Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

Class - XII Class - XII 1 2

SYLLABUS 2014 - 2015

1. English Reader - Flamingo NCERT
2. English Supplementary Reader - Vistas NCERT
3. Long Reading Text - Invisible Man
Writing Skills : Advertisements, Notices, Posters.
Reader : L-1 The Last Lesson
P -1 My Mother At Sixty Six
Writing Skills : Invitations and Replies
Note - Making
Report Writing.
Letter Writing - To the Editor, Job Application
Reader : L 2 Lost Spring
P -2 An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
P-3 Keeping Quiet
Suplementary : L-2 The Tiger King
LRT : The Invisible Man
Reader : L-3 Deep Water
L-4 The Rat Trap
L-5 Indigo
P -4 A Thing of Beauty
LRT : The Invisible Man
Speaking Skills : Conversation
WritingSkills : Reports/Factual Description
Writing Articles / Speech
Reader : P -6 Aunt Jennifer's Tigers
Supplementary : L-4 The Enemy
L-5 Should Wizard Hit Mommy
Writing Skills : Letter-writing : Giving and Receiving Orders,
Information, Enquiries, Complaints
LRT : The Invisible Man
Reader : L-8 Going Places
Supplementary : L-6 On the Face of It
Reader : L-7 Evans Tries An 'O' Level
Speaking Skills : Extempore
Supplementary :
L-8 Memories of Childhood
Unseen Passages
Syllabus for I Weekly : March, April, May
Syllabus for Half Yearly : March to August
Syllabus for Pre-Board : (Entire Syllabus)
Class - XII Class - XII
Text Books
1. Mathematics Part I and II NCERT
2. Mathematics By R.D. Sharma (Dhanpat Rai Pub.)
(Reference Books)
One Paper Three Hours Marks : 100
Units Marks
I . Realations and Functions 10
II. Algebra (Matrics, Determinates) 13
III. Calculus (Continuity & Differentiability, Application 44
of Derivatives, Integrals, Differential Equations)
IV. Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry 17
V. Linear Programming 06
VI. Probability 10
Total 100
Detailed Syllabus Monthwise
March / April / May
(Including special classes)
Ch1. Relations and Functions
Types of relations, reflexive, symmetric, transitive and
equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions,
inverse of a function. Binary operations.
Ch2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions :
Definition, Range , Domain, Principal value branches. Graph,
Elementary properties.
Ch3. Matrices :
Concept, Notation, Order, Equality, Types of matrics, Zero
matrix, Transpose of a matrix, Symmetric ans Skew
Symmetric matrix, Simple, Properties of Addition,
Multiplication and scalar multiplication. Addition, Multiplication
and Scalar multiplication, row and Column operations.
Invertible matrics and proof of the uniqueness of inverse.
Ch4. Determinants :
Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3), properties of
Determinants, Minors and Cofactors, finding the area of a
, solving system of equations (2 variables and 3 variables)
by Determinant method and Matrix method.
Ch5. Continuity and differentiability :
Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite
functions, chain rule, Derivatives of implicit function,
Exponential and log function.
First weekly Exam - Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4.
Ch-5. (Continued) Parametric form, Second order. Derivative,
Rolle's th
and LMV.
Ch-6. Applications of Derivatives :
Rate of change, increasing/decreasing functions, Tangents
and normals, approximation, maxima and minima.
Ch-7. Integration :
Integration as inverse process of differentiation, Integration
by Substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Simple
integrals of the type.
x +a
2 2
x a
2 2
x a
2 2
ax + bx
2 2
+ c
ax + bx
+ c
px + q
ax + bx
+ c
ax + x
2 2
dn x + a
2 2
dn etc.
, , , ,
, ,
4 3
Class - XII Class - XII
Definite Integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental th
calculus, Basic properties of Definite Intergrals and
evaluation of definite integrals.
Ch 8. Applications of the Integrals :
Applications in finding the area under simple curves, lines,
circles, Parabola, Ellipse area between the two above said
Ch 9. Differential Equations :
Order and degree, solution of DE, formation od Differential
equation, Solution of a DE by Variable & Seperable,
Homogenous diffrent Equns. Linear D.E. of the type
+ p (x) y = q (x), where p (x) and q (x) are functions of x.
Ch 10. Linear Programming :
Introduction, constraints, objective function, optimization,
Different types of LPP, graphical method of solution for
problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible solutions,
optional feasible solutions. Half - Yearly - Chapter 1 to 9.
Ch 11. Vectors :
Vectors and scalars, Magnitude and direction of a vector.
Direction cosines/ratios. Types of vectors position vector of
a point Component of a vector, Addition of vectors,
Multiplication by a scalar, p.v. of a point dividing a line
segment in a given ratio. Scalar (Dot) / Vector (Cross)
product of vectors.
Ch 12. Three - Dimensional Geometry :
Direction cosines/ratios of a line, Cartesian and vector
equation of a line, Coplanar and skew lines, Cartesian and
vector equation of a plane. Angle between (i) two lines, (ii)
two planes. (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from a
Ch 13. Multication theorem, Conditional probability, Baye's theorem,
Random variable and its probability distribution with mean
and variance, Bionmial distributions.
Pre-Board exam : Ch - 1 to Ch - 13.
First Weekly Cycle : Ch - 1 to Ch - 4
Half Yearly Exam : Ch - 1 to Ch - 9
Pre-Board Exam : Ch - 1 to Ch - 13
As per NCF Chapter 3 and Volume I of position papers.
Recommended Textbooks
1. Physics Part-I, Textbook for XII, Published by NCERT
2. Physics Part-II, Textbook for XII, Published by NCERT
3. Fundamental of Physics (Pradeep Publications) PART 1 and
One Paper Time : 3 Hours 70 Marks
Unit I Electrostatics 08
Unit II Current Electricity 07
Unit III Magnetic effect of current and Magnetism 08
Unit IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current 08
Unit V Electromagnetic Waves 03
Unit VI Optics 14
Unit VII Dual Nature of Matter 04
Unit VIII Atoms and Nuclei 06
Unit IX Electronic Devices 07
Unit X Communication Systems 05
Total 70
5 6
Class - XII Class - XII
Unit VI : Optics
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of
light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres,
refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker's
formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in
contact. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism, rainbow
Wave optics: wave front and Huygen's principle, reflection and
refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof
of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle.
Interference, coherent sources, Young's double slit experiment and
expression for fringe width. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of
central maximum. Polarisation, plane polarised light; malus law,
Brewaster's law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids. Optical
instruments: Microscopes, astronomical telescopes (reflecting and
refracting). Magnifying powers and resolving power of microscopes
and astronomical telescopes.
Unit I : Electrostatics
Electric charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-force
between two point charges, forces between multiple charges;
superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric
field, electric field lines, electric field due to a point charge; electric
dipole, electric field due to a dipole at axial and equitorial position;
torque on a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to
find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite
plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside
and outside).
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point
charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces,
electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of
electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside
a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and
capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric
medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. Van de
Graaff generator.
Unit- II : Current Electricity
Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift
velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law,
electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear),
electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel
combinations of resistors; effect of temperature on resistance.
emf and potential difference of a cell, internal resistance of a cell,
combination of cells in series and in parallel.
Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre
Potentiometer principle and its applications to measure potential
difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal
resistance of a cell.
Unit V : Electromagnetic Waves
Di spl acement Current, El ectromagneti c waves and thei r
characteristics (qualitative ideas only).
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared,
visible, ultraviolet, X-rays gamma rays) including elementary facts
about their uses.
Unit X : Communication Systems
Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth
of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of transmission
medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere,
7 8
Class - XII Class - XII
sky and space wave propagation. Need for modulation. Production
and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave. Basic Idea about
internet, mobile, telephony and global positioning system. (GPS)
Unit III : Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment.
Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire,
straight and toroidal solenoids, force between two parallel current-
carrying conductors-definitio of ampere.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field.
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving
coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter
and voltmeter.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field
intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and
perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet)
in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid,
magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples.
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent
Unit IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced emf and current;
Lenz's Law , Eddy currents.
Self and mutual inductance, displacement current.
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage;
reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only),
LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.
Unit VII : Dual Nature of Matter and Radiations
Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Experimental
observation and their significance, Hertz and Lenard's observations;
Einstein's photoelectric equation - particle nature of light.
Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson
and Germer experiment.
Unit VIII : Atoms & Nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom;
Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes isobars;
isotones. Radioactivityalpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their
properties, radioactive decay law.
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and
its variation with mass number; nuclear fission nuclear fusion.
Unit IX : Electronic Devices.
Semionductor; semiconductor diode -I-V characteristics in forward
and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, LED, photodiode, solar cell, &
Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator; Junction transistor,
transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an
amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator; Logic gates
(OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch.
Every student will perform 15 experiments (7 from section A and 8
from section B) during the academic year. Two demonstration
experiments must be performed by the teacher with participation of
students. The students will maintain a record of these demonstration
9 10
Class - XII Class - XII
1. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a
graph of potential difference versus current.
2. To find resistance of a given wire using metre bridge and hence
determine the specific resistance of its material.
3. To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel) of resistances
using a metre bridge.
4. To determine the internal resistance of given primary cell using
5. To determine resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection
method and to find its figure.
6. To compare emf of two cells by potentiometer.
7. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and
figure of merit) into an ammeter and voltmeter of desired range
and to verify the same.
1. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs
between u and v or between I/u and l/v.
2. To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
3. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by
plottiong a graph between angle of incidence and angle of
4. To draw the I-V characteristic curve of a p-n junction in forward
bias and reverse bias.
5. To draw the characteristic curve of a zener diode and to
determine its reverse break down voltage.
6. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling
7. To find refractive index of a liquid by using (i) concave mirror, (ii)
convex lens and plane mirror.
8. To study the characteristic of a common - emitter npn or pnp
transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains.
Total Periods : 180
One Paper Time : 3 Hours 70 Marks
Unit No. Title Marks
Unit I Solid State 4
Unit II Solutions 5
Unit III Electrochemistry 5
Unit IV Chemical Kinetics 5
Unit V Surface Chemistry 4
Unit VI General Principles and Processes of
Isolation of Elements 3
Unit VII p-Block Elements 8
Unit VIII d - and f - Block Elements 5
Unit IX Coordination Compounds 3
Unit X Haloakanes and Haloarenes 4
Unit XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 4
Unit XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 6
Unit XIII Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 4
Unit XIV Biomolecules 4
Unit XV Polymers 3
Unit XIV Chemistry in Every day Life 3
Total 70
11 12
Class - XII Class - XII
Unit I : The Solid State (Periods 12)
Classification of solids based on different binding forces : molecular,
ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids
(elementary idea), Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional
lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing
efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell,
point defects, electrical and magnetic properties. Band theory of
metals, conductors, semiconductors insulators and n and p type
Unit II. Solutions (Periods 12)
Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids
in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative
properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law,
elevation of boilling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic
pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative
properties, abnormal molecular mass, van't Hoff factor.
Unit III : Electrochemistry (Periods 14)
Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and
molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration.
Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary
idea), dry cell electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator.
EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its
appliccation to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change
and emf of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.
Unit IV : Chemical Kinetics (Periods 12)
Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting
rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and
molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant,
integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order
reactions), concept collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical
treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.
Unit X : Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (Periods 12)
Haloalkanes : Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and
chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical
Haloarenes : Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (Directive
influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only)
Uses and envi ronmental effects of-di chl oromethane,
trichloromethane, terachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
Unit XI : Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (Periods 12)
Alcohols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and
chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of
primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration,
uses of methanol and ethanol.
Phenols : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and
chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution
reactions, uses of phenols.
Ethers : Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and
chemical properties uses.
Unit XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (Periods 12)
Aldehydes and Ketones : Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group,
methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties,
mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in
aldehydes; uses.
Carboxylic Acids : Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of
preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit XIII Organic compounds containing Nitrogen (Periods 10)
Amines : Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of
preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification
of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
Cyanides and Isocyanides : Will be mentioned at relevant places in
13 14
Class - XII Class - XII
Diazonium salts : Preparation, chemical reactions and importance
in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit XIV : Biomolecules (Periods 12)
Carbohydrates : Cl assi fi cati on (al doses and ketoses),
monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration
oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides
(starch, cellulose, glycogen); importance.
Proteins : Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond,
polypeptides proteins, secondary tertiary structure and quaternary
structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Vitamins : Classification and functions.
Nucleic Acids : DNA and RNA.
Unit XV : Polymers (Periods 8)
Classification : natural and synthetic methods of polymerization
(addition and condensation), copolymerization, some important
polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters,
bakelite, rubber. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
Unit XVI : Chemistry in everyday life (Periods 8)
Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics,
disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids,
Chemicals in food - preservatives, artificial sweetening agents,
elementary idea of antioxidants.
Cleansing agents - soaps and dtergents, cleansing action.
Unit VII : p - Block Elements (Periods 14)
Group 15 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration,
occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical
properties; nitrogen-preparation, properties and uses; compounds
of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid,
oxides of nitrogen (Structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms,
compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of
phosphine, halides (PCl
, PCl
) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
Group 16 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration,
oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical
properties; dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and uses; classification
of oxides, Ozone. Sulphure - allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur:
Preparation, properties and uses of sulphur-dioxide; sulphuric acid:
industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of
sulphur (structures only).
Group 17 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration,
oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical
properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties and
uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds
oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
Group 18 elements : General introduction, electronic configuration.
Occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit VIII : d and f Block Elements (Periods 14)
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and
characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of
the first row transition metals metallic character, ionization enthalpy,
oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic
properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and
properties of K
and KMnO
Lanthanoids : Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical
reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids : Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison
with lanthanoids.
Unit IX : Coordination Compounds (Periods 12)
Coordination Compounds : Introduction, ligands, coordination
number, col our, magneti c proper ti es and shapes. IUPAC
nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, Bonding;
Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereo isomerism,
15 16
Class - XII Class - XII
importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion,
extraction of metals and biological systems).
Unit V : Surface Chemistry (Periods 8)
Adsorption : Physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting
adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis : homogenous and
heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal
state distinction between true solutions, and suspensions; lyophilic,
lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of
colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis,
coagulation; emulsiontypes of emulsions.
Unit VI : General Principles and Processes of Isolation of
Elements (Periods 8)
Principles and methods of extraction : concentration, oxidation,
reduction-electrolytic method and refining : occurrence and principles
of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and Iron.
Evaluation Scheme for Examination Marks
Volumetric Analysis 8
Salt Analysis 8
Content Based Experiments 6
Project work 4
Class record and Viva 4
Total 30
Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the
practical experiments. Wherever possible, such techniques
should be used.
A. Suface Chemistry (Period 6)
a) Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyohobic sol.
Lyophilic sol - starch, egg albumin and gum
Lyohobic sol - aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide,
arsenous sulphide.
b) Dialysis of sol-prepared in (a) above.
c) Study of the role of emulsifying agent in stabilizing the
emulsions of different oils.
B. Chemical Kinetics (periods 4)
a) Effect of concentration and tempreture on the rate of
reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrchloric
b) Study of reaction rates of any one the following :
(i) Reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at
room temperature using different concentration of
iodide ions.
(ii) Reaction between potassium iodate, (KIO
) and
sodium sulphite : (Na
) using starch solution
as indicator (clock reaction)
C. Thermochemistry (Periods 4)
Any one of the following experiments
(i) Enthalpy of dissolutions of copper sulphate or potassium
(ii) Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCI) and strong
bace (NaOH).
(iii) Determination of enthalpy change during interaction
(Hydrogen bond formation ) between acetone and
D. Electrochemistry (Periods 2)
Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn
/Cu with change in
concentration of electrolytes (CuSO
or ZnSO
)at room
E. Chromatography (Periods 2)
(i) Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and
flowers by paper chromatography and determination of
Rf values.
17 18
Class - XII Class - XII
(ii) Separation of constituents present in an inorganic
mixture containing two cations only (constituents having
large difference in Rf values to be provide).
F. Preparations of Inorganic Compounds (Periods 4)
(i) Preparations of double salt of ferrous ammonium
sulphate or potash alum.
(ii) Preparation of potassium ferric oxalate.
G. Preparation of Organic Compound (Periods 4)
Preparation of any two of the following compounds
(i) Acetanilide
(ii) Di-benzal acetone
(iii) p-Nitroacetanilide.
(iv) Aniline yellow or 2-Napthol aniline dye.
(v) lodoform
H. Tests for the functional groups present in organic
compound : (Periods 6)
Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic
and amino (Primary) groups.
I. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in
pure sample and their detection in given food stuffs.
(Periods 6)
J. Determination of concentration/molarity of KMnO
by titrating it against a standard solution of : (Periods 8)
(i) OXalic acid,
(ii) Ferrous ammonium sulphate
(Students will be required to prepare standerd solutions by
weighing themselves).
K. Qualitative analysis (Period 14)
Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt.
Cation - Pb
, Cu
, As
, Fe
, Mn
, Zn
, Co
, Ni
, Ca
, Ba
, Mg
, NH
2 4
, , , , , , , , , , ,
- -
(Note : Insoluble salt excluded)
Scientific investigation involving laboratory testing and collecting
information from other sources.
A Few Suggested Project
Study of presence of oxalate inos in guava fruit at different
stages of ripening.
Study of quantity of casein present in different samples of milk.
Preparation of soybean milk and its comparison with the natural
milk with respect to curd formation, effect of temperature, etc.
Study of the effect of potassium bisulphate as food preservative
under various conditions (temperature, concentration, time etc.)
Study of diagestion of starch by salivary amylase and effect of
pH and temperature on it.
Comparative study of the rate of fermentation of following
materials; wheat flour, gram flour, potato juice, carrot juice etc.
Extraction of essential oils present in Saunf (aniseed), Ajwain
(carum), Illaichi (cardamom).
Study of common food adulterants in fat, oil butter, sugar
turmeric powder, chilli powder and pepper.
Note : Any investigatory project, which involves about 10
periods of work, can be chosen with approval of the
Recommended Text books :
1. Chemistry Part -I, Published by NCERT
2. Chemistry Part-II, Published by NCERT
19 20
Class - XII Class - XII
Biology A Textbook for Class XII NCERT
Lab manual in Biology Arya Book Depot
Unit Marks
I Reproduction 14
II Genetics and Evolution 18
III Biology in Human welfare 14
IV Biotechnology and its applications 10
V Ecology and Environment 14
Total 70
I Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction in organisms :- Asexual and sexual reproduction,
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants, Structure of flower,
pollination, fertilization, structure of seed and fruit, apomyxis,
Human reproduction :- Reproductive system in male and female,
Menstrual cycle, Production of gametes, Fertilisation,
Implantation, Embryo development, pregnancy and partutition,
Reproductive health :- Birth control, Contraception, Sexually
transmitted diseases, Infertility.
II Genetics and Evolution
Mendelian Inheritance.
Chromosomal theory of inheritance, Deviation from Mendelian
ratio, (Gene interaction-Incomplete dominance, co-dominance,
multiple alleles)
Sex determination in human beings : XX,XY.
Linkage and crossing over
Inheritance patterns, Mendelian disorders, Chromosomal
disorders in human.
Syllabus for First Weekly Cycle
DNA and RNA - Search for genetic material, Replication,
Transcription, Genetic code, Translation, Gene expression and
Genome and Human genome project
DNA fingerprinting
Evolution-Origin of life, Theories and evidences, Adaptive
radiation, Mechanism of evolution, Origin and evolution of man.
III Biology in human welfare
Basic concepts of immunology, Vaccines
Pathogens, Parasites
Cancer and AIDS
Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse
Plant breeding, Tissue culture, Single cell protein, Food
production, Animal husbandry.
Microbe in household processing, industrial production, Sewage
treatment, Energy generation.
Bio-control agents, Bio-fertilisers
IV Biotechnology and its application
Principles and Processes, DNA technology
Application in health and agriculture
Genetically modified organisms
Biosafety issues
21 22
Class - XII Class - XII
V Ecology and Environment
Ecosystems :- Components, Types, Energy flow, Nutrient
cycling, Ecosystem services
Organisms and Population :- Organism and its environment,
Population and ecological adaptations.
Centres of diversity, Conservation of biodiversity , Biosphere
reserves, National parks and sanctuaries
Environmental issues
Unit 2 : Accounting for Companies
Accounting for Share Capital
Share and share capital : nature and types
Accounting for share capital : issue and allotment of equity
shares, private placement of shares, Public subscription of
shares - over subscription and under subscription of shares;
Issue at par and at premium and at discount, calls in advance
and arrears (exculding interest), issue of shares for consideration
other than cash.
Accounting treatment of forfeiture and re-issue of shares.
Disclosure of share capital in company's Balance Sheet.
Accounting for Debentures
Debenture : Issue of debentures at par, at premium and at
discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash;
Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as
collateral security-concept, interest on debentures.
Redemption of debentures : Lump sum, draw of lots and purchase
in the open market (exculding ex-interest and cum-interest).
Part-B : (i) Financial Statement Analysis
Unit 3 : Analysis of Financial Statement
1) Finanaical statement of a company : Statement of Profit and
Loss and Balance Sheet in the prescribed form with major
headings and sub headings (as per Schedule VI to the
Comanpies Act, 1956).
Scope : Exceptional Items, Extraordinary Items and Profit (loss) from
Discountinued Operations are exculded.
Financial Statement Analysis : Objectives and limitations.
Tool for Financial Statement Analysis : Comparative statements,
common size satements, cash flow analysis, ratio analysis.
Accounting Ratios : Objectives, classification and computation
Liquidity Ratios : Current ratio and Quick ratio.
Solvency Ratios : Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio,
Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coveage Ratio.
Activity Ratios : Stock Turnover, Debtors Turnover Ratio,
Creditors Turnover Ratios and Working Capital Turnover Ratios.
Profitability Ratios : Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio,
Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on
Note : As ratio analysis is managerial tool, for the computation of
profitability ratios, relevant information should be specified
whether it is a part of Statement of Profit and Loss as per
Schedule VI or not.
23 24
Class - XII Class - XII
Unit : Cash Flow Statement
Meaning, objectives and preparation (as per AS3 (Revised)
(Indirect Method only)
Scope : Adjustments relating to depreciation and amortisation,
profit or loss on sale of assets inculding investments, dividend
(both final and interim) and tax.
Note : Bank overdraft and cash credit to be treated as a
component of cash and cash equivalent.
Remaining part of Cash Flow Statement
Part A : Accounting for Partnership Firms
Unit : Accounting for Partnership Firms
Partnership : features, Partnership deed.
Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of
partnership deed.
Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts. Preparation of Profit &
Loss Appropriation account, division of profit among partners,
guarantee of profits.
Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on
drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).
Goodwill : nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation -
average profit, super profit and capitalzation.
Accounting for Partnership firms : Reconstitiution and
Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners-
sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio. Accounting for revaluation of assets
and re-assessment of liabilities and distribution of reserves and
accumulated profits.
Admission of a partner - effect of admission of a partner on
change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per
AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and re-assessment
of liabilities, treatment of reserves and accumulated profits,
adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of balance profits.
Remaining part of admission of a partner.
Project Work : Ratio Analysis
1) Retriment and Death of a partner : effect of retirement / death of
a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill
(as per AS 26), treatment for revalution of assets and re-
assessment of liablities, adjustment of accumulated profits and
reserves, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of
balance sheet. Preparation of loan account of the retiring partner.
Calculation of deceased partner's share of profit till the date
of death. Preparation of deceased partner's capital account,
excutor's account and preparation of balance account.
Dissolution of partnership firms : types of disolution of firm.
Settlement of accounts - preparation of realization account, and
other related accounts (exculding piecemeal distribution, sale
to a company and insolvency of partner(s).
Note : i) If value of asset is not given, its realised value should be
taken as nil.
ii) In case, the realisation expenses are borne by a partner,
clear indication should be given regarding the payment
Project Work : Segment Reporting, Cash Flow Statement
Pre Board
a) Mock Examination Complete Syllabus
b) Syllabus Exam. : First Week, Accounting for comanies
c) Half Yearly : Accounting companies, Analysis of Statements,
25 26
Class - XII Class - XII
Book Business Studies Part I & II NCERT
Part-A : Principles and Functions of Management
Unit 1 : Nature and Significance of Management
Management-concept, objectives and importance
Management as Science, Art and Profession
Levels of Management
Management functions - planning, staffing, direc-
tion and controlling
Coordinationsconcept and importance
Concept includes meaning and characteristics / features
Objectives : organizational, social and personal.
Management as art Features of art and the existence
of these features in management
Management as science Features of science and the
existence of these features in management.
Management as profession Features of profession and
the existence of these featuresin management.
Levels of management Functions of management at
top, middle and supervisory levels with names of job
Unit 2 : Principles of Management
Principles of Management Concept and signifi-
Fayols principles of management
Taylors Scientific management Principles and
Meaning of principles of management. Nature of prin-
ciples of management by stating their basic character-
Significance or need of principles of management. Prin-
ciples of Scientific Management given by Taylor. Sci-
ence, not rule of thumb; Harmony, not discord; Coop-
eration, not individualism;
Development of each and every person to his or her
greatest efficiency and prosperity. Taylors techniques
of Scientific management : Functional Foremanship;
Standardisation and Simplification.
Work study : Method study, Motion study, Time study,
Fatigue study. Differential piece wage system.
Basis of his thought Mental Revolution.
Unit 3 : Management and Business Environment
Business Environment Concept and importance
Dimensions of Business Environment Economic,
Social, Technological, Political and Legal.
Impact of Government policy changes on busi-
ness with special reference to liberalization,
privatization and globalization in India.
Dimensions of Business EnvironmentMeaning and
components only.
Unit 4 : Planning
Concept, importance and limitations
Planning process
Single use and standing plans. Objectives, Strat-
egy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget and
Limitation - internal and external, meaning single use & standing plan
Unit 5 : Organising
Concept and importance
Organising Process
Structure of organisation functional and divisional
concept Formal and informal organisation con-
27 28
Class - XII Class - XII
Delegation : concept, elements and importance
Decentralisation : concept and importance
Structure of organisation functional and divisional-
merits and limitations.
Formal and informal merits and limitations.
Remaining part of organising
Unit 6 : Staffing
Concept and importance of staffing
Staffing as a part of Human Resource Manage-
ment concept
Staffing process
Recruitment sources
Selection process
Training and Development Concept and impor-
tance. Methods of training on the job and off the
jobInduction training, vestibule training, appren-
ticeship training and internship training.
Recruitment Sources : Intenral promotion,transfer; Ex-
ternal Direct recruitment, Casual callers, Advertise-
ments (newspapers, journals, television), Employment
Exchange, Placement Agencies and Management Con-
sultants, Campus Recruitment, Web Publishing, Labour
Contractors, Recommendations of employees.
Methods of on-the-job training and off-the-job training
Unit 7 : Directing
Concept and importance
Elements of Directing
Supervision concept, functions of a super-
Motivation concept, Maslows hierarchy of
needs, Financial and non-financial incentives.
Leadership concept, styles authoritative,
democratic and laissez faire.
Communication Concept, formal and infor-
mal communication; barriers to effective com-
munication, how to overcome the barriers.
Motivation Finacial incentives meaning, types, Pay
and Allowances, Productivity linked wage incentive,
bonus, Profi t shari ng, co-par tnershi p/stock
option,Retirement benefits, Perquisites; Non-financial
incentives meaning, types, Status, Career advance-
ment opportunity, Job enrichment, Job security, Em-
ployee recognition programmes, Job enrichment, Em-
ployee participation, Employee empowerment.
Formal and informal communication concept; barriers
to effective communication semantic barriers (badly
expressed message, symbols with different meanings,
faulty translations, unclarified assumptions, technical
jargon), psychological barriers (premature evaluation,
lack of attention, distrust) organisational barriers
(organisational policy, rules and regulations, complex-
ity in organisational structure, organisational facilities),
personal barriers (fear of challenge to authority, lack of
confidence of superior on his subordinates, unwilling-
ness to communicate, lack of proper incentives). How
to overcome barriers : Communicate according to the
needs of the receiver, clarify the ideas before communi-
cation, be aware of the language, tone and content of
the message, communicate for present a well for the
future, ensure proper feedback and be a good listener.
Unit 8 : Controlling
Concept and importance
Relationship between planning and controlling
Steps in the process of control
Self explanatory
29 30
Class - XII Class - XII
Part-B : Business Finance and Marketing
Unit 11 : Marketing Management
Selling, Marketing and Societal Marketing manage-
ment Concept
Marketing management Concept
Marketing Functions
Marketing management philosophies
Marketing Mix Concept & elements
Product Concept, branding, labelling and
Price-factors determining price.
Physical Distribution concept, channels of
distribution : types, choice of channels
Promotion Concept and elements; adver-
tising concept, role, objections against ad-
vertising, personal selling concept and
qualities of a good salesman, sales promo-
tion concept and techniques, public rela-
tions concept and role.
Marketing mix elemlents Product, price, place, pro-
Branding, labelling, packaging concept and functions.
Choice of channels of distribution factors affecting
choice of channels product related factors, company
characteristics, competitive factors, market factors,
environmental factors.
Remaining part of Marketing Management.
Unit 9 : Financial Management
Concept and objective of Financial Management
Financial Decisions : Investment, financing and
dividend Meaning and factors affecting.
Financial Planning Concept and importance
Capital Structure Concept
Fixed and Working Capital Concept and factors
affecting their requirements.
Factors affecting capital budgeting decisions cash
flows of the project, the rate of return; investment crite-
ria involved. Factors affecting financing decision cash
flow position of the company, cost, risk, floatation costs,
fixed operating costs, control considerations, state of
the capital market, Return on investment, tax rate, flex-
ibility, regulatory framework. Factors affecting dividend
decision amount of earnings, stability of earnings, sta-
bility of dividends, growth opportunities, cash flow posi-
tion, shareholders preference, taxation policy, stock
market reaction, access to capital market, legal con-
straints, contractual constraints.
Factors affecting fixed capital requirement Nature of
business, scale of operations, choice of technique, tech-
nology upgradation, growth prospects, diversification,
financing alternatives, level of collaboration. Working
capital concept of operating cycle, factors affectingf
working capital requirement Nature of business, scale
of operations, business cycle, seasonal factors, pro-
duction cycle, credit allowed, credit availed, availability
of raw material.
Remaining part of Financial Management
Unit 10 : Financial Markets
Financial Markets : Concept and types
Money market and its instruments
Capital market and its types (primary and second-
Stock Exchange Functions and trading proce-
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
objectives and functions
Types of financial market money market and capital
market meanings
31 32
Class - XII Class - XII
Money market instruments Treasury bill, commercial
paper, call money, certificate of deposit, commercial bill.
Capital market Types primary and secondary mar-
ket concept
Unit 12 : Consumer Protection
Concept and importance of consumer protection
Consumer Protection Act 1986
Meaning of consumer and consumer protec-
Rights and responsibilities of consumers
Who can file a complaint and against whom ?
Redressal machinery
Remedies available
Consumer awareness Role of consumer
organisations and NGOs
Self explanatory
Unit 13 : Project Work
Syllabs for Exam
First Weekly Unit I to V
Half WeeklyUnit I to VIII and Unit XI
Pre-Board Full Syllabus
Mock Examination
Unit 1 : Introduction 4 marks
Meaning of Economy, Production Possibility curve,
Opportunity Cost, Marginal rate of transformation, Central
Economic Problems and Econcomic Problem, Micro, Macro
Unit 2 : Consumer Equilibrium and Demand 18 marks
Concepts of utility and law of diminishing marginal utility,
One Good, Two Good case of utility approch. Indifference
curve and map and conditions of consumer's equilibrium.
Ch. 2 : Consumer Behaviour and Demand 18 marks
Meaning of Demand, determinants of demand,
demand curves and schedules, curves, movement
along and shifts of demand curves, price clasticity of
demand, measurement of price, clasticity of demand -
percentage, total expenditure and geometric method.
Ch. 3 : Producer Behaviour and Supply 18 marks
Production function : returns to factor Supply, market supply,
determinants, curves and schedules, movement and shifts
of supply curves, Price elasticity of supply- measurement-
percentage and geomatric method.
Costs and revenu : Short run costs - Total cost TVC,
TFC, AFC, AVC, MC Atc - menaning and their
relationship. Revenue - Total, average marginal
Producer's equilibrium - meaning and it's conditions
in terms of TC and TR and MC, MR approach.
Ch. 4: Forms of Market and Price Determination 10 marks
Perfect competition-meaning and features, Market
Equilibrium under perfect competition. Effects of shifts in
demand and suppl y. Non- Competi ti ve Markets-
Monopoly,Monopolistic competition, oligopoly-their
meanings and features.
Unit : 5 Simple applications of Tools of Demand and Supply
Unit 7 : Money and Banking 12 marks
Money and Banking
Money - it's meaning and functions - Supply of money -
currency held by public and net demand deposits held by
commercial banks money creation by the commercial
banking system.
Central banking and it's functions.
33 34
Class - XII Class - XII
Unit 9 : Government Budget and the Economy 8 marks
Gov't Budget and the Economy Government budget -
meaning and components.Classification of receipts and
expenditure. revenue expenditure and capital, expenditure.
Types of deficit - meaning and implications. Fiscal policy
and its role (non-evaluative topic).
Unit 10 : Balance of Payment 7 marks
Balance of payments account - meaning and components;
BOP deficit-meaning. Foreign exchange role - meaning of
fixed and flexible rates and managed floating. Deferemination
of exchange rate in a free market.
Unit 8 : Determination of Income and Employment 8 marks
Aggregate demand and its components.
Propensity to consume and save. Short-run fixed price in
product market. Equilibrium output; investment or output
multiplier and the multiplier mechanism. Meaning of full
employment and involuntary unemployment. Problems of
excess and deficient demands measures to correct them -
change in Government spending, availability of credit.
Unit - 6 Ditermination of National Income and Related
Aggregates. 15 marks
Concepts of National Income Stock and Flow, Final and
Intermediate Goods Depreciation, Concept of Double
National Incom eestimation - value added method income
method and Expenditure method.
Related Aggregates of National Income GNP and Welfare.
35 36
December Pre - Board - I
January Mock - Test
Note :-
If Open Text Book in introducted in class XII for 2015
CBSE examination then it will be practice during end
of November.
With OTBA, introduced in the final board examination
of 2015 the marking scheme of various units will be
different as per instruction.
Syllabus for Special Test - Introduction to Economics,
Conusmer Equilibrium
Weekly Test Introduction to Economics, Theory of
Demand, Theory of Supply, Maket Equilibrium,
Production Function Revenue.
Half yearly Cost of Introduction Producer's Equilibrium,
Forms of Market, Govt Budget, Money and
Banking Foreign Exchange rate.
Pre-Board-I Full Syllabus
Review : C++ covered in class XI,
Object Oriented Programming :
Concept of object Oriented Programming - Data hiding, Data
encapsulation, Class and Object, Abstract class and Concrete class
Polymorphism (Implementation of polymorphism using Function
overloading as an example in C++); Inheritance, Advantage of Object
Oriented Programming over earlier programming methodologies.
Class - XII Class - XII
Implementation of Object Oriented Programming concepts in
C++ :
Definition of a class, Member of a class - Data Member and Member
Functions (method), Using Private and Public visibility modes, default
visibilty mode (private); Member function definition : inside class
defination and outside class defination using scope resolution
operator (::) Declaration of objects as instance of a class; accessing
members from object(s), Object as function arguments - pass by
value and pass by reference;
Construator and Destructor :
Constructor: Special Characteristics, Declaration and Definition of a
constructor, Default constructor, Overloaded Constructors, Copy
Constructor, Constructor with defaultarguments;
Destructor: Special Characteristics, Declaration and definition of
Inheritance (Extending Classes) :
Concept of Inheritance, Base Class, Derived Class, Defining derived
classes, protected visibility mode;
Single level inheritance, Multilevel inheritance and Multiple inheritance,
Privately derived, Publicly derived and Protected derived class,
accessibility of members from objects and within derived class(es).
Unit 4 : Boolean Algebra
Binary-valued Quantities, Boolean Variable, Boolean Constant and
Boolean Operators : AND, OR.
NOT; Truth Tables; Closure Property, Commutative Law, Associative
Law, Identity law, inverse law.
Principle of Duality, Idem potent Law, Distributive Law, Absorption
law, Involution law, DeMorgan's Law and their applications;
Obtaining Sum of Product (SOP) and Product of Sum (POS) form
the Truth Table, Reducing.
Boolean Expressions (SOP and POS) to its minimal form, use of
Karnaugh Map for minimization of
Boolean Expressions (up to 4 variables);
Application of Boolean Logic :
Digital electronic circuit design using basic Logic Gates (NOT, AND,
OR, NAND, NOT) Use of Boolean operators (NOT, AND, OR) in
SQL SELECT statements
Use of Boolean operators (AND, OR) in search engine queries.
Data File Handling :
Need for a data file, Types of data files - Text file and Binary file;
Basic file operations on text file : Creating/Writing text into file,
Reading and Manipulation of text
from and already existing text File (accessing sequentially);
Binary File : Creation of file, Insertion of data in sorted file, Deletion
of data from file, Modification of data to a file; Implementation of above
mentioned data file handling in C++; Components of C++ to be used
with file handling;
Header file : fstream.h; ifstream, ofstream, fstream classes;
Opening a text file in out, and app modes;
Using cascading operators for writing text to the file and reading text
from the file;
open( ), get(), put(); getline() and close( ) functions; Detecting end-
of-file (with or without using eof( ) function, Opening a binary file
using in, out, and app modes;
open(), read(), write() and close() functions; Detecting end-of-file
(with or without using eof() function); tellg(), tellp(), seekg(), seekp()
Pointers :
Declaration and Initialization of Pointers; Dynamic memory allocation/
deallocation operators: new,
37 38
Class - XII Class - XII
delete; Pointers and Arrays : Array of Pointers, Pointer to an array (1
dimensional array), Function returning a pointer, Reference variables
and use of alias; Function call by reference. Pointer to structures:
Deference operator: *, ->; self referential structures;
Unti 2 : Data Structures
Arrays :
One and two Dimensional arrays: Sequential allocation and address
One dimensional array: Traversal, Searching (Linear, Binary Search),
Insertion of an element in an array, deletion of an element from an
array, Sorting (insertion, Selection, Bubble sort), concatenation of
two linear arrays, merging of two sorted arrays;
Two-dimensional arrays: Traversal, Finding sum/difference of two
NxM arrays containing numeric values, Interchanging Row and
Column elements in a two dimensional array;
Stack (Array and Linked implementation of Stack) :
Operations of Stack (PUSH and POP) and its Implementation in
C++, Converting expressions from INFIX to POSTFIX notation and
evaluation of Postfix expression Queue: (Circular Array and Linked
Implementation) :
Operations on Queue (insert and Delete) and its Implementation in
Database Concepts :
Relational data model : Concept of domain, tuple, relation, key,
primary key, alternate key, candidate key;
Relational algebra : Selection, Projection, Union and Cartesian
39 40
Structured Query Language :
General Concepts : Advantages of using SQL, Data Definition
Language and Data manipulation Language;
SQL commands :
SQL functions: SUM, AVG, COUNT, MAX and MIN;
obtaining results (SELECT query) from 2 tables using equi-join,
Cartesian Product and Union
Evalution of Networking : ARPANET, Internet, Interspace
Different ways of sending data across the network with reference to
switching techniques (Circuit, Message and Packet switching)
Data Communication terminologies : Concept of Channel, Baud,
Bandwidth (hz, KHz, MHz) and
Data transfer rate (bps, kbps, Mbps, Gbps, Tbps)
Transmission media : Twisted pair cable, coaxial cable, optical fiber,
infrared, radio link, microwave link and satellite link
Network Topologies and types : Bus, Star, Tree; PAN, LAN, WAN,
Network Protocl : TCP/IP, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), PPP,
Remote Login (Telnet), Internet Wireless/Mobile Communication
protocol such as GSM, CDMA, GPRS, WLL, 1G, 2G and 3G
electronic mail protocols such as SMTP, POP3
Protocols for Chat and Video Conferencing
VoIP protocols such as Wi-Fi and WiMax
Class - XII Class - XII
Network Security Concepts :
Threats and prevention from Viruses, Worms, Trojan horse, Spams
Use of Cookies, Protection using Firewall;
India IT Act, Cyber Law, Cyber Crimes, IPR issues, Hacking.
Web Services :
WWW, Hyper Text Markup Languaage (HTML), eXtensible markup
Language (XML); Hyper TextTransfer Protocol (HTTP); Domain
Names; URL; Protocol Address; Website, Web broser, WebServers;
Web Hosting, Web Scripting-Client side (VB Script, Java Script, PHP)
and Server side.
Practicals :-
Practical file - Minimum 30 programs from following topics.
1. Classes & object
2. Arrays
3. Array of structures
4. File Handling
5. Stack linked / Array
6. Queue Array / linked
7. 25 SQL commands based on a table
Project :-
Project has to developed using c++ language with object. Oriented
technology should have use of data files.
Project presentatation on computer
Project report
About project
Program Listing
Special Test Upto Constructors (March - April)
First Weekly March - May
Half Yearly March - August
Pre-Board Complete Syllabus
Computer networking : Networking - a brief overview, Basic
concept of domain name, MAC , and
IP Address, Identifying computers and users over a network (Domain
name, MAC 'Media Access Control' and IP address), domain name
resolution, Network Topologies, Types of network - LAN, MAN, WAN,
PAN; Wired Technologies - Co-Axial, Ethernet Cable, Optical Fiber;
Wireless Technologies - Blue Tooth, Infrared, Microwave, Radio Link,
Satellite Link; network Devices - Hub,
Switch, Repeater, Gateway - and their functions
Network security - denial of service, intrusion problems, snooping
Open Source Concepts :
Open Source Software (OSS), common FOSS/FLOSS examples
(e.g. Gnu/Linux, Firefox, OpenOffice), common open standards (open
document format Ogg Vorbis)
Indian language Computing: character encoding, UNICODE, different
tuypes of fonts (open type vs true type, static vs dynamic), Entering
Indian Language Text - phonetic and key map based.
Review of RDBMS from Class XI
Database Fundamentals
41 42
Class - XII Class - XII
Concept of Database Transaction, Committing and revoking a
Transaction using COMMIT and REVOKE,
Grouping Records : GROUP BY, Group functions - MAX(), MIN(),
AVG(), SUM(), COUNT();
using COUNT (*), DISTINCT clause with COUNT, Group functions
and Null Values,Displaying Data From multiple Tables :
Cartesian product, Union, concept of Foreign Key, Equi-Join
Creating a Table with PRIMARY KEY and NOT NULL contstraints,
adding a Constraint, enabling Constraints. Viewing Constraints,
Viewing the Columns Associated with Costraints;
ALTER TABLE for deleting a column, ALTER TABLE for modifying
data types of a column
DROP Table for deleting a table :
Review of Class XI;
Promming Fundamentals
Basic concept of Access specifier for classes, Members and methods
Basic concept of Inheritance: need, method Overloading and
Overriding, Abstract Class and Interfaces use of interfaces.
Commonly used libraries: String class and methods: to String(),
concat(), length(), toLowerCase(), to UpperCase(), substring()
Math object: pow(), round()
Accessing MySQL database using ODBC/JDBC to connect with
Web application development: URL, Web Server, Communicating
with the web server, concept of Client and Server Side.
HTML based web pages covering basic tags -HTML,TITLE, BODY,
H1...H6, Paragraph (P), Line
Break (BR), Section Separator (HR), FONT, TABLE, LIST (UL, OL),
FORM Creating and accessing static pages using HTML and
introdiction of XML
Front-end Interface - Introduction; content and features; identifying
and using appropriate component
(Text Box, Radio Button, CheckBox, List) for data entry, validation
and display;
Back-end Database - Introduction and its purpose; exploring the
requirement of tables and its essential attributes;
Front-End and Database Connectivity - Introduction, requirement
and benefits Demonstration and development of approvriate Fornt-
end interface and Back-end Database for e-
Governance, e-Business and e-Learning applications
Practical :-
Practical Record file
15 Problems Java based
25 SQL Queries based on one / two tables
2 Java Application using connectivity
Project Work :
Using programming and Database skills.
From Domains - e-Governance
e-Business, e-learning
Special Test March
Review of SQL
First Weekly March - May
Half Yearly Mach - August
Pre-Board Complete Syllabus
43 44
Class - XII Class - XII
I Term
1. Role of Physical Education Program on Individual and family
Yoga- i) Element of Yoga
ii) 1. Suryanamaskar
2. Vajrasana
3. Halasana
4. Utkatasana
Floating, Breathing, Propulsion
Free style, Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly stroke
4. Measurements in sports
i) AADHER Physical Education Test
3. Calculation of BMI
II Term
1. Fundamental /Advance Skills & Rules of any one game
(Athletics, Cricket, Football, Tennis, Taekwondo, Volleyball,
2. Life style Management and sports obesity Hypertension and
3. Common sports injuries &Prevention.