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UNIT – 5


To get a knowledge on human population and human rights
To educate the students on value education
To equip the students towards the modern technology with respect to
environment and human health.

Population density:

Number of individuals of the population per unit area or per unit volume.
Parameters affecting population size:
1. Birth rate or Natality
2. Death rate or Mortality
3. Immigration
4. Emigration

Population Growth

The rapid growth of the global’s population for the past 100 years from the difference
between the rate of birth and death.
Causes of rapid population growth:
1. The rapid population growth is due to decrease in death rate and increase in
birth rate
2. Availability of antibiotics, immunization, increased food production, clean
water and air decreases the famine-related deaths
3. In agricultural based countries, children are required to help parents in the
field that is why population increases in the developing countries.

Characteristics of population growth:

1. Exponential growth
2. Doubling time
3. Infant mortality rate
4. total fertility rate
5. Replacement level
6. Male/female ratio
7. Demographic transition
Variation of population based on age structure
1. Pyramid shaped – India , Bangladesh, Ethiopia,
2. Bell shaped – France, USA, UK
3. Urn shaped - Germany, Italy, and Japan.

Population Explosion
The enormous increase in population due to low death rate and high birth rate.

Modern medical facilities, life expectancy, illiteracy,

Poverty, Environmental degradation, Over –exploitation of natural resources
,Treat, Communal war
Remedy:- Through birth control programmes.

Family welfare programme:

Slowing down the population explosion
Over exploitation of natural resources
Family planning programme:
Reduce infant mortality rate
Encourage late marriages
Improve women’s health
Control of communal diseases…
Environment and human health:
1. Physical Hazards – Radioactive and UV radiations, Global warming,
Chlorofluro carbons, Noise etc.
2. Chemical Hazards – Combustion of Fossil fuels, industrial effluence,
pesticides, heavy metals,
3. Biological Hazards- Bacteria, Viruses, Parasites

Human rights:
1. Human right to freedom
2. Human right to property
3. Human right to freedom of religion
4. Human right to culture and education
5. Human right to constitutional remedies
6. Human right to equality
7. Human right against exploitation
8. Human right to food and environment
9. Human right to good health.

Value education:
1. Formal education
2. Value education
3. Value - based environmental education
1. To improve the integral growth of human beign
2. To create attitudes and improvement towards sustainable lifestyle.
3. To increase awareness about our national history our cultural heritage,
constitutional rights, national integration, community develo9pment and
4. To create and develop awareness about the values and their significance and
5. To know about various living and non- living organisms and their interaction
with environment.
Types of values:
1. Universal values
2. Cultural values
3. Individual values
4. global values
5. Spiritual values


AIDS is the abbreviated form for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome caused
by a virus called HIV.

1. Death
2. Loss of labor
3. Inability to work
4. Lack of energy

Woman and child welfare:

1. to provide education
2. To impart vocational training
3. To generate awareness
4. To improve employment opportunities
5. To restore dignity, equality and respect.
Role of information technology in environment:

Remote sensing:
Component- A platform, aircraft, A balloon, rocket, and satellite.
1. Origin of electro magnetic energy
2. Transmission of energy
3. Interaction of energy
4. Detection of energy
5. Preprocessing of data
6. Data analysis and interpretation
7. Integration and other applications.
In agriculture, forestry, land cover, water resources

Data Base- Collection of inter related data on various subjects.

1. Ministry of environment and forest
2. National management information system
3. Environmental information system

Geographical information system:

Thematic maps are super imposed using soft wares.
Interpretation of polluted zones
To check unplanned growth and related environmental problems

Satellite data:
1. Helps in providing reliable information and data about forest cover
2. Provide information about forecasting weather
3. Reserves of oil , minerals can be discovered.

WORLD WIDE WEB: Current data.

1. Online learning
2. Digital files or photos, animations on environmental studies.
Role of information technology in human health:
The health service technology involves three systems
1. Finance and accounting
2. Pathology
3. Patient Administration – clinical system.
1. Data regarding birth and death rates
2. To monitor the health of the people effectively
3. The information regarding the outbreak of epidemic diseases.
4. Online Consultation
5. Drugs and its replacement..

Gaining in-depth knowledge regarding human health, human rights and role
Played by modern technology to the environment.