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Jeremy

Activity 3.1.3 Commercial Wall Systems


Introduction
Commercial walls must typically withstand greater loads and heavier abuse than
residential walls and are therefore often built with different components. In this activity
you will examine the different parts that make up various commercial wall systems. As
you identify the components of these walls, notice the similarities and differences in
materials and sizes of the structural components.
Equipment
ngineering notebook
Internet access
!encil
!rinter
Keystone Library Renovation reliminary !uildin" #student version$.rvt
rocedure
In order to enclose the second level of the "eystone #ibrary, the existing exterior walls
will be extended using the same existing construction to the re$uired height. %owever, a
new wall must be constructed at the second floor on Column #ine &. Assume that the
new wall will be on the exterior side of the column line and will extend from the second
floor level to the height of the ad'acent walls on Column lines A and (. )he new wall
must also provide an exterior brick veneer to match the existing exterior brick. *ote that,
according to the design drawings, the renovation design calls for a total wall height of
&+,-./. )his exceeds the maximum wall height per the *oblesville Code of 0rdinance
1which you discovered in a previous activity2. %owever, the city has granted a variance
to the county library system to allow the library to exceed the limit and has approved the
building height as shown in the construction drawings.
3 4565 !ro'ect #ead )he 7ay, Inc.
CA Activity &.6.& Commercial 7all 8ystems 9 !age 6
:esearch each of the following wall systems for use as an exterior wall on the second
floor at column line & in "eystone building.
#abel the components of each wall 1including at least exterior finish, insulation, and
interior finish2 on each sketch.
;ive the specifications for the wall components such as materials, thickness of
component, and type of insulation.
;ive at least one advantage and one disadvantage of each wall system for use in this
application.
7all )ype SKE%C&
!ric'()air()insulation(
)Cinderbloc'()s*eetroc'
Advantages
and
(isadvantages
Concrete
<asonry =nit
1C<=2
Advanta"es
(urable,
8elf-containing,
#ow maintenance
+isadvanta"es
%eavy,
<odular
3 4565 !ro'ect #ead )he 7ay, Inc.
CA Activity &.6.& Commercial 7all 8ystems 9 !age 4
Cast-in-!lace
concrete
!ric'()air()insulation()concrete(
)s*eetroc'
Advanta"es
(urable
:ot resistant
+isadvanta"es
>ery labor intensive
)ilt-up
Concrete
!ric'()concrete()insulation(
)concrete
Advanta"es
asy
+isadvanta"es
%eavy
)ransportation of
concrete
#ight ;auge
<etal ?raming
!ric'()air()s*eat*in"()steel
studs()batt insulation
Advanta"es
#ight
Cheap
asy
+isadvanta"es
Can fall apart
easier if not taken
care of properly
3 4565 !ro'ect #ead )he 7ay, Inc.
CA Activity &.6.& Commercial 7all 8ystems 9 !age &
Curtain 7all
,ullion()"la-in"
Advanta"es
#amborghini whut@
?ancy
+isadvanta"es
(oes not isolate
xpensive

8elect a wall type for the "eystone #ibrary application and 'ustify your choice.
CurtainA its fancy lets in light and is all around a professional touch
Include the new wall construction in the building &( architectural model.
0".
Create a section view 1in the architectural software2 through the new wall. #abel all
building components.
Conclusion
6. xplain why the materials used in a residential wall system are different from a
commercial system.
(ifferent re$uirements for different structures. :esidential is cheaper generally
4. 7hy is concrete a popular commercial construction material@
Cheap, solid, like moldable stone.
&. 7hat factors affect the selection of the exterior faBade of a commercial structure@
Appearance
3 4565 !ro'ect #ead )he 7ay, Inc.
CA Activity &.6.& Commercial 7all 8ystems 9 !age C