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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev.

E ABB Switzerland Ltd


March 07

4. EXTERNAL OPERATOR PROGRAM (HMI500)
4.1. Introduction.............................................................................. 4-3
4.2. Safety instructions ................................................................... 4-4
4.3. Installation................................................................................ 4-5
4.3.1. Minimum PC requirements ...................................................... 4-5
4.3.2. Set-up ...................................................................................... 4-5
4.3.2.1. Communication interface, off-line and simulation mode .......... 4-7
4.3.2.2. Mouse...................................................................................... 4-8
4.3.2.3. Installation on a network .......................................................... 4-8
4.4. Starting HMI500....................................................................... 4-9
4.4.1. Window structure................................................................... 4-11
4.4.2. Main window.......................................................................... 4-12
4.5. Operation............................................................................... 4-15
4.5.1. File......................................................................................... 4-15
4.5.1.1. File / Open ............................................................................. 4-15
4.5.1.2. File / Save as ......................................................................... 4-15
4.5.1.3. File / Upload from protection system...................................... 4-15
4.5.1.4. File / Download to protection system..................................... 4-15
4.5.1.5. File / Compare.................................................................... 4-17
4.5.1.6. File / Exit ................................................................................ 4-19
4.5.2. View....................................................................................... 4-20
4.5.2.1. View / Single-line diagram..................................................... 4-20
4.5.2.2. View / Protection zone measurements................................... 4-22
4.5.2.3. View / Analog input measurements ....................................... 4-23
4.5.2.4. View / Binary input/output status............................................ 4-25
4.5.2.5. View / Switchgear objects...................................................... 4-26
4.5.2.6. View / Protection zone circuit-breakers.................................. 4-27
4.5.2.7. View / Disturbance recorder................................................... 4-28
4.5.2.8. View / BP function monitoring (REB500sys only) .................. 4-32
4.5.2.9. View / Event list ..................................................................... 4-32
4.5.2.10. View / Reset latched tripping and signaling relays................. 4-35
4.5.3. Settings.................................................................................. 4-36
4.5.3.1. Settings / System response ................................................... 4-36
4.5.3.2. Settings / Busbar protection................................................... 4-36
4.5.3.3. Settings / Overcurrent release ............................................... 4-36
4.5.3.4. Settings / Voltage release...................................................... 4-36
4.5.3.5. Settings / Voltage / external release ...................................... 4-36
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4.5.3.6. Settings / Bay protection (REB500sys only) .......................... 4-36
4.5.3.7. Settings / Breaker failure protection....................................... 4-36
4.5.3.8. Settings / Overcurrent protection ........................................... 4-36
4.5.3.9. Settings / End zone protection............................................... 4-36
4.5.3.10. Settings / CB pole discrepancy .............................................. 4-37
4.5.3.11. Settings / Event memory........................................................ 4-37
4.5.3.12. Settings / Communication...................................................... 4-37
4.5.4. Configuration ......................................................................... 4-37
4.5.4.1. Configuration / Activate/deactivate ........................................ 4-37
4.5.4.2. Configuration / Voltage transformers ..................................... 4-37
4.5.4.3. Configuration / BP licenses (REB500sys only) ...................... 4-37
4.5.4.4. Configuration / Device structure............................................. 4-38
4.5.4.5. Configuration / Isolators......................................................... 4-38
4.5.4.6. Configuration / Disturbance recorder ..................................... 4-38
4.5.4.7. Configuration / CB inspection ................................................ 4-38
4.5.4.8. Configuration / Binary module................................................ 4-38
4.5.4.9. Configuration / Local HMI LEDs (LMI LEDs).......................... 4-38
4.5.4.10. Configuration / Circuit-breakers ............................................. 4-38
4.5.4.11. Configuration / Current transformers...................................... 4-39
4.5.4.12. Configuration / GPS time synchronization ............................. 4-39
4.5.5. Testing................................................................................... 4-39
4.5.5.1. Testing / Test mode............................................................... 4-39
4.5.5.2. Testing / Installation mode..................................................... 4-42
4.5.6. Tools...................................................................................... 4-44
4.5.6.1. Tools / Version....................................................................... 4-44
4.5.6.2. Tools / Reports ...................................................................... 4-45
4.5.6.3. Tools / Export SCS data ........................................................ 4-45
4.5.6.4. Tools / Change password ...................................................... 4-46
4.5.6.5. Tools / Settings ...................................................................... 4-46
4.5.6.6. Tools / Set system time.......................................................... 4-48
4.5.6.7. Tools / MMC session manager .............................................. 4-49
4.5.7. Window.................................................................................. 4-50
4.5.8. Help (?) .................................................................................. 4-50
4.6. Error messages ..................................................................... 4-51
4.7. Corrective action.................................................................... 4-51
4.7.1. Available system resources ................................................... 4-51
4.8. De-installation........................................................................ 4-51

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. E ABB Switzerland Ltd
4. EXTERNAL OPERATOR PROGRAM (HMI500)
4.1. Introduction
HMI500 is the human/machine interface (HMI) for the protection
systems REB500 and REB500sys. For brevity, these Operating
Instructions refer simply to REB500 although the program
applies to both systems. There are additional menu items, which
only apply to REB500sys, and attention is explicitly drawn to
these.
HMI500 is a convenient human-machine interface which permits
the operator to view REB500 measurements and statuses, set
REB500 protection functions and configure the system,
download the latter data to REB500 and to control the
disturbance recorder and event memory integrated in the
system.
HMI500 runs on a standard PC (see Section 4.3.1. Minimum PC
requirements) under Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000
and Windows XP.
The data are transferred between the PC and REB500 via an
optical reader attached to the front of either central or bay units
and coupled to a serial interface on the PC.


NOTE: Any changes (e.g. settings, configuration etc.) made
using HMI500 are stored in a specific customer database (MDB
file) in the PC and not in the protection system. The database
then has to be downloaded from the PC to the protection
system (see Section 4.5.1.4.).

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4.2. Safety instructions


DANGER: HMI500 permits circuit-breakers and isolators to
be operated. Every program operation and the possible
consequences must be considered carefully beforehand. If
switching operations have to be carried out, the same
precautions must be taken as when performing them manually.


WARNING: Earlier HMI500 versions are incompatible with
Version 7.30 of the protection system software.


WARNING: A password has to be entered to operate HMI500.
Passwords may only be assigned to authorized operators.
Change the standard passwords in the software as soon as the
program is installed.

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4.3. Installation
The human-machine interface program HMI500 Version 7.40 is
supplied on an installation CD in German, English, French and
Spanish.
4.3.1. Minimum PC requirements
HMI500 runs on an IBM PC, compatible under Microsoft.
Observe the information published by Microsoft on the PC
hardware requirements in relation to the operating system
installed.
The minimum PC hardware performance requirements are as
follows:
PC with a CPU operating at 300 MHz or higher
mouse plus PS/2 interface (bus board) if the PC has only one
serial interface
16 MByte RAM (64 MByte recommended) for Windows 98
and Windows NT 4.0; at least 64 MByte for Windows 2000 or
Windows XP (256 MByte recommended)
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
1 serial interface (RS-232C) (COM1 or COM2)
SVGA monitor (800 x 600)
1 parallel interface (LPT1) for a printer (recommended).


NOTE: The PC-operating program HMI500 runs under Microsoft


Windows98

1
st
Edition with Internet Explorer 4 SP2 or 2
nd
edition
Windows NT

V4.00 Service Pack 5


Windows 2000

Service Pack 4
Windows XP


4.3.2. Set-up
Administrator access rights are required for the installation of
HMI500 on PCs running the operating systems Windows NT,
Windows 2000 or Windows XP. An attempt to install the program
with lower access rights prompts an error message and the
installation is aborted. Contact your system administrator in this
case.
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Insert the CD-ROM in the drive. The installation program is then
started automatically
1
.
Select the preferred language and confirm that the installation
procedure should be continued.
You are now requested to read and confirm your acceptance of
the license conditions.


The installation program proposes a target directory. Either
confirm the proposed directory or enter a desired one. The
program is installed automatically in the prescribed directory
after clicking on Next>

1
Should the auto-start function on your PC be disabled, select and run the
program start.bat on the CD to start the installation program.
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A HMI500 directory and program icon 'HMI500 x.xx ss' are
created in the Windows Start menu, x.xx signifying the program
version and ss the language.

4.3.2.1. Communication interface, off-line and simulation mode
By default, the installation routine will select the first free inter-
face (COM port). The communication settings can be changed
subsequently by selecting 'Tools / Settings' (see Section
4.5.6.5.).
Aside from the interface a connection via TCP/IP is available as
communication path.
The same menu item also provides a choice of operating mode
by selecting either the radio button 'Off-line' (excludes the
functions requiring a REB500 to be connected) or 'Simulated' (no
REB500 connected, but with all the functions available for
demonstration purposes and random generation of data) (see
Section 4.5.6.5.).


NOTE: HMI500 automatically starts off-line, if an invalid COM
port is entered or another application is using the port.

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4.3.2.2. Mouse
A mouse is necessary to work with the HMI500 efficiently. It is
possible to control it solely via the keyboard, but this can be a
little cumbersome. The right mouse button is also used for some
operations, and therefore it should not be configured to perform
other functions (e.g. double click).
4.3.2.3. Installation on a network
Before attempting to install HMI500 on a network, ascertain that
you are authorized to write in the corresponding Windows
directory, otherwise the installation will fail.
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4.4. Starting HMI500


NOTE: The program screens in this section are based on a
typical application. Depending on the power system configura-
tion and the options configured while engineering your system,
certain menus may be missing or the display appears different.

The first screen to appear after starting the operator program is
the 'System log-on' dialog:

Fig. 4.1 System log-on dialog
The program can be run in a read only mode by appropriately
activating the 'Read only' check box, i.e. the data can be viewed
but not changed. Users that want to run the program in a
read/write mode (check box deactivated) must enter a password.


NOTE: To enable a start to be made, the password is set to
'System' when the program is supplied (case sensitive!).

HMI500 obtains the specific device data from a database in a
file, which is stored both in the PC and the protection system.
Database files on the PC have the extension '.mdb'.
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Click on the 'OK' button to continue the start-up routine or on the
'Cancel' button to discontinue and close the program.
Communication with the protection system is tested after clicking
on 'OK'.
Providing communication can be established, HMI500 starts in
the on-line mode.
Should communication with the protection system fail, it starts
either off-line or in the simulation mode (see Section 4.5.6.5.).
The main HMI500 window then appears.
Some of the dialogues used by the program are standard
Windows dialogues. Should these not be in the same language
as HMI500, than a different language is set for the Windows
operating system.


NOTE: The database that was open during the last session
opens automatically. If no database was open before, select
'Open' in the 'File' menu and then the desired file. An error
message is displayed if an attempt is made to open an
incompatible file. An existing file in the protection system can
also be opened using the 'Upload' function in the 'File' menu.

REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. E ABB Switzerland Ltd
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Fig. 4.2 Main HMI500 window
4.4.1. Window structure
The structure and handling of the windows in the operator
program is similar to other Windows applications.


Fig. 4.3 Dialogue buttons
The following buttons appear in many dialogues:
OK
The new settings are saved in the database on the PC and the
dialogue closes.
Apply
The new settings are saved in the database on the PC and the
dialogue stays open.
ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. E
Restore
The changes that have been made are ignored and the old
settings restored. The dialogue stays open.
Cancel
The new settings are not saved and the dialogue closes.
Scroll (arrow) buttons
In windows permitting the selection of several bays (or isolators,
circuit-breakers etc.), there are four scroll buttons at the bottom
for scrolling through the bays.
Close
The window or dialogue is closed and a warning is displayed, if
changes have been made which have not been saved.
In many dialogues with settings there is an overview tab for
selecting one of a list of bays and a details tab showing the
respective settings. Details can be viewed by either clicking on
the tab or double-clicking on the bay in the overview list.
4.4.2. Main window
The title bar is at the top of the main program window and states
the name of the program 'HMI500 (REBWIN)' and the project
information entered by the ABB engineering department. The
menu bar is located immediately below the title bar.


Fig. 4.4 Status bar
File
The menu item 'File' permits databases to be opened and saved
and a database to be uploaded from the protection or
downloaded to it.
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View
The menu item 'View' contains menu items for viewing the plant
diagram, the measurements of each protection zone, inputs and
outputs, switchgear statuses, the event list and any tripping that
has taken place. For REB500sys, the application also provides
facility for viewing the bay protection measurements.
Settings
By selecting the menu item 'Settings' it is possible to set the
system parameters, the operating values for the various
protection functions and the communication parameters.
Configuration
The menu item 'Configuration' concerns the definition of the
various circuit-breakers, isolators and CTs, the activation/
deactivation (masking/unmasking) of items of plant, the
configuration of system modules, tripping logics and the
disturbance recorder and maintenance instances presented.
Other items configured are the LEDs on the local HMI
(REB500sys, bay unit type 500BU03) and the optional GPS
synchronization system. In the case of REB500sys, an overview
of the licensed bay protection functions is also provided.
Testing
The menu item 'Test' is for enabling/disabling either the test or
installation mode.
Tools
Functions for editing data file versions, producing reports,
exporting SCS communication data, changing passwords,
selecting operator program options and setting the system time
are available under the menu item 'Tools'.
Help
The online help system and information details of the software
version are accessed by clicking on Help.
Status information is displayed on the bar at the bottom of the
main window (Simulation/On-line/Off-line, Edit/Read only, Test
mode, Installation mode, Database version, Setfile). These have
the following significance:


Fig. 4.5 Status bar
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On-line/Off-line
If the program can successfully establish contact with the
protection system, it is in the on-line mode. If no connection can
be established or is not desired the program is in the off-line
mode.
Simulation
The system is in the simulation mode when 'Simulation' is
displayed on the status bar. All the functions can be executed
without being connected to a protection device. Random values
are generated when viewing protection unit data, e.g. event lists
or measurements. Simulated faults can also be viewed.
Edit/Read only
'Edit' permits settings to be saved in a file or downloaded to the
protection system. In the 'Read only' mode it is only possible to
read data.
Test mode
'Test mode' is displayed on the status line whenever the test
generator is activated.
Installation mode
'Installation mode' is displayed on the status line whenever the
installation mode is activated.
Database version
The version of the database structure of the database that is
open is displayed.
Setfile
The name and path of the setfile that is open are displayed at
this location on the status bar.
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4.5. Operation
4.5.1. File
4.5.1.1. File / Open
After starting the program, select 'Open' from the 'File' menu. A
dialogue opens which enables you to select the desired file. The
dialogue provides facility for navigating through the various
drives and directories. After making the corresponding choice,
click on 'OK' to load the data into the program or on 'Cancel' to
close the dialogue without making any changes.
4.5.1.2. File / Save as
The current data in the PC database can be saved in a file by
opening the 'File' menu and clicking on 'Save as'. As was the
case with 'Open', the dialogue that appears gives full access to
the PC file system.
4.5.1.3. File / Upload from protection system
This menu item enables data stored in the protection system to
be uploaded to a file in the PC.

Fig. 4.6 Upload from protection system
4.5.1.4. File / Download to protection system
Open the 'File' menu and select 'Download to protection system'
to download the current data from the PC database to the
protection system.
The versions are compared before downloading proceeds and
the result is displayed. An index and a comment may also be
entered beforehand by selecting Tools/Version (see Section
4.5.6.). For safety reasons, the new data is only saved if it is
different. Data will only be saved if they are different or the version
index is different.
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NOTE: Data can be correctly downloaded as soon as the
central unit has started.

After the downloading procedure is complete, the protection
system is restarted and the valid version can then be verified on
the HMI.

Fig. 4.7 Download to protection system and comparison of
versions

Fig. 4.8 Warning: Download to protection system and
comparison of versions
The progress of the downloading procedure is shown on the
screen. The correct time format must be set via the control panel
on the PC for the procedure to be presented correctly. The
procedure can be interrupted by the user as far as 'Archive data
in the protection system'.

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Fig. 4.9 Download to protection system
Various check sums are calculated to establish the integrity of
the data in the database and these are examined after the
transfer of data has been completed.
Only after all the data have been successfully transferred are
they saved in the non-volatile memory. The auxiliary supply of
the central unit must not be interrupted during this part of the
procedure.
4.5.1.5. File / Compare
This menu item provides facility for comparing the PC database
loaded by HMI500 and the database stored in the protection
system or a second database file in the PC.
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Fig. 4.10 Comparison of system databases
Second database is stored at PC
Activating this radio button compares the system database
loaded by HMI500 and another database in the PC. The latter is
chosen by clicking on the button 'Select file'.
Second database is at target
Activating this radio button compares the system database
loaded by HMI500 and the database already stored in the
protection system. The degree of detail is determined with the
aid of the button 'Only compare checksum'.
Show only differences
Checking the 'Show only differences' box enables the scope of
the report to be limited to the differences actually found.
Limit number of differences
The number entered here determines the number of differences
that can be found before the current comparison operation is
aborted.
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Show pre-engineering changes only for feeders, modules
and switchgear objects
When this box is checked (default setting), the comparison is
restricted to determining whether changes have taken place in
relation to the pre-engineering data for bays, modules and
switchgear. Generally, the default settings should be retained as
otherwise the number of differences that will be discovered
increases considerably (events, signals etc., are then also taken
into account).
Write log file
Check the box 'Write log file' to store the results of the
comparison in a file.
Compare
The button 'Compare... ' starts the comparison operation.
4.5.1.6. File / Exit
To terminate the program, open the 'File' menu and select 'Exit'.
A warning is displayed if there are changes that have not been
saved. You then have the choice of saving or discarding them.
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4.5.2. View
4.5.2.1. View / Single-line diagram
Opening the 'View' menu and selecting 'Single-line diagram'
displays a diagram of the plant corresponding to the layout and
wiring diagrams created for the project by the ABB engineering
department.
The screen below shows a typical single-line diagram:

Fig. 4.11 Single-line diagram
The name of every item of plant can be changed by pointing at
its label and clicking the right mouse button. This opens a menu
with the operation 'Change label'. Clicking the right mouse
button again on this command opens a dialogue called 'New
label'. After entering the new name, click on 'OK' to confirm it.
The names can also be changed via the 'Configuration' menu.
The primary system shown above is only an example.
Providing the items of plant have been configured, updating
once or cyclically shows their actual status and the feeder
currents.
Using the right mouse button, it is also possible to display the
differential currents of the selected busbar zone. A busbar zone
is selected by clicking the right mouse button on its label, e.g.
BZ1.


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Fig. 4.12 Updated single-line diagram
Click the right mouse button in an empty field in the single-line
diagram to view a dialogue with a list of the symbols used. The
buttons on the right provide facility for changing the default
colors for open, closed or invalid objects to suit your needs.
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4.5.2.2. View / Protection zone measurements
This dialogue displays the actual values of measured variables
for each protection zone (restrained differential current of the
busbar protection function). The protection zones are determined
by the positions of the isolators and the bus-tie breakers (busbar
image).
Overview

Fig. 4.13 Overview dialogue for protection zone
measurements
The currently active protection zones are listed in order showing
the associated sections of busbar and the differential current per
phase or in the neutral. The overview is not updated auto-
matically, it is necessary to click on the 'Refresh' button.
A protection zone to which no measurement has been assigned
(not a single bay unit current is processed by the busbar
protection algorithm) is shown as being invalid.
Protection zones that have been connected (e.g. via a pair of
feeder isolators or a longitudinal isolator) are also presented.
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Detailed view

Fig. 4.14 Detailed view of measurements per zone
The feeders assigned to individual protection zones are listed in
the detailed views of the relevant zones.
The differential current, the restraint current and the stability
factor are also displayed.
4.5.2.3. View / Analog input measurements
The bay units and their labels and slots are listed in the overview
dialogue.

Fig. 4.15 Overview dialogue for protection zone
measurements
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To display the values of measured variables, first select a
module (becomes highlighted) and click on the 'Open
measurements window' button or alternatively double click on
the module. Up to eight measurement windows can be open at
the same time.
The windows can be arranged under each other by clicking on
the 'Arrange windows' button.
The display can be updated either manually by clicking on the
'Update measurement' button or automatically by clicking on the
'Update cyclically' button. This updates all the measurement
windows, which are open at the same time.
A warning appears in the measurement window if measurements
cannot be correctly performed. Closing the overview window
closes all the measurement windows as well.
If a type 500BU03 bay unit is selected, the phase-angles are
displayed as well as the analog measurements (see Fig. 4.15
'Overview dialogue for protection zone measurements'). The
currently valid reference channel, i.e. reference point for
displaying phase-angles, is highlighted yellow. The user can
change the reference channel by double-clicking on the desired
one. The phase-angle display is not available on the other types
of bay unit.

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4.5.2.4. View / Binary input/output status

Fig. 4.16 Binary input/output status
The binary inputs and outputs are listed in the overview dialogue
together with their bay labels and slot numbers.
To view a signal status, select the corresponding module and
click on the 'Open status window' button or alternatively double
click on the module. Up to eight status windows can be open at
the same time. They can be arranged under each other by
clicking on the 'Arrange windows' button.
The display can be updated either manually by clicking on the
'Update status' button or automatically by clicking on the 'Update
cyclically' button. This updates all the status windows, which are
open at the same time.
A status window shows either the inputs or the outputs. A '1' in a
field indicates that the respective input or output is set and a '0'
that it is reset. The statuses of all valid values are green (gray on
a monochrome screen).
Two windows can be opened to view the inputs and outputs of a
bay at the same time.
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A status of an input or output that has been impressed is yellow
(white on a monochrome screen) (see Section 4.5.5.).
The statuses of inputs, which the supervision function has
tagged as being invalid, are red. This can also occur briefly when
the window is opened.
The signals assigned to each physical channel while configuring
the binary module are displayed in the status window. Channels
to which no signals were assigned are marked 'No signal
assigned'.
Closing the overview window closes all the status windows as
well.


NOTE: Further details of the signals assigned to the various
binary inputs and outputs can be viewed by opening the
'Configuration' menu and selecting 'Binary modules' (see
Section 4.5.4.8. 'Configuration / Binary module').

4.5.2.5. View / Switchgear objects
The detailed view shows the statuses of circuit-breakers and
isolators.

Fig. 4.17 Switchgear objects
If neither a closed nor an open position is defined, a status of
'invalid' is displayed.
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4.5.2.6. View / Protection zone circuit-breakers
The detailed view shows all the circuit-breakers belonging to the
respective protection zone.

Fig. 4.18 Protection zone circuit-breakers, detailed view
These circuit-breakers are intertripped, for example, in the event
of a busbar fault in the respective protection zone.
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4.5.2.7. View / Disturbance recorder
Overview
The number of records and the current status is displayed for
every bay unit:
Ready: The disturbance recorder is ready to make records.
Not ready: The disturbance recorder has to be restarted in
the detailed view of the bay (e.g. when the 'fix' mode of
recording is set and the memory is full, see Section 5.3.9.2.).
Recording: A record procedure is in progress.

Fig. 4.19 Disturbance recorder overview
Press 'Shift' and click on the desired fields to select several fields
at once.
Detailed views of all the bay units selected can be opened.
Recording can be initiated for each of the bay units selected.
The records of each of the bay units selected can be
transferred (see Fig. 4.20 'Transferring disturbance recorder
records')
The records of each of the bay units can be deleted.
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Transferring disturbance recorder records (together)
The records of the bay units selected can be transferred together
in a single operation.

Fig. 4.20 Transferring disturbance recorder records
This dialogue provides the following facilities:
Select a directory for storing the records
Deleting the records transferred in the protection system
Manual transfer of records using the ComTrade standard
Automatic transfer (only if 'Delete disturbance recorder data'
is selected): the user has the possibility of setting the transfer
interval and selecting the ComTrade format.
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Detailed view
Dialogue for viewing individual bay units and processing records.

Fig. 4.21 Disturbance recorder detailed view
The following data are displayed:
Status (defined in the overview)
Number of records available
Number of free memory addresses
Sampling rate (see Section 5.3.9. ' Configuration /
Disturbance recorder')
Type of trigger
Duration of recording
Record number (see Disturbance recorder file).

The dialogue provides the following facilities:
Stop disturbance recording
Start disturbance recording
Deleting records manually (only the oldest record is
accessible)
Selection of ComTrade format, i.e. saving according to
standard 91 or 99
Manual transfer of the 'ComTrade' record (only the oldest
record is accessible).
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Disturbance recorder file
COMTRADE format
Saving records in the COMTRADE format involves the automatic
creation of three files.
1. dddsssnn.CFG
2. A file with the extension .DAT
3. A file with the extension .HDR

Record file name
The disturbance recorder records are saved in files with the
following standard names in the PC:
dddsssnn.CFG
where ddd Day of the year (1...365)
sss Disturbance recorder station number
nn Consecutive disturbance recorder number.
The name of the file can be changed providing the records are
transferred manually.
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4.5.2.8. View / BP function monitoring (REB500sys only)
The menu item 'BP function monitoring' is only provided with
REB500sys.

Fig. 4.22 Bay protection measurements
The bay units licensed to include bay protection are listed in the
overview dialogue.
To view the measurements, select a bay unit (highlighted) and
click on the 'Continue' button or more directly, simply double
click on the desired bay unit using the left mouse button.
The 'Select function' dialogue with a list of bay protection
functions and measurements available in the particular bay unit
appears. Select the desired function either by double clicking on
it or selection and clicking on the 'Open function' button.
The protection function measurement is automatically refreshed.
Close the dialogue either by clicking on 'OK' or 'Cancel'.
4.5.2.9. View / Event list
Protection system events are shown in chronological order. By
correspondingly setting the event filter, just protection events,
system events or test events can be viewed separately. Events
with an invalid time tag can be excluded from the display. You
can choose between 'User-defined' and 'System-defined' event
texts.
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Fig. 4.23 Event list
The central unit event list has a maximum length of 1000 and the
bay units 100 records.
In the event of a supply failure, the events stored in the REB500
central unit remain intact for at least 24 hours.
Load events
The protection system has an event memory for every unit
(central unit and bay units).
To upload the latest events to the PC, open the 'View' menu and
select 'Event list'. This opens the 'Event list' dialogue (HMI500
must be in the on-line mode). Click on the 'Refresh' button to
upload the events. The protection system stores the events until
they are explicitly deleted.
The list viewed on the PC is refreshed either on command or
cyclically. To specify the refreshing interval, select 'Tools /
Settings' (see Section 4.5.6.5.).
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There is no indication should the event memory overflow before
the events have been uploaded. The events are updated as
determined by the system response setting (see Section
4.5.3.11. 'Settings / Event memory').
The following information is shown for every event:
Type of event
P = Protection function event
S = System event
T = Test generator event
Date event occurred
Time event occurred
Time tag valid (yes / no)
Source of event with application, node and device ID
FFFSSAAAA (e.g. BPD010004)
FFF: English function designation (e.g. PDP =
Bay protection device)
SS: No. of the bus section
AAAA: Address of the hardware unit that
generated the event.

NOTE: The source data are important for locating hardware
defects.

Text as entered via 'Configuration/Binary module' (user
defined) or alternatively, the name assigned by the system
(system defined)
Value, e.g. ON or OFF.
The width of the columns can be adjusted by dragging the
border with the mouse in the table header.
Providing a printer is connected to the PC, you can print the
event list by clicking on the Print button.
The event list can be saved in a text file on the PC with the aid of
'ASCII export'.
Deleting events
An event is marked (becomes highlighted) by clicking on it, with
the mouse and several events by holding the mouse button
pressed and moving the pointer over them.
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Clicking in the blank field at the top left of the window (next to
Type) marks all the events in the list.
Deleting the PC list
Mark events you wish to delete and click on the 'Delete PC list'
button. Deleting can take several seconds and single events,
groups of events or all events can be deleted.
Deleting the system list
All the events stored in the protection system are deleted.
Deleting events that have been viewed
All the protection events viewed since opening the window are
deleted.
System events when starting
A number of system signals that are generated when starting the
system are recorded as events. Up to the instant that system
clocks are automatically synchronized, events may have an
incorrect date and time. These events are not displayed if 'Only
events with a valid time tag' was selected.
4.5.2.10. View / Reset latched tripping and signaling relays

Fig. 4.24 Resetting latched tripping and signaling relays
All latched signals are reset and the corresponding display on
the local control unit deleted.
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4.5.3. Settings
4.5.3.1. Settings / System response
See Section 5.4.2. Settings / System response.
4.5.3.2. Settings / Busbar protection
See Section 5.4.3. Busbar protection (settings and calcula-
tions).
4.5.3.3. Settings / Overcurrent release
See Section 11.10.1 Overcurrent release of the trip command
(option).
4.5.3.4. Settings / Voltage release
The setting dialogue for the voltage release is only available
providing the function is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 11.10.2. Release logic / matrix.
4.5.3.5. Settings / Voltage / external release
See Section 11.10.2. Release logic / matrix.
4.5.3.6. Settings / Bay protection (REB500sys only)
The setting dialogue for the bay protection is only available
providing the function is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 12. Bay protection.
4.5.3.7. Settings / Breaker failure protection
The setting dialogue for the breaker failure protection is only
available providing the function is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 11.1. Breaker failure protection (option).
4.5.3.8. Settings / Overcurrent protection
The setting dialogue for the time-overcurrent protection is only
available providing the function is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 11.3. Overcurrent protection (def. time) (option).
4.5.3.9. Settings / End zone protection
The setting dialogue for the end zone protection is only available
providing the function is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 11.2. End fault protection (option).
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4.5.3.10. Settings / CB pole discrepancy
The setting dialogue for the CB pole discrepancy function is only
available providing it is part of the scope of supply.
See Section 11.4. 'Breaker pole discrepancy protection (option)'
4.5.3.11. Settings / Event memory
See Section 5.4.12. 'Event memory'.
4.5.3.12. Settings / Communication
Providing the corresponding hardware has been fitted, the
busbar protection can communicate with a station automation
system (SCS) or station monitoring system (SMS) via the
interbay bus connector.
See Section 11.13. 'Interbay bus (IBB) connection'.

4.5.4. Configuration
4.5.4.1. Configuration / Activate/deactivate
Entire bay units or individual items of plant can be activated or
deactivated, i.e. included in or excluded from the protection
system.
See Section 7.6. 'Configuring REB500 to match the layout of the
primary plant'.
4.5.4.2. Configuration / Voltage transformers
This menu item only appears if the protection system includes
VTs.
See Section 11.8. 'Configuration - voltage transformer (REB500
option)'.
4.5.4.3. Configuration / BP licenses (REB500sys only)
This menu item only appears if the protection system includes
the bay protection function.
See Chapter 12 'Bay protection'.
An overview of licensed and configured protection function
groups for each bay unit is shown. A help text appears when the
mouse pointer is over a licensed group listing the protection
functions it contains.
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Fig. 4.25 Licensed bay protection functions
4.5.4.4. Configuration / Device structure
See Section 5.3.6. 'Configuration / Device structure'.
4.5.4.5. Configuration / Isolators
This menu item permits the isolator labels to be changed.
See Section 5.3.2. 'Configuration / Isolators'.
4.5.4.6. Configuration / Disturbance recorder
See Section 5.3.9. 'Configuration / Disturbance recorder'.
4.5.4.7. Configuration / CB inspection
See Section 5.3.11. 'Configuration / CB inspection'.
4.5.4.8. Configuration / Binary module
See Section 5.3.7. 'Configuration / Binary module'.
4.5.4.9. Configuration / Local HMI LEDs (LMI LEDs)
See Section 5.3.10. 'Configuration / HMI LEDs'.
4.5.4.10. Configuration / Circuit-breakers
This menu item permits the circuit-breaker labels and the
recovery time to be changed.
See Section 5.3.3. 'Configuration / Circuit-breaker'.
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4.5.4.11. Configuration / Current transformers
This menu item permits the CT labels and ratios to be changed.
See Section 5.3.4. 'Configuration / Current transformers'.
4.5.4.12. Configuration / GPS time synchronization
This menu permits the GPS synchronization to be configured.
See Section 11.15. 'Synchronizing using GPS (option)'.

4.5.5. Testing
4.5.5.1. Testing / Test mode


WARNING: Switching to the test mode while the protection is
in operation should only be undertaken by especially trained
personnel. Incorrect manipulations can cause false tripping, for
example, by inadvertently operating a tripping relay, simulating
an incorrect isolator or circuit-breaker status or activating a
tripping output (e.g. External TRIP).

The test generator is activated by opening the 'Testing' menu,
selecting 'Test mode' and entering a valid password. A tick
appears next to the menu item, 'Test mode' is added to the
status line at the bottom of the screen and the 'Test mode'
dialogue opens.


NOTE: To enable a start to be made, the password is set to
'Test' when the program is supplied.

The test generator is used in conjunction with the 'Status of
binary inputs/outputs' dialogue (has to be opened by the
operator), see Section 4.5.2.4. 'View / Binary input/output status'.
When the test generator is active, the statuses of the tripping
commands cannot change.
Where bay protection is installed, a test sequencer can be
activated in the test mode which checks the protection functions
(see Section 12.1.4.).
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Fig. 4.26 Test mode
Unblock all relays
Clicking on the 'Unblock all relays' button restores the relays to
normal operation and their statuses can change again.


WARNING: An output relay can now be set or reset either
directly (e.g. by setting an output relay) or indirectly (e.g. via
an input or by a protection function).
The greatest care must be taken when using the test mode,
especially when the protection system is in operation.

Block all relays
Clicking on the Block all relays button prevents the statuses of
all relays for which outputs have been configured from being
changed.
Block all tripping relays
Clicking on the 'Block all tripping relays' button prevents the
statuses of all tripping relays from being changed with the
exception of '41810_In service', '41835_Test generator active'
and '41410_Output relays blocked'.
Reset all overridden relays
Clicking on the 'Reset all overridden signals' button returns all
inputs and outputs which had statuses impressed on them for
test purposes to their original states.

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NOTE: Blocking hierarchy
Blocking by the test generator takes precedence over all
other functions, i.e. neither a protection function nor an
External TRIP signal can initiate a trip.
Unblocking by the test generator takes precedence over all
other functions, i.e. blocking by an isolator or differential
current alarm or a signal applied to an opto-coupler input is
cancelled.

Using the test generator

Fig. 4.27 Statuses of binary inputs and outputs in the test
mode
In order to set or reset binary inputs and outputs using the test
generator, it is necessary to open the 'Status of binary
inputs/outputs' dialogue. Providing the test mode is active, the
status of an input or output can be changed by simply double-
clicking on it.
Regardless of whether they are logical '0' or logical '1', inputs
and outputs are normally green, those with impressed statuses
yellow and invalid ones red. Impressed statuses are green after
the display is refreshed.
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Shutting down the test generator
The test generator is deactivated by clicking on the menu item
'Test mode' a second time. All the relays are then restored to
their original statuses, any latching is reset and blocking by the
test generator is cancelled.
4.5.5.2. Testing / Installation mode
This mode is activated by opening the 'Testing' menu, selecting
'Installation mode' and entering a valid password.
A tick appears next to the menu item, 'Installation mode' is
displayed on the status line at the bottom of the screen and the
'Installation mode' dialogue opens.
Click on 'Installation mode' in the 'Testing' menu to reset the
installation mode. The tick in the menu item is reset.


NOTE: To enable a start to be made, the password is set to
'Install' when the program is supplied.


Fig. 4.28 Restart the protection system
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Fig. 4.29 Delete database in the protection system
Delete data base in the protection system
All the data in the protection system are deleted, i.e. the project
database (MDB file) in the protection system is deleted.
Restart the protection system
Clicking on the 'Restart the protection system' button reinitializes
the protection.
Debug mode
In the debug mode, the protection system generates additional
internal program events. As a rule, the debug mode is only used
by the ABB engineering department for test purposes. In seldom
cases should the corrective action suggested in Chapter 9 not
prove successful, it is possible that a solution can be found using
the debug mode.
Read trace ability information
The hardware data (type, serial number, revision index, date of
manufacture etc.) and software data (version) are uploaded from
the protection equipment and stored in the database to enable
previous history to be retraced.
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4.5.6. Tools
4.5.6.1. Tools / Version
This menu item is for administering the database for the specific
protection system, which contains information such as settings,
event texts, configuration of the binary inputs and outputs etc.
Parts of the database can be edited on the PC using HMI500
and then downloaded to the protection. The database has a
version number and index that are displayed in the HMI main
menu.
Version: X.YY, date of the last change, description
The version is purely numerical, i.e. X {0...9} and Y {0...9}. It is
assigned by ABB while processing the contract and determined
at the time the system is accepted by the user. The user cannot
change it subsequently.
Index: XX, date of the last change, description
The index only comprises letters, i.e. X {A...Z}. The user must
change the index and its description if he changes the REB500
settings in order to document and distinguish different sets of
settings. When a new index is assigned, the current date on the
PC is recorded as the date of the last change.

Fig. 4.30 Version
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4.5.6.2. Tools / Reports

Fig. 4.31 Reports
The 'Reports' dialogue is opened by selecting 'Reports' in the
'Tools' menu. It contains a list of the various kinds of reports.
Either a desired report can be printed on its own or all the reports
can be printed by activating the 'Print all reports' check box.
The difference between the options in the 'Printing quality' field is
that the data are presented in tabular form if the 'Normal' radio
button is active.
Unless a printer is actually installed on the PC, the 'Reports'
menu item is grey and inactive. A printer does not, however,
have to be connected.
4.5.6.3. Tools / Export SCS data
This menu item exports any communication data contained in
the database.

Fig. 4.32 Export SCS data
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In the case of the optional IEC 61850-8-1, LON and IEC 60870-
5-103 communication protocols, the 'Export' button creates files
that can be used to configure the communication interface at the
remote end.
4.5.6.4. Tools / Change password
This menu item provides facility for changing the passwords
giving access to various protected functions (changing settings
and activating the test mode or installation mode). Passwords
apply to HMI500 on the PC and not for the protection system.
4.5.6.5. Tools / Settings
HMI500 settings
Some of the operator program functions can be customized:

Fig. 4.33 HMI500 settings
Communication
Communication can be established with a REB500 or
REB500sys system either via a serial interface or the TCP/IP
protocol. The input fields for the communication parameters
presented by the program depend on which of the two is chosen.
Serial interface:
In addition to defining the serial interface (COM port), there is
also a setting for the Baud rate.
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TCP/IP winsock:
Settings are provided for the TCP/IP address and the TCP/IP
port of the REB system to which communication is being
established.
It is possible to change between the communication modes On-
line, Off-line and Simulation. Clicking on the 'Check Online'
button causes HMI500 to check whether communication with
REB500 system is active or can be established (see Section
4.3.2.1.).
Write DB download/upload log file
If these checkboxes are active, a log file is saved every time the
database is downloaded to, respectively uploaded from the
protection system.
Parameters for reading and exporting event data
Settings are provided for the period for cyclically reading events
and the separator for an ASCII file when exporting events.
Database locations
HMI500 creates a number of configuration databases. The
following dialogue provides facility for defining the directories
where the databases are located and changing the database
names. Default directories are created during the installation of
HMI500 and it is recommended that these not be changed.

Fig. 4.34 Settings / Database locations
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PSM support (option)
HMI500 automatically displays this directory when E_wineve is
installed on the PC. The directory enables you to verify the
response of E_wineve after disturbance recorder data have been
transferred.
Check the box 'Send notification after automatically uploading
data' to obtain notification as to which disturbance recorder
data have been sent. For this purpose, E_wineve has to have
been started in the batch mode.
Check the box 'Evaluate after manually uploading data from
the protection system' to be offered the possibility of
evaluating disturbance recorder data using E_wineve after
they have been manually transferred.
The button 'Select PSM' provides facility for locating the
E_wineve installation to be used for evaluating disturbance
recorder data.

Fig. 4.35 PSM support settings
4.5.6.6. Tools / Set system time
The system clock in the protection system is equipped with a
standby battery and if not synchronized periodically by an
external reference, runs independently with an accuracy of
150 ppm (13 s per day). The date and time are set by opening
the 'Tools' menu and selecting 'Set system time'. The date and
time displayed are those effective on the PC.
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The settings in the fields can be incremented or decremented by
clicking on the appropriate arrow to the right of the value. After
making the necessary changes, click on the 'Set time' button to
automatically download the new date and time to the protection
system.

Fig. 4.36 Setting the system time
4.5.6.7. Tools / MMC session manager

Fig. 4.37 MMC session manager
As a rule, this function runs entirely automatically and requires
no intervention by the operator. Only if after something untoward
happens and an error message is displayed is it necessary to
manually close sessions (e.g. if the PC is switched off without
correctly shutting down the program).
Every transaction involving communication between the operator
program and the protection system (e.g. reading the event list or
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setting inputs and outputs using the test generator) is managed
as a (DAC) session. Open the 'Tools' menu and select 'MMC
session manager' to open a dialogue with a list of open sessions.
Mark the sessions to be closed and then click on the 'Close
session' button. Take care when doing so that no other PC is
connected to any other part of the protection system as its
communication may also be terminated.
The session 'TGR_Read EMI' refers to the main communication
between the operator PC and the protection system and must
remain open. HMI500 has to be restarted should the 'TGR_Read
EMI' session be closed by mistake.
Refer also to Section 9.2.4. 'HMI500 faults'.
4.5.7. Window
When several windows are in use, this menu provides facility for
arranging them to overlap, under each other or next to each
other.
4.5.8. Help (?)
About
This provides information on the program version and the PC
system (available memory etc.).
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4.6. Error messages
Refer also to Section 9.2.4. 'HMI500 faults'.
4.7. Corrective action
Refer also to Section 9.2.4. 'HMI500 faults'.
4.7.1. Available system resources
Should your PCs system resources fall below 20% after starting
HMI500 (select About in the 'Help' menu and click on 'System
info'), HMI500 may not function correctly. In this case, close all
other Windows applications.
4.8. De-installation
To de-install HMI500 open the Windows control panel and then
'Add/remove programs'. Find the entry for HMI500 in the list of
programs presented and select it and then click on OK to
remove the program.
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