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1. This is the source of law based on the previous decisions of the
Supreme Court.
a. Legislation
b. Judicial Acts
c. Jurisprudence
d. Traditions

2. The mass of good and correct conducts which springs from the
generally accepted right or wrong within each region.
a. Natural law
b. Divine law
c. Moral law
d. Ethics

3. This is defined as payment for the damages done.
a. Restitution
b. Reparation
c. Obligation
d. Indemnification

4. An evidence that can stand-alone.
a. Prima Facie Evidence
b. Primary Evidence
c. Secondary Evidence
d. Inadmissible Evidence

5. The source of knowledge of Divine Law.
a. Ethics
b. Physical Phenomenon
c. Morality
d. Philosophical Theology

6. An obligation whose enforcement is not covered by the courts
but one is obliged to enforce such based on morality, ethics and
a. Civil obligation
b. Criminal obligation
c. Natural obligation
d. Corporate obligation

7. Norms of human conduct.
a. Divine Law
b. Moral Law
c. Natural Law
d. Physical Law

8. The highest law of the land.
a. Statues
b. Executive orders
c. Presidential decrees
d. Constitution

9. This is the means, sanctioned by the Revised Rules of Court, of
ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a
matter of fact.
a. Evidence
b. Damages
c. Litigation
d. Penalty

10. A type of contract where in reciprocal obligation exists.
a. Executed Contact
b. Bilateral Contract
c. Consensual Contract
d. Executory Contract

11. This is defined as contracting for or receiving something in
excess of the amount allowed by the law for the taking of more
interest for the use of money, goods or chattels or credits than
the law allows.
a. Usury
b. Subrogation
c. Novation
d. Quasi contract
12. It is the failure to observe for the protection of the interest of
another person, that degree of care, precaution and vigilance
which the circumstances justly demand, whereby such other
person suffers injury.
a. Fault
b. Negligence
c. Delict
d. Usury

13. A type of contract wherein only one party has an obligation.
a. Pure contract
b. Bilateral contract
c. Joint obligation
d. Unilateral contract

14. This is the sum of money which the law awards or imposes as
pecuniary compensation, recompense or satisfaction for an
injury done or a wrong sustained as a consequence either of a
breach of a contractual obligation or of a tortious act.
a. Restitution
b. Reparation
c. Indemnification
d. Damage

15. This is an act to adopt or approve an act done by another.
a. Ratification
b. Retention
c. Approval
d. Grantee

16. These symbols represent the radio and wireless
communications, positioned one each at the four cardinal points
of the compass in the official ECE dry seal.
a. Lightning
b. Dots and dashes
c. Atom
d. Electron

17. When was the order creating the NTC become effective?
a. July 23, 1978
b. July 23 ,1979
c. July 23, 1980
d. July 23, 1981

18. The guidelines of compulsory interconnection of authorized
public telecommunications carriers, took effect on ________.
a. Feb 24, 1993
b. Apr 23, 1993
c. Mar 24, 1993
d. May 24, 1993

19. Which of the following is a valid ground for revocation of a
professional license?
a. Competence
b. Honesty
c. Ethical conduct
d. Fraud and deceit

20. A facility made up of international transmission, switching and
network management facilities, which serves as point of entry
and exit in the Philippines of international traffic between the
national backbone network and points outside the Philippines?
a. International Gateway Circuit
b. International Gateway Carrier
c. International Carrier
d. International Gateway Facility

21. This is the decree that created the Professional Regulations
Commission or PRC?
a. E.O. 546
b. E.O. 59
c. P.D. 223
d. P.D. 323

22. One of the requirements for a new broadcast radio station is the
filing of petition for ________ with the NTC.
a. Franchise
b. Public convenience
c. Permit
d. Authority

23. This is the order that defined the functions of the National
Telecommunication Commission?
a. E.O. 109
b. E.O. 59
c. E.O. 456
d. E.O. 125-A

24. A foreigner can take the ECE licensure examinations after
following all requirements based on what principle?
a. Immigration
b. Reciprocity
c. Correspondence
d. International Law

25. These are rules and regulations requiring the services of a duly
licensed ECE in the planning and designing, installation or
construction, operation and maintenance of radio stations and in
the manufacture and/or modification of radio communications
a. R.A. 6849
b. R.A. 7925
c. R.A. 5734

26. This is also known as the Philippine Public Telecommunications
Policy Act.
a. R.A. 6849
b. R.A. 7925
c. R.A. 3846
d. R.A. 5734

27. What law provides for the regulation of radio station,
communications in the Philippines and other purposes?
a. R.A. 7925
b. R.A. 5734
c. R.A. 3846
d. R.A. 6849

28. Judgement on the case against an ECE shall become final and
executory after ________ days.
a. 10
b. 15
c. 20
d. 30

29. Which of the following is not a public utility?
a. Water Services
b. Telephone Services
c. Electric Services
d. Oil Services

30. This is an order providing for a national policy on the operation
and use of international satellite communications in the country
a. E.O. 109
b. E.O. 59
c. E.O. 266
d. E.O. 467

31. The following are the grounds for the refusal for the ECE board
to issue a certificate of registration of an ECE except:
a. Unsound mind
b. Conviction of a court
c. Immorality
d. Unstable job and designation

32. Which of the following is not one of the powers and duties of the
Board of ECE?
a. Issue, suspend or revoke licenses for ECE practice
b. Conduct hearing especially homicide cases of ECE
c. Administer professional oath for new ECEs
d. Study, examine and prescribe in cooperation with CHED
with regards to curricula development and facilities of
schools offering ECE course

33. The Electronics and Communications Engineering Act of the
Philippines is also known as _____
a. R. A. 3846
b. R. A. 5734
c. R. A. 7925
d. R. A. 6849

34. What are the foundations of moral philosophy?
a. Justine, Honesty, Integrity
b. Justice, Honesty, Courtesy
c. Courage, Honesty, Justice
d. Integrity, Justice, Sincerity

35. What agency is responsible for the formulation of the rules and
regulations governing the examination, regulation and practice
of an ECE in the Philippines?
a. NTC
b. PRC
d. Office of the President

36. This is issued to an ECE who passes the licensure
examinations provided that the required fees are settled in order
for him to practice his profession
a. License to Practice
b. Permit to Practice
c. Certificate of Registration
d. Certificate of Practice

37. A government agency in-charge in allocating, licensing, and
monitoring telecommunications entities in the Philippines?
b. Board of Communications
c. NTC
d. Board of ECE

38. What is the license issued by the Congress of the Philippines to
public utilities?
b. CPC
c. Franchise
d. Permit

39. This is an organization whose members are owners of
broadcasting entities
b. KBP

40. This is the professional organization for electronics engineers in
the world

d. PCS

41. What is the keystone of professional conduct?
a. Justice
b. Honesty
c. Integrity
d. Courtesy

42. Which of the following is not a nature or scope of work of an
a. Investigating
b. Planning
c. Designing
d. Directing

43. This is defined as any process of transmitting and receiving
voice, data, electronic message, written or printed matter, fixed
or moving pictures, words, music or visible or audible signals or
any control signals of any design and for any purpose by wire,
radio and other electromagnetic, spectral, optical or any other
technological means
a. Communications
b. Telecommunications
c. Electronic communications
d. Engineering

44. Which of the following is not covered by the Penal Provisions of
the ECE Law of the Philippines?
a. A person who advertise himself as a registered ECE
b. A person with license who engage in wire-tapping
c. A person who passed the board exam but did not take
the oath
d. A person who uses a revoked or suspended license

45. Prescribing the policy for Compulsory Interconnection of
Authorized Public Telecommuni-cation Carriers in order to
create a universally accessible and fully integrated nationwide
telecommuni-cations network
a. E.O. 59
b. E.O. 109
c. E.O. 196
d. E.O. 205

46. Regulating the operation of Cable Antenna Television (CATV)
Systems in the Philippines
a. E.O. 109
b. E.O. 196
c. E.O. 205
d. E.O. 255

47. An order that requires all radio stations with musical format
programs to broadcast a minimum of four original Pilipino
musical (OPM) composition in every clock hour
a. E.O. 109
b. E.O. 196
c. E.O. 205
d. E.O. 255

48. What is required when installing a base radio station prior to
issuance of license?
a. Permit to operate
b. License
c. Construction permit
d. Permit to purchase

49. What authorization from NTC is needed for the operation of a
portable transceiver?
a. Permit to purchase
b. Permit to possess
c. Construction permit
d. Radio station license

50. Prior to issuance of a radio station license, NTC requires this
certificate of authorization for the installation and construction of
a VHF land based station
a. Construction Permit
b. Provisional Authority
c. Inspection Report
d. Type Acceptance Certificate

51. The logbook and file of messages handled by a radio station
shall be preserves and retained for a period of
a. 2-years
b. 3-years
c. 5-years
d. Indefinitely until cleared by NTC for disposition

52. An Act to make the installations of Radio Apparatus obligatory
for ships of Philippine register
a. RA 3396
b. RA 5734
c. RA 7306
d. RA 3846

53. Rules and regulations governing Radio Training Schools in the
a. DO 5
b. DO 6
c. DO 7
d. DO 88

54. Rules and regulations governing Land Mobile Radio Service and
its operators
a. DO 5
b. DO 6
c. DO 7
d. DO 88

55. What Executive Order No. that integrates the
Telecommunications Control Bureau (TCB) and the Board of
Communications (BOC) into a single entity now known as the
National Telecommunications Commission (NTC)
a. EO 59
b. EO 109
c. EO 205
d. EO 546

56. A listing of names, addresses and places of business of all
registered Electronics and Communications Engineers
a. Master list
b. Index of ECE
c. ECE data file
d. Roster of ECE

57. What is the maximum diameter of the official dry seal of an
a. 1 inch
b. 1 inch inches
c. 1 and inches
d. 1 and 7/8 inches

58. How many electrons are orbiting around the nucleus in the atom
of our official dry seal?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8


59. Refers to the inculcation, assimilation and acquisition of
knowledge, skills, proficiency, and ethical and moral values,
after the initial registration of a professional, that raises and
enhances the professionals technical skills and professional
a. CPE
b. MS degree
c. Technical training
d. Advancement training
60. How many CPE units are needed for the renewal of PRC-ECE
a. 20 units
b. 40 units
c. 60 units
d. 80 units
61. Otherwise known as the Municipal Telephone Act.
a. R.A. 6984
b. R.A. 6849
c. R.A. 8694
d. R.A. 6894

62. Under R.A. 5734, the minimum age of a registered ECE to
become a member of the ECE Board is _______years old.
a. 21
b. 31
c. 35
d. 40

63. The foundation of moral philosophy
a. Integrity, honesty and justice
b. Justice, honesty and courtesy
c. Justice, courtesy and integrity
d. Sincerity, honesty and justice

64. For the allocation of frequencies in the world, ITU divides the
world into how many regions?
a. 3
b. 5
c. 7
d. 4

65. Philippines is under what region of frequency allocation?
a. Region 1
b. Region 2
c. Region 3
d. Region 4

66. What is the international color used to paint broadcast antenna
a. White and orange
b. White and yellow
c. White and red
d. Orange and yellow

67. A data network operated by an enfranchised
telecommunications carrier that is authorized to provide data
and other related telecommunications services to the public.
a. Public Switched Telephone Network
b. Public Switched Communications Network
c. Public Switched Data Network
d. None of these

68. A telephone network operated by an enfranchised
telecommunications carrier that is authorized to provide
telephony and other related telecommunications services to the
a. Public Switched Telephone Network
b. Public Switched Communications Network
c. Public Switched Data Network
d. None of these
69. A wide area mobile ratio telephone system with its own switch
base stations and transmissions by utilizing radio frequencies.
a. Mobile Telephone System
b. Cellular Radio System
c. Cellular Telephone System
d. Mobile Radio Telephone System
70. The linkage, by wire, radio, satellite or other means, of two or
more existing telecommunications carriers or operators with one
another for the purpose of allowing or enabling the subscribers
of one carrier or operator to access or reach the subscriber of
the other carriers or operators.
a. Tie-up
b. Cross-connection
c. Interconnection
d. All Of These
71. A specific point as defined on the network where point of
interconnection shall occur in such a way that interconnection
between and among local exchange carriers, inter-change
carriers and international gateway facilities operations can be
made efficient and effective.
a. Point of presence
b. Point of interface
c. Point of interconnection
d. Carrier point
72. The maximum ground resistance in an equipment installation as
required by Volume 1 of the Philippine Electronic Code (Safety
Code) is
a. 10 ohms
b. 25 ohms
c. 5 ohms
d. 1 ohm
73. In order to be admitted to the ECE licensure examinations, an
applicant must, at the time of filing of his application, be at least
___________ years old.
a. 18
b. 19
c. 20
d. 21
74. The Chairman and members of the ECE Board are appointed by
a. IECEP National Chapter
b. PRC Commissioner
c. Head of Schools
d. President of the Philippines
75. Any violation of the ECE Act shall be punishable by
a. A fine of one million pesos
b. An imprisonment of not less than six months nor more than
six years
c. A fine of no less than 100,000 pesos but not more than 1
million pesos
d. Choices b and/or c
76. Which of the choices below is not covered in the penal provision
of the ECE Act of the Philippines?
a. Any person who advertise himself as an ECE where in fact
he is not duly registered with the board.
b. Any person holding a license who shall engage in wire-
c. Any person who passed the exams but had not taken
his oath.
d. Any person who is using a revoked or suspended license.
77. In the official dry seal of a registered ECE, the alternate dots
and dashes are placed.
a. Below the atom
b. Above the license number
c. Between the lightning symbols
d. Along the band of the license number
78. Which of the following stations does not require a franchise from
the Congress of the Philippines?
a. An experimental station
b. A training station

c. A station on board a mobile vessel
d. All of these
79. An act providing for a none responsive & comprehensives
regulation for the registration, licensing & practice of
professional electronics engineers, electronic engineers &
electronics technician
a. RA 5734
b. RA 7925
c. RA 3846
d. RA 9292
80. RA 9292 is otherwise known as
a. ECE Act of the Philippines
b. Electronic Engineering Law of the Philippines
c. Electronics Engineering Law of 2004
d. ECE Law of 2004

81. RA 9292 was approved in
a. June 21, 1969
b. April 17, 2004
c. February 24, 2004
d. September 2, 1992
82. Which subject is not included in scope of examination for ECEs,
based on RA 9292
a. Mathematics
b. ICT
c. MMS
d. Applied Sciences
83. An ECE board member must be a citizen & a resident of the
Philippine for at least _____ consecutive years prior to his
a. 5
b. 10
c. 15
d. 20
84. A board member may be re-appointed more than once for as
long as his continuous terms shall not exceed _____ years
a. 3
b. 6
c. 9
d. 10
85. The results of the ECE licensure examinations shall be released
within _____ days after the said examinations
a. 3
b. 5
c. 10
d. 15
86. This means the voluntary and deliberate act to evade the
fulfillment of an obligation
a. Deceit
b. Fraud
c. Fault
d. Negligence

87. The fulfillment of an obligation
a. Damages
b. Extinguishment
c. Contract
d. Court
88. This takes place when a debtor offers to pay his debt
a. Tender of payment
b. Bailment
c. Extinguishment
d. Warranty
89. A type of law that gives the legal rules which regulates the rights
and duties arising from the relationship of the state to the people
a. State Law
b. Public Law
c. Criminal Law
d. Private Law
90. Vesting the jurisdiction, control and regulation over Philippine
Communications Satellite Corp. with the National
Telecommunications Commission.
a. E.O. 109
b. E.O. 196
c. E.O. 205
d. E.O. 225
91. Known as the Cellular Mobile Telecommunication System
Policy, issued last November 11, 1992
a. DOTC Mem. Cir. No. 90-252
b. DOTC Mem. Cir. No. 90-248
c. DOTC Mem. Cir. No. 90-483
d. DOTC Mem. Cir. No. 92-269
92. DOTC Mem. Cir. No. _______, is for Domestic Satellite
Communications Policy.
a. 90-252
b. 91-260
c. 92-269
d. 93-273
93. For the purpose of frequency allocation, into how many regions
is the world divided?
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four
94. This kind of radio station does not need a franchise from
a. Public Paging System
b. Radio Training Station
c. Public Trunked Radio
d. Public Telegraph Operations
95. A radio station intended to be used for operation during
unspecified halts or while in motion is called
a. Central
b. Base
c. Mobile
d. Repeater
96. A ship station is classified as
a. Land station
b. Maritime mobile station
c. Coastal Station
d. Radio navigational station

97. As per NTC Memorandum Cir. No. 11-89, for an ECE graduate
to be able to take the commercial radiotelephone operators
certi-ficate exam, he must have
a. A valid special order (SO) number from DECS
b. A PRC license
c. A school diploma
d. All of the above
98. What permit is required if a transmitter is to be shipped from
Manila to Davao City?
a. Permit to Change Location
b. Permit to Possess
c. Permit to Modify
d. Permit to Transport
99. Who will be given a copy of the roster of ECEs?
a. Each registered ECE
b. IECEP officers only
c. The board of ECE only
d. PRC commissioner only

100. A foreigner can take the ECE licensure examinations after
following all requirements based of the policy of _____ law
a. Immigration
b. Nationality
c. Foreign reciprocity
d. International