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UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA

1. Consider the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride carried out in dilute aqueous solution in a batch

reactor:

(CH

3

C0)

2

0 (A) + H

2

0 2CH

3

COOH.

The initial concentration is C

A0

= 0.03 mol L

-l

, and the initial temperature is T

0

= 15C. Calculate the

time (t/min) required for 80% conversion of the anhydride:

(a) if the reaction is carried out isothermally at T

0

;

(b) if the reaction is carried out adiabatically;

(c) if the reaction is carried out nonisothermally and nonadiabatically with UA

c

= 200 W K

-l

, T

a

= 300

K, and V = 100 L.

Data: Arrhenius parameters are A = 2.14 X l0

7

min

-1

and EA = 46.5 kJ mol

-1

. The enthalpy of

reaction is -209 kJ (mol A

)-1

, the specific heat of reactor contents is 3.8 kJ kg

-1

K

-l

, and the density is

1.07 kg L

-l

.

2. A liquid-phase, exothermic first-order reaction (A products) is to take place in a 4000 L CSTR.

The Arrhenius parameters for the reacting systems are A = 2 X 10

13

s

-1

and E

A

= 100 kJ mol

-1

; the

thermal parameters are H

RX

= -50 kJ mol

-1

and Cp = 4 J g

-1

K

-1

; the density () is 1000 g L

-1

.

(a) For a feed concentration (C

A0

) of 4 mol L

-1

, a feed rate (v) of 5 L s

-1

, and adiabatic operation,

determine X

A

and T at steady-state, if the feed temperature (T

0

) is (i) 290 K;

(ii) 297 K; and (iii) 305 K.

(b) What is the minimum value of T

0

for auto thermal behavior, and what are the corresponding

values of X

A

and T at steady-state?

(c) For To = 305 K as in (a)(iii), explain, without doing any calculations, what would happen

eventually if the feed rate (v) were increased.

(d) If the result in (c) is adverse, what change could be made to offset it at the higher throughput?

(e) Suppose the feed temperature (T

0

) is 297 K, and it is desired to achieve a steady-state

conversion X

A

of 0.932 without any alternative possibility of steady-state operation in the quench

region. If a fluid stream is available at 360 K (Ta assume constant) for use in a heat exchanger

within the tank, what value of UA (J K

-1

s

-1

) would be required for the heat exchanger? Show that

the quench region is avoided.

3. An exothermic first-order liquid-phase reaction A R is conducted in a PFR. Determine the

volume required for 90% conversion of A, if the process is adiabatic.

Data:

Cp

A

= 143.75 J mol

-1

K

-1

v

0

= 360 L h

-1

Cp

R

= 264.1 J mol

-1

K

-1

H

RA

= - 19000 J mol

-1

C

A0

= 2.5 mol L

-1

= 0.85 g cm

-3

k

A

= 2.1 X 10

7

exp(-6500/T) min

-1

T

0

= 325 K

4. A liquid-phase reaction A + B C is conducted in a 50-L batch reactor. The reaction is first-order

with respect to each reactant.

(a) Determine the time required for 90% conversion of A, if (i) the reaction occurs adiabatically; (ii)

the reaction occurs isothermally at T

0

(b) Determine

and T

a

(as functions of time), if a cooling coil is placed in the tank to maintain the

isothermal conditions required in (a) part (ii).

(c) For (a) part (i), sketch the conversion-versus-time and temperature-versus-time profiles.

Data: C

A0

and C

B0

are 0.50 mol L

-1

and 0.75 mol L

-1

, respectively. The initial temperature (T

0

) is 400

K, and the heat capacity of the reactor contents is 3.8 J g- K-l. The fluid density is 0.75 g cmm3,

and the heat transfer parameter (UAc) for part (b) is 100 W K

-1

. The reaction is exothermic (- 145 kJ

(mol A)

-1

), and k

A

= 1.4 X 10

7

e(-7700/T) L mol

-1

min

-1

.

5. (Multiple reactions wirk hrnt effects) Xylene has three major isomer m-xylene, o-xylene, and p-

xylene. When o-xylene is passed over an catalyst, the following elementary reactions are observed

(Problem 8.25 Fogler):

The feed to the reactor is equal molar in both m-xylene and o-xylene (species A and B). For a total

feed rate of 2 mol/min and the reaction conditions below, plot the temperature and the molar

flow rates of each species as a function of catalyst weight up to a weight of I(H) kg.

(a) Find the lowest concentration of o-xylene achieved in the reactor.

(b) Find the highest concentration of m-xylcne achieved in the reactor.

(c) Find the maximum concentration of o-xylene in the reactor.

(d) Repeat parts (a) to (c) for a pure feed of n-xylene.

(e) Vary some of the system parameters and describe what you learn.

(f) What do you believe to be the point of this problem?

Additional information:

All heat capacities are virtually the same at 100 J/mol K.

C

T0

= 2 mol/dm

3

H

RxIO

= - 1800 J/mol o-xylene

H

Rx3O

= - 1100 J/mol o-xylene

K1 = 0.5 exp[2( 1- 320/T)] dm

3

/kg cat. min

k2= k

1

/Kc

k3 = 0.005 exp { [4.6 (1 - (460/T))]} dm

3

/kg cat. min

Kc = 10 exp[4.8(430/T - 1.5)]

T0 = 330 K

T

a

= 500 K

Ua/p

b

= 16 J/kg cat .min C

W= 100kg

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