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5/3/2014 Bankers Adda: Data Interpretation For SBI PO - 2014

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Directions: (1 5): The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US $)
from 1991-92 to 1998-99. Answer the questions based on graph.
1. The foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 was how many times that in 1994-95
(1) 1.5 (2) 2
(3) 3.5 (4) 2.6
(5) None of these
2. What was the percentage increase in the foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 over 1993-94 ?
(1) 80% (2) 90%
(3) 100% (4) 110%
(5) None of these
3. For which year, the percent increase of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year is the highest ?
(1) 1994-95
(2) 1995-96
(3) 1998 99
(4) 1992-93
(5) None of these
4. The foreign exchange reserves in 1996-97 were approximately what percent of the average foreign exchange
reserves over the period under review ?
(1) 80%
(2) 100%
(3) 125%
(4) 130%
(5) None of these
5. The ratio of the number of years, in which the foreign exchange reserves are above the average reserves, to those
in which the reserves are below the average is:
(1) 3:5
(2) 2 :3
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(3) 4 : 7
(4) 3: 7
(5) None of these
Directions ( 6 10) : The following pie-chart shows the sources of funds (in crores) to be collected by a
company. Study the pie-chart and answers the question that follow.
6. If company could receive a total of Rs. 9695 crores as External Assistance, by what percent (approximately)
should it increase the Market Borrowing to arrange for the shortage of funds?
(1) 4 %
(2) 6%
(3) 8%
(4) 10%
(5) None of these
7. Near about 20% of the funds are to be arranged through ?
(1) SPVS
(2) Annuity
(3) External Assistance
(4) Market borrowing
(5) None of these
8. The central angle corresponding to Market Borrowing is ?
(1) 187.2 degree
(2) 183.2 degree
(3) 181.2 degree
(4) 180.2 degree
(5) None of these
9. If the toll is to be collected through an outsourced agency by allowing a maximum 10% commission, how much
amount should be permitted to be collected by the outsourced agency, so that the project is supported with Rs.
4,910 crores?
(1) Rs. 5401 crore
(2) Rs. 5301 crore
(3) Rs. 5201 crore
(4) Rs. 5101 crore
(5) None of these
10. The approximate ratio of the funds to be arranged through Toll and that through Market Borrowing is ?
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(1) 1 : 6
(2) 2 : 5
(3) 3 : 7
(4) 6 : 7
(5) None of these
ANSWERS WITH Explanation:
1. Explanation
Required Ratio
= 5040/3360 = 1.5
2. Explanation:
Foreign exchange reserve in 1997-98 = 5040 million US $
Foreign exchange reserve in 1993-94 = 2520 million US $
Increase = 5040 - 2520 = 2520 million US $
Percentage Increase =[(2520)/(2520)] X 100 = 100%
3. Explanation Before solving this, put a clever eye on the chart, just calculate for those years which are actually
having increase if we compare to previous year.
These years are 1992-93, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1997-98
So lets calculate the percentage increase of these years compared to previous years:
i. For year 1992-93 =[(37202640)/(2640)]100 = 40.91%
ii. For year 1994-95 =[(336025200)]/(2520)100 = 33.33%
iii. For year 1996-97 =[(43203120)/(3120)]100 =38.46 %
Iv. For year 1997-98 =([50404320)/(4320)]100=16.67%
4. Explanation
First get the average of these 8 years.
which is, 1/8(2640+3720+2520+3360+3120+4320+5040+3120)
= 3480 million US $
Foreign exchange reserves in 1996-97 = 4320 million US $
Required Percentage = [(4320/3480)]100)%=125%
5. Explanation
Average foreign exchange reserves over the given period is = 3480 million US $
The country had reserves above 3480 million US $ during the years 1992-93, 1996-97 and 1997-98. So three
years was above the average and for rest of five years it was below the average
So required ratio is
3:5
6. Explanation:
New funds = 11486 - 9695
= Rs. 1791 crores
Increase in requirement of market borrowing is 1791 crore
Now, 1791 crore is what percent of Market Borrowing
=[(1791)/(29952)]100%=5.98%=6% (approx)
7. Explanation:
Total funds are = 29952+11486+5252+4910+6000
= 57600 crore
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Now 20% of 57600 = 20/100 * 576000
= 11520 crore
Which is approximately equal to External Assistance
8. Explanation:
Central angle corresponding to Market Borrowing
[(29952/57600)]360=187.2 degree
9. Amount required = (Funds required from toll) + (10% of these funds)
= 4910 + 10% of (4910)
= 4910 + (10/100)*4910
= 4910 + 491
= 5401 crore
10. Explanation:
Required Ratio=4910/29952=1/6.1=1:6