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SCHOOL Tien Giang University
Road PROPERTY IS 008101004

Nguyen Thi Kieu 008101046

MY THO, MONTH 11/2011
Network Boot rom
Diskless or bootrom, is actually a network computer without a hard drive for all the workstations.
boot from the server through the network. this network be called diskless network and the
client be called Diskless Workstations.
A diskless network is designed to reduce client costs, on the other hand in order to facilitate the
repair and maintenance. Need to think, if the workstation using the software and the operating
system from a server, the server system management and maintenance, software upgrades
just completed on the server.
u highlights of diskless network is more cost-effective, easy to manage, easy
maintenance, security and stability.
The main function of the NXD

nForce 2,3,4,5.

machines with multiple configurations.


multiple redundant. when a server is down, the other server can immediately
take on

1. The benefits of diskless Network

1) Save your money: each workstation do not need HDD, be saving a lot of money but that is
not the
main u diskless network.
2) Easy to manage: Workstation automatic recovery in the 10s, diskless network, not some
random computer shutdown or software damage.
3) Speed: 12s for WinXP, this is theoretically Servers with HDD system combined with highspeed and large cache memory, CPU performance, response time, very good thus
enhancing performance workstation power than normal.
4) good security: unique security features help protect the safety partition for workstation
systems. not afraid of attacks by malicious, destructive system. reduce maintenance costs and
time system.
5) Update the game: game updates on the server means that hundreds of client be updated.
6) Install quick and simple: with normal network with 100 client, when converting to diskless
network only takes about 3 hours.
Diskless network diagram
2. Resource requirements of the network diskless
Network resources: Minimum Requirements Recommended System Switch
10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Switch
Gigabit Ethernet switch Network card
10/100Mbps workstation network cards
10/100/1000Mbps workstation network cards
Diskless-optimal network structure for a two-tier all-Gigabit Ethernet smart, external interface
for fiber access, intelligent automatic routing switch.
Server configuration requirements: Minimum Requirements Recommended
System CPU Intel P4 2000MHz
Intel (R) Quad-core E5504 Xeon (R) Video card
4MB or more PCI or AGP video card
4MB or more PCI or AGP video card HDD
80G 7200RPM IDE

SAS 146 * 4 Memmory

10/100Mbps workstation network cards
10/100/1000Mbps Server NIC
Server should configure at least 4GB of memory, 3.0GHz CPU, HDD 146GB SAS 15,000 rpm
73GB or, What volume of each partition to be configured according to customer needs. Should
set the RAID HDD system, to speed up data access and safety, servers should be equipped
with at least 2 x Gigabit network cards.
Configuring the client
Minimum Requirements Recommended System
CPU Intel PIII 500MHz
Intel P-III 1GHz or P4 or higher video card
4MB or more PCI or AGP video card
Greater than 256M Memory
Larger than 512MB Sound card
The latest PCI sound card
Integrated motherboard audio or an add-on sound card
Chapter 1: Setting NXD Server

1.1 Installing Linux

Can install linux netzone from CDROM or USB Disk through the steps:
1) Configure the computer to boot from CD
2) To CD netzone into and install
3) The installed netzone will discussed in detail in the next section.
1.2 Installing or updating the Server
No need to use the CD for full install.
1) Find all the updates of NXD on the web. For example:
2) It is best to turn off Boot Manager and I / O manager
3) Launch the update files. for example: "NXP-7.X.1596"
4) Execute the command "NXP start" to restart the service.
5) You can see a list of commands NXD in the next section.
1.3 List of commands Command Description
NXD NXP start
Start NXD service
NXP stop

Stop NXD
services NXP
restart Restart
NXD reset NXP
Lists the current service status
NXP dump
Log package is currently running a file log.tgz
NXP restart-boot
Restart the Boot service
NXP restart-io
Only restart the IO service
2.1. To configure the server before the end of we need to configure the System Root Directory
Steps done:
1) NXD Access XP I / O Manager: can double-click on NXD XP I / O Manager icon or
use command line "nxpiomgr" to open the Data Manager.

2) Select [Option] -> Setting system path.

Name the Details

Disk root
Basin Disk image file and the file snapshot of the disk, if the disk is a physical partition used by
the local created when the disk directory contains the configuration files of the disk, if people
create the disk image file, the disk image file be created Now in this Letter.
The recommended way to set this Letter on a separate
partition. Letter default created by NXD available are: / mnt
/ NXP / disk. WKS Root
Basin storage information of the workstation, the default value is:
/ Mnt / NXP /
wks. User Root
Basin storage of user information, the default value is:
/ Mnt / NXP / user.
2.2.Tao Disk Image

To create a disk image we follow the steps:

1) Return about NXD XP 7 I / O Manager select [DiskMan]

2) Click the [Add] button

3) Select [New Basic Disk] and click [Next]

4) Name the Image, for example: "Image_WinXP" and select a volume, other things to
such as the default and click [OK].

2.3. Add Disk Image on the Boot Server

Here are Steps to add the Data Server to Boot Server. In this case we default settings Data
Server and bootserver. Will Steps configure Data Server and private bootserver in the
following section.
Steps done:
1) NXD 7 Boot Manager, see the list of IP's I / O Server is.

2) In the Boot Manager, select [IO Server] -> [Add IO Server]

3) Enter the IP's I / O Server, in this case IP is common to all I / O Server and Boot Server

4) Back NXD interface 7 Boot Manager, click [DiskInfo] -> Select a Data Server (I / O
Server) -> click
[Refresh] to update Disks in Data Server.

5) If more than one data server we repeated loc Step 2 and Step 3 until all updates.
2.4. Client configuration settings in the [Network seting]
After completing the identification Data Server, proceed with the installation requirements Client
Network seting. To configure a number of parameters such as the area allocated IP (like DHCP
service in Windows) to the client, the Gateway address, DNS, and some other parameters to
the client.

Network mask
Specified gateway, if not, they will not be able to connect to the
internet. Workgroup
Specified workgroup client
IP End
Dynamic IP allocation for the client area
DNS Setting
How to access internet settings of client by DNS parameters, if it is not installed, the client
will not be exactly on the internet connection. Can install one or more DNS parameters
2.5. Install and configure client

Prior to install client, it is necessary to carry out the steps to check the following:
1) Check the network card driver is used for the client.
2) Check if there are multiple network cards, disable or remove the redundant card.

3) Check the QoS service in the [Network property], if installed, should be removed.

4) Turn off the firewall service.

5) Set a static IP for the current network card.

If you meet the above we start the setup NXD client. After launch the file "nxdcli55.8.0.300.exe" you can press [Next] continuously to complete the installation and restart the

1) All installation files for client Windows2000/XP have filename as "nxdcli5-XX"
2) All client installation files for Windows Vista \ Win7 have filename as "nxdcli5-XX"
2.6. Create a Boot Disk Image
2.6.1. Upload Boot Disk Image
To upload to the server to go through two main stages are: Load the disk image and
upload. Part 1: Load the disk:
1) In NXD boot manager on the server we set [Option] -> Import/Export-> check [Enable Client

2) Launch NXD 5 Console in the Control Panel of the client.

4) Select [NXP 5 Uploader]

Click [Search]

Select Image to upload Windows:

6) Select the startup disk, if you do not need multiple partitions at the same time, we can skip
Steps App
7) Press the [Mount] to proceed to transplant disk image on the server to the client, and wait
for the process to complete.

Will be notified to complete the mount

5) If the first load Server Disk, click [DiskMan] to check using the Disk Management utility in
Windows Disk

7) When the load first need to format the disk, select [Quick format] to format the NTFS file

8) When complete check format partitions active if cha, just to Active.

After finishing can start
uploading. Part 2: Upload files:
1) Select the tab [File Upload].

2) Check the "Full Upload".

3) Check the "Change the dest partition to Active".
4) Check the "Format the dest Partition As NTFS Partition".
5) Click the [Refresh] and select dest Partition is just mount the partition.

6) Click the [Upload] and wait for the process to finish.

2.6.2 Using the physical partition (Physical Partition)

This relatively simple, do not need to upload files to the server. I just take the HDD from the
client to the server.
Details of the process including the steps:
1) Shutdown client after installation is complete, remove the HDD of the client.
2) Shutdown Server and replace the HDD on.
3) Start the Server.
4) Open NXD XP 7 I / O Manager and proceed recognize newly attached HDD.

2.7. Actions identified client

2.7.1 Install automatically add client
Diskless client be automatically added to Boot Mamager, when client boot and DHCP request
and waited Server returns. Information of the client also be automatically basin in NXD Boot
Manager, for example such as IP address, MAC address.

I made the steps:

1) In the Boot Manager on the [Option].
2) Select [AutoAdd WKS]

2) Select the Add Client Mode is "Auto-Add on Server" and make the same options such
as Figure

Note: In the [Default Boot] I noticed the option "Network" and "Local HDD". Select option "Local
HDD". when the server requires the client to boot from HDD available client. Option "Network"
when you want the client boot from boot partion specified on the I / O Server.
2.7.2 Checking
I follow the steps:
1) Remove the HDD available client. In this case the Virtual Disk.

2) Set the priority boot from the network to the client before:

3) Check to make sure the Boot manager on active bootserver, so that the client can
successfully add on Boot mamager

4) Client after having been Boot manager received area and basin some information.

Client has successfully boot using PXE NIC Protocol, Next Steps, booting Windows XP

Chapter 3: Working with Data Server

3.1 Configuring the data

3.1.1 Set the system
Depending on the physical disk configuration of the server to which the Letter of NXD



Basin disk image file and update the root directory restore point, if the disk is a distribution
created by people using physical when that disk directory contains configuration files of the
disk, if people create the disk image file, the disk image file be created Now in this Letter. The
recommended way to set this Letter on a separate partition.
Letter default created by NXD available are: / mnt / NXP /
disk. WKS Root
Basin storage information of the workstation, the default
value is:
/ Mnt / NXP /
wks. User Root


Basin storage of user information, the default value is:

/ Mnt / NXP / user.
If large volume of data the client can prescribe a large volume capacity for HDD User Root
Can check: "Enable Auto Restart Service at 4 O'Clock Daily." When that server will restart the
service at the specified time.
3.1.2 timeouts
3.2 Work with Disk Manager
Disk Manager can manage Physiccal Disk or Disk Image.

3.2.1 Create a new Disk

New basic
Create a disk image, if available,
override. New HA Disk
Use two or more HDD, RAID0 +1
mode. Open Disk Image
From a Disk Image is
available. Extrac Physical
From a physical disk available will get a Boot partition as Disk Image
picture first. Options

Disk Name
Name of the Disk Image, from which the client can refer
to it. Disk Type
Image: be basin in the disk image file
Physical disk: disk
physics. Capacity
Volume capacity specified for Disk Image can select from the drop down list, or manually
type in the.
When creating disk cha be format and install, can do this on the client side such as
partitioning and
OS in be DOS, Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista/7/2008,
Linux. Snapshot
Lets create a restore point, in order to restore the system, and be automatically
generated. SnapShot Count
The number of restore points created, if the large snapshot of the specified number, the
system will
automatically delete the oldest snapshot.
The more snapshots remaining volume of disk capacity will be less and less, so the
maximum volume snapshot recommendation is 8.
Disk path
Letter where the config file or disk image
file. Disk List
3.2.2 Set Partition

Name Description
Set part Driver
Directly set disk letter
2.2.3 Multi-Configuration Hardware (boot Image files can be on multiple hardware configurations)

Section Description
Configured to set a disk image can be used for many different hardware
configurations. Decription
Described configuration.
2.3.4 Snapshot
Can restore the snapshot disk by selecting from the list and click the [Rollback]

2.3.5 Synchronous Disk

3.2.6 Disk Cache

Allow settings DiskCache for service and client

1) Cache Server:
Principle: volume of solution used and the volume available for the system cache split
1:1 / 2. For d1: Server 8G, 4G RAM Cache.
Volume of RAM to cache, so that reasonable split between Image and Game drives.
For du2: 1 Boot Image and 1 Game drives, 8GB RAM Server, 1GB cache tuning for Image and
Game drive
3G for example.
2) Cache for Client:
Principle: volume of solution used as Cache and the volume available for the system divided by
the ratio
1/3, 1/4, 1/5 compared to the Ram system.
For example,: Ram cache at the rate of 1/4 2GB RAM = 512MB.

Get this 512MB for S drive, 64.128 or 256MB. Rest after taking the 512 - S drive used as a
cache for the image and game drives.
Cache for Image and hard Game includes 2 Read /
Write. Chapter 4: Working With Boot Server
4.1 Add Data Server
Data server upload data manipulation from client. Can set the Data Server and Boot Server is
a. can also be configured on the Server.

Option Description
I / O Server IP
IP address of the data server
Disable Current I / O Server
Disable the I / O Server has added before.
4.1.1 Disk imfomation
Need to update the disk information by clicking [DiskInfo]
So when we add more disk to a data server, boot server cha be updated immediately.
1) Select the I / O server in the list.
2) Press [Refresh]

3) Repeat Steps 1 and Steps 2 until all I / O


4.2 Option
4.2.1 Network setting

Network mask
Specified gateway, if not, they will not be able to connect to the
internet. Workgroup
Specified workgroup client
IP End
Dynamic IP allocation for the client area
DNS Setting
How to access internet settings of client by DNS parameters, if it is not installed, the client
will not be exactly on the internet connection.
Can install one or more DNS parameters

4.2.2 AutoAdd

Option Description
Client add Mode
Manually-Add on Server: add client by manually
Auto-Add on Sever: Boot manager at Server automatically add client
Auto-Add on Client: allows setting up the client side
Server automatically assigns a name for the client with frefix + Codenum
Example: Prefix: "client" and Code Num: 3

Code Num

Code associated with Prefix form the name of the

The address of the I / O Server containing
Select the boot disk from the Data Server (I / O
Boot Server
IP Boot Time
Default Boot
Network: client loads the operating system and boot from the network
Local HDD: local client boot with
HDD None: do not continue to
4.3 Edit Workstation
4.3.1 Basic setting

Option allows a number of options of WKS Options Description

Enable Auto-Select I / O Server
Allows automatic selection of I / O server from the list of I / O server has been Add on NXD
App Disk
Select Disk to accommodate applications for client

.2 Common
Option Description
Disable Current
WKS Disabling this
WKS. Relolution
Frequency make toi screen.
Boot Order
The boot priority of the client:

Boot From Network First: priority to boot from the

network. Boot From Local HDD-First: priority boot from
local HDD. Suport Ddata Disk
Partition configuration for client 1 to basin storage data volume capacity options.
When the client starts this partition visible in My Computer (Windows XP) or Computer (for
4.3.3 Diskless setting

Name Description
Boot Time
Current time Boot Menu

Volume of buffer capacity of the
Virtual memory volume of
4.3.4 SuperWKS

In this mode, allowing implementation of a number of actions such as update data to install the
driver or update the data on the client. After the update and reboot the client, the client will
return to its original state.
Steps done:
1) Select a client, make sure that the client is in a state of turn off.
2) Check the "Enable Auto-Select I / O Server", if you choose, you should uncheck. Because
the client to update the data of a disk that is fixed.

3) Check no client is in status SuperWKS, press [SuperWKS]

4) Select the update [Update Mode] and began into SuperWKS mode

5) After the update is complete Turn off client and basin in Server

When select the update mode is "Direct Update" then will be basin immediately, if we select the
Update" only when we save data at the server, the new official be basin on disk. Option
Direct Update
Update directly, no need to waste time waiting for data basin.
u: save time compared to Merge Update.
Shortcomings: in theory could affect other client
activities. Merge Update
Now update the data can not be credited directly to Image or disk, but only temporarily be
photographed then proceed to write to disk actually.
u: does not affect the client is active.

Waning: take time to basin actually

Enable Protect Boot Partition
If we only need to update the application without the need to change the system partition can
check this option.
System partition will be protected, so any changes will not be basin.
4.3.5 Remote Control

Remote control allows the client from the server control such as Reboot, Shutdown, Logoff,
Wake-up, and Control.
Note: I can only wake-up the client from the server only when you open the "wake-up on Lan"
(Together with Demo)
Chapter 5: The basic operations of Client
All operations on the client can be done with NXP 5 Console

5.1 Remote server conection

Server allows remote connection from the client to the server, if the server is Widnows Server,
you must ensure that the client has installed VNC Server service, and this service is working.
If you are a Linux server, it is necessary to use the format "IP address: 1" to connect.
For example: IP server is then to connect to server must enter
"" (IP + Desktop) or "" (IP + port number).
As such there are 2 formats to address a VPN connection to the server.
5.2 Advance setting
The recommendation is to apply these settings depending on the actual situation of
each client. Can be accessed with the [Client Settings]

Client settings:
Client can customize cache settings accordingly.
Net Boot: High priority use of the network bandwidth of the client
Pagefile Setting: drive containing the pagefile and clicking its thoc.
5.3 Multi-Config Manager

Can be understood more clearly in the next section.

5.4 Driver veryrfi

When using multi-image configuration can be used NXD Driver verirfy to configure. Each
configuration option can separate driver groups.
5.5 NXP 5 Image Copy

This utility used to copy a Physical Disk or Partition to a a NXD Disk Image File standard.
Disk Image can be used as a backup or to add to the I / O Server such as an Image of the
5.6 NXD Image Uploader

This utility is used to upload data to the server, have been presented in the previous section.
5.1 Client Information
5.1.1 Product Information

5.7.2 Local w

riteback information

Can view the information in the client partition.

5.8 Automatic Updates
Automatically update the new version for NXD client.

The option to update for NXD client can set in this

section. Chapter 6: The Important Actions Quick
6.1 Configuring the Client
6.1.1 Multi-client configuration (Image multi-configuration)
Where in the network the client has multiple hardware configurations and sharing a disk
image is not such as this will occur some conflicts, this time should have more options.
For Windows systems, all hardware information will be basin in the registry under the road
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM. Critical value corresponding to this key be basin in
road C: \ WINDOWS \ system32 \ config \ system. As such the need to have different
configuration for each different hardware.

For example: the client uses Intel chipset motherboard, another client using the nForce chipset.
Then we can use the Intel configuration such as default configuration. Continue to generate
alternative configurations represent chipset nFore is NFCP, when boot clients can use NFCP
read configuration information from the registry needed to be successful with this hardware
NXD supply configuration available 27.
1) Boot a client in SuperWKS mode.
2) Go to Control panel-> NXD 5 Console-> Config Manager
3) Based on the current configuration, we create another configuration; principle, for clients with
similar hardware configurations, we propose to use the same configuration, there will be
reduction of the volume of same configuration to no avail.
4) Create the configuration, shutdown client and basin in SuperWKS.

6) Open XP NXD I / O Manager-> [DiskMan] -> open NXD 7 Disk Manager

6) Select a different configuration, the configuration options are about to be updated hardware
parameters. further boot clients with regime SuperWKS, when the reboot will get new
hardware, so all newly installed hardware be recognized and basin configuration on. Shutdown
to basin.
7) For the hardware configuration and repeat Steps on until complete.
8) After completing all settings, go to the config manager client, select Export and output driver
config, configuration and all current driver will be packed in a separate file.

9) When installing the system, we can quickly restore the configuration and all the drivers that
do not need to perform the steps on how to Import the file has been last basin.

Name Description
Config source
New configuration information from the hardware configuration of the client
Config Name
Name configure a maximum of four
characters. Config Decs
Configuration information of up to 14
characters. Export Config / Export Driver
Basin and driver configuration to a separate
file. Config Import / Import Driver
Restore the configuration without the need to perform the steps instruct on.
6.1.2 Configuration 1 client with 2 IP

For some reason that the client needs to use 2 IP, we can adjust in the [Base Setting]
section and add the new IP.
NXD support client has two sets of IP and subnet mark, between the IP and subnet mark
separated by

6.1.3 Boot List menu

Client displays the Boot Menu at startup, use the up and down keys to select the operating
system to boot.

Steps carried out

1) First create a Disk Image of the operating system such as DOS, WinXP, Win7, Linux,

2) Open the Boot Manager and select client prepare Menu Boot.
3) In Diskless Setting tuning Bootime 30 sec (or other).

5) Click the button [...] to select the priority order of the disk.


Part 2: Install
Netzone Enterprise Linux Server
F1.1 Start:

To install the computer must be set to boot from CD-Rom, CD da install Linnux on ODD and
restart the computer. Such as the on we choose Linux setup and press [ENTER] to start the
installation. In case the comp

uter is not ACPI select "Linux Setup (no

acpi)" Wellcome screen press enter to

F1.2 Mounting system
Choose "install Install to disk" to install on HDD.
Select "Create an usb USB Setup Disk" to create a USB install.

Select "auto auto Probes driver" to the program automatically identify the driver, if you really
know your
computer's hardware, you can select options doi such as IDE or SATA or SCSI ...

When the option inside other doi "auto", the installation program will continue to list the
hardware you choose.

Select the driver, and then press [OK] to

continue. F1.3 Auto partition

Installer will prepare the HDD partition has been selected, before making a partition window
appears asking you to confirm the selection by typing "YES". If you type the wrong system
will automatically restart
not sure if you press [Cancel] to finish the installation process.

Recommend that you select "auto auto-partition / dev / sda"

1) Auto: The installer will automatically partition the HDD.
2) Manual: free people use partitioning for HDD.
3) None: no partition, use immediately available disk partition / dev / sda

Type "Yes" and continue.

Select "cdrom Install from CDROM" to install from CDROM, and "usb Install from USBSetup-Disk" to install from USB just created.

The first partition of the HDD be mount / dev/hda1.

The second partition be set to swap

The third partition will be mounted to / var

(Third partition Extended partition, the extended partition should be numbered from 5 3rd
partition is hda5)

Private partition of be mounted to / mnt.

Partitioning process is complete. operation followed by the selection of Linux
Kernel. Default is 2.6.35-64-1.

F1.4 Network Config

Name server

Select eth0, when it will first configure the network card as complete IP and subnet mark.

Choose the Method:

1) Static IP address: static IP address for the server

2) DHCP: IP will be allocated dynamically
3) Not use: no IP.
I choose option 1) and enter IP is:

Specified Subnet mark. For example:

Specified IP gateway. For example:

DNS provisions. For example: or or ...

Complete network configuration. We can reconfigure with the netconfig command

F1.5 X-Window configuration

After completing the network configuration proceed to configure
XFree86. Can configuration with xconfig command.

If the system can automatically check the video card and then asked people select the graphic

Ngoc a screen as below will appear asking local user to manually select the type of video card
GForce, nVidia. Most video cards are compatible with vesa mode.

Choose the resolution:

choose Color-depth:

Diaphragm into the XFree86 configuration and conducted testting.

F1.6 Select a language

Default language options for the X-Window environment is "en_US

English" F1.7 NXD server
settingsSelect the installation package NXD has been integrated into the CDROM

The setup screen will appear:

Select Letter to install:

Select the installation mode, boot & io has been selected.

Complete the installation process.

After completing the installation, reboot the management interface, 64 be the default boot
kernel. Can choose between 36 and 64bit

NzetZone boot Linux, the cursor will stop at the login: then type "root" to log into the
system. Use x or startx command to the X-Window graphical interface.

If you are unable to be X-Window

interface back Steps F1.5 and the xconfig command to

reconfigure. F1.8 created USB install netzone enterprse linux
Netzone linux support creating Usb disk for the installation be easy for systems with ODD. To do
before we proceed back in Usb data and carried out according to guidelines.
The computer must be configured priority boot from the CDROM, then CDROM install netzone
the boot and started. when the setup screen appears, press [Enter] to continue.

Press [Enter] to see the wellcome screen

Select "Create an usb USB Setup Disk"

Press [YES]

Select USB Disk and press [OK]

Got USB disk, press [Yes] to continue. program will proceed to format the USB disk and usb
and start creating settup netzone Linux

Creating linux usb setup

Was successfully created.

1 - WILD KINGDOM, Trick network Boot-Rom rom-29151.html.
2 - Citrix, Citrix Provisioning Server 5.0 (SP1, SP1a, SP2)
Administrator's Guide
3 - NetzoneSoft, NetzoneSoft NXD XP Operation Guild,
4 - Superman Solutions, Building Network Boot-Rom (Boot OS) with Citrix
software PVS,
5 - Superman Solutions, Network Construction Boot-Rom (Boot OS) with NXD 7.0
1. TechSmith Camtasia Studio 7,
2. Techsmit Snagit 10,
3. VM Ware Workstation 8
4. NetzoneSoft Enterprise Linux Server + NXD 7.0
5. Windows XP Pro SP3