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My Dream

Brave were the hearts that have gone before,

True to their country’s call;
Brave are the hearts that beat to-day
In scorn of a captive’s thrall.

Ours not to rest till our banner wave,

Lifting its folds on high;
Greeting the flag of the stars and bars,
The emblem of Liberty.


I place as a prior condition [to liberty] the education of the people, that by
means of instruction and industry our country may have an individuality of its own and
make itself worthy of these liberties. I have recommended in my writings the study of
civic virtues, without which there is no redemption.

:birth of Filipino national consciousness”

José Rizal (1861-1896) was a national hero of the Philippines and the first
Asian nationalist. He expressed the growing national consciousness of
many Filipinos who opposed Spanish colonial tyranny and aspired to
attain democratic rights

Filipino -- the term used in both the 1973 and 1987

Philippine constitutions to designate as the "national
language" of the Philippines, whether de jure or de facto, it
matters not -- has come full-circle to prick the national
consciousness and lay its vexing burden at the feet of our
national planners, as well as of the academe. For indeed, the
past six decades (since 1935) has seen "Pilipino" (or
"Filipino," its more acceptable twin ) tossed in the waves of
controversies between the pros and and the antis as each
camp fires off volleys of linguistic cognoscente or even
garbage, as the case may be, while the vast majority
watched with glee or boredom.
The late nineteenth century in the Philippines history marks the most dramatic, if
not the most dynamic; phase in the long process of constructing a national
consciousness. This perception is a result of political and social events of the
period, and it is equally reinforced by the expressive cultures of an emerging
Filipino society. The arts -- literature, theater, music, dance, architecture, and
painting -- provided effective channels for the expression of the Filipino psyche,
taste and social behavior. They serve as concrete indicators of the
transformation and evolution of the values and self-awareness, as well as tools to
effect change for the construction of a national identity and a distinct cultural

The music and musical life of the Filipinos from 1870 to 1930s was a period
when Filipino musicians from different social and economic environments
reached a common consciousness of a music as an artform and as a distinct
form of human expression. Filipino musicians began to express individual as well
as collective sentiments, using related, if not common forms