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WORKSHEET I - Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables.


Grade: X Date of Submission: 17/04/2014.


1. Solve:
2.
1
7
+
1
6
= 3,
1
2

1
3
= 5
3. 148x + 231y = 527, 231x + 148y = 610
4.
2

+
3

=
9

,
4

+
9

=
21


5. 3(2u+v)=7uv,3(u+3v)=11uv
6. 47x + 31y = 63, 31x + 47y = 15.

7. Draw the graphs of 2x+y=6 and 2x-y+2=0 .Shade the region bounded by these lines and X-
axis. Find the area of the shaded region.
8. Check graphically whether the pair of linear equations 4x y 8 = 0 and 2x 3y + 6 = 0 is
consistent. Also, find the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines with the x-axis.
9. Solve:
a. b a
b
y
a
x
, 0 , 0 , 2
2 2
b a
b
y
a
x

b. (a-b)x +(a+ b)y=a
2
-2ab b
2
, (a+ b)(x+ y)=a
2
+b
2

10. Find the values of p and q for which the following system of equations has infinite number of
solutions:
2x+3y=7
(p+ q) x + (2p q) y =21
11. Find the value of k for which the system
kx + 2y = 5
3x + y = 1
has (i) a unique solution and (ii) no solution.

12. The sum of a two digit number and the number obtained by reversing the order of its digits is
99.If the digits differ by 3, find the number.
13. Nine times a two-digit number is the same as twice the number obtained by interchanging the
digits of the number. If one digit of the number exceeds the other number by 7, find the
number.
14. Two years ago, a father was five times as old as his son. Two years later, his age will be 8
more than three times the age of the son. Find their present ages.
15. For what value of k, will the following system of equations have infinitely many solutions?
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2x + 3y =4, (k+2) x + 6y =3k +2.

16. In a competitive examination, one mark is awarded for each correct answer, while
2
1
mark is
deducted for each wrong answer. Jayanti answered 120 questions and got 90 marks. How many
questions did she answer correctly?


17. Solve the following system of equations by the method of cross-multiplication.

2 2
n m ny mx
,
m y x 2
.
18. Solve using cross multiplication method:

c by ax
,
c ay bx 1
.
19. Solve ax + by (a-b) = 0 ,
bx ay (a+ b) = 0.
20. Radhika sold a table and a chair for Rs. 1050, thereby making a profit of 10% on the table and
25% on the chair. If she had a profit of 25% on the table and 10% on the chair, she would have
got Rs. 1065. Find the cost price of each.
21. A train covered a certain distance at a uniform speed. If the train would have been 10km/h
faster, it would have taken 2 hours less than the scheduled time. And, if the train were slower
by 10 km/h; it would have taken 3 hours more than the scheduled time. Find the distance
covered by the train.
22. Students of a class are made to stand in rows. If one student is extra in a row, there would be 2
rows less. If one student is less in a row there would be 3 rows more. Find the number of
students in the class.
23. The ratio of incomes of two persons is 9:7 and the ratio of their expenditures is 4:3. If each of
them saves Rs 200 per month, find their monthly incomes.
24. Find the four angles of a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD in which
) 7 4 ( ) 15 2 ( , ) 5 ( , ) 1 2 ( x D and y C y B x A .
25. A sailor goes 8 km downstream in 40 minutes and returns in 1 hour. Determine the speed of the
sailor in still water and the speed of the current.
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