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# JEPPIAAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

## DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

AE 2254- AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES -I
IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

UNIT I
Statically determinate structures
1. Tabulate the member forces for the structure shown below:

2. Calculate the forces included in the members of the pin-jointed truss shown in
figure. Show the values on a neat diagram of the truss. Mention clearly the nature
of the forces (tension or compression) in each case.

3. Find the forces in all the members of a structure shown below.

UNIT II
Statically indeterminate structures

1. Evaluate the bending moment and shear force diagram of the beam as shown in
figure below. What are the reactions at the supports?

2. State and prove Theorem of three moments.

3. Find out the support reactions and draw shear force and bending moment diagram
for the figure shown below.

UNIT III
Energy methods
1. The external diameter of a hollow shaft is twice the internal diameter. It is
subjected to pure torque and it attains a maximum shear stress . Show that the
strain energy stored per unit volume of the shaft is 5
2
/16C. such a shaft is
required to transmit 5800kW at 120rpm with uniform torque, the maximum stress
not exceeding 94MN/m
2
. Determine the Shaft diameters, the energy stored per
m
3
. C=100GN/m
2

2. Find an expression for the strain energy due to bending for a beam of length l
simply supported at the ends and carrying a uniformly distributed load w/unit run
over the whole of its span. The beam is of constant cross section throughout its
length having flexural rigidity as EI.

3. A beam of length l is simply supported t its ends and carries a concentrated load
2W at its center; it has a rectangular cross-section breadth b, depth d. If C is the
modulus of rigidity for the beam find Shear strain energy in the beam, deflection
due to shear.

UNIT IV
Columns
1. A hollow alloy tube 5m long with diameters 40mm and 25mm respectively was
found to extend 6.4mm under a tensile load of 6 tons. Find the buckling load for
the tube, when used as a strut with both the ends pinned. Also find the safe load
on the tube, taking factor of safety as 4.
2. Find the Eulers Crippling load for hollow cylindrical steel columns of 38 mm
external diameter and 2.5 mm thick. Take length of the column as 2.3 m and
hinged at its both ends. Take E = 205 KN/mm
2
. Also determine the crippling load
by Rankins formula using fc = 335 KN/mm
2
and = 1/7500.

3. Derive an expression for Eulers formula when one end of the column is fixed and
the other end hinged.

UNIT V
Failure theory

1. A cylindrical drum 800 mm in diameter has to withstand an internal pressure
of 1.6 N/mm
2
. Calculate the necessary wall thickness for a factor of safety of
3.5 if the criterion of failure is maximum strain energy and the elastic limit in
pure tension is 287 N/mm
2
. Take Poissons ratio, 1/m = 0.3

2. A cross section of a shaft 100mm in diameter is subjected to a bending
moment of 8 KN-m and a twisting moment of 12 KN-m. Find the direct stress
which acting alone will make the shaft to store the maximum strain energy
per unit volume. Take 1/m = 0.3

3. A rectangular block of material is subjected to a tensile stress of 110 N/mm
2

on one plane and a tensile stress of 45 N/mm
2
on a plane at right angles,
together with shear stresses of 65 N/mm
2
on the same planes, Find:
(a) The direction of the principal planes
(b) The magnitude of the principal stresses
(c) The magnitude of the greatest shear stresses.