course.
2.1. Course Content
2.1.1. State the different methods of 1 Theoretical training; Practical training;
teaching the subjects Self-study; Taxonomy; Action verbs
2.1.2. Describe, in general terms, the 2
content of the subjects
2.1.3. Describe the organisation of 2
theoretical training
2.1.4. Describe the organisation of 2 Structure of participation; Simulation exercises;
simulation training Briefing; Debriefing

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 3


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT
2.2. Training Ethos
2.2.1. Recognise the feedback 1 Instructor discussions; Training progress;
mechanisms available Assessment; Results; Briefing; Debriefing
2.2.2. Describe the positive effect in 2 Effect of teamwork on training results in
working together with fellow practical training
course participants
2.3. The Assessment Process
2.3.1. Describe the assessment process 2 The assessment process, including continuous
assessment, applied during the course and
associated re-sit procedures

Page 4 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 2: AVIATION LAW

The general objective is:


Learners shall:
i. explain the principles of Aviation Law;
ii. know, understand and apply the Rules of the Air and the Regulations, including airspace
and flight planning;
iii. appreciate the authority vested in the controller and the means by which that authority is
exercised.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. ATC LICENSING / CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE
Learners shall appreciate the legal aspects associated with the ATC Licence / Certificate
of Competence.
1.1. Privileges and Conditions
1.1.1. Appreciate the conditions which 3 ESARR5 rating, valid rating
must be met for the issue of
e.g. National documents, European
Approach Control Surveillance
Manual of Personnel Licensing - Air
Rating with Radar Endorsement
Traffic Controllers
1.2. Incident/Accident
1.2.1. Explain the procedures used 2 National regulations
following an incident/accident
2. RULES AND REGULATIONS
Learners shall explain and apply the Rules and Regulations which affect appropriate
operations.
2.1. Reports
2.1.1. List the standard forms for 1 e.g. Air traffic incident report, routine
reports air reports, breach of regulations,
watch/log book, records
2.1.2. Describe the functions of, and 2 Reporting culture, e.g. air traffic IST1
processes for, reporting incident report, breach of regulations,
watch/log book, records
2.1.3. Explain the use of air traffic 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Appendix 4, IST2
incident report form National regulations
2.1.4. Use the air traffic incident report 3 e.g. ICAO Doc 4444, National forms IST2
form
2.1.5. Use the other forms for 3 e. g. breach of regulations, routine air IST2
reporting reports, MET reports

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 5


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.2. Airspace
2.2.1. Appreciate classes of airspace 3 Classes A-G as appropriate; National CT4
and their relevance to APS classifications CT5.1
rating/endorsement operations CT5.2
CT5.4
CT5.5
DST4
2.2.2. Provide planning, coordination 4 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11; CT4
and control actions appropriate National requirements (AIP); CT5.1
to the airspace classification International requirements; Civil CT5.2
requirements; Military requirements; CT5.4
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation; CT5.5
Airspace structure DST4

2.2.3. Appreciate the structure of 3 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11; CT4
airspace and its relevance to National requirements (AIP); CT5.1
APS rating/endorsement International requirements; Civil CT5.2
requirements; Military requirements; CT5.4
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation; CT5.5
Airspace structure DST4

2.2.4. Provide planning, coordination 4 e.g. ICAO Annex 2; ICAO Annex 11; CT4
and control actions appropriate National requirements (AIP); CT5.1
to the airspace structure International requirements; Civil CT5.2
requirements; Military requirements; CT5.4
Areas of responsibility; Sectorisation; CT5.5
Airspace structure DST4
2.3. Rules of the Air
2.3.1. Provide planning, coordination 4 ICAO Annex 2 Chapter 3 CT4
and control actions appropriate CT5.1
to the General Rules CT5.2
CT5.4
CT5.5
DST4
2.3.2. Provide planning, coordination 4 ICAO Annex 2 Chapters 4 and 5 CT4
and control actions appropriate ICAO Annex 11 CT5.1
to the VFR, SVFR and IFR in ICAO Doc 4444 CT5.2
VMC and IMC CT5.4
CT5.5
DST4

Page 6 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.3.3. Provide planning, coordination 4 Responsibility for terrain clearance; CT4
and control actions appropriate Terrain clearance dimensions; CT5.1
to the rules for minimum safe Minimum safe altitudes; Transition CT5.2
height and terrain clearance level; Minimum flight level; Minimum CT5.4
sector altitude CT5.5
DST4
2.4. Flight Plans
2.4.1. Obtain flight plan information in 3 Types of FPL (RPL, CPL, AFIL, etc.); CT4
order to provide ATS Supplementary information CT8
DST4
2.4.2. Use flight plan information in 3 Types of FPL (RPL, CPL, AFIL, etc.); CT4
order to provide ATS Supplementary information CT8
DST4
2.4.3. Appreciate the pilot’s 3 Inadvertent changes; Intended DST3
responsibilities in relation to changes; Position reporting
adherence to flight plan
2.5. Special National Legislation and Procedures
2.5.1. Provide planning, coordination 4 AIP; NOTAM; AIC; LOAs; National CT2-3.3
and control actions in procedures; Local procedures; CT5.7
accordance with special National telecommunication CT7.4.2
National legislation and procedures
procedures
e.g. Security; Environmental (noise
abatement, conservation areas fuel
dumping); Sensitive areas (hospitals;
VIP residences); Priority allocation;
Special purpose codes
3. HOLDING
Learners shall describe holding patterns and procedures.
3.1. Holding Procedures for IFR Flights
3.1.1. Describe types of holding 2 Published; Non-published; Extended CT5.1
patterns CT5.3
CT5.4
3.1.2. Describe the use of holding 2 Effect of speed, effect of level used, CT5.1
effect of navigation aid in use, etc. CT5.3
CT5.4
3.1.3. Describe the purpose of holding 2 Traffic management, weather, CT5.1
ICAO Doc 4444, ICAO Doc 8168 CT5.3
CT5.4

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 7


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3.1.4. Describe an ICAO holding 2 ICAO Doc 8168 - Parts of an IFR CT5.1
pattern holding pattern; Entry/exit procedures; CT5.3
Dimensions of patterns; Protected CT5.4
airspace; Holding areas; Alignment;
Rates of turns; Holding times; Expect
further clearance; Expected Approach
Times (EATs)
3.2. Holding Procedures for VFR Flights

3.2.1. Describe the purpose of VFR 2


holding
3.2.2. Describe the principles of VFR 2
holding

Page 8 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 3: AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

The general objective is:


Learners shall manage air traffic to ensure safe, orderly and expeditious services.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AND AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT
Learners shall provide the appropriate services.
1.1. Air Traffic Control (ATC) Service
1.1.1. Provide the appropriate ATC 4 ICAO Annex 11; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
service ICAO Doc 4444; National docs; CT5
Operation manuals
1.1.2. Appreciate own area of 3 CT5.0
responsibility CT5.4
1.2. Flight Information Service (FIS)
1.2.1. Relay appropriate information 3 Traffic information; Essential traffic CT3.1
concerning the location of information CT5.5
other conflicting traffic
1.2.2. Provide FIS 4 ICAO Doc 4444 CT3.1
CT5.5
1.2.3. Use radar for the provision of 3 ICAO Doc 4444; Information to
FIS identified aircraft concerning: traffic,
navigation, e.g. weather
1.3. Alerting Service (ALRS)
1.3.1. Provide ALRS 4 e.g. ICAO Doc 4444 - Special codes; CT7.4
Seek assistance (TRM); Checklist;
National legislation/requirements;
Overdue action; Emergency action;
Uncertainty; Alert; Distress
1.3.2. Respond to distress and 3 ICAO Annex 10 CT3.1
urgency messages and signals ICAO Doc 4444 CT3.2
CT7
1.3.3. Coordinate with RCC if 4 CT3.2
required in specific cases CT7.5.3
CT7.5.4
1.3.4. Provide ALRS using radar- 4
derived information

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 9


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1.4. Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM)
1.4.1. Appreciate principles of ATFM 3 e.g. Working principles of ATFM, FUA, CT2.4.2
free flight, etc. CT5.0.2
CT8
DST5.2
1.4.2. Apply flow management 3 CT4
procedures DST5.2
CT8.1
1.4.3. Organise traffic flows and 4 e.g. Civil and Military; Controlled; CT5.0
patterns to take account of Uncontrolled; Advisory; Restricted; CT5.4
airspace boundaries Danger; Prohibited; Special rules; CT8.1
Sector boundaries; National
boundaries; FIR boundaries;
Delegated airspace; Transfer of
control; Transfer of communications;
En-route; Off-route
1.4.4. Organise traffic flows and 4 CT5.0
patterns to take account of CT5.4
areas of responsibility CT8.1
1.4.5. Balance demand against 5 e.g. capacity of adjacent sectors, DST5
capacity capacity of own sector, evaluation of
personal traffic load, evaluation of
other sources of predicted traffic load
1.4.6. Inform supervisor of situation 3 e.g. Abnormal situations, decrease in IST1
sector capacity, limitations on systems
and equipment, changes in workload/
capacity, relevant information
(e.g. reported ground-based incidents,
forest fire, smoke, oil pollution),
unusual meteorological conditions
1.4.7. Organise traffic flows and 4 CT4.1
patterns to take account of CT5.4
radar coverage CT8.1
1.5. Airspace Management (ASM)
1.5.1. Appreciate the principles of 3 e.g. FUA, ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 3, CT2.4.2
ASM EUROCONTROL ASM HBK - Airspace DST5.2
Management Handbook for the CT4.1.2
application of FUA CT8
1.5.2. Organise traffic to take 4 Conditional routes CT5.4
account of ASM CT8.1
CT4.1

Page 10 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2. COMMUNICATION
Learners shall integrate approved phraseology into effective communication.
2.1. Effective Communication
2.1.1. Use approved phraseology 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 12; CT3.1
ICAO Doc 9432 RTF manual; CT3.2
Standards words and phrases as
contained in ICAO Annex 10 Vol 2
Chapter 5; National phraseology
2.1.2. Perform communication 3 Transmission techniques, CT3.1
effectively ICAO Annex 1 Language Proficiency CT3.2
2.1.3. Analyse examples of pilot and 4 CT3.1
controller communication for CT3.2
effectiveness
2.2. Phraseology for Unusual Events
2.2.1. Use approved phraseology 3 Distress; Urgency; Hijack; Radio
failure; Meteorological hazards; etc.
2.2.2. Apply change of 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
radiotelephony call sign
2.2.3. Analyse examples of pilot and 4 Best practices in handling of unusual CT3.1
controller communication for events CT3.2
effectiveness (in case of
unusual events)
2.2.4. Interpret the rules to provide 5 e.g. Receiver only, transmitter only, CT3.1
an effective service where speechless aircraft, incomplete CT3.2
approved phraseology is not messages, etc.
available
3. ATC CLEARANCES AN D ATC INSTRUCTIONS
Learners shall provide appropriate clearances and instructions and shall integrate them
in the provision of control service.
3.1. ATC Clearances
3.1.1. Issue appropriate ATC 3 CT5
clearances
3.1.2. Integrate appropriate ATC 4
clearances in control service
3.2. ATC Instructions
3.2.1. Issue appropriate ATC 3 CT4
instructions CT5
3.2.2. Integrate appropriate ATC 4
instructions in control service

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 11


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
4. COORDINATION
Learners shall select and apply appropriate coordination.
4.1. Necessity

4.1.1. Identify the need for 3 CT4


coordination CT3
4.2. Tools and Methods
4.2.1. Use the available tools for 3 e.g. Electronic transfer of flight data; CT4
coordination Telephone; Interphone; Intercom; CT3
Direct speech; Radiotelephone (RTF);
Local agreements, ICAO Doc 4444
4.3. Coordination Procedures
4.3.1. Initiate appropriate 3 Delegation/transfer of responsibility for CT4
coordination air-ground communications and CT3
separation, release point, transfer of
control, etc.
ICAO Doc 4444
4.3.2. Analyse effect of coordination 4 Delegation/transfer of responsibility for
requested by an adjacent air-ground communications and
operational position separation, release point, transfer of
control, etc.
4.3.3. Select, after negotiation, an 5 Including the cases:
appropriate course of action
When additional traffic cannot be
accepted by adjacent control position;
When additional traffic cannot be
accepted by own control position
4.3.4. Ensure the agreed course of 4
action is carried out
4.3.5. Coordinate in the provision of 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 10 CT4
FIS
4.3.6. Coordinate in the provision of 4 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 10 CT4
ALRS

Page 12 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
5. ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION
Learners shall calculate and allocate appropriate levels to aircraft.
5.1. Altimetry
5.1.1. Calculate appropriate levels 3 e.g. Transition level, transition altitude, CT4
transition layer, height, flight level, CT5
altitude, vertical distance to airspace
boundaries
5.1.2. Allocate levels (height, altitude, 4 ICAO Doc 8168 CT4
flight level) according to CT5
altimetry data
5.1.3. Ensure separations according 4 e.g. Transition level, transition altitude, CT4
to altimetry data transition layer, height, flight level, CT5
altitude, vertical distance to airspace
boundaries
5.2. Terrain Clearance
5.2.1. Integrate safe vertical distance 4 e.g. Lowest available flight level, CT4
from terrain into control minimum safe altitude, minimum sector CT5
actions altitude

5.2.2. Ensure safe vertical distance 4 e.g. Radar vectoring area, lowest CT4
from terrain available flight level; minimum safe CT5
altitude
6. SEPARATION STANDARDS
Learners shall select and maintain appropriate separation between aircraft.
6.1. Vertical Separation
6.1.1. Provide standard vertical 4 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
separation Level allocation; During climb/descent; CT5.1
Rate of climb/descent; RVSM CT5.3
DST4
6.1.2. Provide increased vertical 4 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
separation Level allocation; During climb/descent; CT5.1
Rate of climb/descent CT5.3
DST4
6.1.3. Provide reduced vertical 4 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
separation Level allocation; During climb/descent; CT5.1
Rate of climb/descent CT5.3
DST4

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 13


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
6.1.4. Provide emergency vertical 4 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
separation Level allocation; During climb/descent; CT5.1
Rate of climb/descent CT5.3
DST4
6.1.5. Provide vertical separation in 4 Into/out of radar cover; CT4
a radar environment Mode-C derived information CT5.1
CT5.3
6.2. Horizontal Separation
6.2.1. Provide longitudinal 4 Within radar coverage; Speed control;
separation in a radar Mach number speed control
environment
6.3. Delegation of Separation

6.3.1. Delegate separation in the 4


case of aircraft continuing
visually
6.3.2. Delegate separation to pilots 4
in the case of VMC
climb/descent
6.4. Wake Turbulence Separation
6.4.1. Provide wake turbulence 4 CT5.1
separation
6.5. Radar Separation

6.5.1. Describe how radar separation 2 On an analogue radar display, on a


is applied synthetic radar display, between
primary radar blips, between
secondary radar responses, primary vs
secondary Radar Position Symbols
(RPS)
6.5.2. Provide radar separation 4 ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO Doc 7030; CT4
Standard; Increased; Reduced; CT5.1
Emergency separations; Speed DST4
control; National procedures
6.5.3. Provide radar separation by 4 e.g. transit, meteorological
practising radar vectoring in a phenomena, vectoring for approach,
variety of situations departure vs transit vs arrival

Page 14 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
7. COLLISION AVOIDANCE AND SAFETY NETS
Learners shall respond to any type of collision avoidance system notification.
7.1. Airborne
7.1.1. Respond to pilot notification of 3 ACAS; GPWS
actions based on airborne
systems warnings
7.2. Ground
7.2.1. Respond to ground-based 3 MTCA; STCA; MSAW; etc.
collision avoidance system
warnings
8. DATA DISPLAY
Learners shall analyse data in order to manage air traffic.
8.1. Data Management
8.1.1. Update the data display to 3 e.g. Information displayed, strip DST3
accurately reflect the traffic marking procedures, electronic CT4
situation information data displays, actions DST4
based on traffic display information,
calculation of EETs
8.1.2. Analyse pertinent data on data 4 CT5.0
displays
8.1.3. Organise pertinent data on 4 CT5.0
data displays
81.4. Process pertinent data on data 3
displays
9. OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Learners shall recognise and maintain the integrity of the simulated operational
environment.
9.1. Integrity of the Operational Environment
9.1.1. Obtain information concerning 3 e.g. Briefing; takeover, handover, DST1
the operational environment notices, local orders, verify information DST6.2
9.1.2. Check and maintain the 3 e.g. Integrity of displays; Verify the DST1
integrity of the operational information provided by displays; etc.
environment
9.1.3. Transfer information to the 3 e.g. Briefing; takeover, handover, DST1
relieving controller notices, local orders, verify information

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 15


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
9.2. Verification of the Currency of Operational Procedures
9.2.1. Check all relevant 3 e.g. Briefing; LOAs; NOTAM; AICs DST1
documentation before
managing traffic
9.2.2. Manage traffic in accordance 4 DST1
with procedural changes
10. PROVISION OF CONTROL SERVICE
Learners shall provide an appropriate control service, applicable to the APS
rating/endorsement
10.1. Responsibility and Processing of Information
10.1.1. Describe the division of 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 4;
responsibility between air National requirements
traffic control units
10.1.2. Describe the responsibility in 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 16;
regard to military traffic National requirements
10.1.3. Obtain operational information 3 ICAO Doc 4444;
Local operational manuals
10.1.4. Interpret operational 5
information
10.1.5. Organise forwarding of 4
operational information
10.1.6. Integrate operational 4
information into control
decisions
10.2. Control Service with Radar
10.2.1. Explain the responsibility for 2 ICAO Doc 4444;
the provision of radar control ICAO Annex 11;
service appropriate to APS Local operational manuals
rating/endorsement
10.2.2. Explain the functions that can 2 ICAO Doc 4444
be performed with the use of
Sequencing; speed control; holding;
radar-derived information
arriving, departing and/or transit traffic,
EATs

Page 16 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
11. HOLDING
Learners shall manage holding traffic.
11.1. Holding
11.1.1. Use holding patterns 3 ICAO Doc 4444; CT5.1
Separation from holding patterns CT5.3
CT5.4
11.1.2. Issue holding instructions 3

11.1.3. Consider the effect of: wind, 2


aircraft, speed, rate of turn,
height, aircraft type, aircraft
performance
11.1.4. Allocate holding levels 4
11.1.5. Provide vertical separation 4
between aircraft in a holding
pattern
11.1.6. Provide vertical separation 4
between aircraft in a holding
pattern and transiting aircraft
11.1.7. Calculate Expected 3
Approach Times (EATs)
11.1.8. Provide separation between 4
aircraft in a holding pattern
and departing traffic
11.1.9. Update EATs 3
11.1.10. Manage holding traffic on 4
intermediate approach
procedures
11.1.11. Organise the traffic landing 4 Change of sequence due to: aircraft
sequence in a holding performance, aircraft approach
pattern capability, ILS categories,
e.g. company preference
11.1.12. Manage holding traffic on 4
final approach procedures
11.1.13. Provide holding levels for 4
traffic returning to the holding
pattern following a missed
approach

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 17


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
11.2. Holding in a Radar Environment
11.2.1. Provide vectors to aircraft 4
entering a holding pattern

11.2.2. Ensure vertical separation 4


exists before radar separation
is lost
11.2.3. Provide vectors to transiting 4
aircraft to ensure radar
separation from a holding area
11.2.4. Provide vectors to aircraft 4
leaving a holding pattern

11.2.5. Ensure re-identification of 4


aircraft leaving a holding
pattern
11.2.6. Maintain vertical separation 3
until radar separation is
established
12. RADAR IDENTIFICATION
Learners shall:
i. establish and maintain radar identification;
ii. respond to a loss of radar identification.
12.1. Establishment of Radar Identification
12.1.1. Apply the methods of 3 ICAO Doc 4444
establishing radar identification
using primary radar
12.1.2. Appreciate the precautions 3
when establishing radar
identification using primary
radar
12.1.3. Apply methods of establishing 3
radar identification using
secondary radar
12.1.4. Appreciate the precautions 3
when establishing radar
identification using secondary
radar
12.1.5. Apply procedures in the case 3
of misidentification

Page 18 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
12.2. Maintenance of Radar Identification
12.2.1. Appreciate the necessity to 3
maintain radar identification
12.3. Loss of Radar Identity
12.3.1. Appreciate when an aircraft 3 e.g. Out of radar coverage,
identification is lost or in doubt loss of radar service, weather clutter,
other clutter, garbling, etc.
12.3.2. Apply methods to re-establish 3
radar identification
12.3.3. Respond to loss/doubt 3 Non-radar procedures
concerning radar identification
12.4. Position Information
12.4.1. Appreciate the circumstances 3
when radar position
information should be passed
to the aircraft
12.5. Transfer of Identity
12.5.1. Apply the methods of transfer 3
of radar identification
12.5.2. Appreciate the precautions 3
when transferring radar
identification

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 19


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 20 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 4: METEOROLOGY

The general objective is:


Learners shall acquire, decode and make proper use of Meteorological information relevant
to the provision of ATS.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA
Learners shall analyse and take account of meteorological phenomena in control
actions.
1.1. Planning and Coordination
1.1.1. Analyse data about 4 Wind; Clouds; Precipitation; Pressure CT5.1
meteorological phenomena settings; Thunderstorms; Icing; CT5.2
Jetstreams; Clear Air Turbulence (CAT); CT5.3
Turbulence; Microburst; Marked mountain
waves; Line squalls; e.g. Solar radiation
1.1.2. Integrate data into planning 4 e.g. wind, clouds, precipitation, pressure
and coordination setting
1.2. Weather Avoidance
1.2.1. Use techniques to avoid 3 Radar vectoring; level change; etc.
adverse weather when
necessary/possible
1.3. Clearances and Instructions
1.3.1. Analyse data about 4 Wind; Clouds; Precipitation; Pressure CT5.1
meteorological phenomena settings; Thunderstorms; Icing; CT5.2
Jetstreams; CAT; Turbulence; Microburst; CT5.3
Marked mountain waves; Line squalls;
e.g. Solar radiation
1.3.2. Integrate data about 4 Wind; Clouds; Precipitation; Pressure
meteorological phenomena settings; Thunderstorms; Icing;
into clearances and Jetstreams; CAT; Turbulence; Microburst;
instructions Marked mountain waves; Line squalls;
e.g. Solar radiation
1.4. Information
1.4.1. Obtain meteorological 3 Wind; Clouds; Precipitation; Pressure CT5.1
information settings; Thunderstorms; Icing; CT5.2
Jetstreams; CAT; Turbulence; Microburst; CT5.3
Marked mountain waves; Line squalls;
e.g Solar radiation

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 21


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1.4.2. Relay meteorological 3 To: Aircraft, e.g. meteorological office;
information flight information centre
1.4.3. Decode meteorological 3
information
1.4.4. Analyse data about 4
meteorological phenomena
1.4.5. Integrate data into 4 Wind; Clouds; Precipitation; Pressure
transmitted information settings; Thunderstorms, Icing;
Jetstreams; CAT; Turbulence; Microburst;
Marked mountain waves; Line squalls;
e.g. Solar radiation

Page 22 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 5: NAVIGATION

The general objective is:


Learners shall analyse all Navigational aspects in order to organise the traffic.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

1. MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS


Learners shall use the information on maps and charts.
1.1. Maps and Charts
1.1.1. Use maps and charts for planning 3
and coordination purposes

2. APPLIED NAVIGATION
Learners shall evaluate the status of navigational systems and integrate this into control
decisions.
2.1. Pilot Interpreted Ground-based Systems
2.1.1. Anticipate the behaviour of aircraft 4 e.g. limitations, status CT6
according to the operational status DST5
of navigational ground-based
systems
2.2. On-board Systems
2.2.1. Anticipate the behaviour of aircraft 4 e.g. limitations
according to the operational status
of navigational on-board systems
2.3. Satellite-based Systems
2.3.1. Anticipate the behaviour of aircraft 4 GNSS, e.g. GPS; GLONASS
according to the operational status
of navigational satellite-based
systems
2.4. Future Developments
2.4.1. Be informed about existing projects 0 e.g. Briefing, Seminars, Courses, DST6
and developments which will Workshops, Technical journals,
impact on the work in the future Aviation journals

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 23


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.5. Navigational Assistance
2.5.1. Evaluate the necessary information 5 e.g. Nearest most suitable CT7.5
to be provided to pilots in need of aerodrome; Track; Heading;
navigational assistance Distance; Aerodrome information;
Any other navigational assistance
relevant at the time
2.5.2. Assist aircraft observed to be 3
deviating from its known intended
route

Page 24 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 6: AIRCRAFT

The general objective is:


Learners shall assess Aircraft performance to integrate it into traffic organisation.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS
Learners shall integrate the information provided by the pilot into the traffic situation.
1.1. Aircraft Instruments
1.1.1. Integrate the information 4 Flight instruments; Engine instruments; CT5.1
provided by the pilot into the Navigational instruments; e.g. NDB CT5.2
traffic situation (ADF); VOR (TACAN); DME; ILS; CT5.3
MLS; Additional instruments; TCAS;
SSR transponder; Head up display;
GPWS; Wind shear indicator; Weather
radar; FMS; EFIS
1.1.2. Explain the operation of 2 e.g. Radios (number of); Emergency CT3
aircraft radio equipment radios; SELCAL
1.1.3. Explain the operation of 2 Transponders: equipment Mode A,
transponder equipment Mode C, Mode S
1.1.4. Explain the operation of 2
CPDLC
2. AIRCRAFT TYPES AN D CATEGORIES
Learners shall characterise wake turbulence and ICAO approach categories.
2.1. Wake Turbulence Categories
2.1.1. Characterise each wake 2 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapters 4 and 8; CT5.1
turbulence category and National wake turbulence categories CT5.2
explain how to prevent their
effect on other aircraft
2.2. ICAO Approach Categories
2.2.1. Characterise each ICAO 2 ICAO Doc 8168 Part 3 CT5.1
approach category and CT5.2
explain why procedures are
established accordingly
2.2.2. Consider ICAO approach 2 Categories A, B, C, D, E, F
aircraft categories for
planning purposes

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 25


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3. FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE
Learners shall integrate aircraft performance factors in the provision of control service.
3.1. Climb
3.1.1. Integrate the effect of factors 4 CT5.1
affecting aircraft (a/c) during CT5.2
climb into the analysis of
traffic situations
3.2. Descent and Initial Approach
3.2.1. Integrate the effect of factors 4 CT5.1
affecting a/c during descent CT5.2
and initial approach into the
analysis of traffic situations
3.3. Final Approach and Landing
3.3.1. Estimate the influence of 3 Aircraft configuration; Weight;
factors affecting a/c during Meteorological conditions; Runway
final approach and landing conditions
descent
3.3.2. Integrate the influence of 4 CT5.1
factors affecting a/c during CT5.2
final approach and landing
descent in the management
of the traffic
3.4. Economic Factors
3.4.1. Integrate consideration of 4 Routing; Flight level; Speed; Rates of CT5.1
economic factors into control climb or descent CT5.2
actions CT5.7
3.4.2. Use continuous climb 3 CT5.5
techniques where applicable CT5.7
3.4.3. Use direct routing where 3 CT5.5
applicable CT5.7
3.5. Miscellaneous Factors
3.5.1. Integrate operational 4 e.g. Military flying; Calibration flights; CT5.1
requirements into planning Aerial photography CT5.2
3.5.2. Integrate factors affecting a/c 4 Message relays regarding performance CT4
into planning
3.5.3. Explain the effect of antenna 2 CT3
shadowing on RTF
communications
3.5.4. Explain the effect of antenna 2
shadowing on SSR operation

Page 26 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3.6. Ecological Factors
3.6.1. Integrate ecological 4 e.g. Fuel dumping; Noise abatement CT5.1
restrictions into traffic procedures; Minimum flight levels CT5.2
planning and control actions CT5.7
4. AIRCRAFT DATA
Learners shall integrate aircraft performance data into control decisions.
4.1. Performance Data
4.1.1. Apply control actions relevant 3 Rate of climb/descent; cruising speed; CT5.1
to typical aircraft types and Ceiling; Turn inertia; etc. CT5.2
performance data
4.1.2. Integrate the average 4 Performance data under a CT5.1
performance data for the representative variety of circumstances CT5.2
provision of control service
4.1.3. Identify potential or actual 3 CT5.1
emergency situations CT5.2

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 27


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 28 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 7: HUMAN FACTORS

The general objective is:


Learners shall:
i. recognise the necessity to constantly extend their knowledge,
ii. analyse factors which affect personal and team performance.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

1. PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
Learners shall relate psychological factors to the decision-making process.
1.1. Cognitive
1.1.1. Describe the factors which 2 e.g. Stress; Learning; Knowledge; CT1
influence decision-making Fatigue; Alcohol/drugs; Distraction; CT2
Interpersonal relations; Team
Resource Management (TRM)
1.1.2. Relate human factors to 4
decision-making
2. MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS
Learners shall respond to fatigue and lack of personal fitness in the performance of
their duties.
2.1. Fatigue

2.1.1. Describe the onset of fatigue 2 e.g. Lack of concentration;


Listlessness; Irritability; Frustration
2.1.2. Recognise the onset of fatigue 1
in self
2.1.3. Recognise the onset of fatigue 1
in others
2.1.4. Respond to indications of 3
fatigue in an appropriate
manner
2.2. Fitness
2.2.1. Recognise signs of lack of 1
personal fitness
2.2.2. Describe actions when aware 2
of a lack of personal fitness

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 29


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3. SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS
Learners shall develop teamwork attitudes
3.1. Human Relations
3.1.1. Apply social and organisational 3
factors to work with other team
members
3.2. Team Resource Management (TRM)
3.2.1. State the objectives of TRM 1 Suggested reference: EATCHIP
‘Guidelines for Developing and
Implementing Team Resource
Management’
3.3. Group Dynamics
3.3.1. Identify the professional 3 CT7
relationships between
members of the group
3.3.2. Identify the reasons for conflict 3
3.3.3. Describe actions to prevent 2
human conflicts.
3.3.4. Take account of TRM 2 TRM; CISM
programmes
3.3.5. Respond to the application of 3 e.g. Role of members, allocation of CT5.5
TRM techniques responsibilities within the team, CT6
benefits of having other team CT7.1
members to rely on, safety aspects, DST1
assistance in abnormal situations, DST5
TRM
4. COMMUNICATION
Learners shall:
i. accurately complete written reports;
ii. express themselves clearly so as to be understood by other team members and
colleagues.
4.1. Written Work
4.1.1. Record information by writing 3 e.g. Strips; Reports; Log-books CT7
effectively DST3
4.1.2. Pass information by writing 3 e.g. Strips; Reports; Log-books CT7
effectively DST3

Page 30 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
4.2. Verbal/non-verbal Communication
4.2.1. Recognise human 1 e.g. Different languages; Air traffic
communication theory language
4.2.2. Characterise the factors which 2 e.g. Speed of speech; Frequency;
affect verbal communication Volume; Background noise
4.2.3. Characterise non-verbal 2 e.g. Body language; Facial
communication expressions
4.2.4. Use language effectively in the 3 CT3
practice of ATC CT4
CT7
DST4
5. STRESS
Learners shall integrate stress management procedures in the performance of their
duties.
5.1. Stress
5.1.1. Recognise the effects of stress 1 Stress and its symptoms in self and CT7.1
in others DST5
5.2. Helplessness
5.2.1. Respond to feelings of 3 Normal/abnormal situations CT7.1
helplessness
5.3. Stress Management
5.3.1. Act to relieve or minimise 3 The effect of personality in coping CT7.1
stress in self and/or others with stress; The benefits of active
stress management
5.3.2. Obtain assistance in stressful 3 TRM; CISM; The benefits of CT7.1
situations offering and accepting help in
stress situations
5.3.3. Recognise the effect of 1 Self and others; Abnormal CT7.1
shocking and stressful events situations; CISM; TRM
5.3.4. Consider the benefits of 2 CT5.5
Critical Incident Stress CT7.1
Management (CISM)
5.3.5. Explain the procedures used 2 CISM;
following an incident/accident National/local procedures and/or
regulations; Counselling; Human
element

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 31


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
6. HUMAN ERROR
Learners shall be able to discuss the concept of human error in the appropriate
environment.
6.1. Human Error
6.1.1. Explain the relationship 2 Number and combination of errors,
between error and safety pro-active versus reactive
approach to discovery of error
6.1.2. Differentiate between the types 2 e.g. Slips; Lapses; Mistakes;
of error Violations
6.1.3. Differentiate between errors 2
and violations
6.1.4. Describe error-prone 2 e.g. increase in traffic
conditions
7. WORKING METHODS
Learners shall discuss the effect of human factors consideration on efficiency.
7.1. Efficiency
7.1.1. Consider, from a human 2 Own and others workload, OJT, CT8
factors point of view, the customer requirements, economy,
factors affecting efficiency in ecology, safety
the provision of air traffic
control
8. WORKING KNOWLEDGE
Learners shall maintain and update professional knowledge.
8.1. Controller Knowledge
8.1.1. Maintain and update 3 e.g. Briefing; LOAs; NOTAM; AICs; DST6
professional knowledge to Reports of accident/incident; DST1
retain competence in the VOLMET; ATIS; SIGMET
operational environment

Page 32 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 8: EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

The general objective is:


Learners shall:
i. demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the basic working principles of Equipment
that is in general use in ATS;
ii. select and operate the appropriate Equipment in order to provide a safe and efficient
ATC service in a simulated environment;
iii. understand the significance of Equipment and Systems limitations.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. GENERAL
Learners shall be familiar with typical equipment to be found in a control environment.
1.1. ATC Equipment
1.1.1. Maintain the technical integrity 3 Notification procedures; DST4
of the operational position Responsibilities
1.1.2. Operate the various items of 3 Electronic displays; Flight progress DST3
equipment in the simulator board (strip display); Meaning of
colours
1.1.3. Operate all available equipment 3 CT7
in unusual/emergency
situations
1.2. Controller Knowledge
1.2.1. Explain the importance of 2 DST6
maintaining professional
knowledge concerning new
equipment
1.2.2. List the available means to 1 e.g. Briefing; Seminars; Courses; DST6
maintain professional Workshops; Technical journals;
knowledge Aviation journals; Familiarisation
flights
2. RADIO
Learners shall correctly operate the radio and direction finding equipment.
2.1. Radio Theory
2.1.1. Consider radio range 2 Transfer to another frequency; CT4
Apparent radio failure; Failure to CT1
establish radio contact

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 33


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.2. Radio Communications
2.2.1. Operate two-way 3 Equipment; Procedures; Frequency CT4
communication selection; All available equipment in CT7
unusual/emergency situations
2.2.2. Check for indications of correct 3 Indicator lights; Serviceability displays;
operation of radio equipment Selector/frequency displays
2.2.3. Check for faulty operation of 3 Indicator lights; Serviceability displays;
radio equipment Selector/frequency displays
2.2.4. Initiate corrective action when 3 In accordance with local instructions
faulty operation is detected and procedures
2.3. Direction Finding
2.3.1. Measure and decode direction 3 e.g. ADF/UDF/VDF; QDM; QDR; QTE CT6
finding information
2.3.2. Operate direction finding 3 ADF/UDF/VDF CT6
information to assist in
managing a safe orderly and
expeditious flow of traffic
3. OTHER VOICE COMMUNICATIONS
Learners shall operate the communication equipment.
3.1. ATC Communications
3.1.1. Operate telephone, interphone 3 In accordance with local instructions CT4
and intercom equipment and procedures DST4
4. FUTURE EQUIPMENT
Learners shall be aware of known future developments.
4.1. New Developments
4.1.1. Be aware of future 0 e.g. Voice recognition, Mode S CT3
developments
5. AUTOMATION IN ATS
Learners shall extract appropriate information from automated data.
5.1. Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network (AFTN)
5.1.1. Identify and decode the 3 e.g. Aircraft movement messages;
information disseminated NOTAM; SNOWTAM; BIRDTAM; etc.
through AFTN
5.2. Automatic Data Interchange
5.2.1. Operate automatic data transfer 3 e.g. OLDI
equipment

Page 34 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
6. CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION
Learners shall identify and operate the equipment and obtain the information provided.
6.1. General
6.1.1. Operate the equipment of the 3 DST1
controller working position
6.2. Information Systems
6.2.1. Check availability of information 3 DST1
material
6.3. Flight Data Systems
6.3.1. Identify and obtain the flight 3 CT4
data information at controller DST4
working position
7. EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS
Learners shall understand the significance of equipment and systems limitations.
7.1. Equipment and Systems Limitations
7.1.1. Take account of the limitations 2 DST5
of equipment and systems
8. RADAR
Learners shall use the radar equipment.
8.1. Use of Radars
8.1.1. Operate radar equipment 3 Switch on and adjust settings in
accordance with local instructions
8.1.2. Operate appropriate anti-clutter 3 In accordance with local instructions;
devices Weather clutter; Permanent echoes;
Unwanted targets
8.1.3. Analyse the information 4 Labels, video maps, etc.
provided by the radar
equipment
8.2. Secondary Radar
8.2.1. Explain code management 2 Normal codes; Special codes; CT4
International; National; Local DST4
8.2.2. Allocate codes 4 CT4
DST4

8.2.3. Appreciate the use of Mode S 3 Data which can be exchanged, CT3.3
limitations, advantages,
disadvantages

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 35


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 36 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 9: PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

The general objective is:


Learners shall identify the need for close cooperation with other parties concerning ATM
operations and the importance of environmental protection.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Learners shall enhance their knowledge and understanding of ATC.
1.1. Contributors to ATS operations
1.1.1. Characterise civil and military 2 Familiarisation visits to e.g. TWR, APP,
ATS activities ACC, AIS, RCC, Air Defence Units
1.1.2. Characterise other parties 2 Familiarisation visits to e.g. engineering
interfacing with ATS services, fire and emergency services,
operations airline operations offices
1.2. Customer Relations
1.2.1. Identify the role of ATC as a 3 e.g. familiarisation flights, flight
service provider and the simulator visits, liaison visits to airline
requirements of the ATS and/or airfield operators
users
1.3. Environmental Protection
1.3.1. Describe the processes used 2 e.g. night curfews, relations with local
to ensure environmental community, relations with environmental
protection associations, relevant administrations

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 37


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 38 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 10: UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

The general objective is:


Learners shall manage air traffic in Unusual/Emergency Situations.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. UNUSUAL/EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

1.1. General
1.1.1. List aircraft failures and 1 e.g. the 16 situations from the EATM
unusual/emergency situations deliverable plus airframe failure,
CESAVAC flights, GPWS alerts
1.1.2. Apply the procedures for given 3
unusual/emergency situations
1.2. Radio Failure
1.2.1. Apply procedures when a 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
controller experiences complete
or partial failure of ground radio
communication equipment
1.2.2. Apply the procedures to be 3 ICAO Doc 7030
followed when a pilot
e.g. Civil, military, special National
experiences complete or partial
radio failure procedures

1. 3. Diversions
1.3.1. Provide flight information to 4 e.g. Nearest most suitable
diverting emergency aircraft aerodrome; Aerodrome information
1.3.2. Provide flight information to 4 e.g. Concerning an emergency
other aircraft descent
1.3.3. Perform appropriate 3 e.g. Other sectors and ATC units,
coordination etc.
1.3.4. Provide navigational assistance 4 Track/heading; Distance; Other
to diverting emergency aircraft navigational assistance
1.3.5. Provide radar vectoring to 4
diverting emergency aircraft

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 39


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1.4. Unlawful Interference and Aircraft Bomb Threat
1.4.1. Apply ATC procedures 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
associated with unlawful
interference and aircraft bomb
threat
1.5. Strayed or Unidentified Aircraft
1.5.1. Apply the procedures in the 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
case of strayed aircraft
1.5.2. Apply the procedures in the 3 ICAO Doc 4444 Chapter 15
case of unidentified aircraft
1.6. Transponder Failure
1.6.1. Apply procedures in the event 3 e.g. Total, Partial; National
of a SSR transponder failure regulations; ICAO Doc 4444; ICAO
Doc 7030
1.7. Radar Vectoring Outside Controlled Airspace
1.7.1. Explain the circumstances 2 Weather avoidance, emergency,
which may require aircraft to be traffic avoidance, pilot request
vectored out of controlled
airspace
1.7.2. Apply procedures regarding 3 e.g. Coordination, information to
vectoring out of control airspace aircraft

Page 40 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 11: DEGRADED SYSTEMS CAPABILITY

The general objective is:


Learners shall integrate system degradation procedures in the management of air traffic.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

1. COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT
Learners shall ensure the transfer of data by alternative methods.

1.1. Ground-Air Radio Equipment

1.1.1. Identify that ground radio 3 e.g. VHF; UHF; HF


equipment has degraded

1.1.2. Provide information to aircraft 4


using standby/backup equipment

1.2. Ground-Ground Equipment

1.2.1. Identify that equipment has 3 e.g. Telephone; Interphone;


degraded Intercom

1.2.2. Provide information to adjacent 4


sectors by using standby/backup
equipment

1.3. Datalink Equipment

1.3.1. Identify that datalink equipment 3 e.g. Mode S; Automatic data


has degraded transfer; Automatic coordination

1.3.2. Use alternative methods of 3 e.g. Ground-air radio


transferring data between
ground and aircraft

1.3.3. Use alternative methods of 3 e.g. Telephone; Direct pointing;


transferring data between units/ Intercom
workstations

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 41


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task

2. SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT
Learners shall respond to degradation of surveillance equipment.

2.1. Partial or Total Degradation


2.1.1. Identify that surveillance 3 Partial power failure; Loss of certain
equipment has degraded facilities; Total failure

2.1.2. Integrate remedial procedures 4 e.g. Inform adjacent sectors; Inform


and/or techniques aircraft; Apply vertical separation
(emergency, increased); Increased
radar separation; Reduce the
number of aircraft entering area of
responsibility; Transfer aircraft to
another unit

3. PROCESSING SYSTEMS
Learners shall respond to degradation in the processing systems associated with the
surveillance equipment.

3.1. ATC Processing System Degradation

3.1.1. Identify a processing system 3 e.g. FPS; RDPS; Software


degradation processing of surveillance display

3.1.2. Integrate appropriate procedure 4 e.g. National procedures; Local unit


following a processing system procedures
degradation

4. NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
Learners shall respond to the degradation of non-surveillance navigation equipment.

4.1. Navigational Aid Degradation


4.1.1. Identify when a navigational 3 e.g. VOR; Navigational aids
equipment failure will affect
operational ability

4.1.2. Integrate appropriate procedures 4 e.g. Vertical separation (standard,


in the event of a navigational emergency); Other non-radar
equipment failure separation (geographical, visual);
Inform aircraft; Seek assistance
from adjacent units

Page 42 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

SUBJECT 12: AERODROMES

The general objective is:


Learners shall recognise and understand the design and layout of Aerodromes.

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
1. GENERAL

1.1. Definitions
1.1.1. Describe the general layout of an 2 ICAO Annex 14
aerodrome
1.1.2. Define aerodrome data 1 ICAO Annex 14 Chapter 2
e.g. Aerodrome elevation;
Reference point; Apron; Movement
area; Manoeuvring area
1.2. Coordination
1. 2.1. Identify the information that has 3 Airport conditions; Fire/rescue CT4
to be passed between Air Traffic category; Condition of ground
Services (ATS) and the airport equipment and NAVAIDs; AIRAC;
authority ICAO Annex 14
2. MOVEMENT AREA

2.1. Movement Area


2.1.1. Describe movement area 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.1.2. Explain the marking of obstacles 2 Flags; Signs on pavement; Lights
and unusable or unserviceable
areas
2.1.3. Identify the conditions of the 3
movement area that have to be
passed to aircraft
2.2. Manoeuvring Area
2.2.1. Describe manoeuvring area 2 ICAO Annex 14
2.2.2. Describe taxiway 2

2.2.3. Describe the daylight marking on 2


taxiways
2.2.4. Describe taxiway lighting 2

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 43


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
2.3. Runways

2.3.1. Describe runway 2 Runway; Runway surface; Runway


strip; Shoulder; Runway end safety
areas; Clearways; Stopways

2.3.2. Describe instrument runway 2 ICAO Annex 14

2.3.3. Describe non-instrument runway 2 ICAO Annex 14

2.3.4. Explain declared distances 2 TORA; TODA; ASDA; LDA

2.3.5. Explain the differences between 2 Strength of pavements


ACN and PCN

2.3.6. Explain the numbering system 2 Deka degrees; Left; Centre; Right
and orientation of runways

2.3.7. Describe the daylight markings 2 e.g. Colour; Designation;


on runways Centreline; Threshold; Aiming
point; Fixed distance; Touchdown
zone; Side strip

2.3.8. Describe runway lights 2 e.g. Colour; Centreline; Intensity;


Edge; Touchdown zone; Threshold;
Barettes

2.3.9. Explain the functions of visual 2 e.g. AVASI; VASI; PAPI


landing aids

2.3.10. Describe the approach lighting 2 Centre line; cross bars;


systems Stroboscopic; Colours; Intensity
and brightness

2.3.11. Characterise the effect of 2 Damp; Wet; Water patches;


water/ice on runways Flooding; Snow; Slush; Ice

2.3.12. Describe braking action 2

2.3.13. Explain the runway visual range 2

Page 44 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

TOPIC / Sub-topic
OBJECTIVES L CONTENT Task
3. OBSTACLES

3.1. General
3.1.1. Explain the standards and 2 Obstacle limitation surfaces;
recommendations for obstacle Obstacle limitation requirements;
restrictions Objects outside the obstacle
limitation surfaces; Other obstacles
3.2. Obstacle Limitation Surfaces
3.2.1. Explain obstacle clearance 2 Outer horizontal; Conical; Inner
surfaces approach; Transitional; Inner
transitional; Balked landing;
Takeoff climb

Edition Number: 2.0 Released Issue Page 45


Guidelines for ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training
Part 3: Rating Training – Module 6: Approach Control Surveillance Rating with Radar Endorsement (APS)

Page intentionally left blank

Page 46 Released Issue Edition Number: 2.0