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IP,NEMAandULRatingCodes
TheInternationalProtectionRating,sometimesreferredtoasanIngressProtectionrating,isasetof
codesusedtodefinespecificlevelsofprotection.ThesecodesconsistoftheprefixIP,followedbytwodigits
(numbers),andanoptionalletter.IPratingcodesareclassificationsusedtomeasurelevelsofprotection,such
aspreventingtheintrusionofsolidobjectsandliquidsfromenteringanenclosureormotor.Solidobjects
includebodypartssuchashandsandfingers,aswellasdustanddebris.Liquidsmayinvolveoils,moisture
and/orcondensation.Typically,IPratingsareusedasprotectionmeasuresformotors,electricaldevicesand
controlpanels.Thesestandardsweredesignedtoprovidedesignerswithdetailedinformationregarding
protection.Itisnotadequatetostatesplashproof,waterproof,orwatertight,asinjurytohumansand
equipmentismorelikelytooccurwhenvaguedefinitionsareused.
Thedigitsnotedinthechartbelowindicateconformitytotheconditionstherein.Whenthereisno
protectionratingwithregardtospecificcriteria,thedigitisreplacedwiththeletterX.Thefirstdigittofollow
IPreferstosolids,whilethenextdigitreferstoliquids.Forexample,amotorthathasanIP65ratingisprotected
fromtotaldustingress,aswellasprotectedfromlowpressurewaterjetssprayedfromanydirection.
IPRatingChart
IP
Number
FirstDigitReferstoSOLIDS SecondDigitReferstoLIQUIDS
IP00 Notprotectedfromsolids Notprotectedfromliquids
IP01 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromcondensation
IP02 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP03 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP04 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP05 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP06 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP07 Notprotectedfromsolids
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP08 Notprotectedfromsolids Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP10
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Notprotectedfromliquids
IP11
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Notprotectedfromcondensation
IP12
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP13
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP14
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP15
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP16
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
ContinuedNextPage
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IP
Number
Continued
FirstDigitReferstoSOLIDS SecondDigitReferstoLIQUIDS
IP17
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP18
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than50millimeters
Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP20
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Notprotectedfromliquids
IP21
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromcondensation
IP22
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP23
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP24
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP25
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP26
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP27
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP28
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than12millimeters
Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP30
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Notprotectedfromliquids
IP31
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromcondensation
IP32
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP33
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP34
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP35
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP36
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP37
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP38
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than2.5millimeters
Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP40
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Notprotectedfromliquids
IP41
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromcondensation
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IP
Number
Continued

FirstDigitReferstoSOLIDS SecondDigitReferstoLIQUIDS
IP42
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP44
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP45
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP46
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP47
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP48
Protectedfromtouchbyhandsgreater
than1millimeter
Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP50 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Notprotectedfromliquids
IP51 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromcondensation
IP52 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP53 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP54 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP55 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP56 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP57 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP58 Protectedfromlimiteddustingress Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP60 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Notprotectedfromliquids
IP61 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromcondensation
IP62 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan15degreesfromvertical
IP63 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromwaterspraylessthan60degreesfromvertical
IP64 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromwatersprayinanydirection
IP65 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromlowpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP66 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromhighpressurewaterjetsfromanydirection
IP67 Protectedfromtotaldustingress
Protectedfromimmersionbetween15centimetersand1
meterindepth
IP68 Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromlongtermimmersionuptoaspecifiedpressure
IP69K Protectedfromtotaldustingress Protectedfromsteamjetcleaning
IPTermsDefined:FirstDigitSolids
Level0=Noprotectionprovided.
Level1=>50mm,protectsanylargesurfaceofthebody,suchasthebackofahand,butnotdeliberatecontact.
Level2=>12.5mm,protectsfingersorsimilarsizedobjects(pencilsorpens).
Level3=>2.5mm,protectionfrompossibleingressoftoolsorthickwires.
Level4=>1mm,protectionagainstingressofmostwiresandscrews.
Level5=Dustprotection:Ingressofdustisnotentirelyprevented,butdustcannotinterferewiththe
satisfactoryoperationoftheequipment.
Level6=Dusttight;completeprotectionagainstingressofdust.
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IP+SecondDigitLiquids
Level0=Noprotectionprovided.
Level1=Drippingwater,fallingverticallywillhavenoharmfuleffect.Thislevelmeansitmustpassatest
durationof10minutes,withwaterdrippingequivalentto1mmrainfallperminute.
Level2=Drippingwater,whiletiltedupto15degreeswillhavenoharmfuleffects.Thislevelmeansitmustpass
atestdurationof10minutes,withwaterdrippingequivalentto3mmrainfallperminute.
Level3=Sprayingwateratanangleofupto60degreesfromverticalwillhavenoharmfuleffects.Thislevel
meansitmustpassatestdurationof5minutes,withawatervolumeof0.7litersperminute,withpressureof
80100KN/m
2
.
Level4=Waterthatissplashedagainsttheenclosurefromanydirectionwillhavenoharmfuleffects.Thislevel
meansitmustpassatestdurationof5minutes,withawatervolumeof10litersperminute,andapressureof
80100KN/m
2
.
Level5=Waterjetsbya6.3mmnozzleaimedatanenclosurefromanydirectionwillhavenoharmfuleffects.
Thislevelmeansitmustpassatestdurationforaminimumof3minutes,withawatervolumeof12.5litersper
minute,andapressureof80100KN/m
2
.
Level6=Powerfulwaterjetsfroma12.5mmnozzle,aimedatanenclosurefromanydirection,willhaveno
harmfuleffects.Thislevelmeansitmustpassatestdurationof3minutesminimum,withawatervolumeof100
litersperminute,withapressureof100KN/m
2
,atadistanceof3meters.
Level7=Canbeimmersedinwaterfor30minutes,atadepthof1meter,andwillhavenoharmfuleffects.
Level8=Continuousimmersioninwaterunderconditionsspecifiedbythemanufacturer.Typically,the
equipmentishermeticallysealed.

AdditionalLettersAppendedtoclassifythelevelofprotectionofhumansagainstaccesstohazardous
parts.(Notalwayspresentinthecodes,butifstated,theusermustuseextremecautionwiththisequipment).

A=Protectedagainstaccesstohazardouspartswithbackofhand
B=Protectedagainsthazardouspartswithfingers
C=Protectedagainsttoolsinterferingwithhazardousparts
D=Protectionagainstwirefromenteringhazardousparts

Furtherletterscanbeappendedtoprovideadditionalinformationrelatedtotheprotectionofthedeviceand
humans:
H=Highvoltagedevice
M=Devicemovingduringwatertest
S=Deviceremainingstillduringwatertest
W=Weatherconditions

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MechanicalImpactResistanceIPandIKRatingCodes
Anadditionalnumberissometimesusedtospecifytheresistanceofequipmenttomechanicalimpact.This
mechanicalimpactisdefinedbytheenergyneededtoqualifyaspecifiedresistancelevel,whichismeasuredin
joules(J).
Theseresistancecodestypicallyrefertoenclosuresandarenottypicallyseenwithrespecttosteppermotors,
brushorbrushlessmotors,acmotors,orservomotors,noraretheytypicallyusedtodefinegearmotorsor
gearboxes.OlderenclosurespecificationsaresometimesseenwithanoptionalthirdIPdigitdenotingimpact
resistance.NewerproductsarelikelytobegivenanIKratinginstead.
ImportantNote:ThereisNOTanexactcorrespondenceofvaluesbetweentheoldandnewstandards.
DroppedIPLevel ImpactEnergy EquivalentDropMassandHeight
0
1 0.225J 150gdroppedfrom15cm
2 0.375J 250gdroppedfrom15cm
3 0.5J 250gdroppedfrom20cm
5 2J 250gdroppedfrom40cm
7 6J 1.5gdroppedfrom40cm
9 20J 5.0gdroppedfrom40cm

IKNumber ImpactEnergy(Joules) EquivalentImpact


00 Unprotected NoTest
01 0.15 Dropof200gobjectfrom7.5cmheight
02 0.2 Dropof200gobjectfrom10cmheight
03 0.35 Dropof200gobjectfrom17.5cmheight
04 0.5 Dropof200gobjectfrom25cmheight
05 0.7 Dropof200gobjectfrom35cmheight
06 1 Dropof500gobjectfrom20cmheight
07 2 Dropof500gobjectfrom40cmheight
08 5 Dropof1.7gobjectfrom29.5cmheight
09 10 Dropof5gobjectfrom20cmheight
10 20 Dropof5gobjectfrom40cmheight

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IP69K
GermanstandardDIN400509extendstheIEC60529ratingsystemsdescribedabovewithanIP69Kratingfor
hightemperature/highpressurewashdownapplications.Again,theseratingstypicallyinvolveenclosures.
TheseIP69Kenclosuresmustbedusttight(IP6X),andbeabletoendurehighpressuresteamcleaning,often
usedinpharmaceuticalandfoodapplications.
Thehightemperature/highpressuretestspecifiesaspraynozzlethatisfedwith80Cwaterat810MPa(80
100bar)andaflowrateof1416L/min.Thespraynozzleisheld105cmfromthetesteddevice,atseveral
angles:0,40,60,and90for30seach.Thetestdeviceisplacedonaturntablethatrotatesonceevery12s
(5RPM)asthetestisperformed.
TheUnitedStatesNationalElectricalManufacturersAssociation(NEMA)alsopublishesprotectionratingsfor
enclosuressimilartotheIPratingsystempublishedbytheInternationalElectrotechnicalCommission(IEC).
However,NEMAalsodictatesotherproductfeaturesnotaddressedbyIPcodesalone.Importantfactorssuchas
gasketaging,constructionpractices,andcorrosionresistance,arealsoaddressedinNEMAspecifications.Even
thoughitmaybepossibletomapIPCodestoNEMAratingsthatsatisfyorsurpasstheIPCodecriteria,mapping
NEMAratingstoIPCodesisimpossible,astheIPCodedoesnotmandatetheadditionalrequirements.
ThetableshownbelowindicatestheminimumNEMAratingthatsatisfiesagivenIPcode,butcanonlybeused
inthatway.ThereisnotadirectcorrelationfromIPtoNEMA.
Typically,NorthAmericanenclosureratingsystemsaredefinedinNEMA250,UL50,andCSAC22.2.Ifyour
applicationrequiresaspecificrating,itisadvisedtocheckallthreeentitiesbeforedecidingonanenclosure.If
youarehousingAnaheimAutomationsdriversandcontrollers,pleaserefertothespecificationsofeach
product,aswellasthegeneralguidelinesprovidedbyAnaheimAutomation.

NEMARating(enclosures)
IPCode Minimum.NEMAEnclosurerating
tosatisfyIPCode
IP20 1
IP54 3
IP65 4,4X
IP67 6
IP68 6P

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NEMAtermsdefined:
NEMA1enclosuresaretypicallyusedforprotectingcontrolsandconnections/terminationsfromobjectsand
personnel.Thisstyleofenclosure,whileofferingalatchingdoor,doesnothaveagasketsealingsurface.NEMA1
enclosuresaretypicallyusedinapplicationswheresealingoutdust,oil,andwaterisnotrequired.Motor
start/stopstationsareoftenhousedinNEMA1enclosures.

NEMA3Renclosuresaretypicallyusedinoutdoorapplicationsforwiringandjunctionboxes.Thisstyleof
enclosureprovidesprotectionagainstfallingrain,sleet,snow,andexternaliceformation.Indoorstheyprotect
againstdrippingwater.Thisstyleofenclosuredoesnothaveagasketsealingsurface.SomeNEMA3Rmodels
havehaspsforpadlocking.

NEMA3Senclosuresareintendedforoutdooruseprimarilytoprovideadegreeofprotectionagainst
windblowndust,rain,sleet,andtoprovideforoperationofexternalmechanismswheniceladen.

NEMA4enclosuresareusedinmanyapplicationswhereanoccasionalwashdownoperationoccursorwhere
machinetoolcuttercoolantisused.NEMA4enclosuresalsoserveinapplicationswhereapressurizedstreamof
waterwillbeused.NEMA4enclosurescontaingaskets,andthedooroftheenclosureisclampedformaximum
sealing.Theyhavecontinuoushinges,mountingfeet,andpadlockhasps.NEMA4enclosuresareavailablein
sizesfromsmallwallmountstotwodoorfloormountenclosuremodels.

NEMA4Xenclosuresaremadeofstainlesssteelorhighqualityplastics.NEMA4Xenclosuresaretypicallyused
inharsherenvironmentsthanthestandardNEMA4types.Applicationswherecorrosivematerialsandcaustic
cleanersareusednecessitatetheuseofaNEMA4Xenclosure.Applicationsincludefood,suchasmeat/poultry
processingfacilities,whereintotalwashdownoperationsusingdisinfectantsareanecessityforsafety.These
operationsoccurrepeatedly,suchasinpetrochemicalfacilities,includingoffshorepetroleumsites.NEMA4Xis
usedwhenprotectionfromtheworstenvironmentsisrequired.NEMA4Xenclosuresareavailableinsizesfrom
smallwallmountstotwodoorfloormountmodels.

NEMA6Penclosuresareintendedforbothindoorandoutdooruse,primarilytoprovideadegreeofprotection
againsttheentryofwaterduringprolongedsubmersionatalimiteddepth.

NEMA12enclosuresaredesignedtopreventtheingressofdust,water,andoil.
Note:NEMA12enclosuresaremostoftenusedforindoorapplicationsofautomationcontrolandelectronic
drivessystems.Someexamplesarepackaging,materialhandling,noncorrosiveprocesscontrol,and
manufacturingapplications.Doorswithgasketssealtheenclosure'scontentsfromairbornecontaminantsand
nonpressurizedwaterandoil.NEMA12enclosuresareavailableinsizesfromsmallwallmountstotwodoor
floormountmodels.

NEMA13enclosuresareintendedforindooruseprimarily,toprovideadegreeofprotectionagainstdust,
sprayingofwater,oil,andnoncorrosivecoolant.

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IPRatingsQuickReferenceChart
FirstNumber
(SolidObjects)
Definition
Second
Number
(Liquids)
Definition
0 NoProtection 0 NoProtection
1
Protectedagainstsolidobjectsover
50mm(Ex:accidentaltouchby
hands)
1
Protectedagainstverticallyfalling
dropsofwater
2
Protectedagainstsolidobjectsover
12mm(Ex:fingers)
2
Protectedagainstdirectspraysupto
15fromthevertical
3
Protectedagainstsolidobjectsover
2.5mm(Ex:toolsandwires)
3
Protectedagainstdirectspraysupto60
fromthevertical
4
Protectedagainstsolidobjectsover
1mm(Ex:smalltoolsandwires)
4
Protectedagainstspraysfromall
directionslimitedingresspermitted
5
Protectedagainstdustlimited
ingress(Noharmfuldeposit)
5
Protectedagainstlowpressurejetsof
waterfromalldirectionslimited
ingresspermitted
6 Completelyprotectedagainstdust 6
Protectedagainststrongjetsofwater
limitedingresspermitted
(Ex:usedonshipdecks)
7
Protectedagainsttheeffectsof
temporaryimmersionbetween15cm
and1m.Testduration:30minutes
8
Protectedagainstlongperiodsof
immersionunderpressure


MotorFrameNumberandLetters

TheinformationbelowisbasedoninformationcontainedintheNEMAStandardsPublication,"Information
GuidefortheGeneralPurposeIndustrialACSmallandMediumSquirrelCageInductionMotorStandards".

WhencallingAnaheimAutomationtoreplaceamotor,informationfromthenameplateorlabelofthemotorin
questionishelpful,startingwiththeframenumber.Whatdoesthisframenumbermean?Whenreplacinga
motor,importantmountinginformationisassociatedwiththisnumber.Motorsofthesameframenumber,
regardlessofthemanufacturer,willreplaceanothermotorwiththesameframenumber,aslongasitisthe
sametechnology(i.e.stepper,servo,BLDC,brush,acmotortypes)andthespecificationsmatch.Itisjustoneof
thestandardsoftheNationalElectricalManufacturersAssociation(NEMA).

Theframenumberforverysmallmotors(thosewithjusttwonumbers)whendividedby16,willgivetheshaft
heightofthemotor.
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Formediummotors(thosewiththreeorfournumbers),theshaftheightisfoundbydividingthefirsttwo
numbersoftheframenumberbyfour.Thismaynotbeessentialinreplacingamotor,butitcanbeveryhelpful

innewinstallations.Ifoneknowstheframenumberofthemotorthatisgoingtobeinstalled,theshaftheight
canbedeterminedandprogresstowardproperalignmentcanbestartedbeforethemotorisplacedinposition.
Forsteppermotors,theframesizeroughlycorrelatetothediameterofthemotor(ininches).Forexample,a
NEMA23framesteppermotorisapproximately2.3inchesindiameter,whereasaNEMA42wouldbe
approximately4.2inchesindiameter.

Theymayalsobelettersassociatedwiththemotorframenumbers.Theselettersdenotevariationsintheframe
configuration,andcanmakeadifferenceinthemountingofthemotor.Theseletterscancausesomeconfusion
inknowingwhetherornotanewmotorcanbeusedasareplacement.ThelettersC,H,YandZmay
immediatelyfollowtheframenumberinthesmallmotors.Theselettersareusedtodenotethefollowing
variationsofthemotor:

SmallMotors
C=Cfacemountingtype
H=IndicatesaframehavinganFdimension(boltmountingpattern)largerthanthatofthesameframe
withoutthesuffixletterH
Y=Specialmountingdimensions(obtainedfromthemanufacturer)
Z=Allmountingdimensionsarestandardexcepttheshaftextension.

MediumMotorsthelettersC,CH,D,R,S,T,U,V,Y,orZmayimmediatelyfollowtheframenumber.

Theselettersareusedtodenotethefollowingvariationsofthemotor.

C=Cfacetypemountingondriveend.(Whenthefacemountingisattheendoppositethedrive,theprefixF
shallbeused,makingthesuffixlettersFC)
CH=Cfacetypemountingdimensionsaredifferentfromthosefortheframedesignationhavingthesuffix
letterC(ThelettersCHaretobeconsideredasonesuffixandshallnotbeseparated)
D=Dflangemountingonthedriveend.(Whentheflangemountingisattheendoppositethedrive,theprefixF
shallbeused,makingthesuffixlettersFD)
R=Driveendtaperedshaftextension
S=Standardshortshaftfordirectconnection
T=Includedaspartofaframedesignationforwhichstandarddimensionshavebeenestablished
V=Verticalmountingonly
Y=Specialmountingdimensions(obtainedfrommotormanufacturer)
Z=Allmountingdimensionsarestandardexcepttheshaftextension(s).Sometimesusedtodesignatemotors
withadoubleshaftextension.

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MotorIdentification
Inmostinstances,thefollowinginformationwillhelpanAnaheimAutomationCustomerServiceRepor
ApplicationsEngineeridentifyamotor:
1. Motorframedesignation(actualframesizeinwhichthemotorisbuilt).
2. Overallmotorlength,notincludingtheshaft
3. Torque,powerandspeed
4. Designandenclosuretype
5. Voltage,frequencyandnumberofphasesofthepowersupply
6. Classofinsulationandtimerating.
7. Numberofwiresand/orterminals
8. Applicationthemotorisbeingused
9. Singleordoubleendedshaftconfiguration
10. Checkthemotorlabelornameplateforamanufacturerandspecification
NOTE:Themoreinformationprovided,thecloserAnaheimAutomationcancrosstoanequivalentmotor.
ExplosionProofU.L.ClassificationsforSpecialtyMotors(Underwriter'sLaboratories)

CLASSIThoseinwhichflammablegassesorvaporsareormaybepresentintheairinquantitiessufficientto
productexplosiveorignitablemixtures.

GroupCAtmospherescontainingethylorethervapors.
GroupDAtmospherescontaininggasoline,hexane,benzine,butane,propane,alcohol,acetone,benzol,
lacquersolventvapors,naturalgas,etc.

CLASSIIThosewhicharehazardousbecauseofthepresenceofcombustibledust.

GroupEAtmospherescontainingmetaldust,includingaluminum,magnesium,ortheircommercialalloys.
GroupFAtmospherescontainingcarbonblack,charcoal,coalorcokedust.
GroupGAtmospherescontainingflour,starch,grainorcombustibleplasticsorchemicaldusts.

ExplosionProofEnclosures
Totallyenclosed,thisenclosureisconstructedtowithstandanexplosionofaspecifiedgas,vaporordustwhich,mayoccur
withinit.Shouldsuchanexplosionoccur,theenclosurewouldpreventtheignitionorexplosionofthegasorvaporwhich
maysurroundthemotorenclosure.ThesemotorsarelistedwithUnderwriter'sLaboratories.

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ExplosionProofHAZARDOUSLOCATIONS

DIVISIONILocationsinwhichignitableconcentrationsofflammableorcombustiblematerialexistandcomein
contactwiththemotor.

DIVISIONIILocationsinwhichignitableconcentrationsofflammableorcombustiblematerialexist,butare
containedwithinclosedsystemsorcontainersandnormallywouldnotcomeincontactwiththemotor.

MotorTemperatureConsiderations

ExternallyVentilatedMotors
Amotorusinganexternalcoolingsystem.Thisisrequiredinapplicationswherethemotor'sownfanwillnot
providesufficientcooling.Thesecoolingsystemsareusedincertaindutycycleapplications,withslowspeed
motors,orinenvironmentswithextremedirt.Oftenaductwithanexternalblowerisusedtobringcleanair
intothemotor'sairintake.

MotorTemperatureSeespecifications,asitwillvarydependingonthemodel
Temperaturehasadirecteffectonamotorsoveralllifeexpectancy.Thesefollowingfactorsshouldbetaken
intoconsiderations,astheywillaffectamotor'soperatingtemperature.Failuretoaddresstheseaspectsofa
givenapplicationcancausepoorsystemperformance,aswellastotalmotorfailure.
1. BearingsUsed
2. LubricantsUsed
3. DutyCycleoftheApplication
4. RadialLoading
5. AxialLoading
6. MountingandHeatsinks
7. EnclosureMaterial
8. AmbientTemperature
9. VentilationAirflow
NOTE:Asageneralrule,each10degreesCincreaseinthetotaltemperatureoverthemaximum
permissibletothemotor'sinsulationsystem,reducesitslifeexpectancybyhalf.Bearingorgearlubricant
lifeisreducedbyhalfforevery25degreesF(approximately14degreesC)increaseintemperature.Heat
eventuallycausesdeteriorationofmostlubricantsandsealsleadingtoleakageandincreasedfriction.
MotorInsulationClass
Therearevariousambienttemperatureconditionsamotormightencounteranddifferenttemperatureranges
withinwhichamotorwillrun.Therefore,motorinsulationisalsosensitivetotemperatureandclassifiedbythe
temperaturerangesatwhichitcansafelyoperateforasustainedperiodoftime.

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Therearefourcommonclasses:

Class ACMotor
w/1.00S.F.Max.
TotalTemperatureRange*
Class
DCMotorTotal
TemperatureRange
A 105degreesC A 110degreesC
B 130degreesC B 140degreesC
C 155degreesC F 170degreesC
D 180degreesC H 195degreesC
*IncludingAmbientand110degreeHotSpot
NOTE:Whenamotorinsulationclassislabeledonthemanufacturersnameplate/label,thetotal
insulationsystemiscapableofsustainedoperationattheabovetemperature. CAUTIONMotorSurface
Temperaturescanbeveryhot.Dependinguponthedesignandcoolingarrangements,themotorssurface
canbehighenoughtobeveryuncomfortabletothetouch.Thesetemperaturesdonotnecessarilyindicate
overloadorimpendingmotorfailure.
Lubrication
Forcertainmotorcomponents,lubricationisrequired(applicationofanoilorgrease),inordertoreducewear
andavoidoverheating.Thebearingsarethemajormotorcomponentrequiringlubrication.Alwaysconsultthe
manufacturer'sinstructionsandnotethatexcesslubricationcandamagethemotorwindingsandbearings.

OtherSTANDARDSOrganizations

ANSI AmericanNationalStandardsInstitute
API AmericanPetroleumInstitute
BASEEFA BritishApprovalServiceforElectricalEquipmentinFlammableAtmospheres
CE CompliancetoEuropeanStandards
CSA CanadianStandardsAssociation
IEC InternationalElectrotechnicalCommission
IEEE InstituteofElectricalandElectronicsEngineers
ISO InternationalStandardsOrganization
MIL MilitarySpecifications
NAFTA NorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreement
NEC NationalElectricCode
NEMA NationalElectricalManufacturersAssociation
UL Underwriter'sLaboratories
UR Underwriter'sLaboratoriesRecognized